NISO Webinar April 10


Published on

One of the exciting aspects of e-books and the newer standards for them is the ability content creators have to create a format that provides for accessibility for everyone. From individuals who are visually impaired to those that have cognitive or learning disabilities, all can all be accommodated with the latest dizzying array of devices that support a variety of functionality and multimedia. In this webinar you will learn about new and emerging technologies to provide universal accessibility, including built-in accessibility for textbooks and an open source platform.

Published in: Technology, Design
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

NISO Webinar April 10

  1. 1. NISO Webinar: Universal Accessibility: Creating E-Books Anyone Can Read March 13, 2013 Speakers: Anne Taylor Director of Access Technology, National Federation for the Blind; Ginny Grant, Product Manager, Benetech;Michele Bruno Program Manager, Accessibility, Cengage Learning
  2. 2. eBook Access for Everyone Anne Taylor Director of Access Technology Jernigan Institute National Federation of the Blind
  3. 3. Where do blind readers get their books? National Library Service for the Blind and Physically Handicapped:  Cartridges  Downloads Learning Ally Bookshare AccessText Louis database Commercial audiobooks (e.g. Audible) Commercial eBooks (e.g. iBooks) National Federation of the Blind
  4. 4. Mainstream eBooks Blio iBooks Google Play Books Overdrive on PC Nook iOS app National Federation of the Blind
  5. 5. The Accessibility Gap The goal is not only equal access, but also equal user experience Digital book formats can be translated into any desired format; but technology barriers are being created  Format  EPUB 3  Hardware  Kindle Keyboard, Fire and PC: has TTS, but TTS is switched off for some books  Sony reader is inaccessible  Nook has partial accessibility (depending on the platform)  iOS has the best user experience National Federation of the Blind
  6. 6. How to implement accessible eBook solutions Target formats  EPUB  DAISY  Accessible HTML (WAI guidelines)  XML  Braille output Platform  Ensure that content is interoperable, and not device-specific National Federation of the Blind
  7. 7. Resources DAISY consortium: W3C WAI guidelines: Accessible EPUB 3: Tips for Creating Accessible EPUB 3 Files: practices/54-9-tips-for-creating-accessible-epub-3- files.html National Federation of the Blind
  8. 8. Contact us National Federation of the Blind  Anne Taylor 1800 Johnson Street Baltimore, MD 21230 Phone: 410-659-9314 ext. 2413 National Federation of the Blind
  9. 9. “Anywhere, Anytime Readingfor Readers with Print Disabilities” NISO Webinar April 10, 2013 9
  10. 10. Presenter Ginny Grant Product Manager, Literacy ProgramBookshare and The DIAGRAM Center are part of Benetech’s Literacy Program 10
  11. 11. Agenda Benetech’s Literacy Program Initiatives Partnership with IDPF & Project Readium Accessible Books Accessible Anywhere! Key Benefits for Print Disabled Readers Q & A Time 11
  12. 12. Benetech’s Literacy Program InitiativesBookshare Service• Accessible online library• Scale, efficiency• Getting books into students’ hands Reading Tools & Training • Professional development workshops Born • Cloud-based bookshelf Accessible • MP3 download • Web Reader • Content Tools • Discovery • Services DIAGRAM: R&D • Tools for accessible image creation • Technical standards • Research, training and best practice guidelines
  13. 13. The “Easy” Stuff: Structure & Textual Elements Real navigation Real style sheets (separate from content) Real text (not “fixed layout” pictures) Real lists Real tables with logical headers Standards & Practices:  EPUB 3 (thank you DAISY 3)  Best practices make all the difference
  14. 14. Highlights of Accessible Content Structure Images Navigation Longdesc Sections DIAGRAM Content ModelText MathReflowable MathMLStyle/Content DescriptionFormatting Tables & Lists Video Headers Track: subtitles, Ordering description, etc. Accessible EPUB 3 Guidelines:
  15. 15. Project Readium Open Source Reading Tool software for EPUB 3  International Digital Publishing Forum ( • Producing EPUB 3 samples representing all major features of the standard for use by the publishing industry • Developed a free conversion tool to generate EPUB 3 files • Bookshare is the largest implementer for production use  Readium ( • Major initiative to develop a reference implementation of the IDPF EPUB 3 standards using WebKit Engine • WebKit is an open source rendering engine for HTML and related Web Standards • Bookshare took a “branch” of the Readium code and added accessibility features • Bookshare is collaborating with Readium.Org and IDPF to add functionality 15
  16. 16. Accessible Books, Accessible Anywhere! Titles from search results, download history or bookshelf have a “Read Now” link in supported Internet Browsers  Auto-conversion to EPUB 3 and launch of Bookshare Web Reader 16
  17. 17. Accessible Books, Accessible Anywhere! Bookshare Web Reader Provides Anywhere, Anytime Reading of Accessible Books  One-click on “Read Now” link from within Bookshare  Browser-based reading tool • No special software or hardware needed ($0 Cost) o Based on IDPF’s Readium Project (open source software) • Optimized for use in Google Chrome o Plug-in required for Synchronized Highlighting with Text-to-Speech (TTS) • Also available for use in IE9, IE10 and Firefox; User listens to book using standard TTS engine  > 187,000 Books available for reading real-time 17
