www.WATTAgNet.com NOVEMBER 2009 volume 114 number 11

                                    ROVIMIX® Hy-D® MAKES HENS STRONGER
Integrated pest management
  – effective fly control
  With the development of resistance to many forms of control, alterna...
largely dependent on appropriate manage-                  IPM Laboratories - Ophyra (Hy-         control programs. Additio...
l Integrated pest management – effective fly control l         pit. This should not affect beneficial in-    ard procedure...
                                               from farm to fork.

          If you could have one word to descr...
Twenty years of
                                              SE control in Maine
houses, environmental SE may eventu-                          Vaccination                               history of SE were...
Legal activities by states
     after California Proposition 2
     Ballot initiatives can be introduced in 24 states.

Bill 1437 based their Bill on the alleged    abuses at the largest egg production

Summer-month price decrease
    offsets earlier revenues
    Egg production costs drop 9% due to lower ingredient prices.
Promoting quality, an
interactive exercise
                                    November Exercise
Watering system regulator                             labor and preventing leakage.                           ...
It’s time to get off the fence, and get on the perch!
Introducing the new AVECH Enriched Colony
Housing System from Big Du...
Eggindustry200911 Dl
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  1. 1. www.WATTAgNet.com NOVEMBER 2009 volume 114 number 11 Introducing our new Web site: See page 12 for more details! p4 Inside Integrated pest 3 Editorial by Dr. Simon M. Shane management – effective fly control 4 Integrated pest management – effective fly control With the development of resistance 8 Twenty years of SE control to many forms of control, alternate in Maine methods must be developed. 10 Legal activities by states after California Proposition 2 ©Smithore@BigStock.com 12 Summer-month price decrease offsets earlier revenues U.S. Average number of layers during the month 13 Promoting quality, an Million layers interactive exercise 350 345 13 News 340 14 Products 335 330 2008 2009 325 Dec1/ Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov 1/Previous year According to USDA NASS statistics, all layers in the U.S. on September 1 totaled 333 mil- lion, down 1% from last year. The 333 million layers consisted of 277 million layers produc- ing table or market type eggs, 52.7 million layers producing broiler-type hatching eggs, Legal activities by and 2.95 million layers producing egg-type hatching eggs. states after California Proposition 2 p10
  2. 2. NO MATTER THE AGE ROVIMIX® Hy-D® MAKES HENS STRONGER Whether a pullet or a mature hen, production. In young pullets, stronger peak lay performance requires a well bones are necessary for optimal lay developed skeletal frame built with only persistence which can translate into the strongest bones. Research more eggs. As the hen ages, indicates that bones with the best ROVIMIX ® HY-D® will help promote strength come from diets supplemented better egg shell quality. with ROVIMIX ® HY-D®. To learn about how ROVIMIX ® HY-D® Science suggests that ROVIMIX HY-D ® ® can strengthen your flock, call your provides birds with all the DSM Nutritional Products Account 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 they need to Manager or visit our website at develop and maintain bones that www.unlimitednutrition-na.dsm.com. can withstand the stresses of egg www.unlimitednutrition-na.dsm.com HD09C
  3. 3. EDITORIAL BY DR. SIMON M. SHANE EggIndustry Requesting your Published monthly by WATT response … 303 N. Main St., Ste. 500 Rockford, Illinois 61101-1018 USA www.WATTAgNet.com T Tel: +1.815.966.5574 his month the industry moves in to hoped that reason will prevail in Ohio Fax: +1.815.968.0941 a period of relatively acceptable re- and that legislative initiatives passed by turns, compensating for the down other states to establish Boards to regu- CONTENT DIRECTOR — POULTRY months earlier this year. This reality to- late livestock welfare will restrain the Gary Thornton: gthornton@wattnet.net gether with the moderate price of corn intentions of activist groups intent on PUBLISHER Steve Akins: sakins@wattnet.net and an improving economy bodes well imposing a vegan agenda on the U.S. EDITOR for the remain- population in the guise of promoting Simon M Shane: sshane@nc.rr.com der of 2009. “welfare.” SENIOR CONTENT EDITOR This edition Our colleagues in the turkey indus- Sue Roberts: sroberts@wattnet.net carries the in- try will hopefully enjoy a successful MANAGING ART DIRECTOR teractive ques- Thanksgiving and Christmas season. Tess Stukenberg: tstukenberg@wattnet.net tion which was Family get-togethers and seasonal PRODUCTION MANAGER Bill Spranger: bspranger@wattnet.net held over from events will stimulate egg consumption TO ADVERTISE: US/CANADA September due for baking and hors d’oeuvres. Pam Ballard: pballard@wattnet.net to limitations of As we move on to winter we should Sue Snyder: ssnyder@wattnet.net Ginny Stadel: gstadel@wattnet.net space. It is hoped be more vigilant to prevent introduction that you will re- of diseases which have greater impact TO ADVERTISE: SOUTHEAST ASIA Dingding Li: dingdingli@vip.163.com spond with your in colder weather. Attention to biosecu- Simon M. Shane TO ADVERTISE: INTERNATIONAL suggestions and rity, vaccination and ventilation will be Michael van den Dries: driesmvd@xs4all.nl ideas. Next bene cial. Bram Westers: bwesters@xs4all.nl Frans Willem van Beeman: beemenfw@xs4all.nl month Egg Industry will carry a sum- Egg Industry encourages your feed- Tineke van Spanje: spanje@xs4all.nl mary of responses and an additional back and suggestions relating to articles SUBSCRIPTIONS: question. and comments especially over ongoing Subscription print edition prices: USA $84.00/ The welfare situation in Michigan issues. yr, Canada $102.00/yr, Outside USA & Canada via Airmail $144.00/yr; $14/copy unless marked. has played itself to a conclusion unfa- Digital edition sent by e-mail: $36.00/yr. Prices in vorable to producers in that state. It is sshane@nc.rr.com US Dollars. Business or occupation information must accompany each subscription order. NEW DATE: MARCH 25 CHANGE OF ADDRESS: Please report change of address to EGG Online virtual poultry forum INDUSTRY, WATT, 303 N Main St Ste 500, Rockford, Illinois 61101-1018 USA, rescheduled Fax: (815) 968-0513, E-mail: jwessel@wattnet.net. Give BOTH old and new address. