www.WATTAgNet.com AUGUST 2010 volume 115 number 8
Your leading agribusiness resource
3 Editorial by Dr. Simon M. Shane Producers have a choice
4 Producers have a choice
6 Trends in breeding layer hens
8 Current health of U.S. egg
Global poultry companies offer range of breeds.
12 The moving force behind
14 Egg prices down from 2009 W36 Body weight (g) changes
16 Midwest Foods’
Body weight (g) p6
Brickland Hatchery 1700 2000 Downward selection
17 Products 1600
New upward selection
18 Marketplace 1300
20 30 40 50 60 70 80
Age in weeks
p16 Current top goal in the industry is to increase immature pullet weight.
Brickland Hatchery set to supply Shaver
White and ISA Brown strains.
Producers have a choice
Global poultry companies
offer range of breeds.
By Simon M. Shane
.S. egg producers have a wider edge genetic technology, maximization their area of operations. These include
selection of strains although these of disease control and partnering with the Midwest Food Association, Morris
are supplied by two dominant pri- the industry with respect to selecting Hatchery in Georgia, West Wind Farms
mary breeders. Consolidation within the and evaluating performance and strain in New York and Merrill Farms in Idaho,
industry over the past twenty years has characteristics. Their product pro le among others.
resulted in the demise of a number of in- consists of the Hy-Line W-36 white egg The situation with regard to the current
dependents both in the U.S. and Europe. strain, the Hy-Line brown egg strain and Hendrix Genetics strains in North Amer-
Fortunately, the large companies, which the Hy-Line W-98, which is selected for ica has been recently rationalized. Mid-
acquired their smaller competitors, re- optimal egg mass. west Foods Association, a cooperative
tained their gene pools and judiciously purchasing group, operates parent stock
incorporated bene cial traits into their Hendrix Genetics farms and makes use of company farms
programs. Hendrix Genetics is a multi-species and contractors to produce Shaver and
breeder of egg production strains, tur- ISA brown commercial chicks hatched
Hy-Line International keys and swine, with headquarters in and distributed from Midwest Farms
Hy-Line International is a subsidiary Holland. The company has expanded its located in Blackstone, Va. Centurion
of Lohmann Tierzucht (Lohmann Breed- operations since re-acquiring the breed- Poultry operates parent stock under the
ing Company) of Germany. The holding ing business previously operated by Nu- Bovans white and brown strains, white
company recently celebrated its 50th an- treco, with a current portfolio of brands egg strain and the Amberlink brown egg
niversary and has attained the status of a including ISA of France and DeKalb, strain in DeKalb, Texas.
major world force in poultry breeding in Shaver and Babcock of the U.S. Cur-
both egg and broiler segments. Hy-Line rently the company operates primary Challenges facing primary breeders
International, the U.S. company, oper- breeding programs for egg production The major traits of concern to the
ates an independent breeding program, strains in the Netherlands, France and industry are incorporated into sophisti-
but the technical resources of the parent Canada. cated selection programs, which weight
company are combined in some joint Hendrix Genetics has centralized op- attributes to, such as egg numbers, liv-
projects which have mutually bene cial erations in Canada for North and Central ability, feed conversion ef ciency, shell
advantages to all stakeholders. America, Japan, New Zealand and other and internal quality, egg mass and yield.
Changes in the structure of the indus-
try also require attention to less herit-
More on genetics: “Feed Efﬁciency from a Breeding and able characteristics including behavior,
Genetic Viewpoint.” www.WATTAgNet.com/5148.html adaptability to oor and cage systems,
use of nests, pullet weight gain and con-
formation, retention of plumage and
the ability to ef ciently convert critical
Lohmann and its U.S. subsidiary base nations of the Paci c Rim. Parent stock amino acids in feed into eggs.
their activities on three pillars which chicks are distributed from Ontario to In addition to conventional index se-
comprise of the application of cutting af liated hatcheries and customers in lection, geneticists are now applying
4• EggIndustry • August 2010 • www.WATTAgNet.com
Trends in breeding layer hens
Current goal is to increase pullet weight.
By Dr. Neil P. O’Sullivan
Hens have the lowest carbon footprint of all farm animals with 2.1 lbs. of
carbon used to produce 1.0 lb. of eggs.
