Multilingualism and social justice

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Multilingualism and social justice

  1. 1. Basavaraja Kodagunti Central University of Karnataka, Gulbarga, Karnataka bkodagunti@rediffmail.com
  2. 2.  Language rights is an important new topic for us, because their existence usually reveals past and present injustice or exploitation against the weak in the world. Our responsibility as academics is the careful exploration of the nature of language rights and their consequences  Paulston
  3. 3.  Language is an instrument which holds culture  Multilingualism reflects multiculturalism  The welfare of the multilingualism can be one of the major way of holding multiculturalism  To understand the culture of a community one need to learn the language of the community  As well, to enrich the multiculturalism, it needs to empower languages
  4. 4.  Living in their language is a right to every person in the world  People experiences and understands the world in their language  The mind and thinking are language bounded  A persons talent can be well explored in her/his language  The mother tongue education can be a better way of education
  5. 5.  Indian Constitution for education to all Program like sarva shikshana abhiyana continuation of this is sarva bhasha shikshana  Indian Supreme Courte for education in mother tongue
  6. 6.  each child required to learn:  (a) the regional language and the mother tongue when the latter is different from the regional language  (b) Hindi or, in Hindi-speaking areas, another Indian language  (c) English, or any other modern European language
  7. 7.  There are more number of mother tongues in each state differing regional language 
  8. 8.  Regional language is one which is a major language of the state  The major language of the state can be a minor language in other states  Each state has got number of languages, some of the languages available across the state borders and some used in a state
  9. 9.  No state offering education in all mother tongues used within the boundary  Major regional languages of India, recognized by the Indian constitution have got place in education system of different states as a language, as in Manipur  and there are states which have place for other minor languages likeTulu in Karnataka
  10. 10.  1. INDO-EUROPEAN  (a) INDO-ARYAN : 1. Assamese (S), 2. Bengali(S), 3. Bhili/Bhilodi, 4. Bishnupuriya, 5. Dogri(S) 6. Gujarati(S), 7. Halabi, 8. Hindi(S), 9. Kashmiri(S), 10. Khandeshi,11. Konkani(S), 12. Lahnda. 13. Maithili(S), 14. Marathi(S), 15. Nepali(S), 16. Oriya(S), 17. Punjabi(S), 18. Sanskrit(S), 19. Shina, 20. Sindhi(S), 21. Urdu(S),  (b) IRANIAN : 1. Afghani/Kabuli/Pashto, 2. Persian  (c)GERMANIC : 1. English.  2. DRAVIDIAN : 1. Coorgi/Kodagu, 2. Gondi, 3. Jatapu, 4. Kannada(S), 5. Khond/Kondh, 6. Kisan, 7. Kolami, 8. Konda, 9.Koya, 10. Kui, 11. Kurukh/Oraon, 12. Malayalam(S), 13. Malto, 14. Parji, 15Tamil(S), 16.Telugu(S), 17.Tulu.  3. AUSTRO-ASIATIC : 1. Bhumij, 2. Gadaba, 3. Ho, 4. Juang, 5. Kharia, 6. Khasi, 7. Koda/Kora, 8. Korku, 9. Korwa, 10. Munda, 11.Mundari, 12. Nicobarese, 13. Santali(S) 14.Savara.  4.TIBETO-BURMESE : 1. Adi, 2. Anal, 3. Angami, 4. Ao, 5. Balti, 6. Bhotia, 7. Bodo (S), 8. Chakesang, 9. Chakru/Chokri, 10. Chang, 11. Deori, 12. Dimasa, 13. Gangte, 14. Garo,15. Halam, 16. Hmar, 17. Kabui, 18. Karbi/Mikir, 19. Khezha, 20. Khiemnungan, 21.Kinnauri, 22. Koch, 23. Kom, 24. Konyak, 25. Kuki, 26. Ladakhi, 27. Lahauli, 28. Lakher, 29. Lalung, 30. Lepcha, 31. Liangmei, 32. Limbu, 33.Lotha, 34. Lushai/Mizo, 35. Manipuri(S), 36. Maram, 37. Maring, 38. Miri/Mishing, 39. Mishmi, 40. Mogh, 41. Monpa, 42. Nissi/Dafla, 43. Nocte, 44. Paite, 45. Pawi, 46. Phom, 47. Pochury, 48. Rabha, 49. Rai 50.Rengma, 51. Sangtam, 52. Sema, 53. Sherpa, 54. Simte, 55.Tamang 56.Tangkhul, 57.Tangsa, 58. Thado, 59.Tibetan, 60.Tripuri, 61.Vaiphei, 62.Wancho, 63.Yimchungre, 64. Zeliang, 65. Zemi, 66. Zou.  5. SEMITO-HAMITIC: 1. Arabic/Arbi
  11. 11.  1,635,280 speakers of those languages and mother tongues which were not identifiable or returned by less than 10000 speakers at all India level
  12. 12.  Multilingualism can not be questioned, as it is the very nature of the world  Can not be ruled out as it is very much existed in most parts of the world and most time of the age
  13. 13.  Multilingualism exists because of the development, which is a nature  Today’s countries of Europe were not a single language land an all the time of the history, and they can not be single language countries in the future, America is a very much multilingual country, though it is not overtly considered,  A language itself develop in to various dialects which develop in to languages
  14. 14.  In education  In administration  In media
  15. 15.  Need to bring all languages in to the education system  Need to give education in each language  Preparation of textbooks and material production in all languages  Option has to be given to each person, to choose her/his own language in education  As to reach the right to education
  16. 16.  Local administration: a language may be used in the administration, if 30% of the people in the particular political region constitute a linguistics community  Is it happening?
  17. 17.  There are very few languages used in media,
  18. 18.  The Indian so called diversity is because of the minor languages and communities of India, but not of major languages and communities  About 80% of the people speak only 20% of Indian languages, remaining 20% of the people uses 80% of the diverse languages  To mention the multiculturalism and to face the globalization, it needs to see multilingualism alive
  19. 19.  Most concentration is on major languages is seen elsewhere  However, there is need to look at each language equally, which is not seen  People are not enjoying their rights in India
  20. 20.  Endangered languages and language death  Alternative ways to work  The education in
  21. 21.  Better understanding of multiculturalism is recognizing each other  Are we recognizing all languages?
  22. 22. Thanking you ±ÀgÀt

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