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Eggindustry200910 Dl


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Egg induestry Magazine

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Eggindustry200910 Dl

  1. 1. OCTOBER 2009 volume 114 number 10 p4 Inside PSA Review: Science continues to 3 Editorial with Simon Shane improve production 4 PSA Review: Science continues ©Josie20. Image from to improve production 10 Approaching today’s poultry, egg industry 12 The many applications of eggs Scientific papers are looked at that carry 14 Back into profit in August direct implications for egg production. 15 Products Cost of production—U.S. vs Midwest 2009 16 Preparing pullet houses to 65.0 p12 receive chicks Midwest U.S. 60.0 18 News Cents/dozen 55.0 18 Marketplace 50.0 Projecting 45.0 egg prices 40.0 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Total Avg Midwest 55.9 55.6 54.9 55.9 59.0 60.8 55.1 53.4 56.3 U.S. 58.6 58.7 57.4 58.6 61.3 63.7 57.5 56.7 59.1 Month Comparison of egg production costs in 2009 from Jan. to Aug. between the Midwest and rest of the U.S. Courtesy of Don Bell, Univ California, Riverside Read this article online at: © I alexsl
  2. 2. Announcing NEW INNOVAX®-ILT-SB! Provides extended protection against both ILTV and very virulent MD. Also approved for in ovo application. A New World of ILT Protection. Without Reactions. Now Approved for In Ovo Application. INNOVAX®-ILT Vaccine Professional producers know that ILT can have a the potential for vaccine induced outbreaks great impact on time, labor and production costs. is eliminated. And most methods of protection against ILT can present other problems for your flock. So protect your flock from ILT without adverse reaction. With INNOVAX-ILT. But healthy day-old chicks treated with INNOVAX®-ILT show no adverse reaction to the vaccine. Because For more information, contact your Intervet/ INNOVAX-ILT does not use conventional live ILT virus, Schering-Plough Animal Health sales representative or vaccine distributor. Visit us on the web at INNOVAX is property of Intervet International B.V. or affiliated companies or licensors and is protected by copyrights, trademark and other intellectual property laws. Copyright © 2007, 2009 Intervet Internationa B.V. All rights reserved. 6/09 PO-IN-31956R
  3. 3. EDITORIAL WITH DR. SIMON SHANE EggIndustry Celebrating eggs published monthly by WATT 303 N Main St Ste 500, across the world Rockford, Illinois 61101-1018 USA Tel: (815) 966-5574, Fax: (815) 968-0941, O ctober 9th is celebrated as the Inter- qualities of eggs which appeal to the com- CONTENT DIRECTOR national Egg Commission, World mercial sector. The advent of the IEC In- Bruce Plantz: Egg Day. The designation is intended ternational Egg Day should be an occasion PUBLISHER to publicize the value and bene ts of eggs for reevaluation of objectives and an assess- Steve Akins: in member countries. Suggested activities ment of the contribution to sales and prices EDITOR Simon M Shane: include seminars highlighting nutritional from generic promotion. Since there is no value, distribution of brochures to consum- easy method of evaluating effectiveness, it SENIOR CONTENT EDITOR Sue Roberts: ers and institutional buyers and arranging can be accepted that absent the activities of ASSOCIATE EDITOR omelet breakfasts. In the U.S. the AEB pro- the AEB and the many levels of operation, Eric Eyberger: motes consumption of eggs through generic egg consumption may in fact decline, im- MANAGING ART DIRECTOR advertising. The pacting pro tability and restricting growth Tess Stukenberg: interesting ques- of the industry. PRODUCTION MANAGER tion is whether the Bill Spranger: activities of organ- TO ADVERTISE: US/CANADA izations applying A look inside Pam Ballard: Sue Snyder: check-off funds This edition includes reviews of recent Ginny Stadel: actually serve their scienti c meetings which offer the pros- TO ADVERTISE: SOUTHEAST ASIA purpose. Per capita pect of increased ef ciency and advances in Dingding Li: egg consumption safety and quality of eggs and derived prod- TO ADVERTISE: INTERNATIONAL in the U.S. has not ucts. The collective contributions of scientist Michael van den Dries: shown any signi - af liated to federal laboratories, land grant Bram Westers: Frans Willem van Beeman: cant rise over the universities and laboratories operated by the Tineke van Spanje: Simon Shane past decade al- allied industry bene t us all if we are able to SUBSCRIPTIONS: though individual apply valid and realistic recommendations. Subscription print edition prices: USA $84.00/ brands of enriched eggs have shown long As we move into Fall, it is time to consid- yr, Canada $102.00/yr, Outside USA & Canada er winterization and to prepare housing and via Airmail $144.00/yr; $14/copy unless marked. term, annual increases in sales albeit off a facilities for the consequences of cold tem- Digital edition sent by e-mail: $36.00/yr. Prices in small base. The AEB has undoubtedly striv- US Dollars. Business or occupation information en to counter adverse perceptions of the un- peratures and storms. Egg Industry wishes must accompany each subscription order. desirable aspect of cholesterol in eggs and you good farming and pro tability. CHANGE OF ADDRESS: the Organization has promoted nutritional Please report change of address to EGG bene ts of lutein and a balanced amino acid INDUSTRY, WATT, 303 N Main St Ste pro le together with the inherent functional 500, Rockford, Illinois 61101-1018 USA, Fax: (815) 968-0513, E-mail: Give BOTH old and new address. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. Reproduction in whole or part without written permission is strictly prohibited. EGG INDUSTRY and its logo are registered trademarks of Watt Publishing Join the growing community Co. For article reprints and reprint quotes contact Visit or register to join the new online community for animal agribusiness in- FosteReprints at 866-879-9144; www.fostereprints. com. dustry professionals, AnimalAgNet. Discuss with peers and colleagues from all around the world in groups and on topics such as: ■ Poultry Production ■ Poultry Nutrition ■ Poultry Processing For more information on these groups, or to start your own, visit: • October 2009 • EggIndustry • 3
