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TYPE OF FISHING

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TYPE OF FISHING
Balwant Singh
Babasaheb Bhimrao Ambedkar University
Lucknow-226025 INDIA

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Introduction
 The catching of fishes by equipments or
without equipment called “Fishing”.
 In the fishing time, those eq...

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Principal of Fishing
 Fishing are based on the three basic
thinks -:
1) Type of fishes
2) Nature of water body
3) Weather

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TYPE OF FISHING

  1. 1. TYPE OF FISHING Balwant Singh Babasaheb Bhimrao Ambedkar University Lucknow-226025 INDIA
  2. 2. Introduction  The catching of fishes by equipments or without equipment called “Fishing”.  In the fishing time, those equipments which are use in fishing known “Fishing Unit”.  From the starting of fishing and up to delayed the fishing process are called “Fishing Cycle”.
  3. 3. Principal of Fishing  Fishing are based on the three basic thinks -: 1) Type of fishes 2) Nature of water body 3) Weather
  4. 4. Fish Gear  Those equipments which are used in fishing called “Fish Gear”.  Fish gears like as -: Different type of net, Traps, Hooks etc.
  5. 5. Method of Fishing  On the basis of use of gear, fishing are of basic two types -: 1) Fishing without gear (Hand Fishing) 2) Fishing by gear (Gear Fishing)
  6. 6. Fishing by Gear 1) Fish Screens 2) Fish Traps 3) Line Fishing 4) Net Fishing 5) Fish Attraction Devices (FADs) 6) Electrical Fishing
  7. 7. Fish Screens  The screen are set to surrounded a shallow tidal area at the time of high floods. When the flood water recedes the fish are left behind in the muddy pool and are collected.  Screen are also set to mark off shallow areas of river.  By this method is employed to catch Carps, Catfish, Murrells etc.
  8. 8. Fish Screens
  9. 9. Fish Traps  Various type of traps are used to catch of fish which are allowed and prevent from escaping of fish.  It is also called as Cover-pot or Basket trap.  A large number of fisherman are together in muddy water by this method.  Live fishes like : Channa, H. fossilis, Clarias batrachus are easily catch by trapping.
  10. 10. Fish Trap
  11. 11. Hooks & Line Fishing  Long-lining is one of the most fuel-efficient catching methods.  This method is used to capture all type of fishes and also able to perform in Rivers, Sea, Ponds, Lacks, Pools etc.  The lines may be set vertically in the water column, or horizontally along the bottom.  The size of fish and the species caught is determined by hook size and the type of bait used.
  12. 12. Types of Lining Fish Catching  Lining is a modern fishing method. Modern fishing lines are usually made from artificial substances.  Lining method are basically divided into three types -: 1) Droplining - A Dropline usually shorter than longlines and have fewer hooks. Droplines have a weight at the bottom and a float at the top. 2) Handlining - It is a single fishing line method by a single person. Handlining can be done from boats or from the shore. 3) Longlining - is a commercial technique that uses a long heavy fishing line with a series of hundreds or even thousands of baited hooks hanging from the main line by means of branch lines called "snoods". Longlines are usually operated from specialised boats called longliners.
  13. 13. Hook’s & Line’s
  14. 14. Net Fishing  Netting is the principal method of commercial fishing.  The most common form of fishing for recreational fishers is “net” called netting. It is mostly used by commercial fisherman to catch fish in large scales.  While there are many types of nets, all rely on the fish getting snared or caught in the net's mesh. Nets are typically long, narrow and flat, weighted at the bottom edge and supported at the top edge by floats.
  15. 15. Types of Net 1) Dip net or Lift net 2) Cast net 3) Purse net 4) Drag net 5) Shore sienes or Rampani net 6) Trawl net
  16. 16. Dip Net or Lift Net  Dip net are formed in a several shapes like : square or rectangular, triangular, etc.  Dip net lowered into the water in the hope that fish would swim over them and lifted out of water.  Lift nets can be categorized into four names -: 1) Hela Jal 2) Kharra Jal 3) Bhesal Jal 4) Khoursal Jal
