Chillers come in a variety of shapes and sizes, and
the components that make up the process differ
Even though they may look different, the principle of
their operation and the refrigeration cycle remains
How Does It Work?
Let’s look at what happens in a simple
Let’s start our journey through the refrigeration
cycle at the metering device.
This device controls
the flow of refrigerant
into the evaporator,
or cooling coil, as a
From here, the expanding refrigerant changes
state as it goes through the evaporator, where
it removes the heat from the substance or
space in which the evaporator is located.
This process is similar to the
change that occurs when
a pot of water is boiled on
the stove and the water
changes to steam - except
the refrigerant boils at a
much lower temperature.
The low-pressure, low-temperature vapor is now
drawn to the compressor where it is compressed into
a high-temperature, high-pressure vapor.
The compressor then discharges the
refrigerant to the condenser, where it
can give up the heat it picked up in
At this point, the refrigerant vapor is at a higher
temperature than the air passing through the
condenser (air-cooled type); or the water passing
through the condenser (water-cooled type); therefore,
it transfers the heat from the warmer refrigerant
vapor to the cooler air or water.
In this process, as heat is removed from the
vapor, the refrigerant is condensed back to
liquid, at a high-pressure and high-temperature.
The liquid refrigerant travels back to the
metering device, where it passes through a
small opening where a drop in pressure and
From here, it enters into the evaporator or
As the refrigerant makes its way into the
large opening of the evaporator tubing or
coil, it vaporizes, ready to start another cycle
through the system.
Learn more about
Berg Chilling Systems Inc.
51 Nantucket Blvd.
Toronto, On, M1P2N5