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Steps
to Legal risk
management
6
Berkman Solutions
10260 SW Greenburg Road, 4th floor
Portland OR 97223
United States
!
1 (855) 517-2193 North America
+1 (503) 517-4293 Worldwide
!
www.BerkmanSolutions.com
info@berkmansolutions.com
Select a
framework
Obtain
organizational
commitment
Identify
legal risks
Analyze
legal risks
Evaluate
legal risks
Communicate
and advise
1Select a
framework
Quantitative model
Predictive analytics
Empirical, internal data
Relevant external data
Validated external models
No risk management
Incident response
Ad hoc case management
Constant surprise
Assumed uniqueness
Qualitative model
Expert based assessment
Empirical data
Forward leaning
RISK MANAGEMENT
Objectives of the framework
!
Simple but not simplistic
!
Scalable but not overbearing
!
Adaptable but with clear guidance
!
Practical but not regimented
R = p * LGE
!
Risk is the likelihood
of consequences
!
!
“…effect of uncertainty
on objectives”
- ISO 31000
2Obtain
just enough
organizational
commitment
!
Risk management is
not all or nothing
Organizational commitment
!
Scope: department, division, enterprise…
!
Subject: contracts, regulations, litigation…
!
Audience: management layer, functions…
!
Budget: time, money, staff…
3Identify
legal risks
!
Discover and capture
risks to identify risks
for further analysis
Risk identification
!
Find sources of risk
!
Recognize potential and actual risks
!
Record risks in a “risk register”
Find sources of legal risk
!
Contracts
!
Regulations
!
Litigation
!
Structural changes
Contracts
Breach of contract
!
Non-enforceable rights
!
Unfavorable interpretations
!
Evolving federal and state law
!
Conduct of the parties
Contracts
!
New or modified regulations
!
Regulator focus
!
Civil, criminal, injunctive remedies
Litigation
!
Lawsuit based on conduct
!
Civil penalties
!
Equitable relief
Structural changes
!
Fundamental industry norm
!
Sweeping changes
!
Alters competitive landscape
Recognize legal risks
!
Hazards: physical harm
!
Events: single occurrence
!
Situations: enter new foreign market
!
Scenarios: counterparty does X, Y, or Z
Record legal risks
Risk register: list
!
Risks: name
!
Likelihood: simple scale
!
Consequence: simple scale
!
Risk rating: simple scale, combination
4Analyze
legal risks
!
Risk analysis is about
understanding the
risks
Analyze legal risks
!
Controls assessment: effectiveness
!
Likelihood: probability estimation
!
Consequences: impact analysis
!
Uncertainties and sensitivities: variables
Assessment of legal risk controls
!
Contracts: exceptions, requirements tracking
!
Regulations: compliance, reviews, ratings
!
Litigation: insurance, training
!
Statutory changes: maybe not…
Likelihood of legal risks
!
!
Discovery: likelihood that other party learns
Decision: likelihood of adverse decision
Likelihood of discovery
!
Contracts: counterparty learns and sues
Regulations: agency attention and review
!
Litigation: aggrieved party motivated
!
Structural changes: legislative, industry focus
Likelihood of decision
!
Contracts: validity of legal theory
Regulations: certainty of violation
!
Litigation: probability of adverse decision
!
Structural changes: certainty of adoption
Consequences of legal risk
!
!
!
Damages: (primarily) economic loss (or gain)
Frequency: number of occurrences
Damages from legal risk
!
Contracts: agreed, implied fees and penalties
Regulations: fines, penalties, orders
!
Litigation: range of damages, attorney’s fees
!
Statutory changes: operations, reporting, …
!
!
!
Frequency of legal risk
!
Contracts: form contracts, repeat behavior
Regulations: single incident, business practice
!
Litigation: jurisdictions, plaintiffs
!
Statutory changes: jurisdictions, scope
!
!
!
Uncertainties and sensitivities
!
!
Uncertainties: continuously reduce
Sensitivities: use ranges
!
Rating scales
Elaborate models create false sense of
precision.
!
Likelihood Consequences Risk Rating
4 – Highly likely (>75%) 4 – Substantial (> $z) 4 – Very high
3 – Likely (50 – 74%) 3 – Significant ($y – z) 3 – High
2 – Somewhat likely (<50%) 2 – Material ($x – y) 2 – Medium
1 – Unlikely (<10%) 1 – Insignificant (< $x) 1 – Low
0 – Unknown 0 – Unknown 0 - Unknown
Legal risk register, simple
Risk title to easily find and refer to item
!
Risk description to capture the scope
!
Likelihood rating with 5 point scale
!
Consequences rating with 5 point scale
!
Risk rating which is a combined rating
!
Legal risk register, less simple
(the simple list, plus)
!
Risk control process, tool to prevent risk
!
Risk control effectiveness effect on rating
!
Risk treatment process, tool to change risk
!
Risk treatment effectiveness effect on rating
!
5Evaluate
legal risks
!
Make decisions and
prioritize risks
Legal risk evaluation
!
!
Risk tolerance policy to draw the line
!
Risk treatment options for risks above the line
Legal risk tolerance policy
Legal risk tolerance policy
Legal risk tolerance policy
Legal risk treatment options
!
!
!
Modify risks so that residual risk is tolerable
!
Legal risk treatment options
Avoid by not starting or continuing
!
Increase to pursue opportunity
!
Remove source of risk
!
Change likelihood and/or consequences
!
Share with contract or insurance
!
!
6Communicate
& Advise
!
Think holistically;
communicate clearly
20 Minute Risk Manager
!
Avoid the inventory
!
Start with revenue
!
Identify major risks
!
Recommend action
Select a
framework
Obtain
organizational
commitment
Identify
legal risks
Analyze
legal risks
Evaluate
legal risks
Communicate
and advise
Berkman Solutions
10260 SW Greenburg Road, 4th floor
Portland OR 97223
United States
!
1 (855) 517-2193 North America
+1 (503) 517-4293 Worldwide
!
www.BerkmanSolutions.com
info@berkmansolutions.com

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6 Steps to Legal Risk Management