Annualized Genetic Gain
Trait Hy-Line Brown Hy-Line W36
Age @ 50% Pr 0.6 0.7
Livability in Lay 0.2% 0.1%
Livability in Grow 0.04% 0.05%
HH Eggs 2.5 2.3
First Egg Weight 0.25g 0.20g
fter many generations of selection, Egg Weight @ 26 W 0.10g 0.15g
breeders have now developed lay-
Egg Weight @ 56 W 0.00g 0.01g
ers which mature at a young age. The
rate in advancing onset of sexual maturity Shell Strength 4g 5g
corresponds to a half day earlier each year. Haugh Units 0.6 0.6
Changes in egg weight from initial produc- Body Weight @ 20 W 25g 20g
tion to maturity have increased by as much
Feed Conversion 1.3% 1.2%
as 0.35 g. per year.
The rst egg which once weighed 40 g.
now weighs 47 g., and a mature 60 g. egg ing mature hen size. This will enable the ✔Upgrading ock wellbeing through en-
weight (47.5 lb. case weight) is now attained mature ocks to have low maintenance hanced livability;
between 30 and 36 weeks of age. This has all costs. The immature pullet will be able ✔Improved social interactions within the
happened while mature body weights have to achieve the needed body size to enter ock, for both non-con ned and caged
been declining. Mature weight of Leghorn production at the correct age and weight egg hens;
strains has decreased by 5 to 15 g. per gen- to maintain high levels of peak production ✔Selection for improved feather cover; and
eration, but this has had a negative in uence and persistence. ✔Appropriate nest egg laying behavior.
on the weight of immature pullets. Pullets are now subjected to more inten- All of these traits are characterized by
Breeders have now adopted quantitative sive vaccination programs which impose moderate to low but sustainable rates of
stress and divert nutrients progress.
from accretion of body mass Currently, commercial hens have the low-
Read about common issues in layer pullet care. to developing an immune est carbon footprint of all farm animals with
response. As pullets are pre- 2.1 lbs. of carbon used to produce 1.0 lb. of
www.WATTAgNet.com/8490.html pared for cage-free egg pro- eggs. The rate of improvement in feed con-
duction, demands on muscle version has attained a consistent improve-
development are very high. ment of 1.3% per annum.
methods which allow the body weight curve This requires the selection of more robust More ef cient feed conversion is due to
of hens to be described statistically. One way pullets which then enter lay and continue consistent advances in rates of lay, egg mass
to do this is to use random regression mod- growing to 32 weeks of age. produced, lower adult maintenance cost, bet-
els, which have been applied to changing the ter feather cover, and superior egg quality.
shape of the curve in egg weight in breeding Increasing performance, wellbeing This translates into a higher percentage of
programs for many years. Geneticists are continuing in their efforts eggs, which are marketable for each succes-
The goal of breeders today is to in- to achieve improvements in both perform- sive generation. EI
crease immature pullet weight. Targets at ance and wellbeing. Some of the considera- Dr. Neil P. O’Sullivan is Director of
Hy-Line are to increase pullet weight by tions in contemporary selection programs Research and Development for Hy-Line
5 to 20 g. while controlling or still lower- include: International.
6• EggIndustry • August 2010 • www.WATTAgNet.com
Current health of U.S. egg
A review of top diseases, including E. coli,
infectious laryngotracheitis and focal duodenal necrosis.
By Kenton S. Kreager, DVM, ACPV
he U.S. egg production industry is enjoying a pe- ated with respiratory diseases occurring shortly after
riod of relative calm regarding health and infec- housing in multi-age complexes. These include myco-
tious disease. We are fortunate that neither the plasmosis (MG or MS) and bronchitis, which have be-
Asian H5N1 avian in uenza nor the H1N1 human in- come endemic in large layer complexes and induce res-
uenza pandemic were ever introduced into the U.S. piratory stress shortly after housing. This can easily be
poultry industry. There are no current in uenza issues demonstrated by serology and con rming mycoplasma
and accordingly routine vaccination against in uenza seroconversion or an increase in bronchitis titer.
is unnecessary. Poor air quality contributes to the respiratory chal-
It is also fortunate that what appeared to be an intro- lenges and high levels of dust and ammonia exacerbate
Paralysis from Marek’s duction of very virulent IBD in the U.S. in early 2009 the condition. Peritonitis at a later stage in the cycle is
disease. has not extended beyond the index area as was initially more often associated with vent-related trauma (pro-
feared. There are no other prevalent disease issues lapse and cannibalism) that the hen initially survived,
causing serious mortality or production losses for the but resulted in an ascending infection of the oviduct to
majority of egg producers. the ovary and then extension to surrounding organs.
