MARC into Linked Data:An update on the Bibliographic    Framework Initiative        NISO/DCMI Webinar          23 January,...
2
Outline• Act 1• Act 2• Act 3• Fill in at end                             3
BIBFRAME“The Initiative aims to re-envision and, inthe long run, implement a newbibliographic environment for librariestha...
BIBFRAME “The Initiative aims to re-envision and, in the long run, implement a new bibliographic environment for libraries...
BIBFRAME   “The Initiative aims to re-envision and, in   the long run, implement a new   bibliographic environment for lib...
BIBFRAME“The Initiative aims to re-envision and, inthe long run, implement a newbibliographic environment for librariestha...
8
link                            linklink              link                        link       link                         ...
10
Linked Data"a term used to describe a recommended best   practice for exposing,   sharing, and   connecting pieces of data...
Sounds great, whats the catch?                                 12
It takes the big step of fundamentallyrethinking applications and their integration                                       ...
BalanceWeb Architecture   Business and Change and Standards         Management    Systems         Subject Matter   Enginee...
BIBFRAME Design Background•   Deconstructing MARC    •   Linked Data“Things not Strings”•   Ground truth of data patterns•...
MARC as “Things not Strings”                               16
MARC as “Things not Strings”                               17
MARC as “Things not Strings”                               18
MARC as “Things not Strings”                               19
MARC as “Things not Strings”                               20
MARC as “Things not Strings”                                         http://viaf.org/ ...http://geonames.org/ ...         ...
Ground Truth of MARC data                            22
Linked Data in Libraries                           23
Implementable                24
What is Bibframe?•   Bibframe is a linked data model for bibliographic data•   Requirements and Goals:    •   Inherent the...
Authority                                   Authority             subject                   creator                       ...
Authority                                   Authority                                         subject                   cr...
Authority                                   Authority                                        subject                   cre...
Authority                                   Authority                                            subject                  ...
Annotation                           subject                   creatorA means for                                       Wo...
MARC to BIBFRAME  Work  Work  WorkInstanceInstance  Work  Work                      31
subject             author                           Book             hasInstance          hasInstanceHardcover           ...
editor                subject                                                subject     honoree             Collection   ...
http://wiki.dublincore.org/index.php/Cataloger_Scenarios                                                           34
35
36
Goodreads.comidentifies 32 various     resources                       36
"id": "http://bibfra.me/work/u2","title" : "Bluebeard","titleRemainder" : "a novel","type" : "Book""classification" : "025...
subject                  author            Book            hasInstance       Hardcoverpublisher                           ...
"id": "http://bibfra.me/work/u2.t1","title" : "Barbablù","type" : "Book","author" : "http://bibfra.me/auth/person/kurt_von...
subject                 author                                 translator          Book          hasInstance     Paperback...
subject                   author                     author                 subject                                       ...
subject                   author                      author                 subject                                      ...
Recombinant Data                   43
44
RDF• Resource Description Framework • common model for representing web    data        http://                 http://    ...
RDF• Resource Description Framework • common model for representing web    data       URI      URI       URI              ...
RDF• Resource Description Framework • common model for representing web    data       http://                 http://     ...
RDF      48
BIBFRAME           49
Community Profiles                    50
Community Profiles                    51
Community Profiles                    52
Community Profiles                    53
Back to Bluebeard(in an Open World) Book          isTranslationOf    Book hasInstance                      hasInstanceHard...
Uniform                                                                             Title                                 ...
Uniform                                                                      Title                                        ...
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60
61
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Initial Phase•   Completed Landscape Assessment•   Initial draft of Linked Data model Bibliographic Framework as    a Web ...
Early Experimenters•   British Library•   Deutsche Nationalbibliothek•   George Washington University•   National Library ...
Early Experimenters           Process•   Face to Face meeting in October at the Library of    Congress to introduce the pr...
Next phase•   Extended Experimentation with more institutions and data    types•   Create more detailed documentation•   C...
BIBFRAME: Proposed Roadmap         Short-Term Goal:                                      Medium-Term Goal:                ...
Next Steps for you•   Continue to learn about Linked Data (inside and    outside of Library community)•   Join the discuss...