  4. 4. PSA review: Science continues to improve production Presentations on various topics pertaining to egg production and poultry well-being explore industry insights and implications. T he 2009 Poultry Science Associa- fer to range at 12 weeks of age. Pullets Article 246P – Effect of Different tion Meeting included a number of reared in cages were heavier than pen/ Cage-Systems on Laying Hen Welfare presentations which have direct im- range reared birds by 0.2 lb. Total feed Scientists at the Shandong Agricultur- plications for commercial egg produc- consumed was 13% lower in pen/range al University compared the performance tion. The signi cant papers are reviewed reared pullets attributed to foraging after of laying hens in conventional cages within topic categories. 12 weeks of age. It was noted that pullets with aviaries and furnished cages. Feed must gain familiarity with ranges, roosts conversion ratio was signi cantly lower Welfare and nests and learn foraging behavior in standard tiered cages and egg output Welfare is a signi cant issue relat- prior to onset of production. was signi cantly higher than in the al- ing to the design of housing, production ternative non-con ned systems. There management and consumer acceptance. Article 174 – A Comparison of Hu- was no difference in either egg produc- Presentations at the PSA Meeting en- moral Immune Function in Response to tion or feed conversion between aviaries compassed rearing, colony vs. conven- a Killed Newcastle Vaccine Challenge in and furnished cages. After experiencing tional cages and nutrient composition Caged vs. Free-Range Hy-Line Brown fear, the plasma non-esteri ed fatty acid in eggs from hens housed in cages com- Layers levels were signi cantly lower in caged pared to range production. In an attempt to evaluate stress in hens compared to alternative systems. Article 170 – A Comparative Exami- hens subjected to either cage or range It is signi cant that the study did not nation of Rearing Parameters for Brown housing, subjects were injected with an evaluate corticosteroid levels or heter- Egg-Type Pullets Grown for Either inactivated Newcastle disease emulsion ophil ratios which are standard measures Range or Cage Production to compare antibody titers as in uenced of stress. Plasma creatine kinase, uric This presentation is derived from data by housing system. Caged hens dem- acid, glucose or non-esteri ed fatty ac- assembled from the random sample test onstrated a signi cantly higher level of ids which were determined would not conducted by Ken Anderson at North antibody production compared to free- generally be regarded as direct indica- Carolina State University. His studies range hens. Heterophilia (increased ratio tors of the level of stress. The authors’ have recently been extended to oor- of heterophil blood cells to lymphocytes) conclusion that there is greater stress in housed ocks in both cage-free houses consistent with higher levels of stress conventional cages cannot be supported and on pasture. Hy-Line brown pullets was documented. These ndings are by either the experimental design or the were reared using either cages allowing consistent with the acknowledged higher data obtained. 48 inch2 per pullet or brooded in oor mortality in free-range hens compared to pens allowing 1 ft2/pullet with trans- ocks housed in cages. Article 225 – Comparison of Nutrient 4• EggIndustry • October 2009 •
  5. 5. Composition in Eggs from Hens Housed min A nor vitamin E level was affected ✔Pullets were housed in cages in Cage vs. Range Production Facilities by housing system but both treatments through 17 weeks of age and were eval- Dr. Ken Anderson evaluated the valid- showed a decline at 62 weeks of age. uated during a 40- week production cy- ity of the public perception concerning cle. Hot blade trimming allowed three the presumed superior nutrient qualities Beak treatment levels of reduction in beak length (14%, of range eggs in product derived from Article 172 – Effects of Degree of 31% and 39% shorter than controls) the NC Random Sample Test. Egg pools Beak Trimming on the Performance of when evaluated at 38 weeks of age. were sent to four laboratories to deter- White Leghorn Hens The infrared treatment resulted in mine cholesterol, omega-3 fatty acids, The effects of beak treatment on per- beaks that were 30% to 36% shorter saturated fat, beta carotene, Vitamin A formance of Lohmann LSL and Shaver than the control. Body weight was re- duced for hens subjected to hot blade trimming at the most severe level at To learn how the egg and its production has evolved both 20 and 38 weeks but the effect was visit absent at 60 weeks of age. The impor- tant observation was that hen-day egg production was not affected by any of and Vitamin E. Total fat content in sam- hens were evaluated by scientist of the the methods of beak trim. In contrast ples varied from a high of 8.9% to low of University of Saskatchewan. mortality was increased due to canni- 6.8%. Eggs from range production had Treatments included the following: balism in the control hens. Feed intake higher total fat, monounsaturated fat and ✔Day old infrared beak trim at two was decreased proportionally to the se- polyunsaturated fat than eggs produced intensities, verity of beak trim but without affect- by caged hens. The omega-3 levels were ✔Day old hot-blade beak trim using ing egg quality parameters. stated to be 0.17% in range eggs com- appropriate templates for either Bovans pared to 0.14% in caged eggs. There was or CV-20 strains. Degree of trim ranged Article 171 – Effects of Degree of Beak no impact on cholesterol with values of from mild through moderate to severe. Trimming on the Behavior and Feather 327 and 331 mg/100 g for caged and ✔A non-treated group served as the Condition of White Leghorn Hens ranged hens respectively. Neither vita- control In a related presentation the Sas- SEE THE DIFFERENCE WITH ORIGINAL XPCTM The performance demands of today’s layers require more attention to detail. As you fine-tune your feeding program, remember intestinal function is the key to bird productivity and profitability. Better digestive health means: » Enhanced Production » Reduced Mortality » Improved Feed Efficiency Original XPC™, a nutritional solution from Diamond V, can play a critical role in maximizing intestinal function. With more than 65 years of research and fermentation expertise, our proprietary DiaMatrix Technology™ ensures consistent delivery of nutritional metabolites to maximize animal performance and profitability. For more information call 800-373- 7234 or go to Diamond V® is a registered trademark and XPC™ and DiaMatrix Technology™ are trademarks of Diamond V Mills, Inc. • October 2009 • EggIndustry • 5 ©2009 DIAMOND V MILLS, INC. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.
