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Librarians’ Perceptions 
of OER 
OpenEd 2014 
Beck Pitt 
The Open University (UK) 
Eleni Zazani 
Birkbeck College 
Nancy G...
Background
CC-BY 4.0 Bea de los Arcos 
oerresearchhub.org 
#oerrhub @OER_Hub 
• 2-year open research project funded by William & Flor...
Keyword Hypothesis 
Performance OER improve student performance/satisfaction 
Openness People use OER differently from oth...
OER Impact Map 
http://oermap.org
Project Co-PILOT
Methodology
Librarian Questionnaire
Research Questions 
OER Research Hub hypotheses: 
OER improve student performance/satisfaction 
People use OER differently...
Librarian Surveys 
Two surveys launched during Open Access week (21-25 October 2013). 
Both Surveys closed 2 January 2014.
Librarian Sample 
• 81.0% Female (n=175), 17.6% Male (n=38) and 
1.4% Transgender (n=3) 
• Nearly 90% of respondents have ...
OER Behaviours & Perspectives
Librarian Overview 
In the last year… 
• Over half of respondents have published a blog post (50.5%, n=110) 
• Nearly 70% ...
Librarian Overview 
• Nearly 40% of respondents have adapted OER to fit their needs 
(39.4%, n=85) 
• 31.9% of respondents...
Use and Creation of OER 
14.8% of respondents have created resources themselves and published them 
on an open license (n=...
Librarian Overview 
Main purposes for using OER in the context of Librarian role: 
To help find available content for lear...
“We actually did a study recently that 
showed a 30% reduction in textbook 
costs after a big push to move to open 
access...
Creating OER and measuring its 
impact
Do you measure the impact of the open educational 
resources you create? 
Of the respondents who create OER for study or t...
Please tell us more about how you share the open educational 
resources you create 
“Upload to 
YouTube” 
“Via the NHS e-l...
Please tell us more about how you measure the impact of the 
open educational resources you create 
Respondents who told u...
Institutional Policies and Openness
Source: Infographic created by Eleni 
Zazani CC-BY 4.0 
In the context of your role as librarian, what kinds of 
policies ...
Summary
Lessons Learnt 
Next Steps 
Effective Collaboration
Summary of Results 
Librarians and Open Educational Resources 
• What do we mean by “measuring impact”? 
• How is quality ...
Bibliography 
Bueno-de-la-Fuente, G. (2012). The roles of libraries and information professionals in open educational reso...
Thanks for listening! 
oerresearchhub.org 
http://oermap.org 
Twitter: @OER_Hub @BeckPitt 
@EleniZazani @msnancygraham
in service of The Open University
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Librarians' Perceptions of OER

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"Librarians' Perceptions of OER" was presented by Beck Pitt at OpenEd 2014, Washington DC, USA during November 2014.

Research was carried out in collaboration with CoPILOT and this presentation was developed from Eleni, Nancy and Beck's presentation at OER13 in Newcastle, UK earlier in the year.

Published in: Education
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Librarians' Perceptions of OER

