The Elements of Mise en Scene Settings & Props Costume, Hair & Make Up Figure expression and movement Each aspect of mise-en- Staging scene has hidden meanings within a film and sends signals to the Lighting and Colour audience about how we are supposed to feel at a certain point Off screen space
Elements of CinematographyFramingCompositionLensDepth of fieldCamera AnglesDistance shotsColour and lighting
Framing.The chosen position of acamera makes a drasticdifference in the framing ofthe image.This effects how we perceivethe filmed event.
Cinematography:Composition:The ‘Putting together’ of different images within thescene.(the arrangement of images) People, objects and colour.This can create good or bad images.
Canted Angle/Dutch Angle Disorientates the audience – can show the characters state of mindStraight Angle
the camera physically moves backwards while the operator Camera stays in one place Shaking zooms forwards but moves from side to side your headCamera lense Camera stays inmoves one place buttoward/away Reverse Zoom moves up andfrom the action Pan downbut camera stays Tilt Zoomstill Nodding your head Camera is Handheld held by Movement camera Tracking shot person Steady cam Whole camera Dolly moves usually on aCamera is attached to Aerial shot Crane set of trackscamera person however iscontrolled by weights to Whole camera movesstay smooth on a set of wheels Camera is above the Camera is above the action in a plane action attached to a crane
Wide angle lens.Distorts the image.Distance betweenforeground andbackground appear greater.The edges appear stretchedand distorted. Medium angle lens. Most common lens. Avoids noticeable Perspective distortions. Appears to maintain natural depth within the frame.
Telescopic lens.Depth is reduced and socharacters and imageappear on the same plainas each other.Movement seemdistorted as distance issquashed. Used for largely in sports footage.
Deep focus Shallow focusObject in both the foreground Only objects in the and background are visible foreground are visiable Allows the audience to see Makes the audience focus on more detail something specific
Three Key Can depend onLighting: the type of Stock used. (Film)Key Fast (Sensitive)Fill Slower (Less)Back Lighting Can be: Natural and ambient. Strong contrast.High Key Lighting Man made. Low Key Lighting
Colour carries certainconnotations which may addmeaning to a scene (i.e. Red= Danger/Passion)Can give a scene a particularlook, feel or moodCan be used for dramaticeffect
Subtle colour shades were created through:Camera stock types being dyed. 1950-60sThe use of Filters placed over the lens. 1970s-90sNow you have a colourist who adds colour Post production (Editing)