Project Management Institute, Inc. (PMI) defines project management as "the application of knowledge, skills, tools and techniques to a broad range of activities in order to meet the requirements of a particular project." The process of directing and controlling a project from start to finish may be further divided into 5 basic phases:
Project : is a temporary endeavor involving : 1-connected sequence of activate 2- range of resources
Which is designed to achieve : 1- unique outcome 2-which operate in time 3-cost &quality constrain
Info about project :
1-project is : temporary / unique / need leadership
2- project : 1-have cost & time & quality constrain
2- establish to achieve specific out come
3- outcome : can be achieved only by accomplish variety activity
4-project progress :require different type of resources
5- they always bring about change some king
There is four levels of project by (association for project management recognize) ?
1-in-house project involving : 1-single disciplinary team 2-multidisciplinary team
2- multicompany multidisciplinary project
3- multicountry multicompany multidisciplinary project
Project manager coordinate people effort , these people is ?
1-do not : 1-speak the same language
2-understan each other role
2- are working with different : 1-culture & legal framework
3-are geographically distant
what a major type of construction project ?
1- residential house constriction 2- specialized industrial building construction
3- institutional & commercial building construction 4- infrastructure & heavy construction
What is the origins of project management ?
Origin lie in world war 2 when military authorities used (techniques of operational research ) to plan optimum
use of resources
About plan share in 1961 US navy :
1- developed in Polaris programme
2- claimed this plan save 2 years through using (project management)
3- called (programme evaluation & review technique ) ‘’PERT’’
Critical path method : it about same time & similar technique describe by du point , large us chemical
What caused to developed modern technique of project management ?
Need to achieve results quickly
Project management : the application of collection of (tool & technique) to :
1-direct the use of diverse recourses
2-toward accomplishment of unique, complex
3- cost & quality constrain ,one time task within time
Project manager tools ?
1- build a schedules & other document to monitor the progress of the project
2- plan optimum use of resources
3- organize (component task) in most logical order
Role must project manager has to fulfill ? planner / controller / leader /communicator
planning project require ?
1- knowledge : 1-of project management technique
2- special in area of work
2-attention to detail / people skill / ability to take overview
3- understanding : of organizational structure & culture
Controlling project require ?
1- knowledge : 1-of project management technique
2- special in area of work
2-attention to detail / ability to take overview / flexibility
3- organizational & data-handling skill
4-the ability to find creative solution
Leading project require ?
The ability to : 1-adopt range of leader ship style
2- to pick appropriate style of leadership in any situation
Communication in project require ?
1- competence : in range of communication style
2-understanding : basic principle of communication
people project manager content with him ?
1-Client 2-suppliers 3-legal 4-finance 5-system architect 6-projecty team
Stage of project ?
1- start the project 2- organize & preparing the project
3- carrying out the project work (phases most cost) 4-closing the project
Project management output ?
1-project : 1-charter
2- management plan
2- accepted deliverables
4-archived project document
ص رسمات افتح20.21
Stakeholders : * include 1-all member of project team
2-intersted entities are (internal or external ) to the organization
* Organization or individual : who think will lose or gain as project result
Example of stakeholders ? 1-sponser 2-client 3-team work on project 6-contractor 5-supplier
6-local pressure group
Primary & secondary stakeholder map ?
1-sponser , society ,government
2- staff collaborators , supplier & contractor
3- local communities , interest group
4- funders shareholders
What should we do with stakeholder ?
1-identify stakeholder 3-communicate with them
2-determine all of their : 1-requirment 2-expectation 4-manage their influence
Project stake holder management ?
Identify stakeholder gather information identify stakeholder mission determine stakeholder strength
&weakness predict behavior implement stake holder management strategy
Competence of effective project manager ?
1- knowledge : refer what project manager know about project management
2-performance : refer what project manager able to do or accomplish while applying his knowledge in project
3-personal : refer what project behaves when performance the project or related activity
personal effectiveness encompasses ? attitudes , core personality characteristics , leadership
interpersonal skill project manager ?
1-coaching , conflict management , communication
2- team building , trust building
3- negotiation , motivation , leadership
4- influencing , decision making
5- political & culture awareness
Project constrain ? scope , quality , schedule , budget ,resources , risks
project management process categories into five group ?