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. The agribusiness industry’s second educational virtual forum, WATT Poultry Nutri- Reproduction in whole or part without written tion and Health Forum, has been rescheduled to Thursday, March 25, permission is strictly prohibited. EGG INDUSTRY and its logo are registered trademarks of Watt Publishing 2010. Event hours remain the same: 03.00 hrs.-18.00 hrs. CST (-6 Co. For article reprints and reprint quotes contact GMT). The event was originally scheduled for November 12, 2009. FosteReprints at 866-879-9144; www.fostereprints. The educational event offers ve Web seminars with live Q&A com. sessions, on-demand content, virtual sponsor booths and networking — all the components of a live tradeshow, and more — in a format that is held 100% on the Internet. During the virtual event, attendees can attend ve educational presentations, includ- ing “The Welfare Trap: Gut Health, Leg Problems and More” moderated by Dr. Peter Ferket, with Dr. Richard Ducatelle and Dr. Ken Powell. For more information go to www.wattevents.com. www.WATTAgNet.com • November 2009 • EggIndustry • 3
  4. 4. Integrated pest management – effective fly control With the development of resistance to many forms of control, alternate methods must be developed. Simon M. Shane F lies continue to be a nuisance in ies will breed without natural egg production operations, espe- control through predation. High fly populations may con- cially in large in-line high-rise com- Many high-rise houses have tribute to tape-worm infesta- plexes. This production system allows inadequate ventilation capac- tion of flocks and may dis- the propagation of ies especially when ity especially when exhaust seminate viral and bacterial complicated by de ciencies in the design fans are throttled back during infections. of housing, management of ventilation or cold weather. Manure serves removal of manure. as a “water-sink” retaining Flies are adapted to reproduce at a moisture from respiration, prodigious rate. Each female y can lay defecation and urination by up to 500 eggs over a 15 to 25 day life the ock, water from leaking cycle. Given wet manure, warm tempera- nipples, seepage from the ex- tures and humid conditions prevailing terior and condensation from in spring and early summer, y breed- inadequately insulated roof ing may result in population explosions structures. which overwhelm conventional control In an attempt to reduce cap- measures including application of insec- ital and operating costs many ticides and feed-through larvacides. operations have inadequate pit With the development of resistance to ventilation from turbulence fans which ✔Composting manure rows under the synthetic pyrethroids and organophos- are necessary to dry the crust especially cages. phates and also larvacides such as cyro- at the apex of manure rows. ✔Periodic removal of manure from hous- A program of complete re- es on a rotational basis with composting to moval of manure from all houses produce a value-added product or disposal Go to www.AnimalAgNet.com to share on a complex will promote y by spreading in a remote location. your successes and pose questions to breeding especially if followed ✔Removal of manure from houses by placement of young ock during winter which is possible using a other industry professionals. since pullets normally excrete composting installation. wet droppings through to peak ✔Alleviating water leaks and seepage mazine, alternative methods of control production. Under prolonged high tem- of water in to the pits due to defective are necessary. During the past few years perature water intake may rise above 5.5 drainage. many producers are reevaluating integrat- gallons per 100 hens per day which re- Many of the problems experienced in ed pest management coupled with Bio- sults in both wet droppings and increased high-rise houses are obviated with on-belt logically Integrated Insect Management respiratory release of water. drying installations coupled with weekly to control ies. removal of manure from houses for com- Integrated pest management posting or disposal. Problems contributing to An integrated pest management pro- fly control gram involves effective management of Biological integrated insect Typical A-frame cages over deep pits the water content of manure by effective management allow y breeding on de ector panels ventilation, the use of bene cial insects A range of bene cial insects are available and crossbeams in addition to the rows of and the judicious application of insecti- commercially which attack the premature manure. cides. stages of the lifecycle of ies. Generally Annual clean out of pits during spring Management procedures to reduce y all these bene cials with the exception of months results in removal of bene cial breeding in high-rise houses include: Ophyra prorogate and function in manure insects which serve to suppress breeding ✔Maintaining effective ventilation rates with a moisture content below 50%. of ies. In the absence of “bene cials,” and operation of turbulence fans in pits. Accordingly, control using bene cials is 4• EggIndustry • November 2009 • www.WATTAgNet.com
