Sexual politics

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This is based on Kate Millett's book Sexual Politics written in 1970 and serves as canonical text in the area of Feminism

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  • The ideal of universal humanity – that all persons have equal rights whatever their station or class – must be extended to women.
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  • will realize that
  • Sexual politics

    1. 1. © Capital Community College Sexual PoliticsSexual Politics Kate MillettKate Millett Presented To: Dr.Shireen Haider
    2. 2. Katherine Murray Millet (1934 ---)Katherine Murray Millet (1934 ---) American Feminist and activistAmerican Feminist and activist Best known for her 1970’s book (firstly a doctoralBest known for her 1970’s book (firstly a doctoral dissertation) Sexual Politicsdissertation) Sexual Politics Divided into 3 parts:Divided into 3 parts: Sexual PoliticsSexual Politics Historical BackgroundHistorical Background The Literary ReflectionThe Literary Reflection GAVE BIRTH TO RADICAL FEMINISMGAVE BIRTH TO RADICAL FEMINISM
    3. 3. Humanist FeminismHumanist Feminism Defines femininity as the primary vehicle ofDefines femininity as the primary vehicle of women’s oppression and calls upon malewomen’s oppression and calls upon male dominated institutions to allow women thedominated institutions to allow women the opportunity to participate fully in the publicopportunity to participate fully in the public world-making activities of industry, politics,world-making activities of industry, politics, art and scienceart and science Gender difference as accidental to humanityGender difference as accidental to humanity
    4. 4. Biological EssentialismBiological Essentialism There is nothing new about men’s power orThere is nothing new about men’s power or women’s recognition of it. Men havewomen’s recognition of it. Men have dominated, ruled, lorded over and subjugateddominated, ruled, lorded over and subjugated women as long as there have been recordedwomen as long as there have been recorded history.history. The myth of fallThe myth of fall
    5. 5. If God in ‘his’ heaven is a father ruling hisIf God in ‘his’ heaven is a father ruling his people, then it is the ‘nature’ of things andpeople, then it is the ‘nature’ of things and according to divine plan and the order ofaccording to divine plan and the order of universe that society be male-dominated.universe that society be male-dominated. Within this context a mystification of rolesWithin this context a mystification of roles takes placetakes place (Mary Daly, Beyond God the Father)(Mary Daly, Beyond God the Father)
    6. 6. Pastoral LetterPastoral Letter The power of woman is her dependenceThe power of woman is her dependence Unto the woman God said: I will greatlyUnto the woman God said: I will greatly multiply thy sorrow and thy conception; inmultiply thy sorrow and thy conception; in sorrow thou shalt bring forth children; andsorrow thou shalt bring forth children; and thy desire shall be to thy husband, and hethy desire shall be to thy husband, and he shall rule over thee.. Genesisshall rule over thee.. Genesis
    7. 7. PatriarchyPatriarchy Here Millett offers a comprehensiveHere Millett offers a comprehensive critique ofcritique of patriarchypatriarchy in Westernin Western society and literaturesociety and literature • Any culture that privileges men by promotingAny culture that privileges men by promoting traditional gender roles.traditional gender roles.
