Over the past decade, as the scholarly community’s reliance on e-content has increased, so too has the development of preservation-related digital repositories. The need for descriptive, administrative, and structural metadata for each digital object in a preservation repository was clearly recognized by digital archivists and curators. However, in the early 2000’s, most of the published specifications for preservation-related metadata were either implementation specific or broadly theoretical. In 2003, the Online Computer Library Center (OCLC) and Research Libraries Group (RLG) established an international working group called PREMIS (Preservation Metadata: Implementation Strategies) to develop a common core set of metadata elements for digital preservation. The first version of the PREMIS Data Dictionary for Preservation Metadata and its supporting XML schema was issued in 2005. Experience using its specifications in preservation repositories has led to several revisions, with the completion of a version 2.0 in 2008. The Data Dictionary is now in version 2.2 (July 2012), and it is widely implemented in preservation repositories throughout the world in multiple domains.