Standards issues related to moving content off the page

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"Standards issues related to moving content off the page - Problems of distinguishing this thing from that" presentation during GOPORTIS13 conference in Hanover, Germany

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Standards issues related to moving content off the page

  1. 1. Standards issues related to moving content off the page Problems of distinguishing this thing from that Todd Carpenter, Executive Director, NISO Goportis Conference on Non-Textual Information March 18, 2013Monday, March 18, 13
  2. 2. About • A US-baed non-profit industry trade association accredited by ANSI with 150+ members • Mission of developing and maintaining technical standards related to information, documentation, discovery and distribution of published materials and media • Volunteer driven organization: 400+ spread out across the world • Represent US interests to ISO TC 46 & subcommittees Also serve as Secretariat for ISO TC46/SC9 - Identification & Description • Responsible for standards like ISSN, DOI, Dublin Core metadata, DAISY digital talking books, OpenURL, MARC records format, and ISBNMonday, March 18, 13
  3. 3. Standards are familiar, even if you don’t notice Image: DanTaylor Image: : Joel WashingMonday, March 18, 13
  4. 4. Key Concepts in StandardizationMonday, March 18, 13
  5. 5. The Referent The thing being identifiedMonday, March 18, 13
  6. 6. The Identifier The string identifying the referentMonday, March 18, 13
  7. 7. The Metadata The data that describes the referentMonday, March 18, 13
  8. 8. An ID & its metadata • Identifiers can be but are not necessarily names (often better if they aren’t) • IDs can be but need not be human- readable. They also may or may not be human understandable. • Not every attribute need be describedMonday, March 18, 13
  9. 9. Functional GranularityMonday, March 18, 13
  10. 10. Functional GranularityMonday, March 18, 13
  11. 11. Functional GranularityMonday, March 18, 13
  12. 12. Functional GranularityMonday, March 18, 13
  13. 13. Functional GranularityMonday, March 18, 13
  14. 14. Functional GranularityMonday, March 18, 13
  15. 15. Functional GranularityMonday, March 18, 13
  16. 16. Functional Granularity You identify and describe an item at the level at which it makes sense for your business needs to identify that itemMonday, March 18, 13
  17. 17. A lesson in functional granularityMonday, March 18, 13
  18. 18. Managing metadata well is expensiveMonday, March 18, 13
  19. 19. Managing metadata poorly is more expensive (in ways you can’t measure)Monday, March 18, 13
  20. 20. Functional Requirements for Bibliographic Records (FRBR)Monday, March 18, 13
  21. 21. <indecs> modelMonday, March 18, 13
  22. 22. <indecs>  descrip?on  model September  6,  2012 GOPOERTIS  Non-­‐textual  informa?on  -­‐  Carpenter 16Monday, March 18, 13
  23. 23. Making the Theoretical PracticalMonday, March 18, 13
  24. 24. Online Journal Article Supplemental Materials NISO/NFAIS Recommended PracticeMonday, March 18, 13
  25. 25. Supplemental Materials are nothing newMonday, March 18, 13
  26. 26. Truly  nothing  new,  indeed • An  earlier  example  of  supplemental  materials   from  the  Royal  Society  of  Chemistry • A  template  for  a  physical  device  was  included  as   supplemental  material  1843.   • Plates  1-­‐6  of  that  ar?cle  were  not  paginated;  the   reader  would  cut  out  the  template  on  each  page,   and  connect  them  to  create  a  working  light   polariza?on  device September  6,  2012 GOPOERTIS  Non-­‐textual  informa?on  -­‐  Carpenter 20Monday, March 18, 13
  27. 27. How pressing is this problem? This image is courtesy of Ken Beauchamp, American Society for Clinical InvestigationMonday, March 18, 13
  28. 28. Goal is to focus on the publication structures necessary for communicating supplemental materials as part of the publications process NOT addressing all data questionsMonday, March 18, 13
  29. 29. The core questions: What is critical to understanding? What is supplemental to understanding? What is ancillary to understanding? The form of the content, i.e., text, video, audio, data, applications, is NOT the key to whether something is supplementalMonday, March 18, 13
