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Oshs_9_11_2015

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Support de communication aux Journées Ontologies en SHS du consortium MASA

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Oshs_9_11_2015

  1. 1. Architectures  d’intégra1on  de   diverses  sources  de  données   Béatrice  BOUCHOU  MARKHOFF     Laboratoire  d’Informa<que       Université  François  Rabelais  de  Tours   Ontologies  en  SHS    9  novembre  2015,  MSH  VdL,  Tours
  2. 2. ž  The  objec<ve  is  Data  Integra<on   BD   BD   BD   Source1   Source2   Source3   Uniform  access  to   distributed  sources   Common   interface   XML  
  3. 3. ž  Data  warehouse     [Wikipedia,  nov-­‐2013]     ETL:  Extrac<ng-­‐Transforming-­‐Loading  
  4. 4. ž  Media<on  [Lenzerini  2002]     [Wikipedia,  nov-­‐2013]    
  5. 5. ž  Using  ontologies  for  data  integra<on  [Wache  et  al.  2001]   S1 S2 Sn Global* Ontology Single'Ontology [B.$Amann$et$al.$2002] S1 S2 Sn Local* Ontology Multiple(Ontologies Local* Ontology Local* Ontology [Mena&et&al.&2000] S1 S2 Sn Local* Ontology Hybrid Local* Ontology Local* Ontology [I.$F.$Cruz$et$al.$2009] Shared vocabulary ž  Seman<c  Web…  
  6. 6. As of September 2011 Music Brainz (zitgist) P20 Turismo de Zaragoza yovisto Yahoo! Geo Planet YAGO World Fact- book El Viajero Tourism WordNet (W3C) WordNet (VUA) VIVO UF VIVO Indiana VIVO Cornell VIAF URI Burner Sussex Reading Lists Plymouth Reading Lists UniRef UniProt UMBEL UK Post- codes legislation data.gov.uk Uberblic UB Mann- heim TWC LOGD Twarql transport data.gov. uk Traffic Scotland theses. fr Thesau- rus W totl.net Tele- graphis TCM Gene DIT Taxon Concept Open Library (Talis) tags2con delicious t4gm info Swedish Open Cultural Heritage Surge Radio Sudoc STW RAMEAU SH statistics data.gov. uk St. Andrews Resource Lists ECS South- ampton EPrints SSW Thesaur us Smart Link Slideshare 2RDF semantic web.org Semantic Tweet Semantic XBRL SW Dog Food Source Code Ecosystem Linked Data US SEC (rdfabout) Sears Scotland Geo- graphy Scotland Pupils & Exams Scholaro- meter WordNet (RKB Explorer) Wiki UN/ LOCODE Ulm ECS (RKB Explorer) Roma RISKS RESEX RAE2001 Pisa OS OAI NSF New- castle LAAS KISTI JISC IRIT IEEE IBM Eurécom ERA ePrints dotAC DEPLOY DBLP (RKB Explorer) Crime Reports UK Course- ware CORDIS (RKB Explorer) CiteSeer Budapest ACM riese Revyu research data.gov. ukRen. Energy Genera- tors reference data.gov. uk Recht- spraak. nl RDF ohloh Last.FM (rdfize) RDF Book Mashup Rådata nå! PSH Product Types Ontology Product DB PBAC Poké- pédia patents data.go v.uk Ox Points Ord- nance Survey Openly Local Open Library Open Cyc Open Corpo- rates Open Calais OpenEI Open Election Data Project Open Data Thesau- rus Ontos News Portal OGOLOD Janus AMP Ocean Drilling Codices New York Times NVD ntnusc NTU Resource Lists Norwe- gian MeSH NDL subjects ndlna my Experi- ment Italian Museums medu- cator MARC Codes List Man- chester Reading Lists Lotico Weather Stations London Gazette LOIUS Linked Open Colors lobid Resources lobid Organi- sations LEM Linked MDB LinkedL CCN Linked GeoData LinkedCT Linked User Feedback LOV Linked Open Numbers LODE Eurostat (Ontology Central) Linked EDGAR (Ontology Central) Linked Crunch- base lingvoj Lichfield Spen- ding LIBRIS Lexvo LCSH DBLP (L3S) Linked Sensor Data (Kno.e.sis) Klapp- stuhl- club Good- win Family National Radio- activity JP Jamendo (DBtune) Italian public schools ISTAT Immi- gration iServe IdRef Sudoc NSZL Catalog Hellenic PD Hellenic FBD Piedmont Accomo- dations GovTrack GovWILD Google Art wrapper gnoss GESIS GeoWord Net Geo Species Geo Names Geo Linked Data GEMET GTAA STITCH SIDER Project