DEFINITION OF HEALTH
• A state of complete physical, mental and social
well-being and not merely the absence of
disease or informity.
• It is the ability of individuals or communities
to adapt and self-manage when facing
physical, mental or social challenges.
DEFINITION OF ORAL
• It is the practice of keeping the mouth and
teeth clean to prevent dental problems, most
commonly, dental cavities, gingivitis,
periodontal(gum) diseases and bad breadth.
• It involves the modification of the oral
microflora so as to maintain a healthy oral
• It involves brushing and flossing to prevent
tooth decay and gum disease.
REASONS FOR MAINTAINING ORAL HYGIENE
• To have an attractive smile
• To avoid bad breath
• To avoid pain
• To save money
• To keep enjoying your favourite meals
• To keep looking gorgeous
ORAL HYGIENE INSTRUCTION
• Ensure regular visit to the dentist at least
twice a year for scaling and polishing
• Brush at least twice a day
• Use medium toothbrush as prescribed by
• Change your toothbrush every 3months
• Buy toothpaste containing flouride
• Do not put the toothbrush containing
toothpaste inside cup of water before
• Avoid toothpicking, use dental floss after
• Ensure your toothbrush is properly dried
and well stored after usage.
• Cut down or how often you have sugary
foods and drinks.
• Use a straw when you have a fizzy or
• Chew sugar free gum.
• A beautiful smile starts with an excellent
oral hygiene regimen
• Regardless of how well you practice oral
hygiene at home, regular dental visits are
essential to your health
• Remember the “Rules of Twos” – brush at
least twice a day and see a dentist at least
twice a year.
• Wilkins EM. Planning for Dental
Hygiene. Clinical practice of the
dental hygienist. 10th ed. China:
Lippincott Williams and Wilkins 2009;353-
• Richard ES. A Textbook of Preventive
Dentistry. 2nd ed. Michigan : Richard