1-1Copyright ©2008 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved
Chapter 01:
Real Estate Investment: Basic
Legal ...
1-2
Property Rights and EstatesProperty Rights and Estates
 Real property vs. personal property
 Estates
– Based on Righ...
1-3
EstatesEstates
 Nonpossessory Estates: Future Estates
– Reversion
– Remainder
 Leasehold Estates
Estate for Years
...
1-4
Additional InterestsAdditional Interests
 An interest is a right or claim on real property, its
revenues, or producti...
1-5
Title AssuranceTitle Assurance
 Title Assurance
 The Meaning of Title
– Abstract Term
– Quantity of Rights Conveyed
...
1-6
Title AssuranceTitle Assurance
 Deeds
– Grantor & Grantee
– General Warranty Deed
Covenant that the grantor has good...
1-7
Title AssuranceTitle Assurance
 Deeds
– Special Warranty Deed
Limits the covenants to the ownership duration of
the ...
1-8
Title AssuranceTitle Assurance
 Deeds
– Sheriff’s Deed-Trustee Deed
Bargain and sale deed received by a buyer from a...
1-9
Title AssuranceTitle Assurance
 Abstract & Opinion
– Title search
– Study of relevant records
– Lawyer’s opinion on t...
1-10
Title InsuranceTitle Insurance
Why Title Insurance and not Abstract and
Opinion?
1. Definite contract liability to th...
1-11
Title AssuranceTitle Assurance
 Title Insurance
– One time premium
– Unseen Hazards in the Public Record
Risk is sp...
1-12
Recording ActsRecording Acts
 Recording protects the interest of the
owner
 Constructive Notice
– A person is deeme...
1-13
Limitations on Property RightsLimitations on Property Rights
 Government Restrictions
– Police Power
Zoning, buildi...
1-14
Limitations on Property RightsLimitations on Property Rights
 Private Restrictions
– Deed restrictions
– Subdivision...
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Real estate

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  • Real estate financing and legal are all connected at the hip. Cash flow rules. Promissary notes. Property rights- Do you have a right to rip out cabinets, flooring, etc? Reversion- story where dude could never get married. Probate .
  • Real estate

    1. 1. 1-1Copyright ©2008 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved Chapter 01: Real Estate Investment: Basic Legal Concepts McGraw-Hill/Irwin Copyright © 2011 by the McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
    2. 2. 1-2 Property Rights and EstatesProperty Rights and Estates  Real property vs. personal property  Estates – Based on Rights: Possession vs. Not in Possession – Based on Possession and Use: Freehold vs. Leasehold  Possessory estates – Freehold  Fee Simple Estates  Life Estates
    3. 3. 1-3 EstatesEstates  Nonpossessory Estates: Future Estates – Reversion – Remainder  Leasehold Estates Estate for Years Estate from Year to Year
    4. 4. 1-4 Additional InterestsAdditional Interests  An interest is a right or claim on real property, its revenues, or production. – A common example of an interest is when an owner of real estate pledges or encumbers his property as a condition for obtaining a mortgage. The lender is said to have a secured interest.  An easement is a nonpossessory interest in land. The right is for the use of the land for a special purpose. – Examples include rights of way for road access and utility lines.
    5. 5. 1-5 Title AssuranceTitle Assurance  Title Assurance  The Meaning of Title – Abstract Term – Quantity of Rights Conveyed – Abstract of Title – Title Chain
    6. 6. 1-6 Title AssuranceTitle Assurance  Deeds – Grantor & Grantee – General Warranty Deed Covenant that the grantor has good title Covenant that the grantor has the right to convey the property Covenant to compensate the grantee for loss of property or eviction as a result of a superior claim No encumbrances on title except those noted
    7. 7. 1-7 Title AssuranceTitle Assurance  Deeds – Special Warranty Deed Limits the covenants to the ownership duration of the current grantor. No guarantees on the ownership of prior grantors. – Bargain and Sale Deed Conveys property without seller warranties Sometimes called an “as-is” deed
    8. 8. 1-8 Title AssuranceTitle Assurance  Deeds – Sheriff’s Deed-Trustee Deed Bargain and sale deed received by a buyer from a foreclosure or other forced sale by sheriff or trustee No warranties are added – Quitclaim Deed No Covenants The least protection to the grantee Grantor conveys whatever right “may exist”
    9. 9. 1-9 Title AssuranceTitle Assurance  Abstract & Opinion – Title search – Study of relevant records – Lawyer’s opinion on title Is it good and marketable? Are there any clouds on title? Is there a break in the chain of title?
    10. 10. 1-10 Title InsuranceTitle Insurance Why Title Insurance and not Abstract and Opinion? 1. Definite contract liability to the premium payer 2. Reserves sufficient to meet insured losses 3. Supervision by an agency of the state 4. Protection to the policyholder against financial loss because of any kind of title defect, disclosed or hidden While an abstract and opinion method may still be used because of cost considerations, in general title insurance is used. As a general rule, lenders will require that a buyer use title insurance.
    11. 11. 1-11 Title AssuranceTitle Assurance  Title Insurance – One time premium – Unseen Hazards in the Public Record Risk is spread among many property owners – Owners’ Policy Insures the interest of a new owner – Lender’s Policy Insures the interest of the lender
    12. 12. 1-12 Recording ActsRecording Acts  Recording protects the interest of the owner  Constructive Notice – A person is deemed to have whatever information is in the public record  Mechanics Liens – May be recorded “after the fact” – Seller’s affidavit – Lien waiver
    13. 13. 1-13 Limitations on Property RightsLimitations on Property Rights  Government Restrictions – Police Power Zoning, building codes, etc. – Eminent Domain Eminent domain is relatively expansive; depending on the state, government has relatively broad powers on what property they may take possession of through eminent domain and for what purpose.
    14. 14. 1-14 Limitations on Property RightsLimitations on Property Rights  Private Restrictions – Deed restrictions – Subdivision restrictions

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