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The Graphite Story
Graphite's current uses, future applications
and supply & demand dynamics

www.berkwoodresources.com

T...
The Graphite Story
•

One of 3 types of carbon: Graphite, Diamonds and Coal all share chemical formula C.

•

Mineral Form...
Why Graphite?
•

Application for graphitic material is constantly evolving due to it’s unique
chemical and thermal propert...
End users of Graphite
Traditional uses in Modern Industry
•

Steel Making - added to raise carbon content.

•

Electrodes ...
Graphite – Supply and Demand
•

Industrial demand growing 5% per annum over the last 10 years due to
industrialization of ...
TSX.V BKR
www.berkwoodresources.com

R. Brian Buchanan, CEO & Director
rbbuchanan@berkwoodresources.com
Karim Sayani, Corp...
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Berkwood Resources - The Graphite Story

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Graphite's current uses, future applications and supply & demand dynamics.

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Berkwood Resources - The Graphite Story

  1. 1. The Graphite Story Graphite's current uses, future applications and supply & demand dynamics www.berkwoodresources.com TSX.V BKR
  2. 2. The Graphite Story • One of 3 types of carbon: Graphite, Diamonds and Coal all share chemical formula C. • Mineral Forms: Natural (Flake, Amorphous) and Synthetic (Powders). • Natural Large Flake Graphite demand is increasing. • Flake size and purity dictates price (Large Flake +80 mesh). • Growing demand from traditional industries, new industrial applications and green energy technologies. Graphite Overview
  3. 3. Why Graphite? • Application for graphitic material is constantly evolving due to it’s unique chemical and thermal properties. • Maintains its stability and strength under temperatures in excess of 3,600ºC. • High natural lubricating abilities. • High conductor of heat and electricity. • One of the lightest of all reinforcing elements. • Very resistant to chemical corrosion, heat and oxidization. • These key physical and chemical properties make it critical to modern industry. • Considered a strategic element by many leading industrial nations. U.S.A., Europe and China have included graphite among a short list of critical materials. Graphite Overview
  4. 4. End users of Graphite Traditional uses in Modern Industry • Steel Making - added to raise carbon content. • Electrodes in electric arc furnaces • Brake pad linings • Dry lubricants New Technologies and Clean Energy • Fuel cells, which power hybrid and electric vehicles. • Lithium Ion Batteries in portable consumer devices, laptops, smartphones etc. • Heat spreaders in tablet computers, flat panel displays etc. • Lining for modern Pebble Bed Nuclear Reactors. • Development of Graphene - known as the miracle material of the 21st century. Graphite Overview
  5. 5. Graphite – Supply and Demand • Industrial demand growing 5% per annum over the last 10 years due to industrialization of emerging economies such as China and India. • European Union and USA named graphite a mineral in critical supply. • Lack of exploration and development over recent decades and China producing 70% of the world’s Graphite has raised concerns over securing long-term, stable sources of supply. • Chinese production and exports expected to decline due to consolidation of existing mines and focus on domestic supply chain for down stream manufacturing. • Approximately 30% of Chinese Graphite is Flake and the majority of this is small (+200/-80 mesh range). Production of Large Flake (+80 mesh) in China is declining. • Clean technology applications have the potential to consume more graphite than all current uses combined. Graphite Overview
  6. 6. TSX.V BKR www.berkwoodresources.com R. Brian Buchanan, CEO & Director rbbuchanan@berkwoodresources.com Karim Sayani, Corporate Communications karim@berkwoodresources.com 6th Floor - 890 West Pender Street Vancouver, BC V6C 1J9 Tel: +1 (604) 662-7455 Connect with us: BerkwoodBKR Tom Steer, Corporate Development tomsteer@berkwoodresources.com www.berkwoodresources.com berkwood-resources-ltd BerkwoodResourcesBKR TSX.V BKR

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