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Ethics Presentation final


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Ethics Presentation final

  1. 1. Dark Tourism  Sites historically associated with death and tragedy. Lennon. J (1996)  “Negitive sightseeing” MacCannell, (1989)  Visitation to places where tragedies or historically noteworthy death has occurred and that continue to impact our lives. Tarlow, (2005)  “Places you wouldn't’t bring your nan” Joly, (2011)
  2. 2. Categories of Dark Tourism Dark Tourism Public enactments Individual or mass deaths Memorials or internment s Symbolic representation s Re- enactments or simulation Seaton, (1996)
  3. 3. Historical
  4. 4. Contemporary
  5. 5. The Dark tourist “Visitors have long been fascinated with sites associated with suffering and death” Wight, (2006)
  6. 6. Motivations of the dark tourist “The closer the relationship the stronger the experience” Insecurity  Gratitude  Humility  Superiority Tarlo (2005) Romanticism Compassion Mysticism Morbid curiosity Seaton (1996)
  7. 7.  “If the motivations of the dark tourist are simply to be entertained then those who suffered and are suffering become a thing of spectacle, a thing of disgrace”.(Damms, 2005)
  8. 8. What is ethical in Dark Tourism Stalin World “If you’re a fan of former soviet statues, snail shell art and emus, this is the place for you” Trip Advisor Each visitor upon encountering dark tourism sets the parameters for the level of engagement with the issues , and the extent to which the narrative is ‘morally acceptable’ is similarly personalised. (Lenin 2007)
  9. 9. Deontological vs Teleological In Dark Tourism Deontologist  Process Based  Human Dignity  Universality Teleologist  Outcome based  Egotism  Utilitarianism Kantianism • The motivations of the product, Education, remembrance • The enjoyment of the stakeholders, providers and tourists Utilitarianism • The consequences of the product • The enjoyment of the individual,
  10. 10. Ethics Dark Tourism Spectrum Ethics in Dark tourism
  11. 11. Dark Tourism; The ethical dimension  “Is it ethical to develop, promote and offer dark tourism as a tourism product?” (Sharpley, 2009) 1. Consuming tourism alongside the grieving. 2. Interpreting the impossible Auschwitz 3. Commodification of tragedy(exit through the gift shop) 4. Disaster Tourism, going back too soon
  12. 12. Consuming tourism alongside the grieving.
  13. 13. The commodification of tragedy  “The rights of those whose death is commoditised and commercialised through dark tourism represent and important ethical dimension deserving consideration” (Lise, 2004).
  14. 14. Interpreting the impossible
  15. 15. Disaster tourism Going back too soon New Orleans Southern China
  16. 16. I was here The work of Ambroise Tezenes and John Lennon  “complex interrogations of how countries reckon with their past crimes, of the commodification of tragedy, and of the human impulse to look upon death and disaster.” New Yorker
  17. 17. Conclusion  The dark tourist  What is appropriate, ethical.  The responsibility of remembering, to whom we in trust memory.  Ethical issues in dark tourism, tourists and grievers, commodification, ethical interpretation and disaster tourism.
  18. 18. Recommendations  The ethics of the tourist dictates the ethics of the product.  The story teller has responsibilities, the narrative should be more important that the product.  The wider media had implications on the product.  Authenticity is crucial for the experience.  The dark tourism product should be aware of culture differences.