Principles of Marketing NICK C. SATUR JR. BATAS-NSJ
What is a Product? <ul><li>A  product  is anything that can be offered to a market for attention, acquisition, use, or con...
Five Product Levels
Product Hierarchy <ul><li>Product need—the core need that underlies the existence of a product family. To satisfy a need e...
Product Classification Durability Use Tangibility
Durability and Tangibility Nondurable goods Services Durable goods
<ul><li>Durable goods </li></ul><ul><li>Are tangible goods that normally survive many uses. Durables have long intervals o...
<ul><li>Services </li></ul><ul><li>- Are intangible,inseperable variable, and perishable products that do not result to th...
Consumer Goods Classification <ul><li>The vast array of goods consumers buy can be classified on the basis of shopping hab...
Convenience Goods <ul><li>Are those that customer ussually purchases frequently, immediately and with a minimum of effort....
Shopping Goods <ul><li>Are goods that the customer, in the process of selection and purchase, characteristically compares ...
Specialty Goods <ul><li>Goods that have a unique characteristics or brand identification for which a sufficient number of ...
Unsought Goods <ul><li>Those that the consumer does not know about or does not normally think of buying.  </li></ul>
Consumer Goods Classification Convenience Unsought Shopping Specialty
USE <ul><li>Industrial Goods Classification </li></ul><ul><li>These goods can be classified by how they enter the producti...
2 Classes of Materials & Parts <ul><li>Raw Materials </li></ul><ul><li>Natural Products </li></ul><ul><li>Farm Products </...
Supplies and Business Services <ul><li>Are short-lasting goods and services that facilitate, developing or managing the fi...
Supplies <ul><li>Maintenance & Repair Items </li></ul><ul><li>Operating Supplies </li></ul>
Business Service <ul><li>Maintenance & Repair Services </li></ul><ul><li>Business Advisory Services </li></ul>
Definition of New Products <ul><li>1. Products new to the world; usually revolutionary products resulting from product inn...
<ul><li>2. New Product Lines  </li></ul><ul><li>3. Improvements to existing products e.g. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>In 1960  K...
Product Mix <ul><li>Product Assortment </li></ul><ul><li>Set of all products and Items that a particular seller offers for...
Marketing Mix
 
New Product Development Process Idea Generation Concept Development and Testing Marketing Strategy Development Idea Screen...
Step 1.  Idea Generation Idea Generation is the Systematic Search for New Product Ideas Obtained Internally From Employees...
Idea Screening <ul><li>Process to spot good ideas and drop poor ones as soon as possible.  </li></ul><ul><li>Many companie...
New Product Development Process   Step 3.  Concept Development   1.  Develop New  Product Ideas  into Alternative Detailed...
Step 4. Marketing Strategy Part Three Describes Long-Term: Sales & Profit Goals Marketing Mix Strategy Part Two Describes ...
Step 5. Business Analysis Step 6.  Product Development If No, Eliminate  Product Concept Business Analysis Review of Produ...
Step 7. Test Marketing Test Marketing   is the Stage Where the Product and Marketing Program are Introduced into More Real...
Step 8. Commercialization Commercialization is the Introduction of the New Product into the Marketplace.  When  is the  Ri...
 
