Great Wall of China The Great Wall of China is almost 9000 km long and is the longest in defensive fortification in the world. Its primary task was to defend against invaders from the „Great Steppe”(Mongolia, Manchuria, Russia, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan ... etc). The wonder of the world was being built by human hand for over 2,000 years. It contains not only a stone fortification, but also natural dam rivers and mountains.The first section of the wall already erected in the third centuryBC. About one million workers died of exhaustion while building this construction. Most of them were walled up in the wall, but not all not weaken the structure.
Peace of the Great Wall can be noticed on the Silk Route. Every year a marathon takes placethere. People claim that the wall seen from space is a fake.
Petra Petra is a ruin of Nabateans city. To reach it, you have toovercome only a narrow rocky path that leads to it. Most of the buildings have been carved in the rocks. They were so beautiful, that over time they gave the place the nickname Rqmco what means multicolored.Petra was repeatedly besieged, but even such personalities as: Cleopatra, Herod the Great, Octavian Augustus, Pompey the Great, failed to capture the city. Petra was a trophy until it was reached by a Roman emperor Trajan, then Hadrian, and at the end Saladin who destroyed the city.
In Petra you can find remains of temples, palaces, tombs and a theatre that could seat up to 10 000 people.
Monument of Christ the RedeemerIt is the symbol and the most impressive part of Rio de Janeiro,Brazil. The monument is located on a granite top with a relative height of 710 m asl. The final project of Christ with outstretched arms was designed by Hector da Silva and designed by a French sculptor. Formal unveiling of the statue was followed three times in history. Last time did it Pope John Paul II. Prior to his arrival the figure had been washed and cleaned thoroughly.
The statue is located on the 7-meter pedestal. The head is 3.5 m tall and weighs 35 tons, each hand weights 9 tons, and the extent of the figure is 23 m.
Machu Picchu The best preserved city of the Incas to the present day. It was built in the fifteenth century, according to sensationally developed plan and was abandoned of unknown reasons in1537. Machu Picchu was discovered by an ordinary thief, whoin the agreement with the Peruvian government and the localpresident legally traded the finding. The material used to build the city is bright granite. The highest place in Machu Picchu is an astronomical observatory - Intihuatana -place where the sun stops. A stone pillar was carved in a solid rock.
The stairs can be seen everywhere. Researchershave found 1200 ones. In the past they were used for communication among different levels of the city.
Chichén Itzá The city was found by the Maya in Mexico in 450. It was developed the most in X-XIth century. Chichén Itzá literally means Origins of Itzá people. The name comes from the two holy tanks. These tanks were used for sacrifices. The mostfamous building in Chichén Itzá is El Castillo - Temple Cuculcan. It was built on the pyramid consisted of nine terraces. Each of the pyramids four sides has 91 steps which, when added together and including the temple platform on top as the final step, produces a total of 365 steps (which is equal to the number of days of the solar year).
A natural depression with a depth of 40m and 60min diameter was found in the city. Probably during the drought virgins were thrown there to ask the god for rain.
ColosseumThe Roman amphitheater built by the Flavian. It was able to seat up to 73,000 spectators. It had his own underground system of corridors. Gladiator fights, shows in a special pool, huntings of wildanimals were organized in the amphitheatre. Christians weremurdered in this place, too. The name comes from the Greek Kolossos what means great. In 528 the last Olympics were held here.
Since the second half of the 18th century on Good Friday the Way of the Cross has been led by the pope in this place.
Tadz Mahal Enchanted Love in marble ... can be described as amausoleum built by Szachdżahana in memory of a loved wife Mumtaz Mahal. She was 36 years old and gave birth to 14 children. She died when the last child was born. The legendsays that before death, her husband gave three promises: hewill never marry again, he will take care of children and he willbuild a building that will commemorate her. He fulfilled all thepromises. He built the splendid palace that has no equivalent in the world.
Tadz Mahal was being built for 22 years by about 25 thousand workers. It is made of marble.
Thanks for theGROUP1 AttentionAgnieszka Bednarz (Poland)Ewa Kijas (Poland)Karolina Barglik (Poland)Amanda Arvelo Bethencourt (Spain)Yara María Zamora (Spain)Elizabeth Santana (Spain)Miriam (Germany)