Guten- berg Medi Care Euro- stat (FUB) EURES Drug Bank Disea- some DBLP (FU Berlin) Daily Med CORDIS (FUB) Freebase flickr wrappr Fishes of Texas Finnish Munici- palities ChEMBL FanHubz Event Media EUTC Produc- tions Eurostat Europeana EUNIS EU Insti- tutions ESD stan- dards EARTh Enipedia Popula- tion (En- AKTing) NHS (En- AKTing) Mortality (En- AKTing) Energy (En- AKTing) Crime (En- AKTing) CO2 Emission (En- AKTing) EEA SISVU educatio n.data.g ov.uk ECS South- ampton ECCO- TCP GND Didactal ia DDC Deutsche Bio- graphie data dcs Music Brainz (DBTune) Magna- tune John Peel (DBTune) Classical (DB Tune) Audio Scrobbler (DBTune) Last.FM artists (DBTune) DB Tropes Portu- guese DBpedia dbpedia lite Greek DBpedia DBpedia data- open- ac-uk SMC Journals Pokedex Airports NASA (Data Incu- bator) Music Brainz (Data Incubator) Moseley Folk Metoffice Weather Forecasts Discogs (Data Incubator) Climbing data.gov.uk intervals Data Gov.ie data bnf.fr Cornetto reegle Chronic- ling America Chem2 Bio2RDF Calames business data.gov. uk Bricklink Brazilian Poli- ticians BNB UniSTS UniPath way UniParc Taxono my UniProt (Bio2RDF) SGD Reactome PubMed Pub Chem PRO- SITE ProDom Pfam PDB OMIM MGI KEGG Reaction KEGG Pathway KEGG Glycan KEGG Enzyme KEGG Drug KEGG Com- pound InterPro Homolo Gene HGNC Gene Ontology GeneID Affy- metrix bible ontology BibBase FTS BBC Wildlife Finder BBC Program mes BBC Music Alpine Ski Austria LOCAH Amster- dam Museum AGROV OC AEMET US Census (rdfabout) Media Geographic Publications Government Cross-domain Life sciences User-generated content
  7. 7. ž  Sens,  schéma,  type  :  rdf:type   doc.html  est  écrit  par  Fabien     doc.html  a  pour  sujet  Musique     Fabien  est  un  homme   doc.html  est  un  document   Musique  est  une  valeur  de  sujet     Fabien est écrit par doc.html a pour sujet Musique
  8. 8. Source   data   Triplestore   Ontology   (Web)   Applica<on   Source   data   OBDA mappings [Calvanese  et   al.  2007]   Extract Transform Load SPARQLSPARQL (Web)   Applica<on   S W d a t a S W d a t a
  9. 9. Applica<on  Mediator   SW   data   SW   data   SW   data   SPARQL SPARQL
  10. 10. Local ontology Source3 Local ontology Source2Source1 Global ontology Mapping S O U R C E S REFERENCE ONTOLOGY Agreement Agreement Local data Local data Local data Local data Local ontology Agreement [Niang  et  al.  2011,  2013]   align   M E D I A T O R
  11. 11. Local ontology Source3 Local ontology Local ontology Source2Source1 Global ontology Mapping M E D I A T O R S O U R C E S Agreement User Interface or SPARQL endpoint Query rewriting Quey dispatching Answers collection Query Global answer Agreement Agreement Local data Local data Local data Local data Partial answers [Bouchou,  Niang  2014]  
  12. 12. Sparql   Query   Interfaces   Cartography   Social   Networks   Thesaurus   Students   Poi<ers   Lesellier Orléans   Chantres   Tours   Bude   Paris   Ontop   Ontop  Ontop  Ontop   Sparql   Sparql   Sparql   Seman<c  Web Web   Site   Web   Site   Sparql   PERSONAE  MEDIATOR   Sparql   hep://ontop.inf.unibz.it/    
  13. 13.   SOURCES   annota<ons   images   databases   CONCEPTS   describing  SOURCES   REFERENCE   ONTOLOGIES   SPARQL  queriable   SOURCES   THESAURUS   MAPPING     FRAMEWORKS  
  14. 14. ž  Intégra<on  de  données   ›  Entrepôts,  Médiateurs   ›  Ontologies   ž  Web  séman<que   ›  Export  (duplica<on)  /  Interface  d’accès  (OBDA)   ›  Dans  les  2  cas  :  ontologie   ›  Média<on  pour  interroger   ž  3  niveaux  d’architecture   ›  Niveau  «  données  »   ž  Ontologies  :  cadre  et  support  de  communica<on   entre  SHS  et  «  informa<ciens  »  

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