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ELIS - Multimedia Lab
A Digital-First Authoring Environment
for Enriched e-Books using EPUB 3
Ben De Meester,
Tom De Nies, Hajar Ghaem Sigarchian, Miel Vander Sande
Jelle Van Campen, Bram Van Impe,
Wesley De Neve, Erik Mannens, Rik Van De Walle
University Ghent – iMinds – Multimedia Lab
ELIS - Multimedia Lab
On the menu:
❖ Core problems in today’s publishing workflow
❖ Tomorrow’s publishing workflow…
❖ … and the authoring environment to make that happen
❖ What is next?
ELIS - Multimedia Lab
Core problems in today’s
publishing workflow
(in Flanders)
ELIS - Multimedia Lab
Yesterday’s publishing workflow
Layout
Adobe Indesign ©
Content* Printed bookContent
Microsoft Word ©
Author
ELIS - Multimedia Lab
Today’s publishing workflow
Layout
Adobe Indesign ©
Layout
Content*
Content*
Azardi © / iBooks Author © / …
Printed book
E-book
Content
Microsoft Word ©
Author
ELIS - Multimedia Lab
Problems we’ve observed
Print is still first
Vendor Lock-in
Corrections and updates
ELIS - Multimedia Lab
Print is still first
Printed books…
have static content
have a page-based layout
are single-platform (book)
Whilst digital books…
are dynamic
have a responsive layout
need multi-platform publishing (EPUB, PDF, HTML)
ELIS - Multimedia Lab
Corrections and Updates
Corrections are hard, especially after certain stages in
the workflow (e.g., layout)
Updates (after publication) are even harder!
ELIS - Multimedia Lab
Results of an enquiry at
Flemish publishers:
100% of authors delivers content in Word format
>90% of publishers has a workflow centered around Adobe Indesign
ELIS - Multimedia Lab
Vendor Lock-in
All steps of book lifecycle are controlled by same
vendor (e.g., iBooks, Kindle, …)
➔ Use of vendor-specific formats limits innovation
e.g.: limited possibilities for dynamic content in Apple
products
ELIS - Multimedia Lab
It is hard to make cost-effective e-books
Hard to make
Vendor lock-in, print-first
Hard to maintain
Corrections and updates
More expensive to make a digital book…
but the consumer expects it to be cheaper!
ELIS - Multimedia Lab
How do we get out of here?
(according to us)
ELIS - Multimedia Lab
Today’s publishing workflow
Layout
Adobe Indesign©
Layout
Content*
Content*
Azardi© / iBooks Author© / …
Printed book
E-book
Content
Microsoft Word©
Author
ELIS - Multimedia Lab
Tomorrow’s publishing workflow
HTML5, CSS3, Javascript
Printed book
Smartphone
Content
Structure
Layout
Author
Phablet
Desktop
Tablet
CSS print profile
CSS e-book smartphone profile
CSS e-book tablet profile
CSS e-book desktop profile
CSS e-book phablet profileEditor
Designer
ELIS - Multimedia Lab
Our Proposed Changes
Focus on digital
Division between content, structure and layout
Open Web Standards
ELIS - Multimedia Lab
Separate the Powers
CONTENT STRUCTURE LAYOUT
ELIS - Multimedia Lab
Separate the Powers (1/3)
CONTENT
modular
book content
CONTENT
Generic
“content
blocks”
text, images, videos,
interactive scripts, ...
With fall-backs for
printed media
CONTENT
User Roles:
- author
- editor
- illustrator
- ...
ELIS - Multimedia Lab
Separate the Powers (2/3)
STRUCTURE
Complex
navigational
structures
sequential,
hierarchical,
networks, ...
STRUCTURE
content
selection and
navigation
STRUCTURE
User Roles:
- author
- editor
- ...
ELIS - Multimedia Lab
Separate the Powers (3/3)
LAYOUT
User Roles:
- illustrator
- designer
- editor
- ...