  1. 1. Librarians’ Perceptions of OER OpenEd 2014 Beck Pitt The Open University (UK) Eleni Zazani Birkbeck College Nancy Graham University of Roehampton
  2. 2. Background
  3. 3. CC-BY 4.0 Bea de los Arcos oerresearchhub.org #oerrhub @OER_Hub • 2-year open research project funded by William & Flora Hewlett Foundation • Aiming to build the most comprehensive picture of OER impact • Open collaboration model across different educational sectors • Global reach but with a USA focus • Fellowship Scheme • Researching openness in the open
  4. 4. Keyword Hypothesis Performance OER improve student performance/satisfaction Openness People use OER differently from other online materials Access OER widen participation in education Retention OER can help at-risk learners to finish their studies Reflection OER use leads educators to reflect on their practice Finance OER adoption brings financial benefits for students/institutions Indicators Informal learners use a variety of indicators when selecting OER Support Informal learners develop their own forms of study support Transition OER support informal learners in moving to formal study Policy OER use encourages institutions to change their policies Assessment Informal assessments motivate learners using OER
  5. 5. OER Impact Map http://oermap.org
  6. 6. Project Co-PILOT
  7. 7. Methodology
  8. 8. Librarian Questionnaire
  9. 9. Research Questions OER Research Hub hypotheses: OER improve student performance/satisfaction People use OER differently from other online materials OER use leads educators to reflect on their practice* OER adoption brings financial benefits for students/institutions OER use encourages institutions to change their policies* Special areas of interest (CoPILOT): Encourage creation and sharing of OER Curating & sustaining OER Closing training gaps Photo credit: CC-BY 4.0 Beck Pitt
  10. 10. Librarian Surveys Two surveys launched during Open Access week (21-25 October 2013). Both Surveys closed 2 January 2014.
  11. 11. Librarian Sample • 81.0% Female (n=175), 17.6% Male (n=38) and 1.4% Transgender (n=3) • Nearly 90% of respondents have English as their first spoken language (89.4%, n=193) • Over 85% of respondents have a Postgraduate/Graduate School University Degree (87.4%, n=188) • Over a quarter of respondents had worked as a librarian for more than 20 years (25.3%, n=50)
  12. 12. OER Behaviours & Perspectives
  13. 13. Librarian Overview In the last year… • Over half of respondents have published a blog post (50.5%, n=110) • Nearly 70% of respondents have shared an image online (68.8%, n=150) • Almost a third of respondents contributed to a Wiki (30.3%, n=66) • Almost half of respondents contributed to an Internet Forum (49.1%, n=107) • 55.0% of respondents have downloaded a Podcast (n=120) but only 8.3% have recorded and uploaded a Podcast (n=18)
  14. 14. Librarian Overview • Nearly 40% of respondents have adapted OER to fit their needs (39.4%, n=85) • 31.9% of respondents have created OER for study or teaching (n=69) Top three challenges faced when using OER: Knowing where to find resources (60.6%, n=120) Finding resources of a sufficiently high quality (60.1%, n=119) Finding suitable resources in my subject area (56.1%, n=111) Over 85% of respondents said that they would be more likely to select a particular resource when searching for OER if it had been created/uploaded by a reputable/trusted institution or person (87.4%, n=180)
  15. 15. Use and Creation of OER 14.8% of respondents have created resources themselves and published them on an open license (n=32) 78.1% of respondents who have created resources and published them on an open license say open licensing is “very important” or “important” to them when using resources in their teaching (n=25) 87.5% of respondents who have created resources and published them on an open license told us they have seen the CC license and know what it means (n=28).
  16. 16. Librarian Overview Main purposes for using OER in the context of Librarian role: To help find available content for learning, teaching or training (72.5%, n=124) and/or to get new ideas and inspiration (72.5%, n=124) As a result of using OER as a respondents strongly agreed or agreed that … • Nearly 70% make use of a wider range of multimedia (13.1%, n=19 & 56.6%, n=82 respectively) • Almost 60% have a more up-to-date knowledge of their subject area (16.8%, n=24 & 42.7%, n=61) • 47.3% have improved ICT skills (10.8%, n=16 & 36.5%, n=54)
  17. 17. “We actually did a study recently that showed a 30% reduction in textbook costs after a big push to move to open access textbooks.” • Nearly 40% of respondents believe their students have saved money by using OER (37.7%, n=61) • Over 50% of respondents think that their institution benefits financially by using OER (53.5%, n=85) Picture Credit: 401(K) 2012 (CC-BY- SA 2.0) • Over 40% of respondents don’t know whether their institution benefits financially by using OER (40.9%, n=65) • Over half of respondents don’t know whether their students have saved money by using OER (51.2%, n=83)
  18. 18. Creating OER and measuring its impact
  19. 19. Do you measure the impact of the open educational resources you create? Of the respondents who create OER for study or teaching and/or create OER and publish them on an open license, nearly 30% told us they measure the impact of the OER they create (29.7%, n=22) • 60.8% of respondents who create OER do not measure the impact of the OER they create (n=45) • Nearly 10% of respondents who create OER don’t know if they measure the impact of the OER they create (9.5%, n=7) Image credit: Public Domain https://openclipart.org/detail/38527/-by-rejon-38527
  20. 20. Please tell us more about how you share the open educational resources you create “Upload to YouTube” “Via the NHS e-learning repository and from our organisational website.”
  21. 21. Please tell us more about how you measure the impact of the open educational resources you create Respondents who told us how they currently measure impact: 60.9% look at statistics/usage/analytics (n=14) 13.0% Feedback (n=3) 26.1% Both analytics and feedback (n=6) “At a rather trivial level, I check how many times resources are accessed.”
  22. 22. Institutional Policies and Openness
  23. 23. Source: Infographic created by Eleni Zazani CC-BY 4.0 In the context of your role as librarian, what kinds of policies would help you to be more open?
  24. 24. Summary
  25. 25. Lessons Learnt Next Steps Effective Collaboration
  26. 26. Summary of Results Librarians and Open Educational Resources • What do we mean by “measuring impact”? • How is quality currently understood? (Changing perceptions) • Finding resources remains a pertinent issue across the board: visibility • Librarians working in “silos”… educators too • What do you think? Do these findings resonate with you? • We need you! Looking for YOUR best examples of impact... • Read our overall findings in our OER Evidence report 2013-2014 http://oerresearchhub.org/
  27. 27. Bibliography Bueno-de-la-Fuente, G. (2012). The roles of libraries and information professionals in open educational resources (OER) initiatives.. Available from: http://publications.cetis.ac.uk/2012/492. [Accessed 23 November 2013]. De Beer, T. (2012). SCORE library survey report. Available from: http://www.open.ac.uk/score/news/score-library-survey-report. [Accessed 23 November 2013]. Graham, N., and Secker, J. (2012). Librarians, information literacy and open educational resources: report of a survey. Available from: http://delilaopen.files.wordpress.com/2012/04/findingsharingoers_reportfinal1.pdf. [Accessed 23 November 2013]. Harris, S. (2012). Moving towards an open access future: the role of academic libraries. London. Available from: http://www.uk.sagepub.com/repository/binaries/pdf/Library-OAReport.pdf. [Accessed 23 November 2013]. Taylor & Francis. (2013). Facilitating access to free online resources: challenges and opportunities for the library community. Available from: http://www.tandf.co.uk/libsite/pdf/TF-whitepaper-free-resources.pdf. [Accessed 23 November 2013]. TBI Communications on behalf of InTech. (2012). Assessing the role of librarians in an Open Access world. Croatia. Available from: http://www.intechopen.com/js/ckeditor/kcfinder/upload/files/Role of the Librarian_Survey_Findings_Jun12.pdf. [Accessed 23 November 2013]. Zazani, Eleni. The Emerging Information Professional: 21st Century attitudes, technologies and practices. Chandos publishing (forthcoming) Open Definition on Licensing (http://opendefinition.org/guide/) Creative Commons logo: http://mirrors.creativecommons.org/presskit/icons/cc.large.png “Putting money into a piggybank” image: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Putting_money_into_a_piggybank.jpg
  28. 28. Thanks for listening! oerresearchhub.org http://oermap.org Twitter: @OER_Hub @BeckPitt @EleniZazani @msnancygraham
  29. 29. in service of The Open University

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