Routine vaccinations are used by most U.S. produc- Peritonitis can be a frustrating disease to control be-
ers against Marek’s disease, IBD (Gumboro), Newcas- cause it is usually a secondary infection to the factors
tle, bronchitis, AE and pox. Depending on farm
history and location, other vaccinations may
include ILT, MG, E. coli, coccidiosis and Watch an interview with Dr. Bruce Calnek
coryza. Layer mortality should generally re- on his role in Marek’s disease vaccines.
main at less than 0.12% per week throughout
most of the production cycle. In older ocks, www.WATTAgNet.com/9496.html
Trachea showing in- physical vent injury (prolapse, cannibalism,
ﬂammation of the mu- dif culty passing large eggs) can raise mor-
cosa and the presence tality rates to a range of 0.15% to 0.20% per week. discussed above, which are dif cult to eliminate from
of exudate, characteris- Routine postmortem examinations and laboratory in- the environment of the ock. Antibiotics can be amel-
tic of ILT. vestigations are recommended to ascertain causes of iorative, although restricted in use by FDA rules. The
mortality, especially when loss rate exceeds the normal early type of peritonitis is most amenable to antibiotic
range. treatment, and is most successfully treated early in the
course of the disease.
E. coli peritonitis Recently, a live genetically-modi ed gene de-
For many years, the layer industry has considered E. leted E. coli vaccine was licensed by Fort Dodge
coli peritonitis as the most challenging cause of mor- Animal Health (now P zer Animal Health) that is
tality. The characteristic lesion is either an accumula- much easier to administer, provides a good spec-
tion of wet yolk-like material with acute mortality or a trum of cross-protection against multiple types of
caseous deposit of exudate on the viscera of the body E. coli, and has been commonly adopted by the
cavity in chronic cases. Bacterial cultures from fresh U.S. layer industry. Most egg producers consider
dead birds will reveal contamination with E. coli bac- that this vaccine and possibly improved environ-
teria. mental conditions resulting from upgraded ven-
Mortality tends to occur at two peaks during the pro- tilation and chlorination of drinking water have
Sciatic nerve tumors. duction cycle. The rst is in early production, around
peak, and the second appears later in lay, typically after Dr. Kenton S. Kreager is the Senior Technical
50 weeks of age. Early-lay peritonitis is often associ- Service Veterinarian at Hy-Line International.
8• EggIndustry • August 2010 • www.WATTAgNet.com
or production problems emerge. present, MD is fortunately well controlled.
Most of the current success can probably be
Osteomalacia attributed to the effective vaccine protection
Soft bones (osteomalacia) are often iden-
ti ed as a cause of mortality, perhaps in
just one or a few dead birds when routinely
provided by the Rispens CVI-988 vaccine that
most U.S. egg producers now use. This Type-1
MD vaccine has been shown in Hy-Line chal-
screening mortality. In some cases osteoma- lenge trials to provide much better protection
lacia may be responsible for excessive losses than the previously used HVT/SB-1 vaccine
within a ock. Lesions consist of a rubbery, combination.
crooked keel bone, often in the shape of an Vaccine alone does not provide complete
“S”, a collapsed rib cage with enlarged car- protection to prevent future clinical emergence
tilage joints, and weak, easily broken long of MD infection. Early exposure before im-
bones (the head of femur breaks off when munity is established is a cause of “breaks”
disarticulating the hip joint). and all-in-all-out placement is advised in areas
It is clear that affected ocks show decreased with a high potential for challenge with viru-
mineralization of bones but post-mortem ex- lent strains of MD. Durability
amination cannot distinguish among calcium, The eld virus has previously shown the
phosphorus, or vitamin D3 de ciency as pos- ability to adapt to HVT vaccines and even- Reliability
sible causes. If calcium or vitamin D3, are the tually become resistant leading to increasing
predominant de ciencies egg shells are poorly frequency of eld outbreaks. It is hoped that
mineralized and are thin. will not happen with Rispens vaccine, but the
It is also unknown why some hens be- industry has to be ready in the event of the Massman’s simplicity of
come so severely affected that reabsorption emergence of new and more virulent strains. design means virtually no
of mineral from the spinal column and legs Research will likely lead to the next genera- changeover, as the specially-
results in paresis progressing to paralysis and tion of improved Marek’s vaccines, but good
designed load heads handle
recumbency, followed by death from dehy- ock management to limit the cycling of this
dration. This may occur while the bulk of virus between susceptible chicks that are not trays or cartons without change
the ock is totally unaffected. Most nutrient yet immune and older pullets or layers that are parts. Simplicity of operation
needs of layers are expressed in grams/bird/ likely shedding the virus. contributes to ease of main-
day and vary by breed and age of the ock. Suppression of the Marek’s virus re- tenance through accessible
By accurately measuring the feed intake lies on a functional immune system, which placement of the few essential
of a ock, the percentage of each nutrient must be protected against damage caused serviceable components.