  6. 6. l Reviewing PSA collections l during the production cycle. Feather Week of Age condition as evaluated at 38 and 60 A study was conducted in Hondu- katchewan group evaluated behavior weeks of age in hens subjected to any ras to evaluate the possible interaction as in uenced by the methods of beak of the beak trimming treatments was of beak trimming and perching. Body trimming. Compared with the controls, superior to controls with entire beaks. weights were not signi cantly affected infrared treatment resulted in object by perches at the three levels of stock- pecking at 3 and 16 weeks. There was a Article 248 – The Effect of Beak Trim- ing density (1.3 ft2/pullet, 1.1 ft2/pullet, decrease in aggressive behavior and fre- ming, Bird Density and the Use of Perch- 0.9 ft2/pullet). Beak trimming reduced quency of drinking, and an increase in es on Productivity of Hy-Line W-98 Sin- body weight signi cantly and reduced object pecking irrespective of treatment gle Comb White Leg Pullets from 1-16 feed intake. Neither of the treatments nor their interaction in uenced mortal- ity, uniformity or the blood heterophil to lymphocyte ratio. There does not appear to be any undesirable effect of beak trim- ming in oor-reared pullets. This trial rough did not take into account the bene cial eakatih Constraint effect of installing perches during rear- t on s ing on subsequent socialization of the BrFormul ock which in uences aggression, vent peck and failure to deposit eggs in nests, Feed which are all common problems encoun- tered in oor systems. MAX Safety In contrast to previous PSA meet- ings, there were only a few papers dealing with food safety in relation to THREON eggs, most of which represented con- OPTIMA L tributions from the USDA Agriculture INE USE Research Service. LYSINE U Article 173 – Potential for Horizontal Transmission of Salmonella and Campy- SE lobacter among Caged and Cage-Free MIN Laying Hens A trial conducted at the USDA-ARS Russell Research Center involved in- are Your Formulation fecting shedder hens with Salmonella and Campylobacter by both the oral Constraints limiting ProFitaBilitY? and intra-vaginal routes. These hens Relax your constraints and stop squeezing profitability. Allow your formulation were then placed among non-infected software to minimize diet costs through the optimal use of L-Lysine and susceptible hens in either colony cages, L-Threonine. on all-wire slats or litter ooring. Sal- monella was recovered from 2 out of 4 To learn more about the effective utilization of Ajinomoto amino acids in your feed, ceca of contacts in colony cages. From contact us for assistance on setting up your formulations, hens housed on wire slats, Salmonella and for additional data on their economic advantages. was recovered from 2 out of 3 ceca and 1 out of 3 spleens from the challenged AJINOMOTO HEARTLAND LLC hens and 2 out of 12 ceca from non- • 773.380.7000 challenged contacts. There was only a ISO 9001:2000 ISO 14001:2004 Ajinomoto® is the registered trademark slow spread of Campylobacter among of Ajinomoto Co. Inc. hens on wire slats. Campylobacter was Copyright © 2009 Ajinomoto Heartland LLC recovered from 1 out of 3 ceca of chal- lenged hens and 7 out of 12 ceca of co- mingled contact hens. Salmonella was not recovered from any of the infected or contact hens housed on litter. The results of this trial are dif cult to interpret. One 6• EggIndustry • October 2009 •
  7. 7. possibility is that mature hens with in- on slats. Washing significantly reduced Soy Hulls: 1. Physiological Response tact intestinal flora resist colonization. It total plate count by 1.6 log10 cfu/mL. A study conducted in Brazil consid- is evident that hens housed on wire slats Washing significantly reduced coliform ered the physiological stress of hens sub- or in cages which inhibit coprophagy are counts by 0.5 log10 cfu/mL. Housing jected to either feed removal or alterna- generally refactory to Campylobacter in- hens in cages with manure removal belts tive molting programs. The response of fection since the organism cannot persist resulted in the lowest total plate counts hens was determined by assaying blood in a dry environment and requires moist for both non-washed and washed eggs plasma, cholesterol, glucose, triglycer- fecal material in which to survive. The compared to housing in a room with ides, high and low density lipoproteins logical extension of this study would be cages, slats or shavings. Since all com- at 79 through 92 weeks of age using to evaluate the shedding of SE in hens mercial eggs are washed in accordance Hy-Line W-36 hens with induction of receiving successive doses of live attenu- with USDA directives specifying tem- molt at 80 weeks of age (most molting ated SE vaccine as pullets compared to perature, chlorine level and pH of sani- in the U.S. commences at 65 weeks). controls. tizer, shell contamination in U.S. eggs The control comprised 10 days of fast- should be low. It is noted that eggs pro- ing followed by cracked corn for 8 days Article 228 - Room Environment In- duced on currently available on-belt ma- and a pullet developer for 10 days. This fluence on Eggshell Bacterial Levels nure drying systems are generally free of regimen corresponds closely to previous of Non-Washed and Washed Eggs from dust, resulting in cleaner eggs than those U.S. practice. Alternative molting diets Caged and