The After m ath: Life After the
              Holocaust
         Click to edit Master subttle style



Marisa Melero
Julia...
Displaced Persons Cam ps
Displaced Persons Cam ps
•
    From 1945 to 1952, m ore than 250,000 DPs
    (displaced persons) lived in cam ps and urban...
Displaced Persons Cam ps
•
    The cam ps were form er concentration cam ps and
    Ger m an ar my cam ps
•
    Wildflecke...
Displaced Persons Cam ps
•
    All didn’ t have dreadful
    conditions
•
    DP cam ps were
    transfor m ed into
    cu...
Em igration
Em igration
•
    m any DPs did want to return to their hom e
    countries
•
    m ost sur vivors m oved westward, toward...
Em igration
•
    Britain rejected a plan
    to allow 100,000 Jews
    into Palestine
•
    the Brihah movem ent
    smug...
Em igration
•
    m ost fam ous case: the “ Exodus 1947”
•
    4,500 refugees
•
    got lots of publicity; gained suppor t...
Em igration
•
    1948: the United Nations announced
    the form ation of the state of Israel
•
    the United States Con...
Fam ily




C e le b ra t io n o f t h e B irt h o f t h e 1 0 0 0 th B a b y in th e DP C a m p, B e rg e n
B e ls e n , ...
Rebuilding the Fam ily Unit
•
    m any survivors were willing and
    anxious to begin a new life once the war
    had en...
The Search for Fam ily and
         Loved Ones Lost
•
    Im m ediately after the war, it was
    difficult for sur vivors...
Marriage and the
        Reestablishm ent of Fam ily in
                 DP Cam ps
•
    Extrem ely high rates of m arriag...
Motherhood in DP Cam ps
•
    In 1946-1948, th e h ig h e s t b irth ra te in th e
    w o rld was that in the DP cam ps.
...
Building a Fam ily in DP
                    Cam ps
•
    Difficulties:
    –
        DP cam ps were not conducive to rais...
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Aftermath

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Aftermath

  1. 1. The After m ath: Life After the Holocaust Click to edit Master subttle style Marisa Melero Julia Winfield Sarah Hadburg Ger m an 89HC 10 March 2010
  2. 2. Displaced Persons Cam ps
  3. 3. Displaced Persons Cam ps • From 1945 to 1952, m ore than 250,000 DPs (displaced persons) lived in cam ps and urban centers in Germ any, Austria and Italy • Adm inistered by Allied authorities and the United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Adm inistration • Many concerns facing Jewish DPs were the problem s of daily life
  4. 4. Displaced Persons Cam ps • The cam ps were form er concentration cam ps and Ger m an ar my cam ps • Wildflecken: DPs had to ask per m ission for ever ything • Many difficulties tr ying to adapt to nor m al life after the cam ps
  5. 5. Displaced Persons Cam ps • All didn’ t have dreadful conditions • DP cam ps were transfor m ed into cultural and social centers • Alm ost all of the DP cam ps were closed by 1952 • Jewish displaced persons began new lives in their new hom elands around the
  6. 6. Em igration
  7. 7. Em igration • m any DPs did want to return to their hom e countries • m ost sur vivors m oved westward, towards Allied territor y • organizations like the Central Zionist m ovem ent took advantage of the general disorganization in Europe to move people “ I h a d n o p a p e rs …th e A m e ric a J o in t D is trib u tio n C o m m itte e b a s ic a lly s m u g g le d m e o u t in D e c e m b e r o f 1 9 4 6 , fro m P o la n d to C z e c h o s lo v a k ia , C ze c h o s lo v a k ia to th e A m e ric a n zo n e , a n d th e n th e A m e ric a n z o n e to th e B ritis h z o n e in G e rm a n y ” - Th o m a s B u e rg e n th a l ( U n ite d S ta te s H o lo c a u s t M e m o ria l M u s e u m )
  8. 8. Em igration • Britain rejected a plan to allow 100,000 Jews into Palestine • the Brihah movem ent smuggled 100,000 Jews past British patrols and into Palestine • Great Britain captured m any ships and detained them on the island of Cyprus;
  9. 9. Em igration • m ost fam ous case: the “ Exodus 1947” • 4,500 refugees • got lots of publicity; gained suppor t for the survivors’ plight
  10. 10. Em igration • 1948: the United Nations announced the form ation of the state of Israel • the United States Congress passed the Displaced Persons Act of 1948, allowing 200,000 DPs to enter the United States • 80,000 Jews em igrated to the U.S., 136,000 to Israel, and 20,000 to other nations, including Canada (157,000), and Argentina (33,000)
  11. 11. Fam ily C e le b ra t io n o f t h e B irt h o f t h e 1 0 0 0 th B a b y in th e DP C a m p, B e rg e n B e ls e n , 1 9 4 8
  12. 12. Rebuilding the Fam ily Unit • m any survivors were willing and anxious to begin a new life once the war had ended • Marriage rates were high in DP cam ps, followed by extraordinarily high rates of childbir th • Many survivors were in need of love and intim acy after experiencing the Holocaust
  13. 13. The Search for Fam ily and Loved Ones Lost • Im m ediately after the war, it was difficult for sur vivors to locate relatives and loved ones • Som e returned to their hom etowns in search of those with whom they had lost touch • Many survivors are still searching.
  14. 14. Marriage and the Reestablishm ent of Fam ily in DP Cam ps • Extrem ely high rates of m arriage in DP cam ps, especially in 1946 • Fueled by the individual’s need for war m th, love, and the desire to continue the fam ily line • DP Cam p at Bergen Belsen: – In 1946 alone, 1,070 m arriages took place J e w is h Ma rria g e L ic e n s e , B e rg e n B e ls e n DP C a m p, G e rm a n y , P o s tw a r
  15. 15. Motherhood in DP Cam ps • In 1946-1948, th e h ig h e s t b irth ra te in th e w o rld was that in the DP cam ps. • In the Am erican-occupied zone in Germ any (1946): – There were 120 children under 5 yrs old in Jan 1946 – By Septem ber 1946 (8 m onths later), there were 4,430. • Bergen Belsen DP Cam p: – After the first few m onths of liberation, 2,000
  16. 16. Building a Fam ily in DP Cam ps • Difficulties: – DP cam ps were not conducive to raising a fam ily or caring for children. – Difficult to maintain cleanliness or proper nutritional regim ens – Lack of a solid education system , ver y few intellectuals in DP camps • Benefits: – Provided an intim ate suppor t system for sur vivors – Sur vivors could show the Nazis that they had n o t

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