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West Putting Structured Documents to Work


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This presentation was provided by Lesley West of ASTM during the NISO event, XML for Standards Publishers, held on Monday, April 24, 2017 in Washington DC.

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West Putting Structured Documents to Work

  1. 1. © ASTM International Putting Structured Documents to Work 24 April, 2017
  2. 2. © ASTM International 2 Embracing Technology ©2015-2016 Glad-Sad For 50 years ASTM’s position has been to identify and harness technologies in publishing to • Automate editing and composition • Minimize risk of error • Serve members with new tools • Find new and better ways for customers to get to the content they need. 24 April, 2017Structured Documents
  3. 3. © ASTM International ASTM Compass Home Page 324 April, 2017Structured Documents
  4. 4. © ASTM International ASTM Compass Search Result 424 April, 2017Structured Documents
  5. 5. © ASTM International ASTM Compass Online Standard 524 April, 2017Structured Documents
  6. 6. © ASTM International ASTM’s Goal -Greater internal control of data -Fewer production handoffs -Digital Path from standards development through composition and distribution -Final document output(s) as close in steps to the original draft as possible, no matter the format. Timeline -1996: SGML-first workflow devised -1998 and 1999: Dual workflow redundancy as failsafe (never needed) -1999: SGML Conversion Complete -Editors editing and composing in SGML -Converted 6500 standards (PDF only) Mark Up Language – Phase I Conversion to SGML 624 April, 2017Structured Documents
  7. 7. © ASTM International Mark Up Language – Phase I Tools: -XyEnterprise PDM CMS -Arbortext Epic Editor -XyEnterprise XPP Composition and Styling Cost: $3 million Savings: $800K/annually Ballot to published PDF: -Prior to SGML—18 or more weeks after standards approval 724 April, 2017Structured Documents
  8. 8. © ASTM International Old Workflow, SGML Word Template Editor codes SGML Repository Omnimark PDF Redlines RTF/MSWord™ Reference Library XSLT HTML HTML Redline Metadata file 824 April, 2017Structured Documents
  9. 9. © ASTM International The Interim Years– Phase II 2000, Redlines 2000, Versioning (Historicals) 2000-2010, Continued tightening of process, further automation, styles sheets refined 2002, Develop collaboration tool/online member area 2006, HTML (active and redlines) 2011, Switched to digital printing at annual savings $ .5 mil Ballot approval to published PDF: - 2004—2-6 weeks 924 April, 2017Structured Documents
  10. 10. © ASTM International A few words on HTML– Phase II • ASTM wanted an alternative output to PDF to further develop online subscriptions • Began development of industry-specific HTML portals • However, ASTM maintained a caveat warning there could be inaccuracies. -PDF remained the “official” standard. 2011, began proof/check of the existing HTML against PDF with goal to remove caveat prior to XML conversion (new portal product) 1024 April, 2017Structured Documents
  11. 11. © ASTM International A few words on HTML– Phase II • Corrections made/caveat down • Time to complete: 13 months • Created HTML versions of standards and ASTM Book of Standards volumes as subscriptions. • Developed custom collections as online subscriptions. 1124 April, 2017Structured Documents
  12. 12. © ASTM International XML Conversion– Phase III Why XML? • Provides opportunity to further tighten distance from document creation to published standard • Outputs would have a more direct path from file master (XML) • SGML never caught on (very complex) • SGML suffered from lack of industry support • Easier to unlock content for partners (flexibility for future) 1224 April, 2017Structured Documents
  13. 13. © ASTM International XML Conversion– Phase III Why XML? • Machine interoperability • Programming resources/availability • Becoming standard language • Already a standard in scholarly publishing • Customers adopting (academic, corporate, govt.) • Ability to produce alternative outputs from single source • More granular change management 1324 April, 2017Structured Documents
  14. 14. © ASTM International XML Conversion–Timeline • 90,000 pages x 2 to compose and review (PDF and HTML) • Fall 2010, initial project plan envisioned and completed • 2011, project plan modified, team developed, prototypes launched • March 2012, conversion commences • November 2012, conversion complete • 2014, new schema structure considered as new XML collaboration tools explored 1424 April, 2017Structured Documents
  15. 15. © ASTM International XML Conversion–Highlights • Used the same tool set as 1996 (change of product name only): -SDL: Contenta CMS -PTC: Arbortext Epic Editor -SDL: XPP Composition and Styling -Using existing tools minimized skill impact • Conversions done by volume as soon as book published for 2012 • Supplier partners brought together/project success dependent on their ability to correlate with each other 1524 April, 2017Structured Documents