Caged-Free Laying Hens derived from high-rise houses. consisted of soy hulls for 4 to 12 days There is renewed interest in the EU followed by low energy diets comprising regarding the washing of eggs which is Molting soy hulls for 8 or 12 days, in turn fol- a standard U.S. practice. Eggs were col- Although producers conforming to lowed by 10, 6, or 2 days of a low energy lected from hens housed either on wire UEP Guidelines now initiate molt us- diet containing soy hulls and then 4 days slats or from litter pens and were assayed ing diets of low energy and salt content, of cracked corn and 10 days of pullet de- for aerobic bacteria and coliforms. Non- there are still aspects of molting which veloper. Molted hens showed lower trig- washed eggs produced by hens on lit- are worthy of scientific evaluation in- lyceride levels than control birds regard- ter had higher numbers of bacteria and cluding welfare and dietary formulation. less of molting diet. No differences were coliforms compared to eggs produced Article 242P – Molting Hens Using observed among treatments with respect Some things are worth waiting for... the new family of Staalkat egg graders Jim Nield Craig England • October 2009 • EggIndustry • 7 creating with passion for the future of the industry
  8. 8. l Reviewing PSA collections l havioral patterns in hens subjected to molt. These effects declined with age either fasting or feeding diets containing through 83 weeks. Neither of the papers to plasma assays. Data was not provided soy hulls. Aggressive pecking was not from Brazil dealing with formulation of on subsequent performance of hens mol- observed in the study but there was no soy hull diets and behavior represents ad- ted using alternative programs. indication of previous beak treatment. In vances in our knowledge of molting. all treatments, molted hens showed frus- Article 234P – Molting Hens Using tration in their resting, preening and non- Article 244P – Molt Induction Using Soy Hulls: 2. Behavioral Responses aggressive pecking behaviors compared Dietary Myceliated Grain This companion paper dealt with be- to controls which were not subjected to Myceliated grain is available as a by- product of corn fermentation. Molt diets were prepared using the ingredient and were compared with non-fed and full-fed hens. Alternative molting diets evaluated included 90% alfalfa meal plus 10% myce- liated meal. Hens which were either starved or fed 100% myceliated meal ceased pro- duction by the fifth day of evaluation. Body weight loss was significantly higher in the fasted hens (57%) compared to 8% with full fed hens with values ranging from 35% to 44% for the various diets containing myc- eliated meal. Myceliated meal, available as a commercial product, AF-90 was the sub- ject of a presentation made at the Southern Poultry Science Society Meeting in Janu- ary 2009. At this time it was not considered to be an acceptable ingredient to be used in molting diets based on cost relative to inert ingredients such as soy and oat hulls. Article 84 – Evaluation of Limit Feed- ing Varying Levels of DDGS in Non Feed Withdrawal Molt Program for Laying Hens Dr. Ken Koelkebeck of the University of Illinois is considered the lead research- er in the field of alternatives to initiating molt by fasting. Various combinations of wheat middlings, corn, soybean hulls and DDGS were contrasted over eight treat- ments extending for 28 days. Body weight loss ranged from 7% in the corn/DDGS and DDGS treatments to 25% (corn/soy hulls) with other combinations intermedi- ate between the extremes. No consistent differences were observed among treat- ments throughout the post- molt period with respect to egg weight or egg produc- tion. This trial demonstrated that DDGS fed at a level of 14 lb/100 hens a day for 16 days followed by 12 lb/100 hens a day for 12 days during the molt period did not completely eliminate egg production but post molt performance was not different to feeding combinations of corn and soy- bean hulls. Additional studies on DDGS in molt diets are proceeding. EI 8• EggIndustry • October 2009 •
  9. 9. ultry industry I’ve worked in the po a manager for over 20 years as tion and as a in table egg produc re to make sure veterinarian. I am he , that means you’re happy. To me t suppor ts ppor t and advice tha always being the re with technical su e ce on how and wher th of fering assistan your success. It starts wi t that’s only in your operation. Bu to use ou r vectored vaccines to help in all veterinarian on call the beginnin g. Consider me your -farm pest needing help with on aspects of your business. Are you ? Salmonella problem ed help analyzing a mana gement? Do you ne cisions? Do you to back up your de Are you looking for research ram? I’ll be ur vaccination prog need ideas on how to tweak yo industry u need. Between my there whenever and for whatever yo t Biomune, we’ve go l expertise of CEVA expe rience and the globa Just give us a call. the help you need. Sincerely, G eo r g e D George Boggan, VM inarian Field Services Veter le ©200 9 Ceva Santé Anima CEVA Biomune is constantly exploring the relationship between vaccination technology and better performance. It’s why we developed the largest line of vectored vaccines in the industry. All supported by people like Dr. Boggan with genuine passion for poultry and making a difference for people like you. We’ll be there.
