Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.
Whither Bibliographic Data?
Designing a roadmap
to a new
bibliographic information ecosystem
Todd A. Carpenter, Executive ...
Our Dear Old Friend, MARC
01386cam 2200301 a
45000010008000000050017000080080041000250350021000669060045000879550027001320...
Our Dear Old Friend, MARC
(formatted for your viewing pleasure)
MARC Components
Encoding Structure
Z39.2
ISO 2709:2008 -- Format for information exchange
Format structure
Anglo-American ...
Photo: Minneapolis College
of Art and Design Library
Why is MARC so efficient? It had to be.
$2,642,412
per MBin 1965
Photo: Computer History Museum Data: Memory Prices (1957-...
How much computer technology pre-dates this?
Unfortunately, quite a bit...
Why?
We avoid improving infrastructure
Billions and billions of records
Photo: dfulmer
Photo:from I Love Libraries
MARC’s Massive installed base
If you were building a network today
would you string copper everywhere?
If you building a metadata ecosystem,
would you start here?
01386cam 2200301 a
4500001000800000005001700008008004100025035...
“MARC Must Die!”
-Roy Tennant (2002)
Mmmmmm, Brains!
MARC is useful.
It is efficient.
It is our lingua franca.
There are many reasons to
retain it.
But wait.....
Movement toward linked data
datahub.io - 5107 data stores
id.loc.gov
British National Bibliography (BNB)
VIAF
OCLC WorldCa...
But is it sufficient?
Organizations will not move away from a legacy system
unless the new system:
a) Is demonstrably cheaper
b) Is demonstrably...
Can we say a new
metadata management system
based on linked data
will be/do one of those things?
It is in….
Adoption
(or rather, in its
absence)
The point at which most standards
fail is not prior to consensus
“You would be a fool to
design a system based
on an interchange
protocol.”
- Mark Bide, EDItEUR
Next generation library
systems are
already in production
Just a few...
How can we assure that we
are doing the right things?
For everyone?
That will save resources?
That will improve services?
...
NISO’s
Bibliographic
Roadmap Initiative
With gracious thanks to
The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation
Initiative coordination
Gap identification
Economic analysis
Engage diverse players
Open process
Some issues:
Semantics
Interoperability
Economics
Rules
Provenance/Authority
Staffing/Training
Users
What have we done?
In-person meeting on April 15-16
in Baltimore
An unconference on bibliographic data exchange
45 in-pers...
What we are trying to avoid
The world
makes way for
the man who
knows where
he is going.
- Ralph Waldo Emerson
“If you don't know where
you're going, you might not
get there.”
-Yogi Berra
Thank you!
Todd Carpenter, Executive Director
tcarpenter@niso.org
National Information Standards Organization (NISO)
3600 ...
Future of Bibliographic Systems: Designing a Roadmap to a new Bibliographic Information Ecosystem
Future of Bibliographic Systems: Designing a Roadmap to a new Bibliographic Information Ecosystem
Future of Bibliographic Systems: Designing a Roadmap to a new Bibliographic Information Ecosystem
Future of Bibliographic Systems: Designing a Roadmap to a new Bibliographic Information Ecosystem
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Future of Bibliographic Systems: Designing a Roadmap to a new Bibliographic Information Ecosystem

656 views

Published on

Published in: Technology, Education
  • Be the first to comment

Future of Bibliographic Systems: Designing a Roadmap to a new Bibliographic Information Ecosystem

