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Galichet XML Workflow Brief History NISO


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This presentation was delivered by Laurent Galichet of ISO during the NISO event, XML for Standards Publishers, held on Monday, April 24, 2017 in Washington DC.

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Galichet XML Workflow Brief History NISO

  1. 1. Implementing and leveraging an XML workflow A brief history of publishing at ISO Laurent Galichet and Serge Juillerat
  2. 2. Who is ISO and what do we do? • Independent member-based NGO • 163 national standards bodies • Bring together experts to develop voluntary consensus-based international standards
  3. 3. ISO in numbers (2016) • 21478 International Standards and standards-type documents published • Nearly 1 million pages (EN and FR) • 3555 technical bodies • 1509 technical meetings in 45 countries • 144 ISO staff coordinate the worldwide activities of ISO from Geneva
  4. 4. Why the XML workflow? • Creation of a central repository of standards • Improve speed to market also for national adoptions • Broaden readership • Reduce or avoid duplication of costs • Streamline ISO production processes
  5. 5. How it all started • Implementation of Typefi Writer + Typefi Designer § The problem: bottleneck end-of-chain with manual composition § With Typefi Writer in the hands of editors, one less bottleneck § Composition department disbanded • Workflow choice § XML-first or XML-last? • And which flavor of XML?
  6. 6. How it all started • We chose XML-first • And all the pieces came together § eXtyles, editorial and XML solution § Typefi, publishing platform § NLM DTD as a base and modifications by Mulberry technologies • Genesis of ISOSTS: ISO Standards Tag Set
  7. 7. ISOSTS – the acid test • Back-catalog conversion of over 30000 standards § Roughly split equally between MS Word, cPDF, scanned PDF source files • Equivalent of 750000 pages • 2 years • 99.995% character accuracy • 99.95% mark-up accuracy
  8. 8. 2010 - 2011 It all begins 2011Dec Feb Apr Jun Aug Oct Dec Typefi writer ISOSTS kick off ISO and Mulberry XML schema selection Tendering process for back catalog Innodata selected for back Catalog Elaboration of SLAs eXtyles presentation to ISO editors I join... Back catalog setup period ISOSTS v.0.6 lands Typefi 5 production chain ISOSTS development end refinement by Mulberry Coding instructions (ISO/Innodata)
  9. 9. Building the chain Content • .doc(x) Structure • XML Layout • PDF • epub Online Browsing Platform MS Word eXtyles Typefi MarkLogic
  10. 10. eXtyles from Inera • Familiar working environment for end-users • Integrated editorial tools • Customizable • Machine-generated XML • In-house control
  11. 11. Typefi • Layout automation • High-throughput • One source → Multiple output • Brand-compliant publications • No post-production work
  12. 12. Change and People • Required a lot of support and help • Need to be in the loop of developments • MS Word skills are key • Humans are creatures of habit, change is tough
  13. 13. Outsourcing • September 2012: pilot to handle surplus • 3 editors in Manila • Trained remotely in ISO Directives, eXtyles, Typefi • Team expanded to 5, then 11 then 14 • Handling majority of Final Draft International Standards (FDIS)
  14. 14. 2012 Building the chain 2012Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec eXtyles configuration meeting Typefi configuration meeting eXtyles initial build Back cat start mass conversion ISOSTS v1.0 Online browsing platform eXtyles + Typefi subset of docs Editorial outsourcing pilot start eXtyles + Typefi all docs except JTC1 eXtyles build update eXtyles build update Typefi XSLT and InDesign templates eXtyles refinements/advanced processes ISOSTS development and refinement by Mulberry Coding instructions by ISO and Innodata Typefi 5 production chain Back catalog - mass conversion Remote training outsource team
  15. 15. Ramping up to full production • Initially simple documents through the chain • More complex documents requiring changes in configuration • Building trust in the technology with both internal and external teams • Continual support structure • In the end, there’s only so much testing one can do – take the plunge!
  16. 16. Outsourcing • Sensitive topic • Complex to set up • How much investment in IT infrastructure? • Business continuity assured • Flexibility
