Advancing a Reforestation Project Under the CCAR

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Presentation by Gerry Gray, American Forests, at the Blandin Foundation sponsored Forest Values and Carbon Markets: Opportunities for Minnesota conference. February 25-26, 2009 at the Cloquet Forestry Center, Cloquet MN

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Advancing a Reforestation Project Under the CCAR

  1. 1. Forest Values and Carbon Markets: Opportunities for Minnesota Gerry Gray, American Forests February 26, 2009 Advancing a Reforestation Project Under the CCAR
  2. 2. A Reforestation Project Opportunity <ul><li>Settlement Agreement between ConocoPhillips and CA Attorney General (September 10, 2007) </li></ul><ul><li>Reforestation project must be done in accordance with CCAR Forest Project Protocol </li></ul>
  3. 3. Exploring the Opportunity: California Climate Change Policies <ul><li>California Climate Action Registry (2000) </li></ul><ul><li>Greenhouse Gas Reduction Act (2002) </li></ul><ul><li>California Global Warming Solutions Act (2006) </li></ul>
  4. 4. Exploring the Opportunity: California Climate Change Policies <ul><li>Forest Project Protocol </li></ul><ul><li>Forest Sector Protocol </li></ul><ul><li>Forest Certification Protocol </li></ul>
  5. 5. Forest Project Protocol (2007) <ul><li>Eligible Project Types </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reforestation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Conservation-Based Management </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Conservation </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Global ReLeaf <ul><li>Environmental education and citizen action </li></ul><ul><li>Raise funds from individuals and companies </li></ul><ul><li>Grants for restoration tree planting projects </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Planted over 25 million trees since 1990 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Estimate carbon benefits as one ecosystem service </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Reforestation Project Challenges <ul><li>Lands must have been forests historically, but out of forest cover for at least 10 years. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Did not allow reforestation after disturbance </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Required a permanent conservation easement. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Time-consuming and costly. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Public lands were ineligible. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Our work focused on public land reforestation. </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. A Public Land Reforestation Project <ul><li>Cuyamaca Rancho State Park </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Re-establish patches of native conifer trees for progression of reforestation. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cedar Fire (2003) destroyed native forests on 24,000 acres, with little natural regeneration. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ceanothis cover has replaced native forest and is expected to dominate in future. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>CA DPR, Cal Fire, San Diego State University, and U. of CA, Santa Barbara. </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Cuyamaca Reforestation Project <ul><li>Carbon Offset Quantity and Accounting </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Benefits come from accelerated restoration of forested landscape. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>DPR and Cal Fire will register project with CCAR. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Additional CO2 reductions estimated to be 504,075 metric tons over 100 years. </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Cuyamaca Reforestation Project <ul><li>Co-Benefits </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Habitat for native mammal and bird species. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Prevent spread of invasive weeds. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reduce erosion risks. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Protect watershed function, archealogical sites, botanical reserves, and recreational capacity. </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Revising the CA Forest Protocol <ul><li>Year-long, multi-stakeholder workgroup process </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Allow greater landowner participation, particularly public lands and industrial working forests. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Improve the protocols' clarity, accuracy, conservatism, environmental integrity, and cost-effectiveness. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Revised Forest Project Protocol </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Released draft in December 2008. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Expected to be considered by CCAR Board in April 2009. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In addition, the workgroup continues to explore other issues, such as the treatment of harvested wood products. </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Revised Forest Project Protocol <ul><li>Eligible forest project types (non-urban) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reforestation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Improved Forest Management </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Avoided Conversion </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Reforestation—major changes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>. . . less than 10% canopy for a minimum of 10 years, or have been subject to a significant disturbance within the last 10 years. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A significant disturbance is defined as the loss of 20% of the project area’s forest carbon stocks. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>This project type may apply on both private and public lands. </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Revised Forest Project Protocol <ul><li>Additionality </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Determined by reference to a discrete, forward-looking quantitative baseline estimate of business-as-usual carbon stocks. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Project Implementation Agreement </li></ul><ul><ul><li>An agreement between landowner and the Reserve, not necessarily requiring a conservation easement. (Public lands are exempt.) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Project Location </li></ul><ul><ul><li>All forestry-based GHG projects located on public and private lands in the U.S. are eligible to register with the Reserve. </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Revised Forest Project Protocol <ul><li>Permanence </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Projects must insure against reversals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Contribute to a Climate Reserve buffer pool, or </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Take out insurance with an approved provider. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Annual monitoring reports </li></ul><ul><li>Third party verification </li></ul>
  15. 15. Change and Opportunity <ul><li>Climate change will bring physical and biological changes. </li></ul><ul><li>Climate change policy will bring regulatory and market changes. </li></ul><ul><li>CCAR and other offset programs present voluntary-market opportunities. </li></ul><ul><li>Multi-level policy discussions present opportunity for learning and advocacy. </li></ul>
  16. 16. RVCC Climate Change Principles <ul><li>Develop and fund opportunities for climate change research, education, and monitoring. </li></ul><ul><li>Create federal climate policies that protect the most vulnerable populations, as well as climate-sensitive public goods. </li></ul><ul><li>Integrate climate change mitigation with forest restoration efforts. </li></ul><ul><li>Foster mitigation through forest carbon-offset markets and ecosystem services. </li></ul><ul><li>Promote green jobs. </li></ul>
  17. 17. <ul><li>American Forests and Global ReLeaf information at: </li></ul><ul><li>www.americanforests.org </li></ul><ul><li>Rural Voices for Conservation Coalition information at: www.sustainablenorthwest.org </li></ul>

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