    8. 8. SEXSEX: biological constitution as female: biological constitution as female or maleor male GENDERGENDER: our cultural: our cultural programming as feminine orprogramming as feminine or masculinemasculine
    9. 9. Patriarchy is by definitionPatriarchy is by definition sexistsexist • It promotes the belief that women are innatelyIt promotes the belief that women are innately inferior to meninferior to men • ““head of the tribe or family”head of the tribe or family”
    10. 10. Traditional Gender RolesTraditional Gender Roles MenMen • RationalRational • StrongStrong • ProtectiveProtective • DecisiveDecisive WomenWomen • Emotional (irrational)Emotional (irrational) • WeakWeak • NurturingNurturing • SubmissiveSubmissive
    11. 11. All this is drilled into children by toys,All this is drilled into children by toys, games, the social propaganda of televisiongames, the social propaganda of television and the bound of educationand the bound of education
    12. 12.  A woman must always be a few feet behind her husband. If he’s an M.A., you should be a B.A. If he’s 5’4” tall, you should not be more than 5’3” If he’s earning 500 rupees, you should never earn more than 400 and 99 rupees. That’s the only role to follow if you want a happy marriage. Don’t ever try to reverse the Doctor-Nurse, Executive-Secretary, Principal-Teacher role. It can be traumatic, disastrous. And, I assure you, that it does not work. He’ll suffer and so will the children. Women’s magazines will tell you that a marriage should be equal partnership. That’s non-sense. Rubbish. No partnership can ever be equal. It will always be unequal, but take care that it’s unequal in favor of your husband. If the scale tilts in your favor, God help you, both of you barirahnazir@ymail.com
    13. 13. The oppression of women is Total andThe oppression of women is Total and therefore it exists in mind, it istherefore it exists in mind, it is psychological oppression.psychological oppression. A female is nothing but a sex-object. SheA female is nothing but a sex-object. She must be pretty and assessed by the world;must be pretty and assessed by the world; weighed, judged and measured by her looksweighed, judged and measured by her looks alonealone
    14. 14. TranscendenceTranscendence It designates the free subjectivity thatIt designates the free subjectivity that defines its own nature and makesdefines its own nature and makes projects that bring new entities into theprojects that bring new entities into the world.world. Patriarchal society allows only menPatriarchal society allows only men such transcendencesuch transcendence
    15. 15. ImmanenceImmanence Immanence designates being an object, a thingImmanence designates being an object, a thing with an already defined naturewith an already defined nature Patriarchal culture confines women toPatriarchal culture confines women to ImmanenceImmanence Feminine biology plays role but mostFeminine biology plays role but most important is gender-conditioningimportant is gender-conditioning
    16. 16. Public PatriarchyPublic Patriarchy Gender exploitation enacted inGender exploitation enacted in contemporary workplace and through thecontemporary workplace and through the state (Carol Brown, 1981)state (Carol Brown, 1981) Women, a majority of the world’sWomen, a majority of the world’s population, receive only a small share ofpopulation, receive only a small share of developmental opportunities. They aredevelopmental opportunities. They are often excluded from education or from theoften excluded from education or from the better jobs, from political systems or frombetter jobs, from political systems or from adequate health care.. Female indexadequate health care.. Female index development is only 60% that of malesdevelopment is only 60% that of males
    17. 17. Women are exploited in the Marxist sense toWomen are exploited in the Marxist sense to the degree that they are domestic laborersthe degree that they are domestic laborers facing capitalist class exploitationfacing capitalist class exploitation Women undergo specific forms of genderWomen undergo specific forms of gender exploitation in which their energies andexploitation in which their energies and power are expended, often unnoticed andpower are expended, often unnoticed and unacknowledged, usually go to benefit menunacknowledged, usually go to benefit men by releasing them for important andby releasing them for important and creative work, enhancing their status or thecreative work, enhancing their status or the environment around them, or providingenvironment around them, or providing them with sexual or emotional servicethem with sexual or emotional service
    18. 18. Love & MarriageLove & Marriage Millett assails romantic love ("a means ofMillett assails romantic love ("a means of emotional manipulation which the male isemotional manipulation which the male is free to exploit"), calls for an end tofree to exploit"), calls for an end to monogamous marriage and the familymonogamous marriage and the family ("patriarchy's chief institution") and("patriarchy's chief institution") and proposes a sexual revolution that wouldproposes a sexual revolution that would "bring the institution of patriarchy to an"bring the institution of patriarchy to an endend
    19. 19. Sexual dominion is the most pervasiveSexual dominion is the most pervasive ideology of our culture and provides its mostideology of our culture and provides its most fundamental concepts of power.fundamental concepts of power.