  5. 5. largely dependent on appropriate manage- IPM Laboratories - Ophyra (Hy- control programs. Additional informa- ment of the water content of manure. Most drotaea aenescens); Parasitoid wasps tion is available on the company web- of the bene cials have slower reproduction (Spalangia cameroni/S. Nigroema. Mu- site www.kuna n.com cycles than ies. When introducing a new cidifurax raptor and M. raptorellus); population of predators there is a lag pe- and Hister Beetles (Carcinops pumilio) Fungal-based products riod during which y breeding advances at IPM Laboratories also markets Hister JABB of the Carolinas have devel- a rapid rate overwhelming the capacity of House traps to gather Carcinops beetles oped an entomopathogenic fungus bene cials. prior to clean out so that they can be (Beauveria bassiana) which kills both Frequently individual programs must be used to repopulate the manure base re- adult ies and larva. Marketed as ba- developed for speci c farms to take into ac- maining in the house after the bulk of lEnce biopesticide by Terregena, the count the design of housing and equipment, manure has been removed. For further compound can be sprayed on defector placement of ocks, management systems, information refer to the company Web panels and manure rows. Both larva manure removal programs and resistance to site www.ipmlabs.com and emerging adults are infected with insecticides. Kuna n Insectary - This company the fungus which results in death within It is axiomatic that organophosphate supplies parasitoid wasps to prorogate days. It targets only adult ies and lar- insecticides will destroy bene cials al- a bene cial population in manure re- vae and does not affect bene cial bee- though the use of cyromazine, if effec- tive, can be used with bene cials with the ➤ Flies can be controlled by efficient, exception of Ophyra. Each supplier of bene cial insects can diligent and continual application of tailor a program involving their species of insect with respect to frequency of appli- integrated pest management systems. cation and numbers of adults or immature maining in houses after clean-up. Ku- tles or parasitoid wasps. baLence is also stages supplied. na n also supplies pheromone baits and available as a solid bait to be placed The following companies supply ben- traps. The company offers extensive in suspended stations. Terregena also e cials: technical support to develop speci c supplies parasitoid wasps and Hister Try it for Free. We’ll send you sample Ziggity Max8 drinkers for your cage system, so you can see improved commercial layer performance and drier pits for yourself! We’re making this bold offer because we know the revolutionary Max8 works! A completely new drinker, the Max8 was designed exclusively for layers. It has many unique features that help deliver the water volume layers need without over supply. This results in drier pits, preventing harmful ammonia releases which could hurt egg production and diminish the welfare of your birds. It also helps reduce costly insect and rodent problems. Max8 drinkers are easy to retrofit on your existing cage system. Contact your Ziggity distributor to arrange for your free Max8 drinker samples. Twin Lock Max8 J-Lock Aktive Max8 easily for Ziggity systems. upgrades most brands of watering systems. Tel: + 1 574.825.5849 • www.ziggity.com www.WATTAgNet.com • November 2009 • EggIndustry • 5
  6. 6. l Integrated pest management – effective fly control l pit. This should not affect beneficial in- ard procedure. sects and will destroy adults, reducing the An operator walks the same aisles or beetles. For further information access rate of reproduction. Organophosphates periphery of the house, recording the jim@jskinner.com should be used sparingly and only if fly number of flies adhering to the strip. Fly populations undergo rapid increase. This speck cards can be used although results An array of insecticides is generally evidenced by the number of are extremely inconsistent. Organophosphate insecticides with re- flies on the walls and ceilings. Fly popu- Fly baits can be placed in suspended sidual activity can be sprayed on walls lations can be monitored quantitatively containers or coated onto cards placed and passageways above the level of the using a sticky fly strip applying a stand- on the walls and support beams in the pit area above manure piles. Synthetic pyrethroids can be used to suppress adult flies. Generally these products have limited residual action and require frequent application but should be carried out on walls in the work areas and ceilings avoiding drift into the pits. When using any insecticide, statu- tory label instructions should be strictly followed and care should be taken not to contaminate eggs or too expose un- protected workers. Resistance of flies to insecticides should be constantly moni- tored. Using compounds to which flies are resistant is ineffective and costly. The bottom line Conventional insecticide-only pro- grams which frequently are of lim- ited effectiveness may cost as much as $50,000 annually for a 1-million bird complex. Integrated pest control programs have a relatively high initial cost of up to $15,000 to $20,000 but thereafter with effective ventilation and manure management costs are mini- mal. Most fly problems are effectively Patented for improving self-inflicted due to improper manage- egg shell quality ment of manure and ventilation. On-belt manure drying installations are generally not affected by flies due to drying by