  10. 10. Qa: Approaching today’s poultry and egg industry Dr. Doug Grieve, president of Hy-Line International, gives Egg Industry insight on what his company is doing and hopes to do for the poultry industry. D r. Doug Grieve obtained his undergraduate, EI: How are the strains currently under development performing in the MS and DVM degrees all from Michigan context of commercial parameters? State University. He was appointed to Hy- DG: Traits must be changed or selected to conform to the demands Line in 1994 as a Technical Service Veterinarian, of the market. Challenges include restoration of nesting behavior for became the Director of Global Technical Serv- non-con ned ocks and enhancing socialization. Our current selec- ices in 2006 and was then promoted to company tion standard is the UEP Guideline which is based on principles as president. assessed by a scienti c panel. Basically, we believe that pressure is EI: How is Hy-Line responding to the challenge good for the industry and we are responding by adapting our strains Dr. Doug Grieve, DVM of welfare compliance? to provide optimal performance under emerging housing and man- DG: Our selection programs consider temper- agement situations. ament and behavior in the group environment. Hy-Line selects families EI: Sustainability will become an important determinant of pro tability using birds that have entire beaks on the basis of performance in both and marketability in years to come. How is Hy-Line responding to this cages and oor systems. It is necessary to provide a hen that is calm, consideration? has good livability and is well suited to the environment for which it is DG: We have maintained intensive selection for improved feed con- intended. version ef ciency over many generations. Programs initiated by Dr. Jim Arthur, which are now under the capable leadership of Dr. Neal O’Sullivan, are incorporating feed utilization, manure output and feath- er cover in selection programs. With our international perspective, Hy- Line has certainly adopted a “green view” with respect to production and we are trying to anticipate and satisfy the needs of our customers through our breeding program EI: Currently almost a third of all eggs produced in the U.S. are con- verted to liquid products. Does this reality in uence breeding? DG: Both our W-36 and W-98 egg strains provide a high percentage of solids. Egg mass and percent egg yolk are the drivers for optimizing a commercial variety for the egg processing industry. We believe that the proportion of eggs that will be broken will steadily increase and we must be in a position to offer products which bene t this market. EI: Have recent changes in the structure of the industry in uenced Hy- Line geneticists and management specialist? DG: Our approach to pullet rearing and management is being re- evaluated. We recognize that a uniform ock of pullets of adequate weight and maturity will contribute to maximum egg yield. Manage- ment of pullet ocks will receive greater attention in the future with re- spect to nutrition, housing, ventilation and prevention of disease. This is exempli ed in a technical service school to be held in North America in 2010 which will concentrate on commercial production. Hy-Line Inter- national has a long history of schools for our customers, but to date our schools have been structured for our international customers to optimize production at the parent level. The new approach will be to improve production technology in North America to assist customers in reaching the inherent genetic potential of our products. EI: How are you approaching increased demands for product safety? DG: As primary breeders at the top of the reproduction pyramid, it is incumbent on Hy-Line to achieve the highest possible standards 10 • EggIndustry • October 2009 •
  11. 11. of biosecurity which ultimately are re ected in food safety. We must continue to maintain surveillance over vertically transmitted diseases that we have successfully eradicated. We maintain a strong program to prevent introduction of Salmonella Enteritidis. Consistent with trends in Europe and of our sister company Aviagen, we are aggressively pur- suing a program of eliminating all Salmonella. Over the years, we have virtually eliminated lymphoid leucosis and our lines down to the parent level are free of mycoplasmosis. EI: Where do you envisage the industry will be in ve years time? DG: We earnestly hope that the industry will expand. It is our an- ticipation that shell egg production in cages will represent the mainstay of the industry. Obviously there will be expansion in enriched eggs and a concurrent demand for cage-free conventional and organic products. Whether the U.S. will follow the path of the EU towards oor sys- tems and enriched cages remains to be seen. California Proposition 2 and subsequent voter initiatives or counter-legislation will ultimately change the centers of production, favoring the Midwest and Northern tier states which also have advantages in terms of grain availability. EI: Do you have any message for the industry? DG: Hy-Line will continue to apply breeding programs based on both quantitative genetics and traditional phenotypic selection requir- ing the application of stockmanship. Hy-Line was the rst primary Managing Footpad Dermatitis: breeder to develop an in-house molecular genetics laboratory, and this The Right Ingredients. new technology is yielding results. Our team will accelerate the rate of The Right Solution. progress in important traits while assuring a high level of safety and Feeding Novus products can add zeros to your compliance with the demands of environmental legislation. EI bottom line by eliminating some of the most common causes of Footpad Dermatitis: • Highly bio-available minerals strengthen AGRISOFT AIM (Animal Inventory Management) the soles of the feet, making them more Windows-based software designed for resistant to footpad issues. Broiler, Breeder, Pullets, Turkey, Commer- cial Layer and Swine companies. • Proper amino acid nutrition enables Includes functionality for Feed Scheduling, maximum tissue integrity where it counts. Forecasting, Processing and Feed Mill Interface. • Enzymes assist to aggressively reduce Track all your production expense by groups protein and nitrogen excretions. of animals such as feed, fuel, contract pay, medication, utilities and more! Detailed and consolidated reporting from multiple sites and groups for settlement, analysis or planning purposes. AGRISOFT ERP (Enterprise Resource Planning) Designed specifically for the agriculture industry. Integration with market pricing, feed mill systems and EDI. Includes General Ledger, Accounts Payable, Accounts Receivable, Sales Orders, Purchase Orders, Inventory, Payroll and more! Regulatory compliance enables your managers to implement and demonstrate effective compliance processes and provide the reports and required documentation. To learn more about our poultry solutions, contact your local Novus Sales Representative or Novus 909.980.5338 Customer Service at 1.800.568.0088. © 2009 Novus International, Inc. All rights reserved. 1481 • October 2009 • EggIndustry • 11