  18. 18. Benefits for Print-Disabled Readers Settings for different accessibility needs   Font sizes up to Color schemes 70 pt.  Night mode  Scrolling vs. pagination options  Full-screen and Margin settings  Text-to-Speech Rate Table of Contents  Jump to Page 18
  19. 19. Benefits for Print-Disabled Readers Synchronized Highlighting and Text-to-Speech  Word- and Sentence-level highlighting (Chrome)  Improve outcomes for readers with Dyslexia and other reading disabilities 19
  20. 20. Benefits for Print-Disabled Readers Described Images and Math Equations  Where available, images are described for B/VI or users who are verbal vs. visual 20
  21. 21. Benefits for Print-Disabled Readers Easy Navigation of Book Contents  Table of Contents  Chapters, Sections, Sub-Sections and Jump-to-Page  Forward and Back movement 21
  22. 22. What can be read on the Bookshare Web Reader? Free Reading, Textbooks & Classroom Materials  187,000+ Titles in the Bookshare Library  10,500+ Textbooks • 4,200+ NIMAC K-12 textbooks w/images for learners with Teacher-assigned Bookshelves • College/University textbooks Special Collections for Easy Browsing  New York Times Best Sellers  Newbery, Caldecott Winners  Veterans sub-collections  1,000+ books in Spanish22
  23. 23. Bookshare Enhancements Bookshare enhanced and put code back into the Open Source Repository called Github  Accessibility Improvements • Worked with a nationally-known organization who performed an accessibility audit on Project Readium and Bookshare • Bookshare enhanced the reading tool in order to support users with Screen Readers (like JAWS or AMIS) and to allow the native TTS engine in Chrome to access books • Bookshare expanded the TTS functionality under the code name “Benespeak” and added that library back to the project 23
  24. 24. Bookshare Enhancements Bookshare enhanced and put code back into the Open Source Repository called Github  Digital Rights • Publishers are understandably concerned that the content of their books could be easily disseminated across the internet • Bookshare ensures that only active, certified members with Print Disabilities (as defined in the Chafee Amendment) can access these books • Bookshare’s Bookshelf concept allows access to NIMAC-sourced textbooks for qualified U.S. students • Books are not downloaded, so cannot be copied and used by non-qualified readers 24
  25. 25. Thank you! Want to Know More? Visit Bookshare (  Free Readers for Bookshare Members  Learn more about the new Bookshare Features  Video on the Bookshare Web Reader  Membership Questions and Qualifications Visit Readium ( Visit the International Digital Publishing Forum ( Visit The DIAGRAM Center (  Top Ten Tips for Accessible EPUB 3 Ginny Grant Product Manager, Literacy Program Also: or 25
  26. 26. A Publisher PerspectiveTowards Accessibility
  27. 27. About Cengage Learning Our Company With annual revenues of approximately $2 billion, the company has 5,500 employees with operations in more than 20 countries around the world. Our Markets • Academic- K12; postsecondary • Professional • Library markets • Worldwide Our Products and Services • Learning resources; textbooks, supplemental materials, digital products • Library reference products Our Brands • Brooks Cole, Course Technology, Gale, South-Western, Wadsworth27
  28. 28. Accessibility Evolution • Print textbook alternate formats • Accessible digital landscape: new considerations • Cengage Learning response Accessible Ebook • Environment of change • Challenges and opportunities • Cengage Learning looks forward28
  29. 29. Print Textbook Alternate Formats29
  30. 30. Accessible Digital Landscape: New Considerations Technology Influences • World Wide Web • PDF enhancements • Web Content Accessibility Guidelines30
  31. 31. Cengage Learning Response • Workflow and production processes • • Shift to digital31
  32. 32. Accessible Ebook • • What makes an ebook accessible • Beyond print disabled; accessibility for everyone32 Cengage Learning Accessibility
  33. 33. Environment of Change Operating Systems Windows XP, 7, 8 Vista Apple iOS …any many others…33
  34. 34. Environment of Change Operating Systems Windows XP, 7, 8 Vista Apple iOS Browsers …any many others… Internet Explorer FireFox Safari …any many others…34
  35. 35. Environment of Change Operating Systems Windows XP, 7, 8 Vista Apple iOS Browsers …any many others… Internet Explorer AT FireFox Screen readers Safari Magnifiers …any many others… …any many others…35
  36. 36. Environment of Change Operating Systems Windows XP, 7, 8 Vista Apple iOS Browsers …any many others… Internet Explorer AT FireFox Screen readers Safari Magnifiers …any many others… …any many others… Mobile Devices smartphone tablets ??36
  37. 37. Environment of Change Operating Systems Windows XP, 7, 8 Vista Apple iOS Browsers …any many others… Internet Explorer AT FireFox Screen readers Safari Magnifiers …any many others… …any many others… Mobile Devices smartphone tablets37 ??
  38. 38. Challenges and Opportunities Content • STEM content • Multimedia Technology • New Devices • Old technology • Tools • Standards38
  39. 39. Looking Forward One publishers evolutionary approach • Awareness • Design with accessibility in mind Collaboration • Continue to participate • Encourage user feedback • Share experiences39
  40. 40. ‹#›
  41. 41. NISO WebinarUniversal Accessibility:Creating E-Books Anyone Can Read Questions? All questions will be posted with presenter answers on the NISO website following the webinar: NISO Webinar • April 10, 2013
  42. 42. THANK YOU Thank you for joining us today.Please take a moment to fill out the brief online survey. We look forward to hearing from you!