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PUBLIC HEALTH RESEARCH
GUIDE
Step by Step guide to creating a search statement in Databases
Swati Wagh
Science Outreach Librarian
Benedictine Library, Kindlon Hall 313
Step 1
• Decide on a Topic of Research
• Example: Global warming and Emerging Infectious Diseases
• The topic will address the significance for Public Health, and the
causes of the re-emergence
Step 2
• What are the concepts?
• Explain the concepts with key Words
• Global warming, Re-emerging infectious diseases.
• What are the related terms, synonyms?
• Global warming OR Climate change OR sea level rise
• Re-emerging Infectious Diseases OR emerging Infectious Diseases
• Now I can combine all these related terms with an AND
• (Global warming OR Climate change OR sea level rise) AND (Re-
emerging Infectious Diseases OR emerging Infectious Diseases)
• The parenthesis tell the system the order in which you want to use
the terms.
Step 3
• Finding keywords and related terms and synonyms was a “Natural
Language Search”
• Most Databases convert the various keywords a person may come to
search the database.
• All these likely words/terms are then mapped to a “Controlled
Vocabulary” term called a Subject Heading, or in PUBMED MeSH,
MEDICAL SUBJECT HEADING.
• Trained indexers at the National Library of Medicine map all the likely
words to a preferred term or heading called MeSH. The preferred
term “Communicable diseases, Emerging”
Step 3 Continued
Entry terms are all the possible keywords or
synonyms or related terms that one could us, that
are all mapped to the preferred term MeSH
Step 4: The Search Statement using MeSH.
MeSH Tree
• The MeSH tree is similar to the classification of species. There is a
hierarchy.
• Phenomena and Processes Category
• Biological Phenomena
• Ecological and Environmental Phenomena
• Climatic Processes
• Climate Change
• Global Warming
• Sea Level Rise
Climate Change
• The concept of Climate Change includes two other concepts
Step 5
• Actual Search in PUBMED (See video) This video explains how using
the concepts in this power point we search PUBMED:
• a How to select MeSH, subheadings.
• b. How to use the MeSH Tree.
• c. Use Filters
• d. Select Related and cited records.
• e. Cite and export records to ENDNOTE

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Public health research guide update

  • 1. PUBLIC HEALTH RESEARCH GUIDE Step by Step guide to creating a search statement in Databases Swati Wagh Science Outreach Librarian Benedictine Library, Kindlon Hall 313
  • 2. Step 1 • Decide on a Topic of Research • Example: Global warming and Emerging Infectious Diseases • The topic will address the significance for Public Health, and the causes of the re-emergence
  • 3. Step 2 • What are the concepts? • Explain the concepts with key Words • Global warming, Re-emerging infectious diseases. • What are the related terms, synonyms? • Global warming OR Climate change OR sea level rise • Re-emerging Infectious Diseases OR emerging Infectious Diseases • Now I can combine all these related terms with an AND • (Global warming OR Climate change OR sea level rise) AND (Re- emerging Infectious Diseases OR emerging Infectious Diseases) • The parenthesis tell the system the order in which you want to use the terms.
  • 4. Step 3 • Finding keywords and related terms and synonyms was a “Natural Language Search” • Most Databases convert the various keywords a person may come to search the database. • All these likely words/terms are then mapped to a “Controlled Vocabulary” term called a Subject Heading, or in PUBMED MeSH, MEDICAL SUBJECT HEADING. • Trained indexers at the National Library of Medicine map all the likely words to a preferred term or heading called MeSH. The preferred term “Communicable diseases, Emerging”
  • 6. Entry terms are all the possible keywords or synonyms or related terms that one could us, that are all mapped to the preferred term MeSH
  • 7. Step 4: The Search Statement using MeSH.
  • 8. MeSH Tree • The MeSH tree is similar to the classification of species. There is a hierarchy. • Phenomena and Processes Category • Biological Phenomena • Ecological and Environmental Phenomena • Climatic Processes • Climate Change • Global Warming • Sea Level Rise
  • 9. Climate Change • The concept of Climate Change includes two other concepts
  • 10. Step 5 • Actual Search in PUBMED (See video) This video explains how using the concepts in this power point we search PUBMED: • a How to select MeSH, subheadings. • b. How to use the MeSH Tree. • c. Use Filters • d. Select Related and cited records. • e. Cite and export records to ENDNOTE