LAYOUT
content
presentation
and
adaptation
LAYOUT
Generic
“layout
containers”
CSS-based,
adaptive, ...
ELIS - Multimedia Lab
Tomorrow’s publishing workflow
HTML5, CSS3, Javascript
Printed book
Smartphone
Content
Structure
Layout
Author
Phablet
Desktop
Tablet
CSS print profile
CSS e-book smartphone profile
CSS e-book tablet profile
CSS e-book desktop profile
CSS e-book phablet profileEditor
Designer
ELIS - Multimedia Lab
A Digital-First Authoring Environment for
Enriched e-Books using EPUB 3
ELIS - Multimedia Lab
What is it?
A web application that
Imports legacy content (EPUB2, Word)
Can easily add content, structure, and layout
Exports valid EPUB3
ELIS - Multimedia Lab
Content view
ELIS - Multimedia Lab
Content
Content
Block
Book
Content view
Homogeneous handling of heterogeneous content
text, audio, video, interactive widgets, …
ELIS - Multimedia Lab
Structure view
ELIS - Multimedia Lab
Arbitrary linking patterns between Chapters
hierarchical, by subject, …
Referencing content blocks in multiple chapters.
Chapter
Link
Book
Structure view
Content
Block
ELIS - Multimedia Lab
Layout view
ELIS - Multimedia Lab
Layout
Container
Decorator
Content
Block
Content
Container
Layout view
Decouple layout from content
Responsive design
ELIS - Multimedia Lab
Why is this better?
Changes can be made at any stage in the workflow,
and propagate to other stages
Digital-first workflow ensures smooth multi-channel publication
Use of open formats avoids vendor lock-in
and raises potential for innovation
ELIS - Multimedia Lab
Content
Layout
Container
Decorator
Chapter
Content
Block
Link
Book
Content
Container
ELIS - Multimedia Lab
Tomorrow’s authoring environment
Generic and flexible datamodel
(semi-)automatic annotations
ELIS - Multimedia Lab
Thanks
Our project
Our pilot project partners:
Link to the paper: http://www.ebooks.iospress.nl/publication/36551

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A digital first authoring environment for enriched e-books using EPUB 3

  • 1. ELIS - Multimedia Lab A Digital-First Authoring Environment for Enriched e-Books using EPUB 3 Ben De Meester, Tom De Nies, Hajar Ghaem Sigarchian, Miel Vander Sande Jelle Van Campen, Bram Van Impe, Wesley De Neve, Erik Mannens, Rik Van De Walle University Ghent – iMinds – Multimedia Lab
  • 2. ELIS - Multimedia Lab On the menu: ❖ Core problems in today’s publishing workflow ❖ Tomorrow’s publishing workflow… ❖ … and the authoring environment to make that happen ❖ What is next?
  • 3. ELIS - Multimedia Lab Core problems in today’s publishing workflow (in Flanders)
  • 4. ELIS - Multimedia Lab Yesterday’s publishing workflow Layout Adobe Indesign © Content* Printed bookContent Microsoft Word © Author
  • 5. ELIS - Multimedia Lab Today’s publishing workflow Layout Adobe Indesign © Layout Content* Content* Azardi © / iBooks Author © / … Printed book E-book Content Microsoft Word © Author
  • 6. ELIS - Multimedia Lab Problems we’ve observed Print is still first Vendor Lock-in Corrections and updates
  • 7. ELIS - Multimedia Lab Print is still first Printed books… have static content have a page-based layout are single-platform (book) Whilst digital books… are dynamic have a responsive layout need multi-platform publishing (EPUB, PDF, HTML)
  • 8. ELIS - Multimedia Lab Corrections and Updates Corrections are hard, especially after certain stages in the workflow (e.g., layout) Updates (after publication) are even harder!