  12. 12. Qa: The many applications of eggs ISA and Hendrix Genetics focus on achieving new heights in egg production. D ave Libertini, VP of Americas portant when the economy is challenging. the health value inherent to eggs. Today, for Hendrix Genetics, and Eu- We think that in the long term, demand most consumers view eggs as a healthy, gene Fridman, sales manager for for eggs by society will grow. nutritional food compatible with daily ISA North America, touch upon the Our focus in breeding means that to- use. importance of the egg and the industry day’s layer converts feed and produces But there is more to be done. Eggs re- surrounding it. more eggs than ever before. A hen which ally are a “wonder” product with so many Egg Industry. Could you describe can produce 500 eggs in one extended cy- applications. We need to continue to edu- recent changes in the multiplication cle is in our future. cate consumers that eggs are produced in programs and distribution of Bovans, a safe, humane way which respects ani- ISA and Shaver products in North EI. How do you view the future of liq- mals and the environment but at a price America? uid and dried egg production? which everyone can afford. We have a Dave Libertini/Eugene Fridman. DL/EF. It is amazing to see how the compelling story to tell in this area. Perhaps I should start by saying what further-processing of eggs has evolved. hasn’t changed. ISA is committed to de- What started as an industry which used EI. How can the industry improve livering healthy, productive and ef cient only surplus shell eggs has evolved into product safety and quality? layers to the industry. With our global major segment of the North American DL/EF. Product safety and quality are network of pure line farms, including our food industry. We envisage an extension the foundations of the business – without units in Canada, we offer a secure source of this trend and expect that up to 50% trust from the public, we would not sur- of genetic solutions for the global egg in- dustry. ➤ Eggs are a very cost effective source of We believe in offering alternatives –Bovans, Shaver and Dekalb White prod- nutrition for consumers... ucts and ISA and Bovans Brown prod- ucts – which give producers a chance to choose whatever suits their needs best. of eggs will be used for this purpose. Of vive. All of us in the industry, starting with For years, we have focused our breed- course, this increase would be partly as Hendrix/ISA as primary breeders, need to ing program on feed conversion, durabil- a result of extending the volume of ex- remain vigilant and focus on biosecurity. ity and productivity which translates into ports. Product safety requires a constant effort, pro t for our customers in dif cult eco- As a breeding company, we are focused following best practices. nomic times. on both internal and external egg quality. We are fortunate that many of the char- EI. Are there any other topics you con- EI. Could you comment on current acteristics the industry requires – shell sider relevant or a message from Hen- challenges facing the industry and pos- quality, solid content levels among others drix to the industry? sible solutions? – have relatively high heritability and that DL/EF. As the successor to renowned DL/EF. What we see is that all live- means we can improve each generation. North American breeding companies in stock production faces challenges with the past and the repository of their genetic higher input costs, uctuating demand EI. Please share your unique perspec- lines, we understand the trust the industry and changing needs of consumers and tives on what we have achieved and has placed in ISA and our parent, Hendrix society. We believe the egg industry is in where we may have erred as an indus- Genetics. We take our role very seriously a great position to turn these challenges try over the past few years. and we are totally committed to the North into opportunities. DL/EF. The egg industry has done an American industry. Our goal is to grow Eggs are a very cost effective source of excellent job connecting with consumers with our customers and achieve prosper- nutrition for consumers – especially im- and dealing with misperceptions about ity together. EI 12 • EggIndustry • October 2009 •
  13. 13. NO MATTER THE AGE ROVIMIX® Hy-D® MAKES HENS STRONGER Whether a pullet or a mature hen, production. In young pullets, stronger peak lay performance requires a well bones are necessary for optimal lay developed skeletal frame built with only persistence which can translate into the strongest bones. Research more eggs. As the hen ages, indicates that bones with the best ROVIMIX ® HY-D® will help promote strength come from diets supplemented better egg shell quality. with ROVIMIX ® HY-D®. To learn about how ROVIMIX ® HY-D® Science suggests that ROVIMIX HY-D ® ® can strengthen your flock, call your provides birds with all the DSM Nutritional Products Account 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 they need to Manager or visit our website at develop and maintain bones that can withstand the stresses of egg HD09C
  14. 14. Back into profit in August Both the price and cost of eggs in August show a rise after a decline in summer months. T he latest summary of costs re ect- ing August 2009, distributed by Don Bell of the University of California, Monthly profits U.S. vs Midwest 2009 Riverside con rms a restoration to prof- 75.0 itability following the down months of 65.0 May through July, given an average U.S. Midwest U.S. 55.0 production cost of 56.7 cents/dozen and a 45.0 USDA price of 57.9 cents/dozen (Urner- 35.0 Cents/dozen Barry Midwest price of 99.9 cents/dozen) 25.0 pro t attained 1.2 cents/dozen or 2.2 cents/ 15.0 dozen respectively. The bene cial effect of stable to de- 5.0 clining feed cost ($205/ton July; $201/ton -5.0 August) was largely responsible for the -15.0 improvement coupled with a higher real- -25.0 ization for the month. During the preced- Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Total Avg ing three months loss averaged 16.9 cents/ Midwest 33.9 8.7 10.1 20.3 -21.5 -25.3 -2.3 3.7 3.4 dozen with USDA cost of 43.9 cents and a U.S. 31.0 5.2 6.9 18.5 -20.1 -25.1 -5.5 1.2 1.5 60.8 cents/dozen production cost. It is not- Month ed that effective January 