The vowel inventoryArticulatory diagram Area Front central back position Tongue high mid low spread neutral rounded Lip shape
• Is a speech sound produced by human beings when the breath flows out through mouth without being blocked by teeth tonge or lips • vowels are characterized by the relative height/ frontness of the tonge and relative rounding of the lips • When vowels occur in combinations, they are called diphthongs • A diphthong starts in one position and moves to another position or viceversa. DIPHTONG • The aspects considerer to determine the vowel features are as follows: • Every vowel is voiced in both languages; vowel quality are classified as simple and complex. Other is tongue position: high middle low. VOWEL • Area these are front central or back . Muscle tension are tense or lax . And the lipPRODUCTION shape spread neutral and rounded
area front central back /iy/ /uw/ tense highTongue position /I/ /ʊ/ muscle tension mid /ey/ /ə/ /ow/ /ɛ/ low /æ/ /ɔ/ lax /a/ Spread neutral rounded Lip shape
SPANISH VOWEL PHONEME QUADRANT area front central backT /i/ /u/o highn tensiong musclee ten se mid /e/ /o/positi lowo /a/n Spread neutral rounded Lip shape
area front central back Aigue-antérieure centralisée Grave-postériuere Ferme /i/ /y/ /u/ Te high n dTongue position Mi- ferme ue muscle tension /e/ /ø/ /o/ moyenne mid /ə/ R Mi- /ɛ/ /œ/ /ɔ/ e ouverte / / /œ/ /ɔ/ l low a /ã/ /∝/ c ouverte h é NA A Neutre NA A Spread neutral rounded Lip shape
Phonemic and phonetic vowel contrast. monophthongsIs a single vowel articulated Monophtongs are just one vowelwithout change in a quality sound. They are classified as throughout the course of a front, central and back sounds. syllable.
SPANISH /i/ with ENGLISH /iy/ and /I/ There are two allophones:Spanish /i/ Voiced, simple, high-front, [i] unlengthened tense, spread [ĩ] nasalized Voiced, complex, adjacent There are two allophones:English /ɪʏ/ glide, high, front, tense, [ɪɪ̥:] lengthened spread [ɪɪ̥] unlengthened There are two allophones:English /ɪ/ Voiced, simple, high-front, [ɪ:] lengthened lax , spread [ɪ] unlengthened
SPANISH /e/ with ENGLISH /ey/ and /ɛ/Spanish /e/ English /ey/ English /ɛ/• The dorso section of • The tonge is • The tonge is the tonge reaches the positioned forward positioned forward borders of the hard and high in the oral and high in the oral palatal making a cavity with it is sides cavity with the sides groove between the in contact with the in contact with the tongue and the lateral teeth. The lips lateral teeth and the palatal. are spread and tip placed behind the retracted. lower teeth. The lips are spread and retracted
There are three allophones: Spanish /e/ Voiced, simple, mid-front, [e] unlengthenedSPANISH /e/ with ENGLISH /ey/ and /ɛ/ tense, spread [ ] nasalized [ɛ]spread open Voiced, complex, adjacent There are two allophones: English /ey/ glide, mid, front, tense, [eɪ̥:] lengthened spread [eɪ̥] unlengthened There are two allophones: English /ɛ/ Voiced, simple, high- [ɛ:] lengthened front, lax , spread [ɛ] unlengthened
The dorso section of the tongue moves upwards gently Spanish /a/ to the central area of the oral cavity the tongue remains moveless. The tonge is slightly back and SPANISH /a/ low in the oral cavity with the with ENGLISH tip of the tonge placing /a/ and /æ/ behind the lower front teeth.English / The tongue positioned slightly forward and low in the oral English /a/ æ/ cavity with the apex positioned behind the lower teeth.