  16. 16. © ASTM International XML Conversion–Equations • Converted SGML equations to MathML • Tables already in CALS; did not require conversion • Font changed during conversion, special characters addressed • Program-assisted proofreading of text and tables with equations being manually read 4 times. • MathML will be more commonly fed directly to browsers in future • For now, we convert to GIFs/PNGs for HTML docs. 1624 April, 2017Structured Documents
  17. 17. © ASTM International XML Conversion–Features • Based DTD on existing SGML • Create new HTML as output from XML • Built all new customer portal for new content (ASTM Compass®) • Created HTML tools such as annotations for customers • Cost: $1.3 mil ($1.7 less than SGML) 1724 April, 2017Structured Documents
  18. 18. © ASTM International Workflow, XML Editorial XML Repository XSLT Distribution XML DOI >> CrossRef XPP PDF Taxonomic Index-XML Redlines RTF/MSWord™ Reference Master File XHTML XHTML Redline Metadata Formats NISOSTS in Future? NISOSTS 1824 April, 2017Structured Documents
  19. 19. © ASTM International So where did we fail? These were our critical errors we had to overcome: • Not understanding our data. Example: 25 different Notes in standards could look alike, but the old composition code behind each of those 25 notes could have been structured 25 different ways. • Choosing to convert instead of just rekeying. In retrospect, we would have been more efficient long-term with a rekey. 1924 April, 2017Structured Documents
  20. 20. © ASTM International So where did we fail? • Not having crystal clear understanding of our supplier’s expectations of the work needed. • Our vendor parsed and said we were in the clear, but parsing is not composing, and the documents were not properly composing. • Thinking we could ask our members to write standards using an online XML-first development tool. • Every step where we didn’t talk to our members and users and find out what their needs were. 2024 April, 2017Structured Documents
  21. 21. © ASTM International So where did we succeed? • Team goals across divisions (editorial, IT). • Having a supportive President. We were weeks from having to pull the entire SGML conversion in the ‘90s but for a 5-figure emergency fund approved to move forward and fix errors • Having a supportive President. We were in real trouble within the projected cost for the XML conversion because of a misunderstanding over required QA in the ‘12 but for a 6-figure emergency fund approved to move forward and QA to member expectations • Importing a leader who truly understood our data/long-term vision. 2124 April, 2017Structured Documents
  22. 22. © ASTM International Mark Up Language – Post XML ASTM’s prime goal for introducing a mark up language remains the same…reduce the “hand offs” of its standards down the production line, getting the final document as close in steps to original document creation, no matter the format. 2224 April, 2017Structured Documents
  23. 23. © ASTM International Not Being Found Image by © 2424 April, 2017Structured Documents
  24. 24. © ASTM International Being Found Photo from First-Impressions-Networking-Tips, 2524 April, 2017Structured Documents
  25. 25. © ASTM International PUBLISHER CONTENT AASHTO API MIL UOP ACTIVE JOURNALS CLOSED JOURNALS METADATA, CONTENT PROCESSING AND DELIVERY HUB 1. Pull Metadata and PDFs from ASTM MarkLogic 2. Manage Master Metadata 3. Manage PDFs 4. Filter and Transform Metadata Feed for Each Delivery Channel 5. Deliver to Each Delivery Channel BOOKS PROCEEDINGS CHAPTERS STPs Manual /Monographs Data Series ASTM STANDARDS (currently CSV) Compendex/ Scopus EBSCO ExLibris OCLC Portico Proquest Thomson Reuters KUDOS TDNET ASTM Discovery Services Conceptual Diagram Diagram courtesy of DCL
  26. 26. © ASTM International ASTM, the Last 12 Months • ASTM Compass®, 90+ updates • ASTM SpecBuilder, a doc. collaboration management tool • ASTM Lab Directory/Testing • ASTM Training and E-Learning • Explored transclusion as change management • Readying a generic version of ASTM Compass • Introducing select publishers’ content on ASTM Compass • Navigation/taxonomy, added: Turkish, Korean, German, and Japanese bringing languages to 12 – all documents indexed • Discovery, discovery, discovery!! • SVG supplied to browsers with PNG/TIFF back-up • Support and participate in NISO activity to develop an XML standard based on ISO’s ISOSTS for standards (anticipated Fall 2017) 2324 April, 2017Structured Documents
  27. 27. © ASTM International Customer Demand Product Development • VOC • Total solution • ASTM Compass®, x5 updates 2017, UX update • ASTM collaboration management tool launch • ASTM Training and E-Learning, new platform • Testing and International Lab Directory system updates • Transclusion with semantic capabilities, soft launch test • Continue support for NISOSTS activity • Expand ASTM thesaurus • Continue exploration of 3D modelling from our figures/tables/equations in next generation “smart manufacturing” requirements • Still ingest Word/similar • Continued improvements in change management • Output XML version of NISOSTS along with current formats 2824 April, 2017Structured Documents
  28. 28. © ASTM International Questions?