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Plural nouns

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Plural nouns

  1. 1. NOUNS: SINGULAR AND PLURAL By Belén Sáez Hernáez
  2. 2. SINGULAR We use a/an with singular nouns. - We use a before a consonant sound and an before a vowel sound. This is a cat. This is an umbrella.
  3. 3. a/an or the? We use a or an when the thing or person we talk about is not one in particular. We use the when the thing or person we talk about is one in particular. This is a book. This is the book we use in our lessons.
  4. 4. For things in general For things in general: no a or the English students work in groups. People in Spain read newspapers.
  5. 5. 1. REGULAR PLURAL: -s We normally use an s to make plural nouns. One tree Two trees A photo Some photos
  6. 6. 2. REGULAR PLURAL: -es With nouns ending in s, ss, sh, ch, zz, or x, we add -es for plurals. Bus Buses Dress Dresses Dish Dishes Sandwich Sandwiches Box Boxes Buzz Buzzes
  7. 7. REGULAR PLURAL: -es Some names ending in o, make their plural with es: Potato - potatoes Tomato - tomatoes Hero - heroes
  8. 8. REGULAR PLURAL: -es But, other names ending in o, make their plural with -s: Photo - photos Radio - radios
  9. 9. 3. REGULAR PLURAL: -ies Nouns ending in consonant + y, we make plural nouns with –ies. Cherry - cherries Baby - babies Diary - diaries
  10. 10. REGULAR PLURAL: -ies But, for nouns ending in vowel + y, we use s to make plurals.Day - days Boy - boys
  11. 11. 4. REGULAR PLURAL: -ves We normally change -f / -fe to -ves in the plural. Knife - knives Shelf - shelves
  12. 12. PRONUNCIATION: /s/ and /z/ http ://www.oup.com/elt/global/products/englishfile/ http://www.oup.com/elt/global/products/englishfil
  13. 13. PRONUNCIATION The pronunciation of the s depends on the sound at the end of the word: 1. /k, f, p, t/ + /s/ Books, roofs, stops, cats 2. /b, d, g, l, m, n, η/ and vowel sounds + /z/ Bobs, dads, bags, boys 3. /t , s, , z/ + es = /iz/ʃ ʃ Sandwiches, buses, dishes, buzzes.
  14. 14. IRREGULAR PLURAL Some irregular plurals are: Man- men Woman- women Child-children Tooth-teeth Foot-feet
  15. 15. IRREGULAR PLURAL More irregular plurals: Mouse-mice Person-people Police officer- police
  16. 16. PLURAL-ONLY NOUNS Some nouns are always plural: Jeans and trousers Scissors Sunglasses and glasses Pyjamas Clothes

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