needed in the feed can be calculated. For by IBD (Gumboro) or CAV (chick anemia
example, if we accept the Hy-Line W-36 virus). Thorough cleaning and disinfection Features:
Management Guide recommendation that a of brooder houses will allow young ocks • Packs 20- and 30-count trays,
26-week-old ock should consume 4.0 gm to establish vaccine-induced immunity to 12- and 18-pack cartons of eggs!
of calcium per hen per day, and we know the Marek’s and IBD before there is signi cant • Two independent packaging lanes.
ock is consuming 20 lbs/100/day (91 gm/ eld challenge.
bird/day), the feed should contain 4.4% cal- De ciencies in basic management and • Servo drives on the loaders are
cium (4.0/91x100) in order to meet required biosecurity will lead to a cascade of disease fast, accurate and quiet.
daily intake. This approach should be applied events and result in ocks producing at less • Capable of 25,000 eggs per
to all the major nutrients as outlined in the than their genetic potential. hour, per lane.
breeders’ management guides.
When an unusual incidence of soft bones Summary For innovative solutions to your
is observed among mortality, the levels of Egg producers in the U.S. are currently packaging needs call Massman
calcium, phosphorus, and vitamin D3 in the fortunate that catastrophic diseases (HPAI Automation Designs, LLC; designers
diet should be examined with appropriate as- and VVND) have been eradicated and are and manufacturers of precision
say to con rm accuracy of mixing and con- excluded from our industry. Erosive diseases automated packaging machinery.
formity to formulas. Water quality should be are controllable by applying immunization
assayed with special reference to pH, hard- and biosecurity in combination with ad-
ness and electrolyte content in comparison to equate nutrition and acceptable housing and
accepted standards. environmental management.
A comprehensive approach to ock health
Marek’s disease requires a coordinated application of modali- tel: 320-554-3611
Prior to the 1980s, Marek’s disease (MD) ties to obtain optimal production re ecting Fax: 320-554-2650
would have been considered the principal the genetic potential of commercially avail- MassmanLLC.com
disease problem in the U.S. layer industry. At able breeds. EI
www.WATTAgNet.com • August 2010 • EggIndustry • 11
Qa: The moving force behind
Director of Research David Martosko explains his organization’s ght
against misinformation about the animal agriculture industry.
he Center for Consumer Freedom groups for their own narrow purposes. Street Journal ran an article about the
and its website, HumaneWatch.org, HSUS’s politicking, documenting the
have emerged as an effective counter EI: How is the Center for Consumer considerable amount of money the group
to the misinformation and hypocrisy dis- Freedom funded? expended in its political campaigns. The
seminated by the Humane Society of the DM: There are a variety of funding HSUS spent more in that year’s election
United States. David Martosko of Berman sources, including more than 100 com- cycle, the WSJreported, than Exxon Mo-
and Company, a lead- panies that represent a broad spectrum bil. And it contributed more to candidates
ing Washington-based of food producers, retailers, restaurants, for Congress than Halliburton. After that
research and commu- and agriculture. And we get an amazing wake-up call, we saw Proposition 2 un-
nications rm, serves number of small contributions from indi- fold in California. And it became painfully
as Director of Research vidual professionals and consumers. The clear that unless someone educated the
for the Center and the center’s budget is relatively modest, hov- public about just what the HSUS is (and
principal editor of Hu- ering at around $3 million per year. By what it isn’t), the group would run the ta-
maneWatch.org. way of contrast, the income of the HSUS ble everywhere it went. So HumaneWatch.
Egg Industry recent- exceeds ours by a 30-fold factor. org was launched in February of this year
ly had an opportunity to discuss current to expose the HSUS’s unseen hand and
issues relating to the welfare environment. EI: Does the Center for Consumer Free- try to bring the public’s perceptions back
Egg Industry: Could you provide our dom have any overriding philosophy? in line with reality. In short, we’re putting
readers with a brief background to your DM: We oppose limits on the range and the HSUS, its nances and its practices
professional activities? extent of the public’s responsible access to under a magnifying glass. And it’s becom-
David Martosko: I earned my bach- food and beverages of their choosing. We ing clear that the organization’s carefully
elor’s degree from Dartmouth College in support every consumer’s right to pursue preened public image is a sham.