Thank YouComments or Questions     Eric Miller  em@zepheira.com                        70
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NISO/DCMI Webinar: Translating the Library Catalog from MARC into Linked Data

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In May 2012, the Library of Congress announced a new modeling initiative focused on reflecting the MARC 21 library standard as a Linked Data model for the Web, with an initial model to be proposed by the consulting company Zepheira.  The goal of the initiative is to translate the MARC 21 format to a Linked Data model while retaining the richness and benefits of existing data in the historical format. 
In this webinar, Eric Miller of Zepheira will report on progress towards this important goal, starting with an analysis of the translation problem and concluding with potential migration scenarios for a broad-based transition from MARC to a new bibliographic framework.

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NISO/DCMI Webinar: Translating the Library Catalog from MARC into Linked Data

  1. 1. MARC into Linked Data:An update on the Bibliographic Framework Initiative NISO/DCMI Webinar 23 January, 2013 Eric Miller em@zepheira.com 1
  2. 2. 2
  3. 3. Outline• Act 1• Act 2• Act 3• Fill in at end 3
  4. 4. BIBFRAME“The Initiative aims to re-envision and, inthe long run, implement a newbibliographic environment for librariesthat makes "the network" central andmakes interconnectedness commonplace.”- Bibliographic Framework as a Web of Data: Linked Data Model and Supporting Services Library of Congress, November 21, 2012 4
  5. 5. BIBFRAME “The Initiative aims to re-envision and, in the long run, implement a new bibliographic environment for libraries that makes "the network" central and makes interconnectedness commonplace.”* robust enough to deal with 40 years ago* -flexible enough to deal as a Web ofyears from now Bibliographic Framework with 40+ Data: Linked Data Model and Supporting Services Library of Congress, November 21, 2012 5
  6. 6. BIBFRAME “The Initiative aims to re-envision and, in the long run, implement a new bibliographic environment for libraries that makes "the network" central and makes interconnectedness commonplace.”* libraries, museums, archives, publishers, etc. - Bibliographic Framework as a Web of Data:* community (users) and Supporting Services Linked Data Model they serve Library of Congress, November 21, 2012 6
  7. 7. BIBFRAME“The Initiative aims to re-envision and, inthe long run, implement a newbibliographic environment for librariesthat makes "the network" central andmakes interconnectedness commonplace.” * not on the web- Bibliographic Framework asbut of of Data: * a Web the web Linked Data Model and Supporting Services Library of Congress, November 21, 2012 7
  8. 8. 8
  9. 9. link linklink link link link linklink link link 9
  10. 10. 10
  11. 11. Linked Data"a term used to describe a recommended best practice for exposing, sharing, and connecting pieces of data,information, and knowledge on the Semantic Web using URIs and RDF." http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Linked_Data 11
  12. 12. Sounds great, whats the catch? 12
  13. 13. It takes the big step of fundamentallyrethinking applications and their integration 13
  14. 14. BalanceWeb Architecture Business and Change and Standards Management Systems Subject Matter Engineering Expertise 14
  15. 15. BIBFRAME Design Background• Deconstructing MARC • Linked Data“Things not Strings”• Ground truth of data patterns• Analysis of existing Linked Data efforts / patterns• Implementable• Addresses RDA use cases / scenarios (first among equals)• Adheres to Web Architecture• History / experience 15
  16. 16. MARC as “Things not Strings” 16
  17. 17. MARC as “Things not Strings” 17
  18. 18. MARC as “Things not Strings” 18
  19. 19. MARC as “Things not Strings” 19
  20. 20. MARC as “Things not Strings” 20
  21. 21. MARC as “Things not Strings” http://viaf.org/ ...http://geonames.org/ ... http:// ... http://id.loc.gov/ ... 21
  22. 22. Ground Truth of MARC data 22
  23. 23. Linked Data in Libraries 23
  24. 24. Implementable 24