  17. 17. Accessibility • Large and growing undersupplied audience § 10% of the world’s population experience some form of disability § About 65% of all people who are visually impaired are aged 50 and older. This age group comprises about 20% of the world's population Source: WHO Disability Report
  18. 18. 2013Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec JTC1 in XML Accessible PDF kickoff Redline project kickoff eXtyles build update Editorial outsource team expanded eXtyles build update eXtyles SI Typefi XSLT and InDesign Remote training outsource team Back catalog mass conversion 2013 Full production
  19. 19. New products • Redline PDFs and online – DeltaXML
  20. 20. New products • Colour standards § 2-column § Floating objects
  21. 21. New products • Handbooks on implementation of standards § A5 format § Four-colour
  22. 22. eXtyles SI • Request from ISO members for XML at Draft International Standards (DIS) stage • Integration of eXtyles SI at DIS • Documents automatically go through eXtyles processes • Manual completion of processing • Significant time and resource savings
  23. 23. 2014 Experimentation 2014Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec End back catalog Redline in production Editorial outsource team expanded eXtyles build update NISO discussion kickoff Typefi 7 upgrade Typefi 7 in production Typefi Backcat for redline Back catalog mass conversion Draft in XML, pilot outsource team DIS in XML in-house Final publication outsource
  24. 24. Lessons learnt – Back catalog • Don’t believe it when vendors say ‘100% quality and 100% automation’ • Don’t accept it when your colleagues say ‘it’s digital to digital, what can go wrong? No need to check!’ • Image/scanned PDFs are really, really tricky • A prioritization of documents might be a good idea • And don’t underestimate your content!
  25. 25. Lessons learnt – Back Catalog And for the actuals… Pages 750 000 Tables approx. 40 000 Equations approx. 15 000 Images approx. 76 000 Pages 675 000 Tables 156 000 Equations 180 000 Images 138 000 Our estimates for the contract
  26. 26. TMB Task Force on Quality • Perceived loss in quality of ISO deliverables • Task force created to gather feedback • Majority of cases reported on MS Word files • Corrigenda rates on PDFs remained at historical levels throughout § No spikes observed due to technology or workflow changes
  27. 27. 2015 More change 2015Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec eXtyles SI on DIS TMB task force quality A5 handbooks Typefi Automatic DIS covers Change ISO leadership eXtyles build update NISO STS start New table model delivered Accessible PDF in production Final publication outsource NISO STS Draft in XML inhouse Parallel DIS PDF/XML processing inhouse New table model (eXtyles/Typefi)
  28. 28. Production chain evolution • Processing of tables enhanced in eXtyles/Typefi • Automation of epub generation • Different workflow set-up with Manila team
  29. 29. Improving end-user experience • Survey of end-users for all technology irritants • Categorization into bug-fixing vs improvements • Resolution plans made available to all • Regular update meetings with end-users to track progress
  30. 30. 2016 Consolidation 2016Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec eXtyles build eXtyles/Typefi table model update Automatic epub generation eXtyles build eXtyles running on Citrix Table model update for ISO members Multicolumn vocabulary NISO STS Typefi 8 upgrade Technology irritants
  31. 31. It’s all about interoperability • NISO STS • In 2017: § Typefi 8 § MS Word roundtrip § Statistics § And NISO STS implementation!
  32. 32. What we should have done more of • Communication to all stakeholders of impacts § ISO Members § ISO Technical Committees § Internal teams
  33. 33. Conclusions • Simplification and flexibility • Reduction processing time • Harmonization of practices • Adoption of publication chain tools by ISO Members • Adoption of ISO STS as base for NISO STS standard • It works!
  34. 34. Further thoughts – ISOSTS • The development took some work but § JATS is comprehensive § ISOSTS covers all the tagging needs to date for ISO § Great to work with people who know their stuff! And everyone needs to be flexible …………including the tag set (sometimes!)
  35. 35. Thanks To Holger and all colleagues in STAND PROD; and to Nicolas, Trevor, David To Debbie, Tommie, Bruce and the team, Chandi and the team, Nette, Diwa, Ella, Sadhik, Rizwan, Saumya
  36. 36. Questions