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Mktg 1 Mdterms

  1. 1. Principles of Marketing NICK C. SATUR JR. BATAS-NSJ
  2. 2. What is a Product? <ul><li>A product is anything that can be offered to a market for attention, acquisition, use, or consumption and that might satisfy a want or need. </li></ul><ul><li>Includes: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Physical Objects </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Services </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Events </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Persons </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Places </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Organizations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ideas </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Five Product Levels
  4. 4. Product Hierarchy <ul><li>Product need—the core need that underlies the existence of a product family. To satisfy a need e.g. feet protection </li></ul><ul><li>Product class—a family of products having similar function e.g. all shoes </li></ul><ul><li>Product line—a group of products with closely related functions e.g. sports shoes </li></ul><ul><li>Product type—products within a line having similar form e.g. basket-ball shoes </li></ul><ul><li>Brand—a name representing a product or line e.g. Nike </li></ul><ul><li>Item (Stock Keeping Unit)—a unit item e.g. one pair of Nike basket-ball shoe </li></ul>
  5. 5. Product Classification Durability Use Tangibility
  6. 6. Durability and Tangibility Nondurable goods Services Durable goods
  7. 7. <ul><li>Durable goods </li></ul><ul><li>Are tangible goods that normally survive many uses. Durables have long intervals of repeat purchase. </li></ul><ul><li>Non Durables </li></ul><ul><li>- Repeat purchase is usually strong.These are tangible goods normally consumed in one or few uses </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Services </li></ul><ul><li>- Are intangible,inseperable variable, and perishable products that do not result to the ownership of anything. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Consumer Goods Classification <ul><li>The vast array of goods consumers buy can be classified on the basis of shopping habits. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Convenience Goods <ul><li>Are those that customer ussually purchases frequently, immediately and with a minimum of effort. </li></ul><ul><li>Lowest risk, lowest effort </li></ul><ul><li>Ex. Soap, tobacco </li></ul>
  11. 11. Shopping Goods <ul><li>Are goods that the customer, in the process of selection and purchase, characteristically compares on such basis as suitability,price, quality and style. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex. Clothings, used cars, furnitures </li></ul>
  12. 12. Specialty Goods <ul><li>Goods that have a unique characteristics or brand identification for which a sufficient number of buyers is willing to make a special purchasing effort. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex Mercedes, paintings by known artists, </li></ul>
  13. 13. Unsought Goods <ul><li>Those that the consumer does not know about or does not normally think of buying. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Consumer Goods Classification Convenience Unsought Shopping Specialty
  15. 15. USE <ul><li>Industrial Goods Classification </li></ul><ul><li>These goods can be classified by how they enter the production process and their relative costliness. </li></ul><ul><li>Materials & Parts </li></ul><ul><li>Capital Items </li></ul><ul><li>Supplies and Business Services </li></ul>
  16. 16. 2 Classes of Materials & Parts <ul><li>Raw Materials </li></ul><ul><li>Natural Products </li></ul><ul><li>Farm Products </li></ul><ul><li>Manufactured material parts </li></ul><ul><li>Component Parts-Enter the finished product with no further change in form </li></ul><ul><li>Component Materials-fabricated Further ex iron </li></ul>
  17. 17. Supplies and Business Services <ul><li>Are short-lasting goods and services that facilitate, developing or managing the finished product. </li></ul>
  18. 18. Supplies <ul><li>Maintenance & Repair Items </li></ul><ul><li>Operating Supplies </li></ul>
  19. 19. Business Service <ul><li>Maintenance & Repair Services </li></ul><ul><li>Business Advisory Services </li></ul>
  20. 20. Definition of New Products <ul><li>1. Products new to the world; usually revolutionary products resulting from product innovation e.g </li></ul><ul><li>When Creative Technology first introduced the Sound-blaster </li></ul><ul><li>When disposable cameras were first introduced </li></ul><ul><li>When Seiko introduced the Seiko Kinetic Relay, a watch that can go into suspended animation </li></ul>
  21. 21. <ul><li>2. New Product Lines </li></ul><ul><li>3. Improvements to existing products e.g. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>In 1960 Kao introduced shampoo liquid and in 1970 introduced Kao Merit shampoo (anti-dandruff) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>4. Additions to existing lines e.g. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>In 1965 Kao introduced the Kao Tender hair conditioner </li></ul></ul><ul><li>5. Costs reductions </li></ul><ul><li>6. re-positionings </li></ul>
  22. 22. Product Mix <ul><li>Product Assortment </li></ul><ul><li>Set of all products and Items that a particular seller offers for sale. </li></ul>
  23. 23. Marketing Mix
  24. 25. New Product Development Process Idea Generation Concept Development and Testing Marketing Strategy Development Idea Screening Business Analysis Product Development Market Testing Commercialization
  25. 26. Step 1. Idea Generation Idea Generation is the Systematic Search for New Product Ideas Obtained Internally From Employees and Also From: Customers Competitors Distributors Suppliers
  26. 27. Idea Screening <ul><li>Process to spot good ideas and drop poor ones as soon as possible. </li></ul><ul><li>Many companies have systems for rating and screening ideas which estimate: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Market Size </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Product Price </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Development Time & Costs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Unit Costs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rate of Return </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Then, the idea is evaluated against a set of general company criteria. </li></ul>
  27. 28. New Product Development Process Step 3. Concept Development 1. Develop New Product Ideas into Alternative Detailed Product Concepts 2. Concept Testing - Test the New Product Concepts with Groups of Target Customers 3. Choose the One That Has the Strongest Appeal to Target Customers
  28. 29. Step 4. Marketing Strategy Part Three Describes Long-Term: Sales & Profit Goals Marketing Mix Strategy Part Two Describes First-Year: Product’s Planned Price Distribution Marketing Budget Part One Describes Overall: Target Market Planned Product Positioning Sales & Profit Goals Market Share
  29. 30. Step 5. Business Analysis Step 6. Product Development If No, Eliminate Product Concept Business Analysis Review of Product Sales, Costs, and Profits Projections to See if They Meet Company Objectives If Yes, Move to Product Development
  30. 31. Step 7. Test Marketing Test Marketing is the Stage Where the Product and Marketing Program are Introduced into More Realistic Market Settings. Elements that May be Test Marketed by a Company Advertising Atmosphere Product Budget Levels Positioning Location Pricing Branding
  31. 32. Step 8. Commercialization Commercialization is the Introduction of the New Product into the Marketplace. When is the Right Time to Introduce Product? Where to Launch a New Product?

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