  25. 25. What is Bibframe?• Bibframe is a linked data model for bibliographic data• Requirements and Goals: • Inherent the robust nature of the MARC standard • Be content model agnostic - RDA, DACS, CCO, etc. • Handle description and management of traditional (books, serials, etc.) and non-traditional materials (born digital, data sets) • Integrate supporting data (Authority, Holdings, Classification) • Benefits from all the goodness the Web offers (web triggers, collaboration, data driven, etc.) 25
  26. 26. Authority Authority subject creator Work hasInstance Instance publisher format publishedAtAuthority Authority Authority 26
  27. 27. Authority Authority subject creatorWork (content) WorkResource reflecting the hasInstanceconceptual essence of thecataloged item Instance publisher format publishedAt Authority Authority Authority 27
  28. 28. Authority Authority subject creatorInstance (carrier) WorkResource reflecting a hasInstancematerial embodiment of aBIBFRAME Work Instance publisher format publishedAt Authority Authority Authority 28
  29. 29. Authority Authority subject creatorAuthority WorkResources reflecting keyauthoritative concepts hasInstance(Person, Place, Org., Topic,etc.). Targets of defined Instancerelationships. publisher format publishedAt Authority Authority Authority 29
  30. 30. Annotation subject creatorA means for Work target Reviewdecorating otherBIBFRAME resources creator hasInstance creatorwith additionalinformation such as Instance Holdings targetLibrary Holdings,Cover Art, Reviews,etc. publisher format publishedAt 30
  31. 31. MARC to BIBFRAME Work Work WorkInstanceInstance Work Work 31
  32. 32. subject author Book hasInstance hasInstanceHardcover Paperback publisher publisher 32
  33. 33. editor subject subject honoree Collection hasInstance hasPart isPartOfHardcover author Essay Book publisher 33
  34. 34. http://wiki.dublincore.org/index.php/Cataloger_Scenarios 34
  35. 35. 35
  36. 36. 36
  37. 37. Goodreads.comidentifies 32 various resources 36
  38. 38. "id": "http://bibfra.me/work/u2","title" : "Bluebeard","titleRemainder" : "a novel","type" : "Book""classification" : "025.3 M465f 2008","author" : "http://bibfra.me/auth/person/kurt_vonnegut","subject": [ "http://bibfra.me/auth/subject/foo", "http://bibfra.me/auth/subject/bar" ], Book"language": "english","summary": "Broad humor and bitter irony collide in this fictionalautobiography of Rabo Karabekian, who, at age seventy-one, wantsto be left alone on his Long Island estate with the secret he haslocked inside his potato barn. But then a voluptuous young widowbadgers Rabo into telling his life story—and Vonnegut in turntells us the plain, heart-hammering truth about man’s carelessfancy to create or destroy what he loves.",“hasInstance”: “http://bibfra.me/instance/u2-1”"id": "http://bibfra.me/instance/u2-1","type": "HardcoverBook","edition": "1st","volumes": "1","pages": "300", Hardcover"date" : "1987-09-02","publisher" : "http://bibfra.me/auth/org/delacorte_press","ISBN": "9780385295901","image": "http://ecx.images-amazon.com/images/I/51vbo8zwJlL._SL160_.jpg" 37
  39. 39. subject author Book hasInstance Hardcoverpublisher 38
  40. 40. "id": "http://bibfra.me/work/u2.t1","title" : "Barbablù","type" : "Book","author" : "http://bibfra.me/auth/person/kurt_vonnegut","translator" : "http://bibfra.me/auth/person/pier_francesco_paolini",“subject": [ "http://bibfra.me/auth/subject/foo", "http://bibfra.me/auth/subject/bar", Book "http://bibfra.me/auth/subject/baz" ],“language": "Italian",“summary": "Nome: Rabo. Cognome: Karabekian. Nato a San Ignacio diCalifornia nel 1916 da genitori armeni. Stato civile: vedovo.Professione: pittore e collezionista darte. La grande casa ...","hasInstance": "http://bibfra.me/instance/u2.t1-1","isTranslationOf": "http://bibfra.me/work/u2""id": "http://bibfra.me/instance/u2.t1-1","type": "PapberbackBook","volumes": "1","pages": "239", Paperback"date" : "2007-05-31","publisher" : "http://bibfra.me/auth/org/feltrinelli","ISBN": "880701727X",“image": "http://d.gr-assets.com/books/1327279411l/9700830.jpg" 39
  41. 41. subject author translator Book hasInstance Paperback publisher 40
