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Pompeii the lost city


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Pompeii the lost city

  1. 1. POMPEII THE LOST CITY The city that was frozen in time Friday, 21 February 14
  2. 2. 1. WHY IS THIS CONSIDERED ONE OF THE WORLDS GREATEST ARCHAEOLOGICAL FINDS It is considered one of the worlds greatest archaeological finds because Pompeii was frozen in time. Pompeii residents were doing their everyday things when the hot lava (up to 300.c) poured over them covering them and freezing them in time. It shows us how they lived and the buildings that they lived in. It shows us what types of animals they had in Pompeii. Friday, 21 February 14
  3. 3. 2.WHO FOUND IT, WAS HE FAMOUS BEFORE. An Italian archaeologist by the name of Giuseppe Fiorelli (born June 8th 1823 in Naples) found Pompeii. He was not famous before finding Pompeii but after he found Pompeii he became a professor of archaeology at the University of Naples and director of the excavations in Pompeii starting in 1860. He died January 28th 1896. Friday, 21 February 14
  4. 4. 3.WHEN WAS IT FOUND A few years after archaeologists found Herculaneum in 1738, Pompeii was partly uncovered in 1748, but the actual excavation of the city was done by Guiseppe Fiorelli in the1860s. Herculaneum is another city that was inundated at the same time with lava and ash from Mount Vesuvius’ fierce eruption. Friday, 21 February 14
  5. 5. 4. WAS THE DISCOVERY ACCIDENTAL OR PURPOSELY The discovery of the lost city of Pompeii was an accidental find while Archaeologists were trying to discover more of the city of Herculaneum. Friday, 21 February 14
  6. 6. 5. What archaeological techniques were used? Guiseppe Fiorelli used excavation (with shovels, Picks and spades) and also lots of brushing and preserving. The way he did this was to dig from the top of the building to the bottom not like some other methods like digging out the roads and then digging the houses. Friday, 21 February 14
  7. 7. 6. WHAT DIFFICULTIES WERE ENCOUNTERED WHILE DISCOVERING IT. The greatest difficulty that was encountered whilst excavating this site was that all the lava had cooled and formed very hard volcanic rock layers going the whole way over and around Pompeii. This made it difficult to dig through. Friday, 21 February 14
  8. 8. 7.What artifacts were found and what do they reveal about the culture/people who left them behind? Some of the artifacts left behind were people that had been buried alive and then turned into moulds by the lava. There also were lots of animals that were covered in lava. There were a lot of paintings and mosaics left behind, some in very good condition. Buildings were preserved and shows us the sort of architecture that they had and what types of utensils, plates, pots and cups. No furniture survived the lava so we do not know what types of furniture they had. Friday, 21 February 14
  9. 9. WHERE ARE THE ARTIFACTS NOW? Most of the artifacts are stored and displayed on site in glass cabinets for all to see. Most of the artifacts that were removed from the site was stored in an archaeological Museum in Naples. But some of the paintings have been taken and displayed in Rome. Friday, 21 February 14
  10. 10. 9. CAN PEOPLE SEE THEM Yes, everyone is able to travel to Pompeii and do a tour of the site or to Naples Archaeological Museum to view all of these artifacts that have been uncovered from Pompeii. Friday, 21 February 14
  11. 11. 10. What has the find taught you about history and the work of archaeologists and historians? This has taught me that even over 2000 years ago they had very modern architecture that we still see currently used today. I showed that the people living there were cultured because they were creating art. The find found not many weapons which suggests the they were very peaceful. It has taught me that Archaeologists have to work very hard. Also that back then they did not have Jack hammers and mechanical equipment to break rock, all they had were paint brushes and shovels and those two do not break rock easily. It was labour intensive and took a long time. When Archaeologists find these lost cities they often become very famous for a short time, but if you said Giuseppe Fiorelli to anyone today most would not have a clue who you are talking about. This means that you might have been famous while you were alive but after you die you are slowly forgotten. Friday, 21 February 14
  12. 12. BIBLIOGRAPHY My Grandma and Grandpa Friday, 21 February 14