CirclesCircles play a large part in Polish mythology. Mostancient Slavic people worshipped in natural circles andgroves; and it plays a large part in all kinds of folkmagic. In all traditions, circles can be made of withlighted candles, drawing circles in the soil, or withnatural objects and tools. They are used to surround evilor protect oneself from it.
CrossroadsAs in other European traditions, the crossroads in Polish mythology are a sacredand magical place where both divination and invocations were uttered. Talismansand amulets were hung or buried there, as well as other spell work was conducted.The crossroads were a place where all places and directions meet; and all timefaded away into the present moment.The legacy of this tradition can be seen all across present-day Poland, where tens ofthousands of crosses and statues of the Virgin Mary stand next to major and minorcrossroads. The Catholic Church, as with many other cultures, absorbed what wasgood in the symbolism of what she found there while utterly transforming itspurpose. Accordingly crossroads were marked by crosses and statues, as specialplaces where wayfarers would be under the protection of saints.
DivinationForms of divination in Polish mythology that werepracticed in Poland included the following: Candle waxdripped in a glass of water was held up to the light forinterpretation; herbs thrown on the fire produced smokethat could be interpreted by the shape of patterns itmade; finding pysanky patterns in the natural worldwould yield a prediction of fortune.
Fire FlowersIn Polish mythology, fire flowers are mystical blooms. To find this powerfulplant the seeker had to enter a forest before midnight on the Eve of Kupala.The flower would climb up the stalk of the fern, and precisely at midnightit would bloom so brightly that no one could look directly at it. In order toharvest it a circle had to be drawn around it, and the seeker had to dealwith demons trying to distract him/her from doing so. It was said that ifyou answered the voices, or faltered during the task, it would sacrifice itsown life. Anyone possessing this flower gained the ability to read minds, findtreasure, and repel all evils.
Magic Belt of PolandThe Magic Belt of Poland is a special belt in with inscribed symbols significant inPolish folk practices which has been missing since the end of the Second WorldWar. Replicas of some of the symbols are still sold to this day in occult shops online.The original belt was 2.28m (89" long) parchment scroll with the magic symbolsinscribed on the outside and the prayers for them written on the inside of the Belt.The Knights of Poland used it to protect them from all possible danger. Invokingthe talismans, one would take the belt off and stand in a circle with their hairloose. These belts held knives, ladanki and were wore by both women and men. It ispossible in these everyday belts and magic belts were embossed with the symbolsand possibly come from the origin of the Key of Solomon.
SpoilingIn Polish mythology, spoiling is a term used to mean a curse beingon someone, or working magic against someone. One way of doingthis is measuring out the exact length of someone’s footprint with astring, and then burning the string. A footprint in mud or snowwas dug up and buried under the victim’s house to cause grief.Spoiling may be averted by lighting a candle if you are not face toface with the culprit, or by spitting on the ground, or by throwingdirt in the direction of the culprit walking away.
SuperstitionsSuperstitions have existed since the beginning ofmankind. They are the belief that particular events,rituals, actions and objects bring good or bad luck.Poland, like any other culture, has its ownsuperstitions which we are going to have a closerlook at in this article.
Spilling the saltAs for the spilling saltsuperstition, known ofbringing quarrels, it has itsown history too, that datesback to Middle Ages whensalt was very expensive.Only the richest could affordto buy this rare spice. Youcan imagine a huge quarrelwhen a servant spilt it. Thisis why people rememberedsalt spilling as somethingthat brings bad luck.
Red slip-knot Red slip-knots are also a popular superstition in Poland. As red is said, in many cultures, to undo spells, it is very common for Polish people to attach red slip-knots to a babies strollers or clothes to protect the baby from bad charm.
TalismansPeople also believe in the magic power of luckyobjects such as horseshoes, elephants with raisedtrunks and four-leaf clovers. Many superstitiouspeople wear talismans or carry lucky stones toscare evil spirits away. Some students often bringtheir lucky pens to exams.
Superstitions connected with holidays There are also superstitions typical of particular holidays. It is believed that if the first person to enter a house on a Christmas Eve is a woman, it is a bad omen, thus is it more preferable when a man is the first to cross the threshold of the house. During supper on Christmas Eve, each dish has to be sampled. A traditional meal consists of twelve dishes. The more you eat, the more pleasure will await you in the upcoming year.
THANKS FOR WATCHING! GROUP 6 Piotr Marczyk (Poland) Damian Stypa (Poland) Konrad Szota (Poland) Daniel Jimeno Gregorio (Spain) Naomi Gutiérrez Frías (Spain)