    20. 20. POLITICSPOLITICS Politics is something in which women arePolitics is something in which women are least interestedleast interested Can the relationship between the sexes beCan the relationship between the sexes be viewed in a political light at all?" Theviewed in a political light at all?" The answer depends on how one defines politicsanswer depends on how one defines politics Power-structured relationships,Power-structured relationships, arrangements whereby one group ofarrangements whereby one group of persons is controlled by anotherpersons is controlled by another
    21. 21. Far from the exploration and considerationFar from the exploration and consideration of the erotic as a source of power andof the erotic as a source of power and information, men confuse it withinformation, men confuse it with pornographypornography To openly admit the power of erotic isTo openly admit the power of erotic is actually empower womenactually empower women
    22. 22. The feeling that woman's sexual functionsThe feeling that woman's sexual functions are impure is both world-wide andare impure is both world-wide and persistentpersistent Sex is associated with women.. Dirty andSex is associated with women.. Dirty and mysteriousmysterious
    23. 23. Ahsen Javed all the grlz in the world r bloody having sameAhsen Javed all the grlz in the world r bloody having same mind !!!!!!!!!mind !!!!!!!!! nobody can ever reach 2 their mind and their plans,,,,,,,,butnobody can ever reach 2 their mind and their plans,,,,,,,,but only i am the only person have the power to do this .....resultonly i am the only person have the power to do this .....result made grlzfrend only 4 time pass!!!!!! THATS MY Advise 2made grlzfrend only 4 time pass!!!!!! THATS MY Advise 2 all,,,,,4RM GAMERall,,,,,4RM GAMER October 1 at 1:16am · Comment · LikeOctober 1 at 1:16am · Comment · Like Ahsen Javed likes this.Ahsen Javed likes this. • Ahsen Javed ya we have no mind thats why grlz wantAhsen Javed ya we have no mind thats why grlz want us !!!!!!!! if u r hurt 4rm my comment then really sory okus !!!!!!!! if u r hurt 4rm my comment then really sory ok and rahe boys ki bat tou un k dam par hy yh dunai hai dntand rahe boys ki bat tou un k dam par hy yh dunai hai dnt 4rget!!!!!October 1 at 7:56pm · Like4rget!!!!!October 1 at 7:56pm · Like • Ahsen Javed ahm ahm !!!!1October 4 at 11:26pm · LikeAhsen Javed ahm ahm !!!!1October 4 at 11:26pm · Like
    24. 24. Ballot or ….Ballot or …. Ballot is no real admission to civil life i.e.Ballot is no real admission to civil life i.e. towards equality. All this is official hoaxtowards equality. All this is official hoax
    25. 25. Politicisation of women is transforming thePoliticisation of women is transforming the way it was earlier..way it was earlier..
    26. 26. GoalsGoals Therefore, feminism’s goal is to changeTherefore, feminism’s goal is to change these degrading views of women so thatthese degrading views of women so that all women will realize they are not aall women will realize they are not a “non significant Other” and each“non significant Other” and each woman is a valuable person possessingwoman is a valuable person possessing the same privileges and rights as everythe same privileges and rights as every man.man.
    27. 27. Women must define themselves and assertWomen must define themselves and assert their own voices in the arenas of politics,their own voices in the arenas of politics, society, education, and the arts.society, education, and the arts. By personally committing themselves toBy personally committing themselves to fostering such change, feminists hope tofostering such change, feminists hope to create a society in which not only the malecreate a society in which not only the male but also the female voice is equally valued.but also the female voice is equally valued.
    28. 28. Millett and her work failed to achieve theMillett and her work failed to achieve the lasting popular recognition enjoyed bylasting popular recognition enjoyed by other second-wave feminists such as Simonother second-wave feminists such as Simon de Beauvoir, Betty Friedan, and Germainede Beauvoir, Betty Friedan, and Germaine GreerGreer Re-printed in 2000Re-printed in 2000
    29. 29. "Feminism is a very transformative thing,"Feminism is a very transformative thing, whether intended or not. And that is whenwhether intended or not. And that is when society loses its patience."society loses its patience." "I love making trouble. It's a wonderful"I love making trouble. It's a wonderful job. You don't get paid but you have a lot ofjob. You don't get paid but you have a lot of adventuresadventures
    30. 30. Millett’s Farm HouseMillett’s Farm House

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