  17. 17. Types of Lift Net or Dip Net
  18. 18. Cast Net  It is also called “Ghagaria Jal”.  It is a circular net which is looks like the umbrella shape.  It is extensively used in ponds and rivers and all along the sea coast.  It is can’t be used in weedy place or rocky bottom place.
  19. 19. Cast Net
  20. 20. Purse net  It is a purse shaped net and operated from a boat.  The net is then "pursed", drawing the bottom closed and entrapping the fish.  Purse nets cannot be used by recreational fishers.  Two kinds of purse net are used to catching fishes- 1) Kharki Jal 2) Shangla Jal
  21. 21. KHARKI JAL (Purse Net)
  22. 22. SHANGLA JAL (Purse Net)
  23. 23. Drag net  Drag net are used in a large skills in fishing.  Drag net are categorized in two types -: 1) Gill Net 2) Drift Net
  24. 24. GILL NET  It is also known “Fixed Net”.  Gill nets are walls of netting which may be set at or below the surface, on the water bed, or at any depth in between.  Gill netting is probably the oldest form of net fishing, having been in use for thousands of years.  Netting is almost invisible, fish swim right into it; and their gills get caught  Different type of gill net are make for the caught of different kinds of fishes.
  25. 25. GILL NET net size: 20 m x 05 km
  26. 26. Different types of Gill Net 1) Floating Gill Net 2) Bottom Gill Net
  27. 27. DRIFT NET • Large floating nets • Unbreakable and invisible to most sea species • likely to entangle large pelagic species : dolphins, whales, sharks, turtles, and rays. • Driftnets have earned the nickname “walls of death”. • These nets which are not anchored.
  28. 28. A Type of Drift Net
  29. 29. A Type of Drift Net
  30. 30. Shore sienes or Rampani net  Rampani nets are a wall of net divided into three layers.  An inner fine-meshed net is sandwiched between two outer, larger meshed nets.  Rampani Net are also two types -: 1) Fixed Rampani Bag Net 2) Moveable Rampani Net
  31. 31. Moveable Rampani Net
  32. 32. Trawl Net  It is very efficient net for capturing bottom fishes.  Trawl net is the conical bag like structure.  This net are of two types -: 1) Beam Trawl 2) Otter Trawl
  33. 33. Beam Trawl Net
  34. 34. Trawl Net Twin Trawl Mono Trawl
  35. 35. Fish Attraction Devices  Various species of fish often associate with other living creatures.  e.g. tuna associate with dolphins and whale sharks.  Some associate with objects floating or suspended in the sea.  This natural phenomenon has been exploited to attract fish to floating or suspended structures.
  36. 36. Fish Attraction Devices  Such structures can provide known locations for congregating fish, around which vessels can operate a wide range of fishing techniques including purse seines, pole and line or trolling  FADs may be used to concentrate fish in sufficiently high numbers which are then surrounded with a purse seine net.
  37. 37. Use of explosives (dynamite) or poisons (sodium cyanide, bleach)  Dynamite fishing : In some countries such as the Philippines, explosives (dynamite or blast fishing) are used on coral reefs to capture fish.  Blast fishing is a particularly destructive method of fishing and is prohibited in many regions.
  38. 38. ELECTRICAL FISHING  Electric fishing is a new technique has been developed by using of low voltage electric current.  The fish always swim towards the positive pole of electric current and electrode with increasing potential.  The advantage of this method is that even the large size of fishes which escape being caught by taking shelter under stones, rocks etc., can be easily caught.
  39. 39. Fishing method, according to their use in fish catching in INDIA as well as World S.N. Fishing Methods In INDIA In WORLD 1. By net fishing 67.00% 54.00% 2. By fish screening 11.00% 17.50% 3. By fish traping 12.00% 12.50% 4. By line fishing 09.50% 14.00% 5. By FAD’s 00.40% 01.50% 6. By electrical fishing 00.10% 00.50%
  40. 40. Graphical Representation of Fishing method’s, according to their use in fish catching in INDIA as well as World 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% By Net Fishing By Fish Screening By Fish Traping By Line Fishing BY FAD's By Eletrical Fishing In India In world
  41. 41. Thank’s

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