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Understanding Critical Elements of E-books: The Social Reading Experience of Sharing Bookmarks and Annotations

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http://www.niso.org/news/events/2012/nisowebinars/ebooks_social_reading/

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Understanding Critical Elements of E-books: The Social Reading Experience of Sharing Bookmarks and Annotations

  1. 1. http://www.niso.org/news/events/2012/nisowebinars/ebooks_social_reading/ Understanding Critical Elements of E-books: The Social Reading Experience of Sharing Bookmarks and Annotations September 12, 2012 Speakers: Todd Carpenter, Rob Sanderson, Dan Whaley
  2. 2. • INSERT EACH OF THE SPEAKER PRESENTATIONS, IN THE ORDER THEY ARE LISTED ON THE WEBSITE 2
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  29. 29. Annotating the Web with W3C Open Annotations Robert Sanderson rsanderson@lanl.gov azaroth42@gmail.com Los Alamos National Laboratory @azaroth42 (W3C Open Annotation Co-Chair) http://www.openannotation.org/ http://www.w3c.org/community/open annotationThis research was funded, in part, by the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation. Social Reading Experience of Sharing Bookmarks and Annotations 29 September 12th 2012, NISO Webinar
  30. 30. Open Annotation• Communities• Annotation, E-Books and the Web• Core Open Annotation Model• Extended Model: Specific Resources• The Road Ahead Social Reading Experience of Sharing Bookmarks and Annotations 30 September 12th 2012, NISO Webinar
  31. 31. Open Annotation and the W3C• Open Annotation Collaboration (focus: humanities, web) • LANL, UIUC, Queensland, MITH, plus others• Annotation Ontology (focus: science) • Harvard, Manchester, plus others• Models merged November 2011-March 2012 • Basis of W3C Open Annotation Community Group • Next f2f meeting: September 18-19, Chicago • http://www.w3.org/community/openannotation• Open to all • Please join in the discussion! Social Reading Experience of Sharing Bookmarks and Annotations 31 September 12th 2012, NISO Webinar
  32. 32. Social, Digital Annotation• NISO Working Group on Digital Annotation • Apple, Adobe, IDPF, EBSCO, Sony, hypothes.is, … • 3 Meetings (New York, San Franciso, Frankfurt) • Introduced and reinforced several requirements: • Need to be able to specify how to render the annotation • Issues with text quoting and book reconstruction • Challenges with text segments: • Robustness in the face of change • Precision of the selection Social Reading Experience of Sharing Bookmarks and Annotations 32 September 12th 2012, NISO Webinar
  33. 33. Further Community• International Image Interoperability Framework • Stanford, Oxford, Cornell, BL, BNF, KB, Natl. Library of Norway, UK Natl. Archives, ArtStor, …• Digital Medieval Manuscript Interoperability Forum • As IIIF, plus Drew, St Louis, Ghent, Meertens Institute, …• Close Ties to: • W3C Provenance WG • schema.org • NLP Interchange Format group Social Reading Experience of Sharing Bookmarks and Annotations 33 September 12th 2012, NISO Webinar
  34. 34. E-Books and the Web• Web formats are E-Book formats • Epub is just HTML5 • Apps/Sites and E-Books are moving closer together• E-Books are not just Text! • Video or audio comments • … about embedded images, 3-d models• Multiple targets for a single annotation • Compare/Contrast, grouping, …• Fine grained region of interest is crucial • Particular word in text, letter depicted in image … Social Reading Experience of Sharing Bookmarks and Annotations 34 September 12th 2012, NISO Webinar
  35. 35. Basic Model An RDFDocument The What TheComment Comment is About http://www.openannotation.org/spec/core/ Social Reading Experience of Sharing Bookmarks and Annotations 35 September 12th 2012, NISO Webinar
  36. 36. Basic ModelSocial Reading Experience of Sharing Bookmarks and Annotations 36 September 12th 2012, NISO Webinar
  37. 37. Annotation Types Class DescriptionBookmark Marker at (a point in) a resourceChange Request for modificationClassification Assignment of a classComment Commentary or ReviewDescription Description of, rather than about targetHighlight Highlighted (section of a) resourceLink Relationship of unspecified semanticsModeration Assignment of value or qualityQuestion Question about targetReference Citation or reference pointer for targetReply Response to previous statementTag A tag on target resource, often textual Social Reading Experience of Sharing Bookmarks and Annotations 37 September 12th 2012, NISO Webinar