  • 9. ELIS - Multimedia Lab Results of an enquiry at Flemish publishers: 100% of authors delivers content in Word format >90% of publishers has a workflow centered around Adobe Indesign
  • 10. ELIS - Multimedia Lab Vendor Lock-in All steps of book lifecycle are controlled by same vendor (e.g., iBooks, Kindle, …) ➔ Use of vendor-specific formats limits innovation e.g.: limited possibilities for dynamic content in Apple products
  • 11. ELIS - Multimedia Lab It is hard to make cost-effective e-books Hard to make Vendor lock-in, print-first Hard to maintain Corrections and updates More expensive to make a digital book… but the consumer expects it to be cheaper!
  • 12. ELIS - Multimedia Lab How do we get out of here? (according to us)
  • 13. ELIS - Multimedia Lab Today’s publishing workflow Layout Adobe Indesign© Layout Content* Content* Azardi© / iBooks Author© / … Printed book E-book Content Microsoft Word© Author
  • 14. ELIS - Multimedia Lab Tomorrow’s publishing workflow HTML5, CSS3, Javascript Printed book Smartphone Content Structure Layout Author Phablet Desktop Tablet CSS print profile CSS e-book smartphone profile CSS e-book tablet profile CSS e-book desktop profile CSS e-book phablet profileEditor Designer
  • 15. ELIS - Multimedia Lab Our Proposed Changes Focus on digital Division between content, structure and layout Open Web Standards
  • 16. ELIS - Multimedia Lab Separate the Powers CONTENT STRUCTURE LAYOUT
  • 17. ELIS - Multimedia Lab Separate the Powers (1/3) CONTENT modular book content CONTENT Generic “content blocks” text, images, videos, interactive scripts, ... With fall-backs for printed media CONTENT User Roles: - author - editor - illustrator - ...
  • 18. ELIS - Multimedia Lab Separate the Powers (2/3) STRUCTURE Complex navigational structures sequential, hierarchical, networks, ... STRUCTURE content selection and navigation STRUCTURE User Roles: - author - editor - ...
  • 19. ELIS - Multimedia Lab Separate the Powers (3/3) LAYOUT User Roles: - illustrator - designer - editor - ... LAYOUT content presentation and adaptation LAYOUT Generic “layout containers” CSS-based, adaptive, ...
  • 20. ELIS - Multimedia Lab Tomorrow’s publishing workflow HTML5, CSS3, Javascript Printed book Smartphone Content Structure Layout Author Phablet Desktop Tablet CSS print profile CSS e-book smartphone profile CSS e-book tablet profile CSS e-book desktop profile CSS e-book phablet profileEditor Designer
  • 21. ELIS - Multimedia Lab A Digital-First Authoring Environment for Enriched e-Books using EPUB 3
  • 22. ELIS - Multimedia Lab What is it? A web application that Imports legacy content (EPUB2, Word) Can easily add content, structure, and layout Exports valid EPUB3
  • 23. ELIS - Multimedia Lab Content view
  • 24. ELIS - Multimedia Lab Content Content Block Book Content view Homogeneous handling of heterogeneous content text, audio, video, interactive widgets, …
  • 25. ELIS - Multimedia Lab Structure view
  • 26. ELIS - Multimedia Lab Arbitrary linking patterns between Chapters hierarchical, by subject, … Referencing content blocks in multiple chapters. Chapter Link Book Structure view Content Block
  • 27. ELIS - Multimedia Lab Layout view
  • 28. ELIS - Multimedia Lab Layout Container Decorator Content Block Content Container Layout view Decouple layout from content Responsive design
  • 29. ELIS - Multimedia Lab Why is this better? Changes can be made at any stage in the workflow, and propagate to other stages Digital-first workflow ensures smooth multi-channel publication Use of open formats avoids vendor lock-in and raises potential for innovation
  • 30. ELIS - Multimedia Lab Content Layout Container Decorator Chapter Content Block Link Book Content Container
  • 31. ELIS - Multimedia Lab Tomorrow’s authoring environment Generic and flexible datamodel (semi-)automatic annotations
  • 32. ELIS - Multimedia Lab Thanks Our project Our pilot project partners: Link to the paper: http://www.ebooks.iospress.nl/publication/36551