Introduction to surgery with his 1st sem 2011

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Introduction to surgery with his 1st sem 2011

  1. 1. ERMTERUEL 2011
  2. 2. SurgeryPeri-operative nursingPre-operativeIntra-operativePost-operative
  3. 3. Ambulatory care settingClinicsCommunity settingHomes
  4. 4. ADVANTAGES DISADVANTAGES Low cost  Less time for Low risk of rapport infection  Less time to Less interruption assess, of routine evaluation, teach Less interruption Risk of potential from work complication Less stress post op.
  5. 5. GPOPERMTERUEL 2011
  6. 6. TAEUNO
  7. 7. PrefixesSuffixes Root word
  8. 8. anti super periHemi ultra pansupra py disInfra ante postsub dys
  9. 9.  Plasty Orrhapy  centesis cele  otomy graphy  scope Gram  tome Lysis  Ectomy itis  Lithotomy oscopy pexy
  10. 10.  chole  thoraco  proct pneum  hem  mast colpo  cysto cholecyst  ot teno  dors ureter  orchio rhino  gynec cut  adeno pyel  angio
  11. 11. ProReCoRD
  12. 12. OPET
  13. 13. IDENTIFICAT IONDATEIOSCONTAINER
  14. 14.  According to PURPOSE Accordingto degree of URGENCY According to degree of RISK
  15. 15. 1. Diagnostic2. Exploratory3. Curative  Ablative Reconstructive Constructive4. Palliative5. Transplant
  16. 16. MajorER,HR,D,VO,BLMinor
  17. 17. EmergencyUrgent /ImperativePlanned / RequiredElectiveOptional
  18. 18. Neolithic Age
  19. 19. a procedure in which a hole isdrilled in the skullto relieve pressure on the brain
  20. 20. EGYPT
  21. 21. CircumcisionCastrationLithotomyAmputation
  22. 22. ANCIENT INDIA
  23. 23. GS and Ortho PLASTIC SURGERY
  24. 24. 4 th CENTURY B.C.
  25. 25. A Greek physician published descriptions of various surgical procedures
  26. 26. MIDDLE AGES
  27. 27. Barbers assurgeons
  28. 28. GUY DECHAULIAC
  29. 29. Frenchsurgeon whopublished CHIRURGIAMAGMA (GreatSurgery) ▪in 1316Classify the order ofsurgeon
  30. 30. PETER LOWE(1550 – 1613)
  31. 31. “CHIRURGERIE”(science or art) 1597 1 st description of OOS&COS
  32. 32. 1. To take away2. To held and add3. To put in place which is out4. To separate5. To join what is separated
  33. 33. CRITERIA OF A SURGEON:1. He be learned2. Expert3. Ingenious4. Well mannered
  34. 34. FATHER OF MODERN SURGERY employed the method of LIGATING
  35. 35. AMBROISE PARE
  36. 36. BLOODCIRCULATION
  37. 37. WILLIAMHARVEY
  38. 38. Italian anatomist whoidentified the existence of tiny blood vessels called CAPILLARIES.
  39. 39. MARCELLOMALPIGHI
  40. 40. British anatomist and surgeon whostressed the close relationshipbetween medicine and surgery.
  41. 41. JOHNHUNTER
  42. 42. American dentist often CREDITED WITH THE DISCOVERY OFSURGICAL ANESTHESIA. In 1846he used anesthesia as away to mask pain during surgery.
  43. 43. WILLIAMMORTON
  44. 44. American surgeonwho used anesthesia in 1842 during removal of tumors but did not publish his results until 1849.
  45. 45. CRAWFORD W. LONG
  46. 46. French chemist who discovered FERMENTATION or PUTREFACTION(the decay and death of body tissue is caused by bacteria in the air).
  47. 47. LOUISPASTEUR
  48. 48. British surgeon who appliedPasteur’s work to surgery by developing ANTISEPTICTECHNIQUES including theuse of carbonic acid spray to kill germs in the OR before surgery.
  49. 49. JOSEPH LISTER
  50. 50. Pioneer ofabdominal surgery
  51. 51. THEODORBILLROTH
  52. 52. Pioneered techniques such as washing of hands and changing into clean clothing before surgery which prevent wounds from being contaminated during surgery.This techniques helped minimize post operative infections.
  53. 53. AustrianIGNAZSEMMELWEISS and american OLIVER WENDELL HOMES
  54. 54. German physicist who invented X-RAYS in 1895to “photograph” the inside of the body.
  55. 55. WILHELMCONRAD K.ROENTGEN
  56. 56. Austrian pathologist who discoveredBLOOD GROUPS A, B and O.
  57. 57. KARLLANDSTEINER
  58. 58. 1937 Blood banks were created 1940 antibiotics were introducedto further minimized the risk of post operative infection
  59. 59. American surgeon who developed aHEART – LUNG MACHINE in 1953 marking the beginning of MODERN CLINICAL HEART SURGERY.
  60. 60. JOHN H.GIBBON
  61. 61. 1950 -OPERATING MICROSCOPEwas developed AND THEFIRST KIDNEYTRANSPLANT
  62. 62. South African physician who performed the FIRST HEART
  63. 63. CHRISTIAAN BARRNARD

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