effective ventilation and frequent removal to a composter. Flies are unable to complete their lifecycle in dry manure especially when present for less than five days. Control of flies improves the quality of the environment for the flocks and workers and alleviates complaints from CALSPORIN®, a world-leading direct-fed microbial, has been issued a U.S. patent for improving egg shell quality. neighbors resulting inevitably in the in- And there’s only one place in the U.S. where you can get this volvement of regulatory agencies. High patented technology: fly populations may contribute to tape- QTI – committed to improving animal health worm infestation of flocks and may dis- and improving egg shell quality. seminate viral and bacterial infections Give us a call today to find out more. including pathogenic E. coli. Flies can ©2009 QTI, Inc Contact Steve Johnson at 847-649-9300 or email calsporininfo@qtitech.com ANIMAL HEALTH & NUTRITION be controlled by efficient, diligent and www.qtitech.com continual application of integrated pest management systems. EI 6• EggIndustry • November 2009 • www.WATTAgNet.com
  7. 7. confidence from farm to fork. If you could have one word to describe what you felt about your Salmonella nella protection program, wouldn’t you want that word to be confidence? With AviPro® th Megan®Egg and Megan®Vac 1, confidence in these leading vaccines’ proven protection is exactly roven what you will have. AviPro® Megan®Egg and AviPro® Megan®Vac 1 have USDA-approved data supporting protection of young poultry and hens through one lay cycle from wild-type salmonellae infection in all target tissues and eggs. Moreover, one dose of AviPro® Megan®Egg prior to molt produces very effective protection through and beyond the molt. At LAH, our mission is to provide the critical tools you need for the safest and most effective Salmonella control program – and always readily available in the quantities you need. Have confidence in the global leader in Salmonella control and prevention. AviPro from LAH. Your Avian Professionals. LOHMANN ANIMAL HEALTH 207.873.3989 800.655.1342 375 China Road Winslow, ME 04901 www.lahinternational.com The Avian Professionals
  8. 8. Twenty years of SE control in Maine Research proves that effective Salmonella enteritidis prevention requires sanitation, rodent control plus vaccination. Michael Opitz, DVM and Anne Lichtenwalner, DVM Ph.D., University of Maine, Orono, ME I n late 1987 the Centers for Disease veloped. The use of inactivated emul- wet cleaned, disinfected and tested Control (CDC) reported a sharp sion SE vaccine was initiated during before re-stocking with replacements. increase in Salmonella enteritidis this phase. This method worked well for SE-con- (SE) infections in consumers of shell During the second phase, these steps taminated multiplier breeder, pullet eggs in the Northeast States. At the were supplemented by rodent surveil- and free-standing layer houses. In the time, little was known about the epide- lance to routinely evaluate control and last 15 years of the Maine program, miology of SE in either laying ocks or serology to verify effective vaccina- using standard NPIP monitoring pro- through the distribution chain for eggs. tion. In the third phase of development cedures, SE was not detected in these Except for rare sporadic cases, SE had of the Maine program, wet cleaning types of houses. not previously caused apparent disease and disinfection was replaced by dry in laying ocks or emerged as a public cleaning of contaminated buildings ➤ Proper environmental health problem. In April 1989 Maine began the rst and in selected ocks, egg testing for SE was conducted. management and cooperative Industry-State-University Five documented outcomes routine sanitary SE program of surveillance and sup- pression of SE. This program contin- of the program: operating practices ues today. 1 Infected parent ocks can prevent bacterial The goal of this program has been to work proactively to reduce the risk of Two Maine parent ocks and two NPIP-certi ed hatcheries in oth- “blooms” of SE. SE infection in laying hens and eggs er states were found to be the source In contrast, post-cleaning and dis- by identifying, prioritizing and elimi- of SE prior to 1995. These Maine infection (C&D) of larger, automated, nating sources of SE. parent ocks, their fertile eggs and multiple in-line house layer complexes The program evolved over time, con- potentially infected chicks were failed to completely eliminate SE. The sisting originally of an SE prevalence eliminated within two weeks of con- failure of wet C&D was considered to rming SE infection. be due to inadequate drying of surfac- Following the initial incidents, es after each stage, allowing bacterial To read about how vaccination no SE has been detected in overgrowth to occur. reduces the risk of SE visit parent ocks or imported In 2000 it was decided to require pullet chicks in the Maine only dry-cleaning of SE-contaminated www.WATTAgNet.com/8438.html program for 15 years. At no houses after depopulation. The adequa- time have parent ocks been cy of cleaning was visually veri ed by vaccinated against SE. a state inspector. In addition, increased study of grandparent and parent farms, Over the life of the Maine program, criteria for effective decontamination hatcheries, commercial pullet and pro- the level of Salmonella spp. of any se- were applied, mandating the absence duction ocks, feed mills, rendering rotype in fecal samples from day-old of SE at the end of the laying cycle plants and rodents. parent chicks declined from 19% to of at least two successive ocks in all 6%, while the overall detection of Sal- houses on a given complex. Three phases of study monella spp. in parent ocks increased No cleaning method can guarantee During this time techniques for en- from 29% to 79%. total elimination of SE from all surfaces vironmental and direct bird testing Environmental contamination but proper environmental management were validated and procedures for re- 2 During the rst phase of the and routine sanitary operating prac- modeling and effective cleaning and Maine program, all SE con- tices can prevent bacterial “blooms” disinfection between ocks were de- taminated houses were depopulated, of SE. In properly maintained poultry 8• EggIndustry • November 2009 • www.WATTAgNet.com