  1. 1. Whither Bibliographic Data? Designing a roadmap to a new bibliographic information ecosystem Todd A. Carpenter, Executive Director, NISO ALA Annual Meeting – AVIAC Session July 1, 2013
  2. 2. Our Dear Old Friend, MARC 01386cam 2200301 a 450000100080000000500170000800800410002503500210006690600450008795500270013201000170015902000150 017604000180019104300120020905000220022108200210024311000550026424503080031926000670062730000250 069444000540071950000290077365000600080265000580086265000730092071000430099399100480103638568531 9951219150001.4881118s1989 nju 000 0 eng 9(DLC) 88029610 a7bcbccorignewd1eocipf19gy-gencatlg aCIP ver. pv04 12-06-95 a 88029610 a0887389538 aDLCcDLCdDLC an-us---00aZ674.8b.N44 198900a021.6/5/09732192 aNational Information Standards Organization (U.S.)10aInformation retrieval service and protocol :bAmerican national standard for information retrieval service definition and protocol specification for library applications /capproved January 15, 1988 by American National Standards Institute ; developed by the National Information Standards Organization. aNew Brunswick, N.J., U.S.A. :bTransaction Publishers,cc1989. axii, 50 p. ;c26 cm. 0aNational information standards series,x1041-5653 a"ANSI/NISO Z39.50-1988." 0aLibrary information networksxStandardszUnited States. 0aComputer network protocolsxStandardszUnited States. 0aInformation storage and retrieval systemsxStandardszUnited States.2 aAmerican National Standards Institute. bc-GenCollhZ674.8i.N44 1989tCopy 1wBOOKS
  3. 3. Our Dear Old Friend, MARC (formatted for your viewing pleasure)
  4. 4. MARC Components Encoding Structure Z39.2 ISO 2709:2008 -- Format for information exchange Format structure Anglo-American Cataloging Rules (2nd Edition) AACR2 Resource Description & Access Exchange System Z39.50 SRU/SRW
  5. 5. Photo: Minneapolis College of Art and Design Library
  6. 6. Why is MARC so efficient? It had to be. $2,642,412 per MBin 1965 Photo: Computer History Museum Data: Memory Prices (1957-2013)
  7. 7. How much computer technology pre-dates this?
  8. 8. Unfortunately, quite a bit...
  9. 9. Why?
  10. 10. We avoid improving infrastructure
  11. 11. Billions and billions of records Photo: dfulmer
  12. 12. Photo:from I Love Libraries MARC’s Massive installed base
  13. 13. If you were building a network today would you string copper everywhere?
  14. 14. If you building a metadata ecosystem, would you start here? 01386cam 2200301 a 450000100080000000500170000800800410002503500210006690600450008795500270013201000170015902000150 017604000180019104300120020905000220022108200210024311000550026424503080031926000670062730000250 069444000540071950000290077365000600080265000580086265000730092071000430099399100480103638568531 9951219150001.4881118s1989 nju 000 0 eng 9(DLC) 88029610 a7bcbccorignewd1eocipf19gy-gencatlg aCIP ver. pv04 12-06-95 a 88029610 a0887389538 aDLCcDLCdDLC an-us---00aZ674.8b.N44 198900a021.6/5/09732192 aNational Information Standards Organization (U.S.)10aInformation retrieval service and protocol :bAmerican national standard for information retrieval service definition and protocol specification for library applications /capproved January 15, 1988 by American National Standards Institute ; developed by the National Information Standards Organization. aNew Brunswick, N.J., U.S.A. :bTransaction Publishers,cc1989. axii, 50 p. ;c26 cm. 0aNational information standards series,x1041-5653 a"ANSI/NISO Z39.50-1988." 0aLibrary information networksxStandardszUnited States. 0aComputer network protocolsxStandardszUnited States. 0aInformation storage and retrieval systemsxStandardszUnited States.2 aAmerican National Standards Institute. bc-GenCollhZ674.8i.N44 1989tCopy 1wBOOKS
  15. 15. “MARC Must Die!” -Roy Tennant (2002)
  16. 16. Mmmmmm, Brains!
  17. 17. MARC is useful. It is efficient. It is our lingua franca. There are many reasons to retain it. But wait.....
  18. 18. Movement toward linked data datahub.io - 5107 data stores id.loc.gov British National Bibliography (BNB) VIAF OCLC WorldCat Linked Data Store Deutsche Nationalbibliografie (DNB) (Germany) datos.bne.es (Spain) W3C Library Linked Data Incubator Group Many, many more...
  19. 19. But is it sufficient?
  20. 20. Organizations will not move away from a legacy system unless the new system: a) Is demonstrably cheaper b) Is demonstrably more effective in producing results (discovery, use, etc.) c) Will make the organization demonstrably more efficient (staff, management, sales, etc.) OR d) The legacy system becomes entirely non-interoperable with other, more important systems OR e) The legacy system breaks and cannot be repaired
  21. 21. Can we say a new metadata management system based on linked data will be/do one of those things?
  22. 22. It is in…. Adoption (or rather, in its absence) The point at which most standards fail is not prior to consensus
  23. 23. “You would be a fool to design a system based on an interchange protocol.” - Mark Bide, EDItEUR
  24. 24. Next generation library systems are already in production
  25. 25. Just a few...
  26. 26. How can we assure that we are doing the right things? For everyone? That will save resources? That will improve services? That will be adopted?
  27. 27. NISO’s Bibliographic Roadmap Initiative With gracious thanks to The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation
  28. 28. Initiative coordination Gap identification Economic analysis Engage diverse players Open process
  29. 29. Some issues: Semantics Interoperability Economics Rules Provenance/Authority Staffing/Training Users
  30. 30. What have we done? In-person meeting on April 15-16 in Baltimore An unconference on bibliographic data exchange 45 in-person more than 40 more online more than 200 subsequent viewers
  31. 31. What we are trying to avoid
  32. 32. The world makes way for the man who knows where he is going. - Ralph Waldo Emerson
  33. 33. “If you don't know where you're going, you might not get there.” -Yogi Berra
  34. 34. Thank you! Todd Carpenter, Executive Director tcarpenter@niso.org National Information Standards Organization (NISO) 3600 Clipper Mill Road, Suite 302 Baltimore, MD 21211 USA +1 (301) 654-2512 www.niso.org

×