1991, and followed it with an M.A. from his or her own options, be it vegetarian,
Johns Hopkins University. Although my vegan, Atkins, or a conventional diet. We EI: What lessons can we learn from the
early training was in music, I moved into recognize that eating nothing but donuts recent settlement in Ohio?
other forms of communication, includ- (the “Homer Simpson diet”) is a stupid DM: First and foremost, we learned that
ing advertising and broadcasting. I served way to go through life, but it’s also not the the HSUS can pull the wool over anyone’s
with ABC as a producer, later joining the government’s place to take that éclair out eyes. I confess that at rst blush, I thought
campaign of New York Sen. Rick Lazio. of anyone’s hands. As the Center for Con- Ohio farmers were getting a good deal. I
You can say that I am a media animal. sumer Freedom’s name implies, it serves even wrote about it. But by the time the
EI: What is the Center for Consumer See what Dr. Simon Shane has to say about the
DM: CCF is an independent 501(c)(3) establishment of the Ohio Livestock Care
organization established about 15 years Standards Board. www.WATTAgNet.com/17046.html
ago. Its goal is to provide information to
consumers about the politics of food. The
hot-button issues include obesity, food toxi- as a counter to the “food fascists” who actual text of Gov. Strickland’s “Buckeye
cology, food technology and the “organic” seem to derive a perverse pleasure from Compromise” was released the next day,
debate, the demonization of individual food imposing their views on the unwilling and the whole thing started to smell like day-
ingredients, and of course the impact of the uninformed. old sh. The other thing we must learn is
the animal rights movement. We believe that the HSUS is playing a much longer
it’s necessary to educate the public about EI: How did HumaneWatch.org come game than farmers are. Livestock produc-
controversial issues, especially when sound into being? ers, like most businessmen and women, are
science is regularly distorted by advocacy DM: After the 2006 election, The Wall busy thinking about the next quarter, the
12 • EggIndustry • August 2010 • www.WATTAgNet.com
next slaughter, the next auction. The HSUS players in the eld? The ads could carry funding, technical and scienti c as-
is looking 20, 30, even 40 years down the the message that “if you attack one of us, sistance, and media opportunities. The
road and guring out how far it can move you’re attacking all of us.” Call it a mutual- forces aligned against farmers are well
Americans’ perceptions and preferences defense pact. Sort of like NATO. nanced, they draw on an immense
by then. This time, not only did Ohio farm- reservoir of pro bono legal assistance,
ers get a raw deal in the short term, but the EI: How can the industry assist the and they have media savvy staff and
HSUS also advanced one step closer to its Center for Consumer Freedom in its ac- volunteers. We get a lot of bang for our
long-term objectives. tivities? buck, but this is still a David vs. Goliath
DM: We’re grateful for as much battle. And we’re the ones holding the
EI: Do you consider that the HSUS may support as we can attract, including slingshot. EI
“go federal” if it’s rebuffed at the state
DM: A federal approach does not seem
likely in this Congress, and if the pollsters
are right, things will be quite dif cult for
the HSUS in the next one. But I think yes,
the next time the HSUS senses a political
majority on its hands, it’s going to parlay
its intermediate state-by-state victories
into a federal bill. Whether that goes over
like a lead balloon, it’s too soon to say. It’s
also worth noting that the HSUS may be
hoping for as many states as possible to
emulate Ohio’s “livestock care standards
board” strategy. With a dozen or so dif-
ferent boards, we’re going to see a dozen
or so different standards. It’s just a matter
of time before the HSUS argues (to the
USDA, for starters) that we need a single
nationwide standard to reconcile all those
differences. If that happens, I don’t think
livestock producers will like the result.
EI: What can producers do to protect
their public image?