  9. 9. houses, environmental SE may eventu- Vaccination history of SE were tested when ocks ally be out-competed by less harmful 4 Although vaccination with- were 45 weeks old and at the end of indigenous bacteria. out adequate sanitation and production. More houses tested posi- Rodent control rodent control is unlikely to achieve tive at the end then at 45 weeks; how- 3 Rodent control was critical adequate risk reduction, vaccination ever, none of the 38,000 eggs assayed to eliminate SE from contami- of replacement ocks was considered from these houses yielded SE. EI nated houses, regardless of the clean- to be critical to SE control from the Dr. Michael Opitz graduated as a ing method used. Rodents act as res- beginning of the SE program. At the veterinarian in 1964 from the Free ervoirs and multipliers of SE, and they inception of the program, inactivated University, Berlin, Germany. He ob- can quickly re-contaminate recently SE emulsion vaccines were used in tained a diploma in Tropical Veteri- sanitized houses. Decontamination of replacement ocks to be housed in narian Medicine and spent ten years clusters of multiple SE contaminated buildings with a history of SE. Sero- as a diagnostician and extension vet- houses was only achieved following logical testing at 4 to 8 weeks post erinarian in Sierra Leone and Malay- effective rodent control within and vaccination was used to con rm that sia. He served as the extension and re- between all houses. This goal often proper vaccination techniques had search veterinarian at the University required repairing and sealing houses. been followed. of Maine during the period 1979 to Rodent control is challenging to im- Monitoring 2004 and has since held an appoint- possible when buildings have cracks in 5 Environmental monitoring ment as a Professor Emeritus follow- foundation walls and concrete slabs or of hatcheries, breeder, pul- ing retirement. have other entry points. let and layer houses was implemented Dr. Anne Lichtenwalner obtained When the effectiveness of rodent routinely throughout the 20-year peri- a DVM from Oregon State Universi- control was continuously monitored, od following accepted standard proce- ty in 1989 followed by a Ph.D. from it allowed higher awareness of the po- dures. Layer houses were tested at the the University of Idaho in 1995. She tential for recontamination. Due to the end of each layer cycle to determine serves as the assistant professor of ex- high reproductive rate of rodents, ef- the SE status of the house and the need tension in the Animal and Veterinary forts must be continuous in all build- for decontamination. Science Department at the University ings to achieve effective suppression. In a pilot study, 20 houses with a of Maine. www.wattpoultry.com Register Now! Space is Limited! Santoquin: Protecting Performance, Profit and Your Feed Investment for 50 Years By protecting feed and feed ingredients from oxidation, SANTOQUIN has helped feed mills and nutritionists establish peace-of-mind, economic impact and sustainable practice for 50 years. Listen to a dynamic team of industry professionals discuss the past, present and future of the feed preservative, SANTOQUIN. This online seminar discussed: o The research benefits discovered over the last 50 years of SANTOQUIN use by producers, renderers, fat blenders and feed mills o Use in modern nutrition as a tool to achieve performance, optimize nutrition and maximize ROI. o And finally, how the lessons learned will point us in the direction of new applications in animal nutrition and technologies which can increase animal productivity and producer’s bottom line. Register today for this FREE online seminar archive. This webinar was presented by Feed Management and Feed International and originally broadcast on September 15, 2009. To register, please visit: http://www.wattagnet.com/Webinars.aspx Webinar Sponsor FeedInternational Leader in Technology, Nutrition and Marketing FeedManagement Technology, Nutrition and Marketing www.WATTAgNet.com • November 2009 • EggIndustry • 9
  10. 10. Legal activities by states after California Proposition 2 Ballot initiatives can be introduced in 24 states. F ollowing passage of the 2008 Cali- Proposition 2-style voter initiative, le- Georgia - Georgia will amend their fornia Proposition 2 in November, gal proceedings which oppose HSUS General Code to prevent local authori- both the HSUS and State Poultry intentions and negotiations which may ties regulating production of agricul- Associations have intensi ed their ef- be regarded as temporizing without a tural and farm products and to repeal forts to advance their respective caus- clear resolution. con icting laws and ordinances by es. At the beginning of 2009, HSUS subordinate bodies. signaled that it intended to repeat their Preemptive Legislation Oklahoma - The Oklahoma House success in Ohio, the nation’s fourth Ohio - The Ohio legislature will sub- of Representatives passed HB2151 largest egg producer. mit a constitutional amendment to voters which establishes a Department of Ag- The United Egg Producers prepared in November 2009 which will create the riculture division to supervise animal production