1- initiating process group 4- monitoring & controlling process group
2-planning process group 5- closing process group
3-executing process group
Initiating process group : performed to define new project or new phase of existing project by obtain
authorization to start the project or phase
Planning process group : those process require to : 1- establish group project 2- refine objective
3- define of course action require to achieve objective project
Executing process group : process performed to complete work in project management plan to satisfy project
Monitoring & controlling process group : those process require to :
1- track , review ,regulate ,progress & performance of project
2- identify any area in which change to the plan are required 3-initiate the corresponding change
((shapes page 31,32,35,36))
The knowledge area ? ( project _________ management )
1-stakeholer , scope 2-communication ,cost 3- integration ,time
4- quality ,human 5- risk , procurement
1-contract document consist of : 1-drawing 2-project manual
2- the drawing define : 1-quntity of the work the length 2-the width of area & volume
3- project manual : 1- include specification 2-define quality of the work
Contract document :
1-drawing : civil , architectural , mechanical , electrical ,structural
2-project manual : bidding document, agreement ,general condition
supplementary condition , technical specification
(ICE) : institute of civil engineering
(FIDIC) : federation international des ingenieure-conseils
(4th 1987 edition) condition for works of ‘’civil engineering construction’’ comprises :
part 1 : general condition with form of ( tender, agreement)
part 2 : ‘’ condition of particular application with guideline ‘’ for preparation of part 2 clauses
1- owner make decision regard type of project delivery
Which type of contract to use depend on ? 1-type of project 2-amount of risk
4 type of construction contract ?
1- unit cost , cost-plus-fee 2- guaranteed maximum price 3-lump-sum
About Lump-sum contract ?
1-most common type in building construction
2- contractor accept to complete work specified for single fixed amount of money
About contract: Cost-plus-fee ?
1- refer to time & material
2- owner paid all actual cost of the project with fixed fee for contract
About contract : guaranteed maximum price ?
1-contain features of (lump-sum & cost-plus-fee)
2-there is maximum price owner can pay & in same time owner obligated to pay actual cost plus fee
3- owner benefit of any realized saving
About unit price contract ?
1- used when : you can’t measure time to finish project
2- common in : heavy civil & highway
3- its difficult to estimate quantities
( صفحة االمثلة44,43,45 (
Info about request for information (RFI) ?
1-written for : classified detail presented in plan
2- subcontractor made this request through general contractor to architect
How to submittal RFI ?
data , detail , sample ,color require by contractor to present it to architect
To give approve prior order & installing
Official payment request : it assemble of 3 document : 1- schedules of value 2-pay request continuation sheet
3- application for payment
info about schedule value ?
1-budget template : establish early in project
2-progress payment are measured
3- schedule summarize: cost project by various divisions of work
(shape page 54 )
1- do not extra work without receiving written order to do by owner or architect
2- substantial completion : when owner start occupying facility while contractor do final touches
3- only CPM (critical path method) : can prove or disprove delay claim
Claim: issue that occurring through construction & remain unresolved after complete construction
what causes caused construction claim?
1-disagreemnt regard term of the contract
2-defective contract document
3-unresolved change order
4- denied time extension (caused by contract control)
5-deffiring site condition result extra cost to contract
Why contractor need to calculate the start and end specific activates ?
ألنهخاص انتباه تتطل الخاصة النشاطاتواالدوات المواد وتوصيل طلب مثل
لتوصيلها طويل وقت تتطل معين نوع من ادوات المشروع صاحب طلب حال في
شهور عدة قبل تنسيق تتطلب ثقيلة مواد طلب او
coordinate among trade and subcontractor :
والدهان القصارة مثل يخلص ما قبل بعده بال تبلش بتقدر وما شغل عندك يكون لما الحالة لهاي مثال
Why contractor need project scheduling ?
1-calculate : 1-the project completion date
2- the start and end specific activates
2-coordinate ‘’among trade’’ and ‘’subcontractor’’
3-predict & calculate cash flow
4-improve work efficiency
6-serve effective project control tool 7- evaluate effect of change 8-prove delay claim
Why project owner & developers need scheduling ?
1-time : 1-get idea on project expected finish date 2- ensure contractor planning timely finish
3- verify delay claim
2-effect : 1- serve effective project manager tool 2- evaluate effect of change
3- predict & calculate cash flow
Generic type of software ?? 1-spreadsheet 2-word processors
3 type of knowledge that scheduler must have ?
1-knowledge : computer software
2-knowledge : principle of scheduling & project control
3-knowledge : of the specific technical field
Certification for project scheduling ?
1- AACE international planning & schedule professional (psp)
2- PMI scheduling professional (PMI-SP)
Tripod of good scheduling system ?
1- the human factor 2-the technology 3-the management