DoDAF infancy: BEA ver. 3.0
FEA Business Ref.
FEA Cmpt. Svc.
Ref. Model (SRM)
FEA Data Ref.
FEA Technical Ref.
System Capabilities “aligned” by
relating each to an enumeration
•Enterprise Service Mgt.
•Info Assurance & INFOSEC
OSD OV-6c; and
DoDAF View IDs & Counts: Today & Imminent
Viewpoint 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Count
All (AV) X X 2
Data & Info (DIV) X X X 3
Capability (CV) X X X X X X X 7
Operational (OV) X X X X a, b a, b, c 9
Project(PV) X X X 3
Service (SvcV) X X a, b X X X X X X a, b, c 13
Standard (StdV) X X 2
System (SV) 1(a, b, c, d, e) X X X a, b X X X X a, b, c 13 (16)
Count 8 (13) 8 7 4 6 6 3 2 2 6 52 (55)
Imminent New System Views
• SV-1a Interface Description. Shows interfaces (Resource Flows) between Systems,
Services, and/or Person Types
• SV-1b Performer Configuration Diagram. Interface Description plus composition
(whole-parts) of Resources involved. If Locations are involved in the configuration,
relationships to Resources.
• SV-1c Functional Allocation. Activities (System Functions) performed by Systems,
Services, and Person Types.
• SV-1d Organizational Resources. Shows Resources that are part of (whole-part)
• SV-1e Organizational Dependencies. Shows Organizations whose Activities are
reified by System Functions (Activities) performed by Performer Configurations.
All Views should show traceability to higher-order reifications, other views that
constitute requirements, and/or other non-view requirements. [ASD 2012]
My note: NOT sure how SV-1d would differ from relations represent-able via OV-4.
Reference: [ASD 2012].
DM2 Domain Class Hierarchy (1 of 2)
Reference: [DoD 2009, p.33].
DM2 Domain Class Hierarchy (2 of 2)
Reference: [M3, Bovée].
Overspecialization Kills: Natural Evidence
Simple design is most commonly transcendental. All Ammonite arthropods are extinct,
only a few Ceriatite varieties still exist, and no decline in Goniatites has been observed.
How to Map Information sets? Very Laboriously!
• Correlate Terms
Complete matches—Equivalence—ideal; usually a low %
Partial matches common
Names match, definition Semantics differ
Names differ, definition Semantics match or similar
Names & Semantics match, Relations to other terms differ
• Correlate Taxonomies?
Mappings require selection of one (1) base set
Forces “baking” mappings in to an information set (!)
• Correlate Ontologies?
– Possible only if Relation temporal Semantics match
• Mapping is imprecise (i.e., Earned Value?)
ASA(ALT) Mappings to BEA: 1st Level
ASA(ALT) Mappings to BEA: A3 2nd Level,
with DA ACQ Activities ghosted
ASA(ALT) Mappings to BEA: A3 2nd Level,
with DA SALE LOG Activities ghosted
The Bovée EA Unifying TaxonomY (BEAUTY)
An alternative for taxonomies: Map all to the BEAUTY
Base Object- Ref. Model Subject - Viewpoint
[ASD 2012] DoDAF 2012 Plenary SV-1 Content Guidance for Template and Descriptions slide 18,
ASD(NII)/DoD CIO, 5 Jan 2012.
[Bovée 2000] Modeling & Engineering Systems with Objects: Visualizing Computer Software
Throughout a Development Life Cycle, Presented Training Day 1 of 5, slide 5, 30 Oct 2000.
[Bovée 2006] Proposed New and Modified Semantics of Business Vocabulary and Rules Core
Concepts and Relations, Object Management Group (OMG), 20 Nov 2006.
[DoD 2009] The Department of Defense Architecture Framework (DoDAF) version 2.0, Pp. 5, 14, 33,
220, C-2, 28 May 2009.
[M3] MoDAF Meta-Model, accessed 25 Apr 2012.
[OMB FEA] E-Gov FEA FEA Reference Model Mapping Quick Guide (FY10 Budget Preparation), Aug
2008 ; FEA Consolidated Reference Model Document version 2.3, Oct 2007; The Data Reference
Model version 2.0, 17 Nov 2005.
[OMG BPMN] Business Process Model and Notation version 2.0, OMG, 3 Jan 2011.
[SBVR] Semantics of Business Vocabulary and Business Rules version 1.0, OMG, 2 Jan 2008.
[Tonmo] http://www.tonmo.com/images/content/ammonite-fig5.jpg, accessed 24 Apr 2012.
To contact the author with ideas
P-mail: PO Box 1531, FAIRFAX VA US 22038-1531.
AbbreviationsACQ Acquisition—in ASA(ALT)
AILA Army Integrated LOG Architecture
ASA(ALT) Asst. Sec.’y of Army for ACQ, LOG & Technology
ASD Assistant Secretary of Defense, U.S.
BEAUTY Bovée EA Unifying TaxonomY
BPM Business Process Model
BPMN Business Process Model and Notation, OMG
BRM Business RM, FEA
CADM Core Architecture Data Model
CDM Conceptual Data Model
Cmpt. Component—in SRM
Cmptr. Computer—in ICAM
DA Department of Army, U.S.
DM2 DoDAF Meta-Model
DoD Department of Defense, U.S.
DoDAF DoD Architecture Framework
DRM Data RM, FEA
EA Enterprise Architecture
FEA Federal EA, OMB
FIPS Fed. Information Processing Std.—in IDEF0
FY Fiscal Year
ICAM Integrated Cmptr.-Aided Mfg.—in ICOM(C)
ICOM(C) Input, Control, Output, Mechanism (Call)
IDEF ICAM Definition
IDEF0 IDEF for Function Modeling, NIST FIPS
INFOSEC Information Security
INTEL Intelligence—in NII
LOG Logistics—in AILA, ASA(ALT)
MoDAF Ministry of Defence Architecture Framework, UK
M3 MoDAF Meta-Model
Mfg. Manufacturing—in ICAM
NII National INTEL Information—in ASD(NII)
NIST National Institutes of Stds. & Technology
OMB Office of Management & Budget, U.S.
OMG Object Management Group™
OSD Office of the Secretary of Defense, U.S.
PM2 Physical Meta-Model
RM Ref. Model
Ref. Reference—in RM
SALE Single Army LOG Enterprise
SBVR Semantics of Business Vocabulary and Rules, OMG
SRM Svc. Cmpt. RM, FEA
Std. Standard—in NIST
Svc. Service—in SRM
TRM Technical RM, FEA
UK United Kingdom
U.S. United States