and welfare in the state and Michigan enacts anti-cage legislation preventing any municipality county or political entity enacting any regulation more restrictive or contrary to rules es- On September 16 the Michigan Legislature passed a bill to amend 1998 PA466, the “Animal tablished by the Oklahoma Department Industry Act” by adding a new Section 46. The basic provisions are similar to California Proposition 2 adopted in November 2008. Originally Michigan was to follow the example of Ohio in establishing of Agriculture Food and Forestry. a panel of experts and interested parties to establish standards of confinement for livestock. The South Carolina - The General As- sudden reversal will effectively phase out cages in ten years based on a reading of HB-5127. sembly of the state has passed a bill to The act defines egg laying hens and “fully amend the 1976 code relating to live- extending its limbs” as fully spreading both stock and poultry, specifying that the wings without touching the side of an enclosure General Assembly is the only compe- or other egg-laying hens and having access to tent body to establish regulations re- at least 1.0 square feet of useful floor space lating to welfare and management of per hen. In addition “turning around freely” livestock and poultry. means turning in a complete circle without any Arizona - The state has speci ed that impediment and without touching the side of an shell eggs sold in Arizona must com- enclosure or another animal. ply with the certi ed program adminis- The influence of HSUS was evident in nego- tered by United Egg Producers. tiations which lead to a rejection of House Bill 5127 and adoption of the substitute legislation. Illinois - The Illinois Senate Agricul- Apparently the threat of a ballot initiative resulted in the change in direction. It is apparent that all ture Committee which has established states with ballot initiatives in their constitutions are vulnerable to pressure by HSUS to abandon an Animal Welfare Subcommittee re- cage production. This will inevitably result in profound changes in the relative expansion rate in our jected a bill instigated by legislators egg-producing states during the upcoming decade. supporting HSUS initiatives to impose Such changes have occurred previously in the U.S. with demise in production in New Jersey and non-con nement regulations similar to marked reduction of output from New York and the New England states in favor of the Midwest and the vague wording of California Propo- Southeast. Shifts during the mid-20th century were occasioned by socio-economic factors. In the sition 2. current situation the motivating factor relates to alleged “welfare” concerns and the effect of politi- cal lobbying and manipulation of the media. Conflicts and uncertainty persist in California Assembly Bill 1437, introduced in a summary of legal action by various Ohio Livestock Care Standards Board February, intended to prohibit sale of states to update producers. The princi- comprising 13 members. This body will shell eggs in California introduced pal developments can be divided into have the sole authority to establish stand- from some other state not producing three categories comprising preemp- ards relating to the husbandry and welfare in conformity with the requirements of tive legislation to avert a California of livestock and poultry. Proposition 2. Proponents of Assembly 10 • EggIndustry • November 2009 • www.WATTAgNet.com
  11. 11. Bill 1437 based their Bill on the alleged abuses at the largest egg production Egg Case deleterious effect of con nement stress complex in the state immediately prior which they maintained represented to a hearing by the Agricultural Com- a public health hazard. The Bill was mittee on April 4. withdrawn because neither the HSUS nor the Association of California Egg Colorado-Senate Bill 2001 will ban veal and sow gestation crates by 2012 Packer Farmers could agree on the intent or and 2018 respectively. As with Maine, wording of the compromise legislation. the legislation did not include egg pro- duction and no ballot is scheduled on Future activities this issue. Two states have enacted legislation Ballot initiatives can be introduced which can be regarded as a partial vic- in 24 states with Ohio, Minnesota, tory for HSUS with respect to veal and Maine, Nebraska, Washington, Oregon pork production but for the present and New York considered the most vul- will not affect con nement housing of nerable to HSUS intervention. To date poultry: HSUS activities have been blocked in The Maine Legislature voted to ban Colorado, Connecticut, New Hamp- Durability con ned housing for gestating sows shire, Vermont, Arizona, Delaware, and veal crates becoming effective at Illinois, Maine, and Massachusetts. Reliability the beginning of 2011. Caged laying The HSUS in response has established Innovation hens were excluded from the legisla- a litigation department which will be tion. It is noted that an animal activ- proactive and will work for federal ist group published a report on alleged anti-con nement legislation. EI Massman’s simplicity of design means virtually no changeover, as the specially- designed load heads handle trays or cartons without change parts. Simplicity of operation contributes to ease of main- tenance through accessible placement of the few essential serviceable components. Features: • Packs 20- and 30-count trays, 12- and 18-pack cartons of eggs! • Two independent packaging lanes. Put your foot down. • Servo drives on the loaders are fast, accurate and quiet. SHAVER 2.0 Frustrated with the lack of choice of commercial layers? Disappointed • Capable of 25,000 eggs per in unwanted genetic changes to your current layer? Put your foot down hour, per lane. and order your first flock of NEW SHAVERNEW SHAVER Once you experience layers! HE TH R For innovative solutions to your the results of our superior genetics, you can kick your feet up and relax. packaging needs call Massman Automation Designs, LLC; designers THE NEW SHAVER and manufacturers of precision automated packaging machinery. THE NEW SHAVER www.newshaver.com The Brickland Hatchery - Peter Mumm NEW 935-6713 THE (937) SHAVER LOW MORTALITY SUPERIOR INTERIOR AND EXTERIOR QUALITY HIGH SOLIDS MORE EGGS PER HENS HOUSED tel: 320-554-3611 Fax: 320-554-2650 SHAVER 2.0 MassmanLLC.com sales@massmanllc.com