There are two allophones: Spanish /a/ Voiced, simple, low central, [a] unlengthenedSPANISH /a/ with ENGLISH /a/ and /æ/ tense, neutral [ã] nasal Voiced, complex, adjacent There are two allophones: English /a/ glide, mid, front, tense, [ḁ:] lengthened spread [a] unlengthened Voiced, simple, high-front, There are two allophones: English /æ/ [æ:] lengthened lax , spread [æ] unlengthened
The schwa is the Occurs in english but common vowel in it does not inspoken english ant it is spanish. a quite short vowel sound in many ligtly pronounced unstressed syllables inmultisyllabic words. ENGLISH /ə/ The tonge is positioned in the The schwa happens middle of the oral mostly as part of cavity unstressed syllables
The tonge is retracted backwards the oral cavity. The postdorso section of the tongue Spanish /o/ moves up towards the soft palatale. Lips are rounded English /ow/ The tongue is positioned back in a low-medThe dorso section of the position with respect to tongue is moved English /ɔ/ the height. backwards. The lips arerounded and protruded.
The following are the most frecuent spellings There are two allophones:Spanish /u/ Voiced, simple, high- [u] unlengthened back, tense, rounded [ũ] nasalized Voiced, simple, high, back, There are two allophones: English /ʊ/ [ʊ:] lengthened lax, rounded. [ʊ]unlengthened Voiced, complex, adjacent There are two allophones:English /uw/ glide high, back, tense, [uu̥:] lengthened rounded [uu̥] unlengthened
DIPHTHONGS A diphthong is a phonological group consisting of a vowel sound followed by a non-adjacent glide within the same syllable ENGLISH DIPHTHONGSA diphthong is a complex vowel, made of two Happen in inital-diphthong Usually, the two position, they are components can be components; a semiconsonants, but when they referred to as adiphthong begins as one occur in final-diphthong nucleus and an off- vowel and finishes as position, they are semivowels glide another.
ENGLISH DIPHTHONG CHART area front central back /iy/ /uw/ tense highTongue position muscle tension mid low /a/ /ɔ/ spread neutral rounded Lip shape
SPANISH DIPHTHONGS The vowels in spanish can be classified as either weak,<i.u> or strong more ann the classificaton can determinewhen combinations of two or more vowels are considered to form a separated syllable /a/ /a/ /y/ /e/ /e/ /w/ /o/ /o/
area front central back high /i/ /u/Tongue position muscle tension tense /e/ /o/ mid low /a/ spread neutral rounded Lip shape
Voiced, complex(non- adjacent), low-central English and spanish becoming high-back, tense, diphthong /aw/ neutral becoming rounded mid-front, tense, spreadENGLISH AND SPANISH DIPHTHONGS [au̥] [au̥:] Voiced, complex(non- [aɪ̥] English and spanish diphthong /ay/ adjacent), low- central becoming high-front, tense, neutral becoming, [aɪ̥:] spread
ENGLISH AND SPANISH DIPHTHONG /oy/ / /ɔy/ English /ɔy/ Spanish /oy/ The tongue moves from mid- the tongue moves from thelow back position to high front mid backposition to the position. The lips are rounded high front.lips are rounded become spread. and become spread. [ɔɪ̥] [ɔɪ̥] [ɔɪ:̥]
Is voiced,complex non adjancent glide, high front becoming low /ya/ central tense spread becoming neutral /ye/ Voiced complex-adjacent glide high front becoming low front tense spreadsSPANISH RISING DIPHTHONGS Voiced. Complex-non adjacent glide high front becoming mid back /yo/ tense spread bocoming rounded Voiced complex-non adjacent glide high front bocoming mid back tense /yw/ spread becoming rounded. Voiced complex-non adjacent glide high back becoming low central /wa/ tense rounded becoming neutral Voiced complex-non adjacent glide high back becoming mid front tense /we/ rounded becoming spread. Voiced complex non adjacent glide high back becoming high front tense /wy/ rounded becoming spread. /wo/ Voiced complex adjacent glide high back becoming mid tense rounded.
SPANISH FALLING DIPHTHONGS Voiced complex non adjacent glide low central becoming high front tense neutral becoming /ay/ spread Voiced complex adjacent glide mid front /ey/ becoming high front tense spread Voiced complex non adjacent glide mid front /ew/ becoming high back tense spread becoming rounded