Creating Order   Out of the ChaosNISO Content Distribution       StandardsTodd Carpenter, Executive Director, NISO  Counci...
@TAC_NISO Twitter Highlights•   So excited about this panel on reducing chaos at #CSE2012 today•   Very funny & convenient...
Standards are familiar, even if you don’t notice     Image: DanTaylor          Image: : Joel Washing
The Community
About• Non-profit industry trade association  accredited by ANSI• Mission of developing and maintaining  technical standard...
NISO Portfolio•   ISSN•   Paper Permanence                        Where the library,•   RFID in Libraries                 ...
32% Libraries/Library                  35 % Publishers/Publishing          Organizations!                            Organ...
NISO InternationallyActively participate internationally with ISO, EDItEUR,IFLA, ICSTI, International STM Association, COD...
Technical Committee (TC) 46       Information & Documentation                 Subcommittees (SC):              4 – Systems...
Other Standards        Organizations•   EDItEUR - ONIX, EDI, ARROW•   Book Industry Study Group - BISAC•   IDEAlliance - M...
Key Concepts inStandardization
The Referent        The thing        being        identified
The Identifier         The string         identifying         the referent
The Metadata        The data        that        describes        the referent
An ID & its metadata• Identifiers can be but are not necessarily  names (often better if they aren’t)• IDs can be but need ...
Functional Granularity
Functional Granularity   You ID an item at the  level at which it makes sense for your businessneeds to identify that item
A lesson in functional granularity
How do these things  apply in my life?  Journal-specific     standards
Presentation andIdentification of   E-Journals     PIE-J
JATS: Journal Article Tag          Suite (formerly NLM DTD)
Journal ArticleSupplemental Materials       Project
Indexed Discovery      ServicesNISO Open Discovery     initiative
Shared Electronic      ResourceUnderstanding (SERU)
Issues we are facing  (or about to face)with journals standards
Authorship        -----   DisambiguationContributorship Roles
Large Scale Data-Driven ScienceIncreasingly, scientificbreakthroughs will bepowered by advancedcomputing capabilities that...
Science data isn’t what it used to beImage: Walters Art Museum   Image: Domenico, Caron, Davis, et al.
We all know how to cite something, right?
How do you cite a data set in a journal?Source: Citations for SEER Databases!                                        Sourc...
Thank you!     Todd Carpenter, Executive Director           tcarpenter@niso.orgNational Information Standards Organization...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Creating Order Out of the Chaos

533 views

Published on

Published in: Education, Technology
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
533
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
3
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Creating Order Out of the Chaos

