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4 20 class .pdf

  1. 1. Ecology, climate crisis, and harmony 4/20
  2. 2. Final Assignment (25 pts) Think back to everything we've discussed this semester and pick ONE of the following prompts. Final project
  3. 3. Research report: Find a current article to think critically about. It could be related to one of the topics we’ve discussed in class or another related topic. Then, write a report (600-900 words). In your report, cover the following points: •Why did you choose this topic? (5 pts) •Describe the topic in detail. (5 pts) •How does the topic relate to the ideas in the article? (5 pts) •Make it interesting and engaging… maybe even fun. (5 pts) •Include a works cited page. Final project (cont.)
  4. 4. Ten minute video: Record a ten-minute presentation, complete with visuals (PowerPoint or similar) on a topic from the class or another related topic. In your presentation, cover the following points: •Why did you choose this topic? (5 pts) •Describe the topic in detail. (5 pts) •How can you use the topic in everyday life (use specific examples)? (5 pts) •Make it interesting and engaging… maybe even fun. (5 pts) •Include a works cited page. Final project (cont.)
  5. 5. Creative Interpretation: Interpret a topic from this class or another related topic through a creative art (painting, poetry, song, dance, design etc.). You will receive 5 points based on the effort and skill displayed in the artistic interpretation. Include a one page (300 word) written explanation of the relationship between your interpretation and your topic of choice. •Why did you choose this topic? (5 pts) •How is your creative work an interpretation of this topic? (5 pts) •Make it interesting and engaging… maybe even fun. (5 pts) •Include a works cited page. Final project (cont.)
  6. 6. • After submitting your final assignment, you will write a 300 word reply (5 pts) to the submission after yours in the forum. • Start by briefly thanking the author and saying something positive about the journal you are commenting on. Then respond. You could extend the idea, apply it to your life, fill in details, describe a similar situation, or give a critique. Finally, end by again saying something positive about the paper and summarizing your comment in a sentence or two. Be respectful! The goal is to learn from the exchange, and everyone involved should grow from the back and forth. Final project (cont.)
  7. 7. • Modern human activity has had, and is having, a substantial negative effect on the earth, leading to an unprecedented heating of the earth’s surface. Thus, thinking critically today must take the ecological dimensions of our existence much more seriously Climate change
  8. 8. • Climate change is the warming of the earth due to human activity after the industrial revolution causing an immense increase in carbon emissions resulting in large, dangerous, and unprecedented shifts in weather patterns Climate change (cont.)
  9. 9. • The largest contributor to climate change is the emissions of CO2 (carbon dioxide) and methane from burning fossil fuels, particularly coal, oil, and natural gas • In addition to fossil fuels, food consumption, especially meat, and deforestation of trees for resources and making space for other uses have been huge contributors to climate change as well Climate change (cont.)
  10. 10. • Climate change has caused an increase in wildfires, floods, droughts, food insecurity, water insecurity, serious human health risks (heat related deaths, respiratory issues, etc.) migration and displacement, temperature rising, changing, rising sea levels, extinctions of plants and animals Climate change (cont.)
  11. 11. • So, what should we start thinking critically about given the climate crisis? • Considering resource consumption in our contemporary world is crucial. We should always ask ourselves, how much resources are being used in this activity? Many examples of questions on pg. 345 • Furthermore, economists tend to talk a lot about growth. However, growth generally results in greater resource consumption. Given ecological considerations, should economic growth be encouraged at all? Climate change (cont.)
  12. 12. • Pollution is another major issue confronting us; carbon compounds released into the air have been one of the driving forces behind climate change. There are also other forms of population such as plastics, carcinogens, pesticides, fertilizers, radiation, artificial sound and light and so much more… • It is important to ask whether a particular activity is highly pollutant, and seek ways to pollute significantly less Climate change (cont.)
  13. 13. • How do we insure that we tackle these ecological issues? • How should we curb resource consumption? Take fossil fuels for instance. How do we effectively end our society’s dependence on fossil fuels? Can we even do this? What about people whose livelihoods depends on the fossil fuel industry, like coal workers? What about water? How do we manage our water usage? • How best should we curb pollution? All use public transportation? Stop using plastic packaging? How can we be more sustainable? Critical thinking about climate change
  14. 14. • And, what about compromises? • We often hear of more revolutionary groups advocating against a middle of the road climate policy. However, it sometimes seems the revolutionary alternative does not have enough support—what should be done? • Should the less radical and underwhelming legislation be supported? What if this gives a false sense of security and real change is not enacted? But what if real benefits can be derived from this middle of the road legislation? Are activists expecting too much given the situation of our current society? Critical thinking about climate change (cont.)
  15. 15. • What can we do ourselves? Carpooling? Reduced personal consumption….no straws, plastic, plant based diets, household energy use, flying in planes? Is that is enough? • What can we not do by ourselves? Improve public transportation infrastructure? End fracking? Ban plastic? Cut military budget? Are these even possible? Critical thinking about climate change (cont.)
  16. 16. • The areas most effected by climate change and environmental degradation have been poor communities of color, both in the west and in the Third World • It is important to note that adverse environmental impacts are not distributed equally but have a disproportionate effect on those whose social position is already subject to other forms marginalization and violence Environmental racism
  17. 17. • Examples of environmental racism are the targeting of communities of color as places for the dumping of hazardous waste leading to the highest concentration of air pollution (especially particulate matter, or soot) • These communities do not have the economic, social, or political power to fight the large corporations and governments that are the ones targeting them Environmental racism (cont.)
  18. 18. • The advanced industrial countries (Global North) have largely caused the crisis, but poor developing countries (Global South, or Third World) have largely suffered the consequences • This is because they do not have the resources to address the immediate effects of disasters linked to climate crisis. • That being said, who should pay for the solutions that could remedy climate change? Environmental racism (cont.)
  19. 19. • Evidence also suggests that the environmental impacts of climate change have a disproportionate effect on women Impact of climate change on women
  20. 20. • In much of the developing world, women are highly dependent upon the local natural resources for agricultural and farming purposes; drought, flooding, natural disasters put women, their families, and their livelihoods in an even more precarious situation • Women have historically played less of a role in the decision making processes on how to deal with climate change, even though women have many solutions to issues brought about by climate change as in many societies they are the major source of knowledge regarding water and food security and resource management Impact of climate change on women (cont.)
  21. 21. • Critically thinking about ecological impacts will involve thinking about who will bear those impacts the most and this will bring up other critical thinking ideas we’ve discussed such as race, gender, as well as class, which we will talk about next week Critical thinking about climate change
  22. 22. • “What we choose is always the better; and nothing can be better for us unless it is better for all. Our responsibility is thus much greater than we had supposed, for it concerns mankind as a whole.” - Existentialism is a Humanism, Sartre From Monday
  23. 23. • Think back to our science week. In what ways has our understanding of science and nature created the climate crisis we are in? In what ways, has our culture contributed to the problems at hand rather than help us? • Nevertheless, how might science help us in solving the climate crisis? • What cultural changes need to be made to reassess the organizing principles of our society? Science and culture
  24. 24. • The way western science was introduced via colonization led to the erasure of much of the science being practiced in the world prior to colonization • It is important to note the limitations of this science The importance of indigenous knowledge
  25. 25. • Indigenous peoples know a great deal about the land that they have cared and tended to prior to colonization and continue to tend to today • Not only is the scientific knowledge of indigenous peoples crucial to solving the climate crisis, but the ethical perspective is crucial as well • Climate change is not just a science issue, it is a values issue The importance of indigenous knowledge (cont.)
  26. 26. • Critical thinking is important for making connections Final thoughts