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THE ROLE OF GENDER EQUALITY IN
DEVELOPMENT: A CASE STUDY OF
THE ROMA MINORITY IN EUROPE
Benjamin Ignac,
B.A. Geography,
Un...
CONTENT
•Who are the Roma?
•The Ethnic and Gender gap
•Women and Development
•Roma – a new generation
WHO ARE THE ROMA?
The migration of the Roma according to John Haywood (author
of “The Great Migrations: From the Earliest ...
WHO ARE THE ROMA?
•Biggest and fastest growing minority in
Europe (over 10 million members)
•Diverse linguistic and common...
WHO ARE THE ROMA?
Isolated Roma settlement in northern Croatia
Roma settlement in Kosice, Slovakia (photographs by Bjoern Steinz)
WHO ARE THE ROMA?
THE ETHNIC AND
GENDER GAP
•Roma culture is patriarchal with
clearly established gender roles
•Roma women – a disadvantaged...
WOMEN AND DEVELOPMENT
“Gender equality is
more than a goal in
itself. It is a precondition
for meeting the
challenge of re...
WOMEN AND DEVELOPMENT
Female Education in
Sub‐Saharan Africa:
The Key to
Development?
Browne and Barrett (1991)
Institutions working for Roma Integration:
ROMA – A NEW GENERATION
2005-2015 : Decade of Roma Inclusion
2011: EU Framework...
ROMA – A NEW GENERATION
•Increase Roma representation in all levels of education, government, and in
general employment
•D...
RESOURCES
Roma Data:
http://www.eurasia.undp.org/content/rbec/en/home/
ourwork/sustainable-development/development-
planni...
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The Role of Gender Equality in Development: A Case Study of the Roma Minority in Europe

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Slides from a public presentation at the OU Mosaic Social Justice Symposium.

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The Role of Gender Equality in Development: A Case Study of the Roma Minority in Europe

  1. 1. THE ROLE OF GENDER EQUALITY IN DEVELOPMENT: A CASE STUDY OF THE ROMA MINORITY IN EUROPE Benjamin Ignac, B.A. Geography, University of Oklahoma
  2. 2. CONTENT •Who are the Roma? •The Ethnic and Gender gap •Women and Development •Roma – a new generation
  3. 3. WHO ARE THE ROMA? The migration of the Roma according to John Haywood (author of “The Great Migrations: From the Earliest Humans to the Age of Globalization”) The official flag of the Roma (approved in 1971 at the first World Romani Congress in London, UK)
  4. 4. WHO ARE THE ROMA? •Biggest and fastest growing minority in Europe (over 10 million members) •Diverse linguistic and common cultural backgrounds •Small closed communities – large families •Established gender roles •Facing segregation and discrimination •Poor living conditions, significant gaps in education, employment and wealth
  5. 5. WHO ARE THE ROMA? Isolated Roma settlement in northern Croatia
  6. 6. Roma settlement in Kosice, Slovakia (photographs by Bjoern Steinz) WHO ARE THE ROMA?
  7. 7. THE ETHNIC AND GENDER GAP •Roma culture is patriarchal with clearly established gender roles •Roma women – a disadvantaged group within a disadvantaged group •Female Roma have lower education and employment rates compared to males
  8. 8. WOMEN AND DEVELOPMENT “Gender equality is more than a goal in itself. It is a precondition for meeting the challenge of reducing poverty, promoting sustainable development and building good governance.” – Kofi Annan
  9. 9. WOMEN AND DEVELOPMENT Female Education in Sub‐Saharan Africa: The Key to Development? Browne and Barrett (1991)
  10. 10. Institutions working for Roma Integration: ROMA – A NEW GENERATION 2005-2015 : Decade of Roma Inclusion 2011: EU Framework for National Roma Integration Strategies Focus: education, employment, healthcare and housing
  11. 11. ROMA – A NEW GENERATION •Increase Roma representation in all levels of education, government, and in general employment •Don’t assimilate! Integrate! •Learn more about the Roma culture •Gender inequality among the Roma is not just a woman issue or a Roma issue. It is an everyone-issue. •Education is the most powerful weapon which you can use to change the world (Nelson Mandela) •We need to start enabling access to education for young Roma women
  12. 12. RESOURCES Roma Data: http://www.eurasia.undp.org/content/rbec/en/home/ ourwork/sustainable-development/development- planning-and-inclusive-sustainable-growth/roma-in- central-and-southeast-europe/roma-data.html Roma History: https://www.opensocietyfoundations.org/voices/gypsi es-roma-travellers-animated-history Roma Initiatives: http://www.romadecade.org/decade-participiants- international-partner-organizations About the author: Benjamin Ignac University of Oklahoma ignac@ou.edu

Slides from a public presentation at the OU Mosaic Social Justice Symposium.

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