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A digital first authoring environment for enriched e-books using EPUB 3

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Presentation that was given during ELPUB 2014 about shifting the current print-first publishing workflow into a digital-first publishing workflow with a clear distinction between content, structure, and layout.
The developped authoring environment is a web application using current Open Web Standards to showcase the advantages of this digital-first workflow.
The full paper can be found at http://www.ebooks.iospress.nl/publication/36551.

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A digital first authoring environment for enriched e-books using EPUB 3

  1. 1. ELIS - Multimedia Lab A Digital-First Authoring Environment for Enriched e-Books using EPUB 3 Ben De Meester, Tom De Nies, Hajar Ghaem Sigarchian, Miel Vander Sande Jelle Van Campen, Bram Van Impe, Wesley De Neve, Erik Mannens, Rik Van De Walle University Ghent – iMinds – Multimedia Lab
  2. 2. ELIS - Multimedia Lab On the menu: ❖ Core problems in today’s publishing workflow ❖ Tomorrow’s publishing workflow… ❖ … and the authoring environment to make that happen ❖ What is next?
  3. 3. ELIS - Multimedia Lab Core problems in today’s publishing workflow (in Flanders)
  4. 4. ELIS - Multimedia Lab Yesterday’s publishing workflow Layout Adobe Indesign © Content* Printed bookContent Microsoft Word © Author
  5. 5. ELIS - Multimedia Lab Today’s publishing workflow Layout Adobe Indesign © Layout Content* Content* Azardi © / iBooks Author © / … Printed book E-book Content Microsoft Word © Author
  6. 6. ELIS - Multimedia Lab Problems we’ve observed Print is still first Vendor Lock-in Corrections and updates
  7. 7. ELIS - Multimedia Lab Print is still first Printed books… have static content have a page-based layout are single-platform (book) Whilst digital books… are dynamic have a responsive layout need multi-platform publishing (EPUB, PDF, HTML)
  8. 8. ELIS - Multimedia Lab Corrections and Updates Corrections are hard, especially after certain stages in the workflow (e.g., layout) Updates (after publication) are even harder!
  9. 9. ELIS - Multimedia Lab Results of an enquiry at Flemish publishers: 100% of authors delivers content in Word format >90% of publishers has a workflow centered around Adobe Indesign
  10. 10. ELIS - Multimedia Lab Vendor Lock-in All steps of book lifecycle are controlled by same vendor (e.g., iBooks, Kindle, …) ➔ Use of vendor-specific formats limits innovation e.g.: limited possibilities for dynamic content in Apple products
  11. 11. ELIS - Multimedia Lab It is hard to make cost-effective e-books Hard to make Vendor lock-in, print-first Hard to maintain Corrections and updates More expensive to make a digital book… but the consumer expects it to be cheaper!
  12. 12. ELIS - Multimedia Lab How do we get out of here? (according to us)
  13. 13. ELIS - Multimedia Lab Today’s publishing workflow Layout Adobe Indesign© Layout Content* Content* Azardi© / iBooks Author© / … Printed book E-book Content Microsoft Word© Author
  14. 14. ELIS - Multimedia Lab Tomorrow’s publishing workflow HTML5, CSS3, Javascript Printed book Smartphone Content Structure Layout Author Phablet Desktop Tablet CSS print profile CSS e-book smartphone profile CSS e-book tablet profile CSS e-book desktop profile CSS e-book phablet profileEditor Designer
  15. 15. ELIS - Multimedia Lab Our Proposed Changes Focus on digital Division between content, structure and layout Open Web Standards
  16. 16. ELIS - Multimedia Lab Separate the Powers CONTENT STRUCTURE LAYOUT
  17. 17. ELIS - Multimedia Lab Separate the Powers (1/3) CONTENT modular book content CONTENT Generic “content blocks” text, images, videos, interactive scripts, ... With fall-backs for printed media CONTENT User Roles: - author - editor - illustrator - ...
  18. 18. ELIS - Multimedia Lab Separate the Powers (2/3) STRUCTURE Complex navigational structures sequential, hierarchical, networks, ... STRUCTURE content selection and navigation STRUCTURE User Roles: - author - editor - ...
  19. 19. ELIS - Multimedia Lab Separate the Powers (3/3) LAYOUT User Roles: - illustrator - designer - editor - ... LAYOUT content presentation and adaptation LAYOUT Generic “layout containers” CSS-based, adaptive, ...
  20. 20. ELIS - Multimedia Lab Tomorrow’s publishing workflow HTML5, CSS3, Javascript Printed book Smartphone Content Structure Layout Author Phablet Desktop Tablet CSS print profile CSS e-book smartphone profile CSS e-book tablet profile CSS e-book desktop profile CSS e-book phablet profileEditor Designer
  21. 21. ELIS - Multimedia Lab A Digital-First Authoring Environment for Enriched e-Books using EPUB 3
  22. 22. ELIS - Multimedia Lab What is it? A web application that Imports legacy content (EPUB2, Word) Can easily add content, structure, and layout Exports valid EPUB3
  23. 23. ELIS - Multimedia Lab Content view
  24. 24. ELIS - Multimedia Lab Content Content Block Book Content view Homogeneous handling of heterogeneous content text, audio, video, interactive widgets, …
  25. 25. ELIS - Multimedia Lab Structure view
  26. 26. ELIS - Multimedia Lab Arbitrary linking patterns between Chapters hierarchical, by subject, … Referencing content blocks in multiple chapters. Chapter Link Book Structure view Content Block
  27. 27. ELIS - Multimedia Lab Layout view
  28. 28. ELIS - Multimedia Lab Layout Container Decorator Content Block Content Container Layout view Decouple layout from content Responsive design
  29. 29. ELIS - Multimedia Lab Why is this better? Changes can be made at any stage in the workflow, and propagate to other stages Digital-first workflow ensures smooth multi-channel publication Use of open formats avoids vendor lock-in and raises potential for innovation
  30. 30. ELIS - Multimedia Lab Content Layout Container Decorator Chapter Content Block Link Book Content Container
  31. 31. ELIS - Multimedia Lab Tomorrow’s authoring environment Generic and flexible datamodel (semi-)automatic annotations
  32. 32. ELIS - Multimedia Lab Thanks Our project Our pilot project partners: Link to the paper: http://www.ebooks.iospress.nl/publication/36551

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