Space Infographic


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  •, Jason, Jasmine
  • Nida, Jason, Jasmine
  • Space Infographic

    1. 1. References
    2. 2. Home Page
    3. 3. Mercury • • • • • • Mercury is the closest planet to the Sun It resembles the moon in that it has impact craters on its surface It has a crater called the Caloris Impact Basin which is the size of Texas Mercury’s molten core is larger than Earth’s core relative to their respective planet sizes The temperature on Mercury varies by around 600 degrees C between day and night Mercury has the most elliptical orbit of any planet in the Solar System Home Page
    4. 4. Venus • • • • The surface of Venus is hot enough to melt lead! However, its composition is very similar to Earth’s Atmospheric composition: • 96.4% carbon dioxide • 3.4% nitrogen • 0.015% sulfur dioxide • 0.007% argon • 0.002% water vapor It is frequently referred to as the morning or evening star, as it can be seen in the sky right after the Sun rises or sets. Home Page
    5. 5. Earth • • • • • Earth formed approximately 4.54 billion years ago More than 70 percent of the Earth is covered in water. Atmospheric Composition: • 78.084% nitrogen • 20.846% oxygen • 0.9340% argon • 0.1 % water vapor • 0.039% carbon dioxide • Minimal percentages of neon, helium, methane, krypton, hydrogen, nitrous oxide and carbon monoxide The Earth’s lithosphere (solid outer layer) floats on molten magma. Earth’s moon is the largest moon relative to the planet that it orbits in the Solar System Home Page
    6. 6. Mars • • • • • Mars is known as ‘The Red Planet’. The temperature on Mars barely reaches 0 degrees C on a summer day There has been evidence found on Mars of the existence of water This leads to possibilities of life, such as microorganisms, existing there. Mars is home to ‘Olympus Mons’, the largest volcano in the solar system – it is three times the height of Mount Everest! Home Page
    7. 7. Jupiter • • • • • Jupiter is the largest planet in the solar system. It is a gaseous planet that is more than three hundred times the mass of the Earth. It has a ‘Great Red Spot’, which is actually a hurricane three times bigger than our planet, that has been going on for at least 200 years. If you managed to travel to Jupiter, the first thing that you would come across would be an invisible force field. The core of Jupiter is thought to be solid, and around the size of the Earth Home Page
    8. 8. Saturn • • • • • • Saturn is the second largest planet in the Solar System Its diameter is ten times that of the Earth and it is ten times further away from the Sun. Saturn has 53 known moons, and has 9 moons that have been discovered and are waiting to be confirmed Saturn’s ‘Great White Spot’ is a giant storm, similar to Jupiter’s ‘Great Red Spot’. However, Saturn’s ‘Great White Spot’ is not always there, and only shows up intermittently, around every 30 years. Saturn’s rings are so thin that they appear to vanish when they are looked at straight on the edge. Home Page
    9. 9. Uranus • • • • When Uranus was first discovered, it was mistakenly catalogued as a star Uranus is the name of the father of the Roman god Saturn Unlike any of the other planets, it spins on its side, with its northern hemisphere facing the Sun for 42 years of sunlight, before turning the other way and experiencing 42 years of darkness Uranus has 27 moons named after various characters from works of William Shakespeare and Alexander Pope Home Page
    10. 10. Neptune • • • • Neptune is the eighth planet from the sun Neptune is made up mostly of hydrogen and helium, with a small amount of methane Neptune is blue because the methane in its atmosphere absorbs red light from the Sun, but reflects blue light Neptune has 13 moons which are named after different sea gods and nymphs in Greek mythology Home Page
    11. 11. References • Books: • Brunier, Serge. Solar System Voyage. Cambridge University Press, 2002. • Chown, Marcus. Solar System: A Visual Exploration of the Planets, Moons, and Other Heavenly Bodies that Orbit Our Sun. Touch Press and Faber and Faber, 2011. • Websites • • Images: • • • • • • • Home Page