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Live Mouth Smart WOHD 2017 - 2 - Presented by Dr. J. O. Olaoye

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Dental Care in Nigeria

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Live Mouth Smart WOHD 2017 - 2 - Presented by Dr. J. O. Olaoye

  1. 1. 1 LIVE MOUTH SMART PRESENTED BY Dr. J. O. Olaoye
  2. 2. OUTLINE • Definition of health • Definition of oral hygiene • Reasons for maintaining oral hygiene • Causes of poor oral hygiene • Oral hygiene status 2
  3. 3. • Factors considered in keeping good oral hygiene • Oral hygiene instruction • Conclusion • References 3
  4. 4. 4 ORAL STRUCTURES
  5. 5. 5 TOOTH STRUCTURE
  6. 6. DEFINITION OF HEALTH • A state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or informity. • It is the ability of individuals or communities to adapt and self-manage when facing physical, mental or social challenges. 6
  7. 7. DEFINITION OF ORAL HYGIENE • It is the practice of keeping the mouth and teeth clean to prevent dental problems, most commonly, dental cavities, gingivitis, periodontal(gum) diseases and bad breadth. • It involves the modification of the oral microflora so as to maintain a healthy oral environment. • It involves brushing and flossing to prevent tooth decay and gum disease. 7
  8. 8. REASONS FOR MAINTAINING ORAL HYGIENE • To have an attractive smile • To avoid bad breath • To avoid pain • To save money • To keep enjoying your favourite meals • To keep looking gorgeous 8
  9. 9. CAUSES OF POOR ORAL HYGIENE - Frequent sugary consumption - Smoking/tobacco - Alcohol consumption - Medication/drugs - Tongue coating - Bad breath 9
  10. 10. 10 Smoking/tobacco
  11. 11. 11 Oral Leukoplakia
  12. 12. 12 Tongue Cancer
  13. 13. 13 MOUTH CANCER
  14. 14. 14 DECAY TEETH
  15. 15. 15 TONGUE COATING
  16. 16. 16 THUMB SUCKING
  17. 17. 17
  18. 18. 18 TONGUE THRUSTING
  19. 19. 19 MALOCCLUSION
  20. 20. 20 BRACES
  21. 21. ORAL HYGIENE STATUS • Good • Fair • poor 21
  22. 22. 22 GROSS CALCULUS
  23. 23. 23 CERVICAL CARIES
  24. 24. 24 GROSS CARIES
  25. 25. 25 FLOUROSIS
  26. 26. FACTORS CONSIDERED IN KEEPING GOOD HYGIENE • Tooth brushing- frequent brushing • Type of tooth brush • Brushing technique • Selection of dentrifices/toothpaste. 26
  27. 27. 27 POOR TOOTH BRUSHING TECHNIQUE
  28. 28. 28 MEDICAL OUTREACH
  29. 29. ORAL HYGIENE INSTRUCTION • Ensure regular visit to the dentist at least twice a year for scaling and polishing • Brush at least twice a day • Use medium toothbrush as prescribed by the dentist • Change your toothbrush every 3months • Buy toothpaste containing flouride 29
  30. 30. • Do not put the toothbrush containing toothpaste inside cup of water before brushing • Avoid toothpicking, use dental floss after eating • Ensure your toothbrush is properly dried and well stored after usage. 30
  31. 31. • Cut down or how often you have sugary foods and drinks. • Use a straw when you have a fizzy or acidic drinks. • Chew sugar free gum. 31
  32. 32. 32 BRUSHING TECHNIQUE
  33. 33. 33 BRUSHING TECHNIQUE CONT
  34. 34. 34 DENTAL FLOSS
  35. 35. 35 FLOSSING TECHNIQUE
  36. 36. 36 FLOSSING TECHNIQUE CONT
  37. 37. 37 TONGUE SCRAPPERS
  38. 38. 38 TONGUE SCRAPPING TECHNIQUE
  39. 39. 39 TONGUE SCRAPPING TECHNIQUE CONT
  40. 40. CONCLUSION • A beautiful smile starts with an excellent oral hygiene regimen • Regardless of how well you practice oral hygiene at home, regular dental visits are essential to your health • Remember the “Rules of Twos” – brush at least twice a day and see a dentist at least twice a year. 40
  41. 41. REFERENCES • Wilkins EM. Planning for Dental Hygiene. Clinical practice of the dental hygienist. 10th ed. China: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins 2009;353- 67. • Richard ES. A Textbook of Preventive Dentistry. 2nd ed. Michigan : Richard Stallard 2013;234-52. 41
  42. 42. THANKS FOR LISTENING 42

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