  12. 12. Summer-month price decrease offsets earlier revenues Egg production costs drop 9% due to lower ingredient prices. T he nine-month average UB Midwest Large price is 101 Other current egg industry statistics: cents/dozen a 32% decrease over the nine-month aver- ✔155 million pullet chicks have been hatched to date rep- age of 2008. The months of May through September resenting a 2.6% decline over 2008. were below 100 cents/dozen, offsetting the higher revenues ✔The 24-month previous hatch through August 2009 through the rst four months of 2009. amounted to 459 million pullets, representing an increase of Nine-month average production cost 8.3 million pullets over the 24 month cumulative hatch for was 59 cents/dozen ranging from a high August 2008. It is noted that this parameter is correlated to of 63.7 cents/dozen in June to the low the Urner-Barry Midwest egg price. of 57.0 cents/dozen in September. The ✔The average monthly transfer of pullets to layer houses approximately 9% reduction in produc- is projected to attain 16.4 million for 2009 representing a tion cost over the 68 cents recorded in 1.7% increase over the corresponding value for 2008. 2008 is attributed to lower ingredient ✔As of August 2009 the producing ock represented cost. Production costs peaked in June 276.6 million hens. The average to date is 280.3 million hens and July of 2008 at 73 cents/dozen. relatively unchanged for the rst eight months of 2008. Don Bell ✔Total egg production through the rst months of 2009 amounted to 51.343 billion eggs, a 0.9% increase over the rst eight months of 2008. Pullet transfers, hen numbers and egg production suggest restraint in expansion consistent with UB egg prices prevailing in 2009. ✔An average of 24.4% of the national ock has been mol- ted, relatively unchanged from 2008 but an approximately ANIMAL INVENTORY MANAGEMENT (AIM) SYSTEM 12% reduction from 2007 resulting in a decrease weighted average ock age. ■ Available Modules: ✔44 million hens have been depleted through August • Pullet applications 2008, representing a 9% decrease over 2008 but a 13% • Breeder applications reduction from the corresponding eight-month period in • Grow Out/Production applications 2007. • Feed Scheduling applications ✔44.4 million cases of eggs were consigned to breakers or ■ Interface with feed mill software. Specific applications built-in for processed in in-line units during the rst 8 months of 2009, a ■ Track all your production statistics Broilers, Turkey, Commercial Egg, 2.2% reduction over January – August. Approximately 31% and expenses. and Swine Industries! of total U.S. domestic consumption is further-processed. EI Statistics reported by Don Bell, Poultry Specialist Emeri- ■ Real time graphing for all user definable management measurements. tus, University of California, Riverside in University of ■ Detailed and consolidated reporting from multiple California Poultry Memo, Number 82. E-mail Don at Don. sites and groups for settlement, analysis and planning purposes. Bell@ucr.edu Born from the union of two industry leaders, AgriSoft|CMC has been servicing the agriculture food industry for over 35 years! Our product line also includes AgriSoft ERP – Enterprise Resource Planning and CMC – Chilson’s legendary software. In addition, we WATTAgNet: News feeds from around the provide business process consulting , accounting services, network support, custom application development and superior training – all with the same exceptional customer world. The latest animal agribusiness, service which CMC and Agri Stats customers have long come to expect. poultry, nutrition and pig news. www.agrisoftcmc.com Please visit www.WATTAgNet.com (909) 980-5338 us at IPE, booth #1739 9645 Arrow Route, Suite L, Rancho Cucamonga, CA 91730 12 • EggIndustry • November 2009 • www.WATTAgNet.com
  13. 13. Promoting quality, an interactive exercise November Exercise Situation: Consumers complain of fecal deposits on the shells of eggs processed by E a 20-year-old in-line cage gg Industry will com- operation. mence running a series of actual situations en- The questions are: countered in production 1.What are the possible each month. causes of this observation? Appropriate responses 2.What investigations will be reviewed and repro- would you perform to duced in the next edition. It evaluate the cause[s]? is hoped that this will stim- 3.Select the most probable ulate thought and improve cause and suggest an ap- quality across our industry. propriate solution? EI Readers are encouraged to share their comments and solutions with the editor at sshane@rr.nc.com INDUSTRYNEWS Egg exports total 2.6% of US output Statistics issued by the USDA Economic Research Service and the Foreign Agricultural Service, report that cumulative exports for the rst eight months of 2009 amounted to 77.2 million dozen shell eggs. This represents a 7% increase over the corresponding period in 2008. On an annualized basis, shell egg exports in 2009 would amount to 115 million dozen, representing the output of 5 million hens or 1.8% of the national ock. Among the signi cant import- ers, Canada declined by 8% to 21.5 million dozen, compensated by