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Identify Everything: Role of standard identifiers in communicating science

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Presentation by Todd Carpenter at the CENDI/NFAIS/RDA/NAS conference "Managing Digital Research Objects in an Expanding Science Ecosystem" at the National Library of Medicine on November 15, 2017

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Identify Everything: Role of standard identifiers in communicating science

  1. 1. Identify Everything: The role of standard identifiers in communicating science Todd A. Carpenter Executive Director, NISO November 15, 2017
  2. 2. 2 National Information Standards Organization (NISO) Independent non-profit industry trade association accredited by American National Standards Institute (ANSI) Mission of developing and maintaining technical standards related to information, documentation, discovery and distribution of published materials and media More than 230 members worldwide Staff led but work is done by 500+ volunteers spread across the world Standards which we create/manage/support: ISBN Dublin Core Altmetrics/Usage Data ISSN OpenURL Resource Access/Authentication DOI Licensing E-resource management
  3. 3. November 15, 2017 Managing Digital Research Objects in an Expanding Science Ecosystem 3 So many types of outputs https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/pubtypes.html
  4. 4. Research outputs of all sort Class: Basic Science Class: Capacity Class: Code and Software Class: Communications Class: Data Class: Education and Training Materials Class: Event Class: Grey Literature Class: Images, Diagrams, and Video Class: Industry Class: Instruments, Devices, and Inventions Class: Methodologies Class: Other Class: Publications Class: Regulatory, Compliance, and Legislation Class: Standards November 15, 2017 Managing Digital Research Objects in an Expanding Science Ecosystem 4
  5. 5. Persistent ID in each of these domains 5November 15, 2017 Managing Digital Research Objects in an Expanding Science Ecosystem computing general government lifesciences locations mathematics media personid physicalsciences publishing standards
  6. 6. November 15, 2017 Managing Digital Research Objects in an Expanding Science Ecosystem 6
  7. 7. “The nice thing about standards is that there are so many of them to choose from…” Andrew S. Tanenbaum 7
  8. 8. Hypothesis / Idea Generation Research / Discovery Methodology Design Data Collection Data AnalysisDrafting Publication Outreach Assessment 8 Research Workflow
  9. 9. Hypothesis / Idea Generation Research / Discovery Methodology Design Data Collection Data AnalysisDrafting Publication Outreach Assessment 9 Research Workflow Outputs DOI IBSN ISSN ArXiv ISMN DataCite People ORCID SCOPUS ResearcherID VIAF ISNI FunderID Objects IGSN PDB CASRN DIN CASRN Workflow NCT – Clinical Trial I Organizations FunderID Ringgold/ISNI GRID
  10. 10. Hypothesis / Idea Generation Research / Discovery Methodology Design Data Collection Data AnalysisDrafting Publication Outreach Assessment 10 Research Workflow Outputs DOI IBSN ISSN ArXiv ISMN DataCite People ORCID SCOPUS ResearcherID VIAF ISNI FunderID Objects IGSN PDB CASRN DIN CASRN Workflow NCT – Clinical Trial I Organizations FunderID Ringgold/ISNI GRID ???? ???? Methods ???? Analytical Models ???? Presentations /Posters ???? Software ???? Devices/Sensors
  11. 11. November 15, 2017 Managing Digital Research Objects in an Expanding Science Ecosystem 11
  12. 12. November 15, 2017 Managing Digital Research Objects in an Expanding Science Ecosystem 12 What is the real value of identifiers?
  13. 13. November 15, 2017 Managing Digital Research Objects in an Expanding Science Ecosystem 13
  14. 14. November 15, 2017 Managing Digital Research Objects in an Expanding Science Ecosystem 14
  15. 15. November 15, 2017 Managing Digital Research Objects in an Expanding Science Ecosystem 15 A Word of Caution About Identifiers
  16. 16. November 15, 2017 Managing Digital Research Objects in an Expanding Science Ecosystem 16 Identification means more than disambiguation https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc3986#page-4
  17. 17. November 15, 2017 Managing Digital Research Objects in an Expanding Science Ecosystem 17 http://orcid.org/0000-0002-8320-0491
  18. 18. November 15, 2017 Managing Digital Research Objects in an Expanding Science Ecosystem 18 It is not the disambiguation of the identifier that is valuable.
  19. 19. November 15, 2017 Managing Digital Research Objects in an Expanding Science Ecosystem 19 It is not the disambiguation of the identifier that is valuable. It is the infrastructure that supports the ID that creates value
  20. 20. November 15, 2017 Managing Digital Research Objects in an Expanding Science Ecosystem 20 Managing identifiers and metadata well is difficult and expensive
  21. 21. November 15, 2017 Managing Digital Research Objects in an Expanding Science Ecosystem 21 Managing identifiers and metadata poorly can be more expensive and probably in ways you can’t track.
  22. 22. Thank you! Todd A. Carpenter Executive Director National Information Standards Organization (NISO) SECRETARY, ISO Technical Committee 46, Subcommittee 9, Information & Documentation - Identification & Description 3600 Clipper Mill Road, Suite 302 Baltimore, MD 21211-1950 U.S.A. (301) 654-2512 tcarpenter@niso.org tc46sc9@niso.org www.niso.org November 15, 2017 Managing Digital Research Objects in an Expanding Science Ecosystem 22

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