Built under the pretence of preserving history. Quarter of a million lithunains deported or sent to the gulags. Or arrested .
Jews as victims or hero's. When we travel to experience cultures we do so not to find out the truth about that culture but to confirm out preconceived notions about it. An Americanized version of the truth. One death is a tragdey 1 million is a statistic.
Ethics Presentation final
Sites historically associated with death and tragedy.
Lennon. J (1996)
“Negitive sightseeing” MacCannell, (1989)
Visitation to places where tragedies or historically
noteworthy death has occurred and that continue to
impact our lives. Tarlow, (2005)
“Places you wouldn't’t bring your nan” Joly, (2011)
Categories of Dark Tourism
The Dark tourist
“Visitors have long been fascinated with sites associated with suffering and
death” Wight, (2006)
Motivations of the dark
“The closer the relationship the stronger the experience”
“If the motivations of the dark tourist are simply to be
entertained then those who suffered and are
suffering become a thing of spectacle, a thing of
What is ethical in Dark
“If you’re a fan of
statues, snail shell
art and emus, this
is the place for
you” Trip Advisor
Each visitor upon encountering dark
tourism sets the parameters for the level
of engagement with the issues , and the
extent to which the narrative is ‘morally
acceptable’ is similarly personalised.
Deontological vs Teleological
In Dark Tourism
• The motivations of the product,
• The enjoyment of the
stakeholders, providers and
• The consequences of the
• The enjoyment of the
Dark Tourism Spectrum
Ethics in Dark tourism
Dark Tourism; The ethical
“Is it ethical to develop, promote and offer dark
tourism as a tourism product?” (Sharpley, 2009)
1. Consuming tourism alongside the grieving.
2. Interpreting the impossible Auschwitz
3. Commodification of tragedy(exit through the gift
4. Disaster Tourism, going back too soon
The commodification of
“The rights of those whose death is commoditised and
commercialised through dark tourism represent and important
ethical dimension deserving consideration” (Lise, 2004).
Going back too soon
New Orleans Southern China
I was here
The work of Ambroise
Tezenes and John
“complex interrogations of
how countries reckon with
their past crimes, of the
commodification of tragedy,
and of the human impulse
to look upon death and
The dark tourist
What is appropriate, ethical.
The responsibility of remembering, to whom we in
Ethical issues in dark tourism, tourists and grievers,
commodification, ethical interpretation and disaster
The ethics of the tourist dictates the ethics of the
The story teller has responsibilities, the narrative should
be more important that the product.
The wider media had implications on the product.
Authenticity is crucial for the experience.
The dark tourism product should be aware of culture