DM: Based on recent events the egg in-
dustry should redouble its efforts to ensure
that housing, procedures and actions are
consistent with the highest standards of
welfare and husbandry. There’s no doubt
in my mind that the HSUS was planning
a few “October Surprise” moments for
Ohio this year. In general, when animal
welfare rears its head as a PR issue, ani-
mal ag industries don’t react with enough
vigor. They need to run the bad actors
out of town on a rail, so no one (not even
“Humane Wayne” Pacelle) can claim that
animal abuse is an everyday occurrence on
American farms. And above all, livestock
farmers and ranchers should demonstrate
greater unity in the face of the HSUS and
other antagonists. Wouldn’t it be great if
the next time the HSUS rolled out a heavi-
ly spliced piece of video, we saw full-page
ads in The New York Times the very next
day, signed by 100 of America’s biggest
www.WATTAgNet.com • August 2010 • EggIndustry • 13
Go to www.WATTAgNet.com/17130.html for the rest of the statistics.
down from 2009
The ex farm egg price increases to 42.2 cents per dozen in May.
aro Ibarburu, program manager recorded during the rst six months was 10.3 cents per dozen below the
for the Egg Industry Center lo- of 2009. equivalent value in June 2010.
cated at Iowa State University ✔The June ex farm egg price estimated ✔In evaluating the low margin for June
released the May-June Statistical Re- by the USDA-NASS was 42.2 cents it was noted that feed cost was 33.8
port on July 1. per dozen, compared to 38.6 cents cents per dozen, with pullet depreci-
The current report is summarized for per dozen for May 2010 and a six- ation at 8.5 cents per dozen and other
readers of Egg Industry. month average of 70.0 cents per doz- xed and variable costs of 14.7 cents
✔The U.S. estimated cost of produc- en for 2010 to date. per dozen, applying the standard
tion for June 2010 was 57.0 cents ✔The margin represented by “income cost factors used by the EIC. These
per dozen ex farm, 0.8 cents per minus cost” for June was -14.8 cents values remained virtually unchanged
dozen less than the previous month. per dozen continuing the negative through the rst six months of 2010.
The six-month average production trend from May at -12.5 cents per Contribution per hen, based on June
cost for 2010 attained 58.4 cents per dozen. For the rst six months of gures remained negative at -27.3
dozen, 1.9 cents per dozen (3.2%) 2010 the average margin was 12.2 cents per bird which followed the
less than the 59.7 cents per dozen cents per dozen. The June margin -26.1 cents per bird value in June.
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The cumulative six-month hen con- first six months of 2010. Regional ✔Projections for pullets to be housed
tribution now stands at 137.4 cents spreads ranged from 14.7 cents per in future months based on the five
per bird. dozen in the Midwest to 20.0 cents months-previous hatch and incorpo-
✔The Urner Barry (UB) simple aver- per dozen in the South Central re- rating a 5% mortality factor, include
age price for six U.S. regions, as- gion. a range in the increase in placements
suming 80% large eggs, was 44.3 ✔During June 2010, layer feed aver- from 15.75 million pullets in April
cents per dozen for June compared aged $197.80 per ton, which is 1.4% to 21.44 million pullets in Septem-
to 45.7 cents per dozen in May 2010. lower than the six-month average ber 2010. The 10-month average of
The six-month simple average UB of $200.60 per ton based on six re- 18.2 million pullets per month for
price was 69.3 cents per dozen. gions. During June the price range 2010 is 6.3% greater (1.11 million
✔In reviewing retail prices for table among regions was $173.60 per ton pullets) than the 10-month average
eggs, the Bureau of Labor Statistics in the Midwest rising to $219.40 per of 17.11 million per month for 2009.
and the Department of Commerce ton in California. The differential The 2005 to 2009 monthly average
estimated a May average of 152.3 of $45.80 is equivalent to 7.8 cents was 16.6 million pullets placed each
cents per dozen, 14.3% lower than per dozen applying realistic industry month.
the April 2010 value of 177.9 cents production parameters. ✔The EIC projects an Urner-Barry
per dozen but almost equivalent to ✔For the first five months of 2010, Large Midwest price of 84.8 cents/
the 150.1 cents per dozen recorded commercial-pullet strain eggs in dozen for July with prices in Novem-
in May 2009. The simple average re- incubators have remained almost ber and December attaining approxi-
tail egg price for the first five months constant at 39.29 million compared mately 110.0 cents per dozen. EI
of 2010 was 175.7 cents per dozen. to 2009. Straight run hatch for May
✔The large- to medium-grade white increased by 5.7% over the corre-
egg price spread over six regions was sponding month in 2009. As of May Egg Industry is indebted to Don Bell
17.0 cents in June compared to 10.8 1, egg-type pullet hatch decreased and Maro Ibarburu for the collection
cents per dozen in May with an aver- by 9.3% over April 2010 to 21.537 and presentation of detailed data which
age of 17.5 cents per dozen for the million. form the basis of this summary.