  38. 38. Annotation TypesSocial Reading Experience of Sharing Bookmarks and Annotations 38 September 12th 2012, NISO Webinar
  39. 39. Multiple TargetsSocial Reading Experience of Sharing Bookmarks and Annotations 39 September 12th 2012, NISO Webinar
  40. 40. Further Specification of ResourcesSpecific Body and Specific Target resources identify the region ofinterest, and/or the state of the resource.Need to be able to describe the state of the resource, the segment of interest, and potentially styling hints for how to render it.We introduce two Specifiers: Selector Describes how to select segment State Describes how to retrieve representation(Where did Style go? It’s moving to the Annotation in next draft) Social Reading Experience of Sharing Bookmarks and Annotations 40 September 12th 2012, NISO Webinar
  41. 41. Specific TargetSocial Reading Experience of Sharing Bookmarks and Annotations 41 September 12th 2012, NISO Webinar
  42. 42. Offset Text SelectorSocial Reading Experience of Sharing Bookmarks and Annotations 42 September 12th 2012, NISO Webinar
  43. 43. Quotation Text SelectorSocial Reading Experience of Sharing Bookmarks and Annotations 43 September 12th 2012, NISO Webinar
  44. 44. Fragment SelectorSocial Reading Experience of Sharing Bookmarks and Annotations 44 September 12th 2012, NISO Webinar
  45. 45. Further Features• Embedding resources • Embedding body, specifiers, styles for transport• Semantic and Data Annotations • Semantic tags, annotating data, data as commentary• Provenance of Annotation • Versioning • Equivalence • Archiving • Annotator / Generator distinction Social Reading Experience of Sharing Bookmarks and Annotations 45 September 12th 2012, NISO Webinar
  46. 46. The Road Ahead• September face to face • Resolve open questions• October-December • Revised Draft• 2013 • Final Draft • Look at moving to W3C Working Group structure • Towards standards track / recommendation status Social Reading Experience of Sharing Bookmarks and Annotations 46 September 12th 2012, NISO Webinar
  47. 47. Thank You Robert Sanderson rsanderson@lanl.gov azaroth42@gmail.com @azaroth42 Web: http://www.openannotation.org/ http://www.w3.org/community/openannotation/ http://www.shared-canvas.org/ Slides: http://www.slideshare.net/azaroth42/niso-annotation-webinarSocial Reading Experience of Sharing Bookmarks and Annotations 47 September 12th 2012, NISO Webinar
  48. 48. Gutenberg invented the [modern] printing press, and so what was printed could now be distributed and affect otherwise docile citizens or subjects. It therefore became important to regulate that which was set before the public.Spier 2002 – The history of the peer review process
  49. 49. You are here
  50. 50. http://bit.ly/existingannotation
  51. 51. •••••••
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  53. 53. $245k* $520k + $20k workshop *includes matching gift and others
  54. 54. Annotation / Anchoring / UI Reputation model / Peer selection Cold start Scale2012 now 2013
  55. 55. Annotation Peer-review +
  56. 56. Annotation
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  58. 58. Document “A” Blog “B”
  59. 59. Document “A” Blog “B”
  60. 60. Document “A” Blog “B”
  61. 61. Blog “B”17m 32s
  62. 62. Blog “B”
  63. 63. Document “A” Blog “B” Challenge Request expert review Support Supply a correction Neutral comment Joke Pose a question Provide a reference Answer a question Point to similar articles
  64. 64. Document “A”
  65. 65. Document “A”
  66. 66. Peer-review
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  69. 69. Signal Meta-moderationVOLUME Voice Noise floor Obvious trolls Identity SpamSQUELCH Noise
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  71. 71. Expert matching through domain proximity Human Rights Oceanography Climate Modeling LHC Physics Economics Monetary Policy Quantum Teleportation
  72. 72. Meta-moderation matchingthrough domain proximity Human Rights Oceanography Climate Modeling LHC Physics Economics Monetary Policy Quantum Teleportation
  73. 73. Meta-moderation matchingthrough domain proximity Human Rights Oceanography Climate Modeling LHC Physics Economics Monetary Policy Quantum Teleportation
  74. 74. Plug-ins URL http://hpt.is/TzLvDeep links / embeds Website API
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