  30. 30. Integral Content Supplemental Material that is essential for the full understanding of the work by the general scientist or reader in the journal’s discipline, but is placed outside the article for technical, business, or logistical reasons.Monday, March 18, 13
  31. 31. Additional Content Supplemental Material that provides additional, relevant, and useful expansion of the article in the form of text, tables, figures, multimedia, or data, and that may aid any reader to achieve work through added detail and context. Additional Content will expand the reader’s understanding of the subject area, but is not essential to the understanding of the article.Monday, March 18, 13
  32. 32. Related Content Is a separate entity and is referenced within the text in similar fashion to other cited references.Monday, March 18, 13
  33. 33. Types of Supplemental Materials Importance Integral content Additional content (function) Pseudo supplemental – essential Truly supplemental – relevant but treated as if it were supplemental and useful but optional Curated by Publisher • Multimedia • Multimedia • Chemical structures • Chemical structures • Crystallographic structures • Crystallographic structures • Datasets (smaller) • Datasets (smaller) • Computer algorithms • Computer algorithms • Appendices • Materials and methods Not integrated into the version of record • Experimental procedures • Extended bibliography Institutional repository Genetic sequences, Protein structures, Crystallographic structures, or Datasets (large), etc. Official data center Related content Individual Ephemeral – not appropriate for hosting supplemental materialsMonday, March 18, 13
  34. 34. Determining whether Supplemental Material is Integral, Additional or Related is the purview of the Journal.Monday, March 18, 13
  35. 35. Business Practice - Themes Selecting Content Maintaining Links Editing Content Providing Context Managing & Hosting Preserving Material Assuring Discoverability Rights Management Referencing MaterialsMonday, March 18, 13
  36. 36. Technical Practice - Themes Metadata Schema Challenges •Descriptive Metadata • Granularity •Physical Metadata • Recurrence •Packaging/Manifest • Relationships • Heterogeneity • Hierarchy Identifiers & Linking Overall Issues • Perceived importance • Costs • Business models Grouping ObjectsMonday, March 18, 13
  37. 37. Who came together to address this?Monday, March 18, 13
  38. 38. Just Published http://www.niso.org/apps/group_public/download.php/10055/ RP-15-2013_Supplemental_Materials.pdfMonday, March 18, 13
  39. 39. Managing DataMonday, March 18, 13
  40. 40. Monday, March 18, 13
  41. 41. Monday, March 18, 13
  42. 42. One Ring to Rule Them All?Monday, March 18, 13
  43. 43. 0000-0002-8320-0491 3188-4093-2114-1074Monday, March 18, 13
  44. 44. ISMN IPI CSI DOI ISSN IPI ISWC DOI ISTC ISNI ISRC ISBN ISAN VIAF IPDA ISAN Linking various media or confusing the situation?Monday, March 18, 13
  45. 45. Issues  for  Iden?fica?on  of  Data • At  what  level  to  assign  an  iden?fier  (granularity)? • What  metadata  to  associate  with  the  ID? • Assign  to  data  or  landing  page? • How  to  relate  transforma?ons? • Associated  metadata  to  transforma?ons? • Extensible  ontology  of  object  types  &   transforms? • Scien?fic  equivalence  versus  data  equivalence? September  6,  2012 GOPOERTIS  Non-­‐textual  informa?on  -­‐  Carpenter 39Monday, March 18, 13
  46. 46. LSST Telescope ProjectMonday, March 18, 13
  47. 47. Excel to XML, easy enoughMonday, March 18, 13
  48. 48. Before After How are these different? How different are these?Monday, March 18, 13
  49. 49. Digital PreservationMonday, March 18, 13
  50. 50. Where are we headed • Team including: RPI, U. Illinois-Urbana- Champaign, U North Carolina, NASA, NISO • Goal create a conceptual model to describe data creation, transformation & entity relationships • Preparing grant proposal (hopefully spring 2013) • Potential funding partners: Alfred P. Sloan Foundation, NSF, IMLS • Round 1 - Two day symposium in 3-4 Q 2013 • Round 2 - Model development project in 2014-15Monday, March 18, 13
  51. 51. Thank you! Todd Carpenter, Executive Director tcarpenter@niso.org National Information Standards Organization (NISO) 3600 Clipper Mill Road, Suite 302 Baltimore, MD 21211 USA +1 (301) 654-2512 www.niso.orgMonday, March 18, 13

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