Let them be active a 16% increase in exports of 16.2 million dozen to Hong Kong. Ex- ports to unspeci ed countries including the Caribbean, increased let them be productive by 4% to 25.4 million dozen. According to USAPEEC an average of 74 cents/dozen was obtained for shell eggs. Exports of egg products expressed as shell-egg equivalents at- Innovation, Performance & Results in: tained 67.0 million dozen for the rst eight months of 2009 which Layer systems was virtually unchanged from the value in 2008. Japan reduced imports by 38% to 14.0 million dozen shell-equivalents but this was compensated by 273% increase in exports to Canada (5.3 million shell-equivalents) and a 50% increase to Germany. China showed a signi cant drop from 3.8 million dozen shell-equivalents to 283,000 dozen. This virtually identical reduction in volume oc- curred previously between 2005 and the precipitous drop in 2006. Total exports of shell eggs and products expressed as shell-equiv- alents represents the output of 7 million hens or 2.6% of the national ock and constitutes an important market stabilizing factor. EI For dealers and more info: www.jpe.org or info@jpe.org www.WATTAgNet.com • November 2009 • EggIndustry • 13
  14. 14. PRODUCTNEWS Watering system regulator labor and preventing leakage. slatted- oor housing. The belt can be rewound Ziggity Systems’ Pressure Pro Regulator Ziggity Systems Inc., www.ziggity.com/pressurepro on an electrically driven drum to allow clean- can be tted to existing Ziggity oor water- ing of the house oor beneath the belt. Contin- ing systems compatible with Ace, Big Ace uous plastic manure belts must be completely Slatted-floor manure belt and Big Z installations. This system offers removed if the under-surface is to be cleaned the advantage of simultaneously adjusting Jansen Poultry Equipment of Holland has following depopulation of a ock. all regulators in the house thereby reducing introduced a manure belt system designed for Jansen Poultry Equipment, www.jpe.org MARKETPLACE Ad sizes start at one column by one inch and can be any size up to six column inches. Logos and photographs are acceptable. Add color for an additional $30 per color per insertion. The rate for EGG INDUSTRY is $120 per inch per insertion (1-time rate), $110 per inch per insertion (6-time rate), and $100 per inch per insertion (12-time rate). The production charge is included except for ads with excessive make-up demands. Long-Term Fly Control For more information on how to place your ad, contact: Natural One-Two Punch! Ginny Stadel, Tel: 815-966-5591, Fax: 815-968-0941, E-mail: gstadel@wattnet.net HISTER BEETLES Long-lived fly egg predators CO2 MAK cart. FLY PARASITES Approved by UEP for disposal of FLIES A PROBLEM? Fly pupa destroyers spent fowl. We have the solution . . . ipm laboratories, inc. fly parasites. Free Consultation www.ipmlabs.com 315-497-2063 FPM Inc. Poultry carts & trailers Ph. 402-729-2264 www.fpmne.com 800-477-3715 Complex Manager Center Fresh Egg Farm is seeking a Com- plex Manager for a 3.8 million bird Egg FLY PROBLEMS? FOR SALE Laying facility and Breaking Plant in Sioux Center, IA. Got Manure: We have the cure! Diamond 8400 Candidates should have the following skills Biological Fly Management Program Electronic Egg Grader and qualifications: Entomologist/Consultation Available ➤ recently professionally reconditioned • Five years experience in layer kunafin kunafin ➤ electronic scales ➤ 12 wide management • Strong leadership skills and the ability “The Insectary” ➤ 6 packers to oversee training at all staff levels Worldwide ➤ crack detector • Responsibility for the development Phone: 1-830-757-1181 ➤ stainless washer and maintenance of annual budgets Fax: 1-830-757-1468 ➤ 8400 loader • Must have nutritional experience and Made in U.S.A. ➤ triple basket carriage (can be understand feed formulations www.kunafin.com expanded to 16 packers) • Bilingual skills beneficial but not ➤ dirt detector optional required ➤ all the software and hardware have • Egg breaking experience preferred but Used Diamond Equipment all been updated. not required Graders, loaders, packers, etc. ➤ can be used in-line, off-line or both We offer a competitive salary and benefits Buy — Sell — Nationwide ➤ capacity of 200-300 x 15dz/hr package. To be considered forward your Former Diamond Regional Sales Manager but can be expanded to confidential resume to: Consulting also available on all brands. 800 x 15dz per hr Contact Matt Poole: 804-387-6602 ➤ easily fits on 2 tractor trailers Jim Dean mpoole3447@yahoo.com ➤ free delivery anywhere inside Canada Center Fresh Group 241 St Andrews Way Check out our new website at: For more information, please contact Sioux Center, IA 51250 Tony at eggdude@xplornet.com or www.internationaleggmarketers.com jdean@cfegg.com EOE (613) 240-7612 14 • EggIndustry • November 2009 • www.WATTAgNet.com
  15. 15. It’s time to get off the fence, and get on the perch! Introducing the new AVECH Enriched Colony Housing System from Big Dutchman. The AVECH (Adaptable Versatile Enhanced Cage House) is a layer house system designed to meet and adapt to the complexities of the different markets you serve, and the continued regulatory changes your business faces. Bird shown on perch The AVECH system meets today’s market conditions while providing the necessary has more freedom of movement optional features to meet future needs or requirements. AVECH allows for a wide range of operating flexibility, from a normal cage type housing system to a fully functioning enriched colony housing system. To learn more, contact a Big Dutchman representative today. Making a world of difference one client at a time. +1 616 392 5981 • e-mail bigd@bigdutchmanusa.com Superior feed www.bigdutchmanusa.com conversion