2009, production costs incorporate a value of 14.7 cents/ Comparison of monthly egg profits in 2009 from Jan. to Aug. between the Midwest and dozen for labor, depreciation and interest. rest of the U.S. Courtesy of Don Bell, University of California, Riverside Thinking ahead Projections of national ock size show a seasonal peak value of 281.3 million U.S. vs Midwest 2009— Producer Egg Prices hens on December 1. During the January 100 to June 2009 period, ock size averaged 90 282.3 million hens. For the corresponding Midwest U.S. period in 2010, Don Bell projects a 1.1% 80 decrease to an average of 278.3 million 70 Cents/dozen hens. 60 The August to December 2009 UBMW 50 quote is forecast to be 105.2 cents/dozen 40 with a range of 99.9 cents/dozen in August 30 rising to 117.3 cents in November and De- cember. Of this year, the forward projec- 20 tion for the rst half of 2010 provides an 10 average of 101.5 cents/dozen with a range Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Total Avg of 90.1 cents/dozen in May from a high Midwest 89.8 64.3 65.0 76.0 37.6 35.5 52.8 57.8 59.7 price of 109.7 cents/dozen in January. U.S. 89.6 63.9 64.3 77.1 41.2 38.6 51.9 57.9 60.6 Since breakeven, UBMW will be in the Month range of 100 to 103 cents/dozen, losses are anticipated for most producers of generic Producer egg prices in the Midwest and rest of the U.S. for Jan. through Aug. 2009. eggs during the second quarter of 2010. EI Courtesy of Don Bell, Univeristy of California, Riverside 14 • EggIndustry • October 2009 •
  15. 15. PRODUCTNEWS Celsius egg shell dryer The Egg Shell Dryer from Celsius is part of a continu- ous industrial process during which the shells of recently broken eggs are heated and dried. The machine is based on a screw heat exchanger that is heated by thermal oil. The system also uses a pulverizer, a heating unit and an ex- haust system to remove moisture. The end product is ster- ilized by the heat, less than 1% moisture and valuable as a source of lime. Three models are offered, with a maximum capacity of 500, 1000 or 1500kg eggshells/hour. Each has been designed for low energy consumption and to take up minimum space. Celsius, Acme International air disinfection The Papy air disinfection system from Acme International effectively, safely removes pathogens and ammonia from poultry house areas. The system uses Pest-B-Gone to remove vermin/beetles. Enzyme mold cleaner and TiO2 spray coat- ings are used to keep litter clean and the evaporator pads mold-free. This new system is a sustainable process to im- prove the grower cycle from the breeder houses, hatchery, and broiler houses. Acme International, +1.941.926.1410 It’s time to get off the fence, and get on the perch! Introducing the new AVECH Enriched Colony Housing System from Big Dutchman. The AVECH (Adaptable Versatile Enhanced Cage House) is a layer house system designed to meet and adapt to the complexities of the different markets you serve, and the continued regulatory changes your business faces. Bird shown on perch The AVECH system meets today’s market conditions while providing the necessary has more freedom of movement optional features to meet future needs or requirements. AVECH allows for a wide range of operating flexibility, from a normal cage type housing system to a fully functioning enriched colony housing system. To learn more, contact a Big Dutchman representative today. Making a world of difference one client at a time. +1 616 392 5981 • e-mail Superior feed conversion • October 2009 • EggIndustry • 15
  16. 16. Preparing pullet houses to receive chicks Many steps and tasks are involved in making a house acceptable for new pullets. John Brown DVM, MAM I n the days leading up to chick deliv- gain access, since they serve as reservoirs ery, managers must prepare to receive of numerous infections which can impact the consignment. This requires plan- ocks. After a thorough wash- down, ning and attention to detail. the clean house should be disinfected Preparation for receiving the next using a low-pressure sprayer or a fog- ock should begin the moment the previ- ger to dispense a quaternary ammonium ous ock of pullets is moved to the layer compound in accordance with the manu- house. Loose pullets that may have es- facturer’s statutory label instructions. If Pullet houses must be detail cleaned after caped the moving crew must be caught required, an approved insecticide can be old chicks go and before new consign- ments arrive. and humanely disposed of. Sanitation is dispersed before placement of clean litter the primary consideration in the prepara- in oor systems. Special provisions are level, thus requiring a prolonged period tion of a house to receive the next ock of required for organic oor ocks to con- of heating prior to placement of the ock. chicks. Dust and cobwebs must be blown form to the requirements of the National Rolls of chick paper must be placed on down from rafters, ceiling, equipment Organic Plan. the oor of cages especially in the vicin- and the walls. ity of nipples and a small amount of feed All organic material, including dead Getting ready should be sprinkled on the paper before birds, manure and remaining feed in the The area surrounding the pullet house the chicks arrive. The feed troughs must feed lines, hoppers and feed bins must be must be cleaned. Trash and remaining be completely full to attract the chicks to removed and disposed of in a remote lo- litter must be removed to prevent re- the feeder system. The complete water- cation and not dumped near the entrance tracking of pathogens into the house. All ing system including all nipples must be to the house. Any equipment that can be vegetation growing close to the house checked to con rm normal function with removed from the house should be re- must be clipped to ground level and grass an acceptable rate of delivery. moved, sanitized, and stored in a clean must be mowed. The concrete aprons and High intensity (3-5 foot candles) of storage area during the cleanout period. perimeter areas surrounding the building lighting is very important to help the The house must be washed down with should be disinfected. young chick to locate feed and water. hot water and detergent using a high pres- Rodent bait in approved receptacles During the rst two days 22 hours of should be placed outside the house and in light is recommended. If starting chicks work areas and storage stations inside the in cages on two levels, ensure that house To read advice on how to pullet house. Ideally preparations should lighting illuminates the nipples on both be completed a few days prior to the ar- levels. Lighting control clocks should be properly manage pullets & hens visit rival of the chicks. Down time