  42. 42. subject author author subject translator Book isTranslationOf Book hasInstance hasInstance Hardcover Paperbackpublisher publisher 41
  43. 43. subject author author subject translator Book isTranslationOf Book hasTranslation ? hasInstance hasInstance Hardcover Paperbackpublisher publisher 42
  44. 44. Recombinant Data 43
  45. 45. 44
  46. 46. RDF• Resource Description Framework • common model for representing web data http:// http:// Subject URI dc:creator Predicate URI Object URI z.com me.com 45
  47. 47. RDF• Resource Description Framework • common model for representing web data URI URI URI 46
  48. 48. RDF• Resource Description Framework • common model for representing web data http:// http:// URI dc:creator URI URI z.com me.com 47
  49. 49. RDF 48
  50. 50. BIBFRAME 49
  51. 51. Community Profiles 50
  52. 52. Community Profiles 51
  53. 53. Community Profiles 52
  54. 54. Community Profiles 53
  55. 55. Back to Bluebeard(in an Open World) Book isTranslationOf Book hasInstance hasInstanceHardcover Paperback(1987) (2007) 54
  56. 56. Uniform Title uniformTitle hasWork hasWork Book isTranslationOf Book Book Work isTranslationOf Book Work hasInstance hasInstance hasInstance hasInstanceHardcover Paperback Hardcover Paperback (option 1) (option 2) 55
  57. 57. Uniform Title uniformTitle primeWork ? hasWork hasWork Book isTranslationOf Book Book Work isTranslationOf Book Work hasInstance hasInstance hasInstance hasInstanceHardcover Paperback Hardcover Paperback (option 1) (option 2) 55
  58. 58. 56
  59. 59. 57
  60. 60. 58
  61. 61. 59
  62. 62. 60
  63. 63. 61
  64. 64. 62
  65. 65. 63
  66. 66. Initial Phase• Completed Landscape Assessment• Initial draft of Linked Data model Bibliographic Framework as a Web of Data: Linked Data Model and Supporting Services• Prototype of translation services and Interfaces • https://github.com/lcnetdev/marc2bibframe• Vocabulary mappings to MARC and RDA• Project roadmap and deployment strategic report• Convened Early Experimenters to help refine this work 64
  67. 67. Early Experimenters• British Library• Deutsche Nationalbibliothek• George Washington University• National Library of Medicine• OCLC• Princeton University• Library of Congress 65
  68. 68. Early Experimenters Process• Face to Face meeting in October at the Library of Congress to introduce the proposed BIBRAME model and preview their data in the model• Experimentation for a month at their institutions• Second Face to Face meeting in December to share findings, comments and questions• Iterative refinement of model, vocabulary and services based on real world data and experimentation 66
  69. 69. Next phase• Extended Experimentation with more institutions and data types• Create more detailed documentation• Complete Vocabulary Mapping to address all MARC and RDA fields• Serialization and Protocols• Create Use Cases for further validation• Named Profiles / constraints• Prototype lightweight, open source cataloging interfaces• Generate information central for all things BIBFRAME 67
  70. 70. BIBFRAME: Proposed Roadmap Short-Term Goal: Medium-Term Goal: Long-Term Goal: Refine BIBFRAME Model and Community Education and Transition Adoption Prepare for TransitionBIBFRAME Model Development Landscape Completed Early Experiments Extended Group Testing Tasks AssessmentModel Development BIBFRAME Model Refinement & Application ProfilesPipeline Development Annotation Demonstration and Stress TestingCommunity/Market Adoption Education & Stakeholder Transition Strategy, Education and Transition Outreach Materials Library Vendor and Search Library Vendor and Search Adoption Strategy Use Cases and Validation End User Facing Tool Development Value Proposition for Transition Authority Services BIBFRAME Vocabulary Governance Model 68
  71. 71. Next Steps for you• Continue to learn about Linked Data (inside and outside of Library community)• Join the discussion • bibframe@listserv.loc.gov• Keep a watch out for updates to documentation, examples, vocabulary, services, prototypes, etc. • http://www.loc.gov/marc/transition/• Start to engage vendors • “what is your Linked Data strategy”? 69
  72. 72. Thank YouComments or Questions Eric Miller em@zepheira.com 70

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