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Scientific literature & format of journal article


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Scientific literature & format of journal article

  1. 1. SCIENTIFIC LITERATURE AND FORMAT OF A JOURNAL ARTICLE Adapted from the Presentation Of Ms. Zennifer Oberio
  2. 2. BACKGROUND ON SCIENTIFIC LITERATURE CATEGORIES OF SCIENTIFIC LITERATURE 1.Primary Literature Sources Theses Trade publications Scientific organization publications Presentations at scientific meetings Scholarly journals Conference papers Technical reports of government or private agencies
  3. 3. •Title •Author (s) •Abstract (or Summary) •Key words •Introduction •Materials and Methods •Results •Tables and/or Figures •Discussion •References FORMAT:
  4. 4. FORMAT OF A JOURNAL ARTICLE TITLE . Describes the study briefly Keep in mind that a certain period of time has elapsed between in the performance of a study and its publication. The date will be an indicator of the relevance of the information, especially in the fields where there is a rapid change of information
  5. 5. FORMAT OF A JOURNAL ARTICLE AUTHOR(S) The first person in the list is usually the one who did the work and wrote the paper; other people who made substantial contributions are listed as Co-authors after the first author. If the author and/or his works are well- known, it will be a factor in judging the quality of the data presented in the article
  6. 6. FORMAT OF A JOURNAL ARTICLE ABSTRACT (OR SUMMARY) •A conscise summary of the article that contains the rationale for the study, the main results, how the results were obtained, an interpretation of the results. •Difficult to read because it is dense with information. •Ideally, never cite a study based solely from reading the abstract.
  7. 7. FORMAT OF A JOURNAL ARTICLE KEYWORDS • Provides background information, includes related studies, explains how the present study “fits into the puzzle” • Sets forth the objectives of and justification for the study. • Easier to understand than the abstract. • Usually cites many of the references
  8. 8. . FORMAT OF A JOURNAL ARTICLE MATERIALS AND METHOD Procedure followed: • what was done • how it was done • where was done
  9. 9. FORMAT OF A JOURNAL ARTICLE RESULTS . Describes the data gathered in the study: What does the date show
  10. 10. FORMAT OF A JOURNAL ARTICLE TABLES AND/ OR FIGURES • Supplements the data presented in the Results section. • The title of the table or figure describes the data that it presents.
  11. 11. FORMAT OF A JOURNAL ARTICLE DISCUSSION Interprets and explains the results: • Why the data show what they showed • Relates the analysis of the data to the objectives of the study
  12. 12. FORMAT OF A JOURNAL ARTICLE REFERENCES . The author (s), date and the kind of literature that is cited are indicators that may be used in assessing the credibility and validity of the information presented in the article.