is very set to the recommended program. bene cial in allowing bacteria and viruses Starting chicks in a clean, warm, bright that were not killed by the cleaning and environment will allow the ock to attain disinfection procedure to loose virulence. a strong start. EI All cleaned equipment should be re- sure sprayer to thoroughly remove any paired as necessary, reassembled, rein- Dr. John Brown earned his DVM from remnants of organic matter. Water lines stalled and tested. Electrical and water- Auburn University in 1982 and an MAM should be ushed and then charged with ing installations must be tested. from the University of Georgia in 1984. a strong sanitizing agent and allowed to Approximately 24 hours before the He has been involved in the egg produc- remain in piping for at least 24 hours be- scheduled arrival of the chicks, house tion industry since this time as a eld fore re- ushing with potable water. All temperature should be raised to the rec- technical service veterinarian af liated necessary repairs to the building must be ommended level. The air in the house will with DeKalb and Centurion advising on completed, paying close attention to are- be at the desired temperature long before aspects of disease prevention and man- as where rodents or free- ying birds may the cages or oor will attain an acceptable agement of pullet and laying ocks. 16 • EggIndustry • October 2009 •
  17. 17. WHO SHOULD ATTEND? WHY ATTEND? WHAT IS AN “ONLINE FORUM”? SPONSOR: Register Now! Space is Limited! Santoquin: Protecting Performance, Profit and Your Feed Investment for 50 Years By protecting feed and feed ingredients from oxidation, SANTOQUIN has helped feed mills and nutritionists establish peace-of-mind, economic impact and sustainable practice for 50 years. Listen to a dynamic team of industry professionals discuss the past, present and future of the feed preservative, SANTOQUIN. This online seminar discussed: o The research benefits discovered over the last 50 years of SANTOQUIN use by producers, renderers, fat blenders and feed mills o Use in modern nutrition as a tool to achieve performance, optimize nutrition and maximize ROI. o And finally, how the lessons learned will point us in the direction of new applications in animal nutrition and technologies which can increase animal productivity and producer’s bottom line. Register today for this FREE online seminar archive. This webinar was presented by Feed Management and Feed International and originally broadcast on September 15, 2009. To register, please visit: Webinar Sponsor FeedInternational Leader in Technology, Nutrition and Marketing FeedManagement Technology, Nutrition and Marketing
  18. 18. INDUSTRYNEWS lar per bushel basis was 1:2. It is now 1:3. AEB reports increased use of Renewable fuels association The price of corn is currently moderated egg products justification for diversion of corn by anticipation of a bountiful season with The summer 2009 edition of Egg- The Renewable Fuels Association high yields from an expanded acreage. saminer directed to the institutional (RFA), representing U.S. ethanol produc- What the RFA do not take into account is market lists innovative products which ers have circulated statistics relating to the the indirect costs to livestock producers of increase the demand for liquid egg. estimated 2009 corn crop which suggest the consequential rise in price of soybeans Some of the items noted include Weight that diversion to ethanol production has not which is borne by both producers and con- Watchers Banana Nut Muf ns, Eating impacted livestock production. The report sumers as a hidden Federal (gasoline) tax. Right Kids Frozen Entrée Line from fails to take into account the fact that de- The apparently favorable situation with Safeway and Healthy Choice Natural mand for corn created in large measure by respect to corn would however be vastly Entrees. The AEB has issued a 2009 diversion to ethanol has displaced acreage different in a drought year when yields edition of the Egg Product Buyer’s previously used to produce soybeans. Prior would be depressed. Sharp rises in the cost Guide which includes nutritional infor- to the advent of large-scale ethanol produc- of corn would result from disequilibrium mation. tion the ration of corn to soybeans on a dol- between supply and demand. EI MARKETPLACE Used Diamond Equipment Manager for Arizona egg processing Graders, loaders, packers, etc. plant. Looking for a dynamic hard-work- FLY PROBLEMS? Buy — Sell — Nationwide ing individual, extremely strong in overall Got Manure: We have the cure! Former Diamond Regional Sales Manager operations, great people skills and good Biological Fly Management Program Consulting also available on all brands. motivator. Mechanical knowledge a +. Contact Matt Poole: 804-387-6602 Entomologist/Consultation Available Knowledge of Diamond or Moba equip- ment a +. Spanish a +. Salary DOE. Great kunafin kunafin Check out our new website at: benefits. Fax resume to 623-474-6392 or “The Insectary” e-mail Worldwide Phone: 1-830-757-1181 Fax: 1-830-757-1468 Made in U.S.A. Long-Term Fly Control Natural One-Two Punch! FOR SALE HISTER BEETLES Diamond 8400 Long-lived fly egg predators Electronic Egg Grader FLY PARASITES ➤ recently professionally reconditioned EGG PRODUCTION MANAGER Fly pupa destroyers ➤ electronic scales A modern progressive egg production ➤ 12 wide complex located in a Western state has ipm laboratories, inc. ➤ 6 packers an available position for an experienced Free Consultation ➤ crack detector Production Manager reporting to the Pres- ➤ stainless washer ident. The incumbent should have had at 315-497-2063 ➤ 8400 loader least 5-years experience in egg production ➤ triple basket carriage (can be with evidence of increasing responsibility. expanded to 16 packers) The position requires excellent interper- CO2 MAK cart. ➤ dirt detector optional sonal and communication skills, ability to Approved by UEP ➤ all the software and hardware have plan and execute all aspects of production for disposal of all been updated. ranging from feed mixing and chick place- spent fowl. ➤ can be used in-line, off-line or both ment through to the point of processing. ➤ capacity of 200-300 x 15dz/hr A degree in animal science from a rec- but can be expanded to ognized university and conversational 800 x 15dz per hr Spanish would be a recommendation. The ➤ easily fits on 2 tractor trailers Company offers a competitive salary and ➤ free delivery anywhere inside Canada FPM Inc. fringe benefits. Kindly submit a resume For more information, please contact Poultry carts & trailers detailing education, experience and refer- Tony at or ences to Ph. 402-729-2264 (613) 240-7612 18 • EggIndustry • October 2009 •