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Brickland Hatchery set to supply the MFA with Shaver White and
ISA Brown strains.
By Simon M. Shane
he Midwest Foods Association, rate entity of Midwest Farms LLC. Cur- take off and complete decontamination
founded in 1975 as a buying coop- rently, the company owns and operates two of the two hatching bays. New facilities
erative, has standardized on the New parent breeder farms but has a number of under construction include an extensive
Shaver white-feathered strain for their contractors in Virginia and Pennsylvania. egg store. Future projects will encompass
sixteen members. According to Bruce Pullet chicks are distributed to all
Lackey, general manager of the MFA, of the MFA members extending Read a geneticist’s perspective on
the decision was made on the basis of an- from Texas in the South to upper
ticipated performance of the strain which New York State in the North with traits for a sustainable future.
was extensively modi ed in 2005. Traits the bulk of deliveries to Midwest www.WATTAgNet.com/6736.html
which are considered to be of importance states. Current output is in the
to the membership include high egg yield region of 12 million pullet chicks
per pullet housed, acceptable shell quality, per year. The 28 Chick Master multistage new biosecurity facilities, workers’ change
ef cient feed conversion and good livabil- setters retro tted with Genesis™ controls rooms and other installations contributing
ity. have a capacity for up to 18 million pullets to hygiene and ef cient operation.
Brickland Hatchery will serve as the per year. Chick handling includes a carousel for
production center for both Shaver White The Virginia breeding operation and sexing and ve Nova-Tech™ modules for
and ISA Brown strain hens. Parent stock hatchery is under the management of Neal beak treatment and subcutaneous vaccina-
will be supplied by Hendrix Genetics in Martin, a VPI graduate and second genera- tion. Separate cabinet vaccinators are avail-
Canada. The unit located in Blackstone, tion manager of the Brickland facility, fol- able to administer coccidiosis vaccines in
Va., has been in operation since the 1940s lowing in the footsteps of his father, C. J. addition to aerosol IB/ND vaccines as re-
originally as Clay’s Hatchery and then Martin. Hatchery manager Luis Soto has quired by members of the MFA.
subsequently under the Brickland name. been involved in incubation since 1985 and Parent farms are serviced by Margaret
The facility was mothballed into 2002 due has been af liated with Brickland since an Coates, a graduate of North Carolina State,
to decreased demand for the strains which expansion completed in 1994. with extensive experience in breeder ock
were then available. In October 2003, the Despite successive additions, the hatch- management. Both pullet and laying diets
MFA purchased the hatchery which was ery has a logical and uninterrupted product fed to parent stock are formulated to ex-
extensively renovated, upgraded and ex- ow with setters and hatchers in two wings clude animal protein and are supplement-
panded. on either side of a central service core. ed with vitamins and micronutrients to op-
The hatchery operates under the corpo- This arrangement allows separate transfer, timize hatchability and chick viability. EI
Chick quality is a primary concern. Batches Interior view of the chick processing room Chick quality and hygiene are important
are examined by Neal Martin, vice president showing feather sexing in progress (back- considerations as product is shipped to
of operations (left) and Luis Soto, hatchery ground) and beak treatment using Nova- the Midwest and Texas. Delivery trucks at
manager (right), at Brickland Hatchery in Tech™ installations (foreground) at Brick- Brickland Hatchery are decontaminated
Blackstone, Va. land Hatchery. between trips.
16 • EggIndustry • August 2010 • www.WATTAgNet.com
Munters Corp. Aerotech Vortex DSM Food Specialties before spray drying. It is a liquid that comes
exhaust fans Maxapal GO4 packaged in a 20 kg plastic drum. Since the
enzyme is derived through fermentative proc-
DSM Food Specialties offers Maxapal GO4. esses, it is kosher and halal certified.
This enzyme is designed to remove sugar from DSM Food Specialties
liquid egg-whites, whole eggs and egg yolks www.dsm-foodspecialties.com
Munters Corp. offers the Aerotech
DBK 2000 Precision Beak Trimming
trim 2 birds at a time
Vortex 14-, 16-, 18- and 24-inch ex- up to 2,000 birds per hour per two man team
haust fans. These fans have variable accurately control cauterization time and temperature
speed and direct drive, plus fiberglass accurately control chick count per cage
housing and a gel-coat exterior. Other ability to remove cage liners at time of beak trimming
features include cast aluminum airfoil ability to seperate chicks with accurate chick count at
propellers with stall-limiting design time of beak trimming
and two plastic shutter styles. operator comfort through air ride seat
From Baer Systems, Inc.