  1. 1. Creating Order Out of the ChaosNISO Content Distribution StandardsTodd Carpenter, Executive Director, NISO Council of Science Editors Confernce May 20, 2012
  2. 2. @TAC_NISO Twitter Highlights• So excited about this panel on reducing chaos at #CSE2012 today• Very funny & convenient @TAC_NISO pre-tweeted presentation. Slides to come! #CSE2012• #NISO = 1/3 Publishers, 1/3 Libraries, 1/3 automation vendors - where communities converge to develop standards #CSE2012• ISO standards community is complex - lots of players. Weird numbering scheme. #NISO manages identifiers subcommittee #CSE2012• Key Elements of Identification: Referent (thing that is ID’d), the identifier (string identifying referent) & metadata (describes the attributes of the thing) #CSE2012• Are 2 copies of @The_Economist the same thing? Yet they have the same #ISSN More to IDs than just the classification. #functionalgranularity #standards #CSE2012• More information about Journal Archiving Tag Suite JATS - http://bit.ly/KoqIJ9• More information about #NISO PIE-J project: http://www.niso.org/workrooms/piej #CSE2012• More information about #NISO Supplemental Matierals project: http://www.niso.org/workrooms/ supplemental #CSE2012• More information about #NISO KBART project: http://www.niso.org/workrooms/kbart #CSE2012• More information about #NISO SERU project: http://www.niso.org/workrooms/seru #CSE2012• Earlier this week, there was a great meeting in Boston on scholarly authorship. Check out #scholarlyattrib #cse2012• More information about ORCID project is at http://about.orcid.org or follow @ORCID_Org• Slides will be posted to SlideShare
  3. 3. Standards are familiar, even if you don’t notice Image: DanTaylor Image: : Joel Washing
  4. 4. The Community
  5. 5. About• Non-profit industry trade association accredited by ANSI• Mission of developing and maintaining technical standards related to information, documentation, discovery and distribution of published materials and media• Volunteer driven organization: 400+ spread out across the world
  6. 6. NISO Portfolio• ISSN• Paper Permanence Where the library,• RFID in Libraries publishing and• OpenURL automation suppliers converge• DOI• SUSHI Greatest focus on• KBART interoperability• SERU
  7. 7. 32% Libraries/Library 35 % Publishers/Publishing Organizations! Organizations!36 LSA Members ! (non-voting)! ANSI! ISO! Other SDOs! 33% Library Systems Suppliers, Publishing Vendors & Intermediaries! NISO’s Community
  8. 8. NISO InternationallyActively participate internationally with ISO, EDItEUR,IFLA, ICSTI, International STM Association, CODATA, UK Serials Group, LIBER, Standards Australia, IETF, ISO Registration Authorities
  9. 9. Technical Committee (TC) 46 Information & Documentation Subcommittees (SC): 4 – Systems Interoperability 8 – Performance Measurement 9 – Identification & Description 11 – Records ManagementNISO manages the Secretariat of ISO TC 46, SC 9
  10. 10. Other Standards Organizations• EDItEUR - ONIX, EDI, ARROW• Book Industry Study Group - BISAC• IDEAlliance - Magazine industry, PRISM• Library of Congress - MARC, PREMIS, SRU/SRW• ALA - AACR2, RDA• W3C - html5, CSS3, mobile• IDPF - EPUB, E-books• OASIS - XML Standards• IMSGlobal - Learning Management Systems
  11. 11. Key Concepts inStandardization
  12. 12. The Referent The thing being identified
  13. 13. The Identifier The string identifying the referent
  14. 14. The Metadata The data that describes the referent
  15. 15. An ID & its metadata• Identifiers can be but are not necessarily names (often better if they aren’t)• IDs can be but need not be human- readable. They also may or may not be human understandable.• Metadata describe attributes of the referent• Not every attribute need be described
  16. 16. Functional Granularity
  17. 17. Functional Granularity You ID an item at the level at which it makes sense for your businessneeds to identify that item
  18. 18. A lesson in functional granularity
  19. 19. How do these things apply in my life? Journal-specific standards
  20. 20. Presentation andIdentification of E-Journals PIE-J
  21. 21. JATS: Journal Article Tag Suite (formerly NLM DTD)
  22. 22. Journal ArticleSupplemental Materials Project
  23. 23. Indexed Discovery ServicesNISO Open Discovery initiative
  24. 24. Shared Electronic ResourceUnderstanding (SERU)
  25. 25. Issues we are facing (or about to face)with journals standards
  26. 26. Authorship ----- DisambiguationContributorship Roles
  27. 27. Large Scale Data-Driven ScienceIncreasingly, scientificbreakthroughs will bepowered by advancedcomputing capabilities thathelp researchersmanipulate and exploremassive datasets.
  28. 28. Science data isn’t what it used to beImage: Walters Art Museum Image: Domenico, Caron, Davis, et al.
  29. 29. We all know how to cite something, right?
  30. 30. How do you cite a data set in a journal?Source: Citations for SEER Databases! Source: International Polar Year! Source: Global Land Cover Facility! Source: The Economist ! Source: ICPSR!
  31. 31. Thank you! Todd Carpenter, Executive Director tcarpenter@niso.orgNational Information Standards Organization (NISO) One North Charles Street, Suite 1905 Baltimore, MD 21201 USA +1 (301) 654-2512 www.niso.org

×