Changing Verbs FromChanging Verbs FromPresent to Past and FuturePresent to Past and FutureSecond Grade GrammarSecond Grade Grammar
Three Tenses of VerbsThree Tenses of VerbsVerb Tensepast present future
Past Tense VerbsPast Tense Verbs Most past tense verbs end inMost past tense verbs end in ““eded””, but there are, but there areseveral rules to use while changing the presentseveral rules to use while changing the presentto past tense.to past tense. Past tense verbs tell action that has alreadyPast tense verbs tell action that has alreadyhappened.happened. Some words change spelling to show pastSome words change spelling to show pasttense.tense.Examples:Examples:Beg = begged grow = grewBeg = begged grow = grewFeed = fed like = likedFeed = fed like = likedRun = ran play = playedRun = ran play = played
Present Tense VerbsPresent Tense Verbs Actions that happen now or todayActions that happen now or today Some present tense verbs haveSome present tense verbs have ““inging””,, ““ss””, or, or““eses”” on the end of them.on the end of them. Clue words: now, todayClue words: now, today Examples:Examples:Stays plays hikes drivesStays plays hikes drivesFlies juggles fusses dressesFlies juggles fusses dressesFloats jogs runs carriesFloats jogs runs carries
Future tense verbsFuture tense verbs Many verbs have the helping verbMany verbs have the helping verb ““willwill”” in frontin frontof them to show they will be happening.of them to show they will be happening. Clue words to look for are: tomorrow, some day,Clue words to look for are: tomorrow, some day,next time, or next week.next time, or next week.Examples:Examples:Will play will lead will be happyWill play will lead will be happyWill have will eat will likeWill have will eat will like
From Present to PastFrom Present to Past There are five ways to change a verb fromThere are five ways to change a verb frompresent tense to past tense.present tense to past tense.1.1. Just add –ed.Just add –ed.2.2. Double the final consonant and add –ed.Double the final consonant and add –ed.3.3. Drop the final e and add –ed.Drop the final e and add –ed.4.4. Change the y to i and add –ed.Change the y to i and add –ed.5.5. Change the spelling.Change the spelling. We did this when we changed a singular nounWe did this when we changed a singular nounto a plural noun and with verb agreement too.to a plural noun and with verb agreement too.
Just add -edJust add -edMost verbs can change from the presentMost verbs can change from the presentto the past by just adding –ed.to the past by just adding –ed.Today IToday I walkwalk home.home.Yesterday IYesterday I walkedwalked home.home.Did itDid it rainrain today?today?ItIt rainedrained yesterday.yesterday.
Doubling the Final ConsonantDoubling the Final Consonant When a present tense verb ends with one vowelWhen a present tense verb ends with one voweland one consonant,and one consonant, doubledouble the final consonantthe final consonantand add –ed to make the verb change to pastand add –ed to make the verb change to pasttense.tense.DropDrop the ball.the ball.HeHe droppeddropped the ball.the ball.HopHop on one foot.on one foot.SheShe hoppedhopped on one foot.on one foot.
Dropping the Final eDropping the Final eWhen a present tense verb ends with aWhen a present tense verb ends with asneaky/silent e,sneaky/silent e, dropdrop the e and add –ed tothe e and add –ed tomake the verb change to past tense.make the verb change to past tense.SkateSkate with me.with me.WeWe skatedskated together at the rink.together at the rink.II likelike to shop.to shop.II likedliked shopping with you.shopping with you.
Changing y to iChanging y to i When a present tense verb ends with a y,When a present tense verb ends with a y,changechange the y to i and add –ed to make the verbthe y to i and add –ed to make the verbchange to past tense.change to past tense.Will you help meWill you help me carrycarry the groceries?the groceries?WeWe carriedcarried them to the kitchen.them to the kitchen.Eric asked me toEric asked me to marrymarry him on New Yearhim on New Year’’s Day.s Day.We gotWe got marriedmarried on August 2, 1997.on August 2, 1997.
Changing the SpellingChanging the Spelling Sometimes a present tense verbSometimes a present tense verb changes itschanges itsentire spellingentire spelling to make the verb change to pastto make the verb change to pasttense. If it helps say,tense. If it helps say, ““Yesterday I ______,Yesterday I ______,”” totohelp find the right word to use in the past tense.help find the right word to use in the past tense.WeWe eateat lunch at 11:30.lunch at 11:30.WeWe ateate lunch at 11:30 yesterday.lunch at 11:30 yesterday.StandStand straight in line.straight in line.WeWe stoodstood straight in line.straight in line.
Now its your turn!Now its your turn!How can you make these present tenseHow can you make these present tenseverbs past tense verbs?verbs past tense verbs?likelikeA. likedA. liked B. likeedB. likeed C. likkedC. likkedtaketakeA. takedA. taked B. tookB. took C. takeedC. takeed
Try Some MoreTry Some MoreburyburyA. buriedA. buried B. buryedB. buryed C. buryyedC. buryyedmopmopA. moppedA. mopped B. mopedB. moped C. mopeedC. mopeedgogoA. goedA. goed B. goneB. gone C. wentC. went
Future TenseFuture TenseThe future has not yet happened, but weThe future has not yet happened, but weknow itknow it willwill.. Add will to the present tense verb to makeAdd will to the present tense verb to makethe future tense.the future tense.Present - Today IPresent - Today I gogo..Past - Yesterday IPast - Yesterday I wentwent..Future - Tomorrow IFuture - Tomorrow I will gowill go..
Adding –ing to a present tense verbAdding –ing to a present tense verb All the rules used for changing the present tense verb toAll the rules used for changing the present tense verb toa past tense verb can also be used when adding –ing toa past tense verb can also be used when adding –ing tothe verb except for changing the spelling and do not dropthe verb except for changing the spelling and do not dropthethe ““yy”” when adding –ing.when adding –ing.PresentPresent Past with-edPast with-ed Present with -ingPresent with -ingcarrycarry carriedcarried carryingcarryingeateat ateate eatingeatingwalkwalk walkedwalked walkingwalkinglikelike likedliked likinglikingdropdrop droppeddropped droppingdropping