Amos Baer 28802 40th Ave S Lake Park, MN 56554
T 218-937-5357 Fax: 218-937-5170 email@example.com
Tel: 218 93
Try it for Free.
We’ll send you sample Ziggity Max8 drinkers for your
cage system, so you can see improved commercial layer
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know the revolutionary Max8 works! A
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designed exclusively for layers. It has many unique features
that help deliver the water volume layers need without over
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releases which could hurt egg production and diminish the
welfare of your birds. It also helps reduce costly insect and
Max8 drinkers are easy to
retrofit on your existing
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Twin Lock Max8 J-Lock Aktive Max8 easily
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Tel: + 1 574.825.5849 • www.ziggity.com
www.WATTAgNet.com • August 2010 • EggIndustry • 17
Cal-Maine Foods posts Q4 and cialty egg sales increased by 4.3% to Taiwan study implicates
FY 2010 results represent 14.4% of sales compared to free-range eggs
For the 52 weeks ended May 29, Cal- 13.8% in 2009 and generated 21.4% of In a comparative study conducted by
Maine Foods Inc. posted a net income revenue. From the data presented, ge- J.F. Hsu, C. Chen and P.C. Liao in Taiwan,
of $67.8 million compared with $79.5 neric eggs were sold at an average of scientists demonstrated signi cant levels
million, a 14.6% decline compared $1.03/dozen compared to $1.68/dozen of polychlorinated dibenzo-b-dioxins and
with FY 2009. Earnings per share de- for specialty eggs including Eggland’s dibenzofurans (dioxins) in eggs collected
clined 14.9% from $3.34 to $2.85 for Best, Farmhouse and 4-Grain Brands. from free-range ocks. An average level
FY 2010. The company generated a gross mar- of 1.79 ppb was record in the free-range
Net sales attained $910.1 million, gin of 21.4%, compared to the 22% eggs with levels ranging from 1.8 to 5.5
22% less than the $928.8 million margin in 2009.In reviewing the Cal- ppb. In contrast, a level of 0.3 ppb was
achieved in FY 2009. During FY 2010 Maine balance sheet, it is noted that the determined in eggs derived from caged
Cal-Maine Foods sold 805,399 mil- current ratio improved from a ratio of ocks with minimal variation suggesting
lion dozen (777,885 million dozen FY 2.3 to 3.2 denoting a stronger asset base that this level may in fact be a threshold.
2009), of which 79% was derived from relative to current liabilities. Long-term Free-range hens are susceptible to in-
Company ocks compared to 77% debt was reduced by 9.7% to $104.7 gesting toxins in soil. In contrast, caged
in the previous year. Net average unit million and shareholder’s equity in- hens which are housed in environmental-
revenue was $108/dozen compared to creased by 13% to $377 million from ly controlled buildings are protected from
a 5% decline from $1.14 in 2009. Spe- the previous scal year. this contamination. EI
Ad sizes start at one column by one inch and can be any size up to six
column inches. Logos and photographs are acceptable. Add color for
an additional $30 per color per insertion. The rate for EGG INDUSTRY is
$130 per inch per insertion (1-time rate), $120 per inch per insertion (6-
time rate), and $110 per inch per insertion (12-time rate). The production
charge is included except for ads with excessive make-up demands.
For more information on how to place your ad, contact:
Used Diamond Equipment
Tel: 815-966-5591 Graders, loaders, packers, etc.
Fax: 815-968-0941 Buy — Sell — Nationwide Custom reprint products
E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Former Diamond Regional Sales Manager
of articles and features
New replacement parts are also available.
Contact Matt Poole: 804-387-6602 from Egg Industry create
email@example.com powerful marketing tools
that serve as instantly
WANTED: Check out our new website at:
www.internationaleggmarketers.com credible endorsements.
Poultry Farm Manager for a CO2 MAK cart. For additional information, please contact
Midwest million bird pullet Approved by UEP Foster Printing Service, the ofﬁcial reprint
and layer operation. Duties for disposal of provider for Egg Industry.
include farm performance, spent fowl.
supervising farm employees, or firstname.lastname@example.org
record keeping and compliance
with government and industry
regulations and standards. FPM Inc.
Please submit application to Poultry carts & trailers
18 • EggIndustry • August 2010 • www.WATTAgNet.com