Are you sure you have the       right copy? Identifying E-Books with ISBN  Todd A. Carpenter, NISO Executive Director Soci...
About• Non-profit industry trade association  accredited by ANSI• Mission of developing and maintaining  technical standard...
NISO Portfolio•   ISSN•   Paper Permanence                        Where the library,•   RFID in Libraries                 ...
The Community
32% Libraries/Library                  35 % Publishers/Publishing          Organizations!                            Organ...
NISO InternationallyActively participate internationally with ISO, EDItEUR,IFLA, ICSTI, International STM Association, COD...
Technical Committee (TC) 46       Information & Documentation                 Subcommittees (SC):              4 – Systems...
Standards are familiar, even if you don’t notice     Image: DanTaylor          Image: : Joel Washing
Key Concepts inStandardization
The Referent        The thing        being        identified
The Identifier         The string         identifying         the referent
The Metadata        The data        that        describes        the referent
An ID & its metadata• Identifiers can be but are not necessarily  names (often better if they aren’t)• IDs can be but need ...
Functional Granularity
Functional Granularity   You ID an item at the  level at which it makes sense for your businessneeds to identify that item
A lesson in functional granularity
How do these things  apply in my life? Identifying Ebooks
When is a new thing a new thing?
What make one ebookdifferent from another?
E-book characteristicsEncoding structure possibilities (file formats)Platform dependencies (different devices)Reflowable (...
“Different product forms (e.g. hardcover, paperback, Braille, audio-book, video, online    electronic publication) shall b...
ISBN-13 for E-booksWhen should a new version get a new ISBN?	 	 PDF? HTML? EPUB? MOBI? KINDLE?If a publisher refuses to as...
THERE ISNO SUCH THING AS AN E-ISBNThere are only ISBNs asigned     to ebooks (OK?)
Industry recommendations     released in 2011           ------   International ISBN AgencyGuidelines for the assignment of...
Simply put: Each file a publisherproduces for external distribution gets an         ISBN
Thank you!     Todd Carpenter, Executive Director           tcarpenter@niso.orgNational Information Standards Organization...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Are you sure you have the right copy? Identifying E-Books with ISBN

574 views

Published on

Published in: Business, Technology
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
574
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
7
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Are you sure you have the right copy? Identifying E-Books with ISBN

  1. 1. Are you sure you have the right copy? Identifying E-Books with ISBN Todd A. Carpenter, NISO Executive Director Society for Scholarly Publishing Annual Meeting May 31, 2012 - Arlington,VA
  2. 2. About• Non-profit industry trade association accredited by ANSI• Mission of developing and maintaining technical standards related to information, documentation, discovery and distribution of published materials and media• Volunteer driven organization: 400+ spread out across the world
  3. 3. NISO Portfolio• ISSN• Paper Permanence Where the library,• RFID in Libraries publishing and• OpenURL automation suppliers converge• DOI• SUSHI Greatest focus on• KBART interoperability• SERU
  4. 4. The Community
  5. 5. 32% Libraries/Library 35 % Publishers/Publishing Organizations! Organizations!36 LSA Members ! (non-voting)! ANSI! ISO! Other SDOs! 33% Library Systems Suppliers, Publishing Vendors & Intermediaries! NISO’s Community
  6. 6. NISO InternationallyActively participate internationally with ISO, EDItEUR,IFLA, ICSTI, International STM Association, CODATA, UK Serials Group, LIBER, Standards Australia, IETF, ISO Registration Authorities
  7. 7. Technical Committee (TC) 46 Information & Documentation Subcommittees (SC): 4 – Systems Interoperability 8 – Performance Measurement 9 – Identification & Description 11 – Records ManagementNISO manages the Secretariat of ISO TC 46, SC 9
  8. 8. Standards are familiar, even if you don’t notice Image: DanTaylor Image: : Joel Washing
  9. 9. Key Concepts inStandardization
  10. 10. The Referent The thing being identified
  11. 11. The Identifier The string identifying the referent
  12. 12. The Metadata The data that describes the referent
  13. 13. An ID & its metadata• Identifiers can be but are not necessarily names (often better if they aren’t)• IDs can be but need not be human- readable. They also may or may not be human understandable.• Metadata describe attributes of the referent• Not every attribute need be described
  14. 14. Functional Granularity
  15. 15. Functional Granularity You ID an item at the level at which it makes sense for your businessneeds to identify that item
  16. 16. A lesson in functional granularity
  17. 17. How do these things apply in my life? Identifying Ebooks
  18. 18. When is a new thing a new thing?
  19. 19. What make one ebookdifferent from another?
  20. 20. E-book characteristicsEncoding structure possibilities (file formats)Platform dependencies (different devices)Reflowable (resize)Mutable (easily changed/updated)Chunked (the entire item or only elements)Networkable (location isn’t applicable)Actionable/interactiveLinkable (to other content)Transformable (text to speech)Multimedia capableExtensible (not constrained by page)May operate under license terms (not copyright)Digital Rights Management (DRM)
  21. 21. “Different product forms (e.g. hardcover, paperback, Braille, audio-book, video, online electronic publication) shall be assigned separate ISBNs. Each different format of anelectronic publication (e.g. “.lit”,“.pdf”, “.html”,“.pdb”) that is published and made separately available shall be given a separate ISBN.”ISO 2108: 2007 - Information & Documnetation -- International Standard Book Number
  22. 22. ISBN-13 for E-booksWhen should a new version get a new ISBN? PDF? HTML? EPUB? MOBI? KINDLE?If a publisher refuses to assign one, can a supplier; such as Baker & Taylor, Ingram, or Google?Metadata bloat – 1 book, with 15 chapters Sold separately available in 5 formats + HC, SC, PoD Potentially 78 ISBNs assigned to one book
  23. 23. THERE ISNO SUCH THING AS AN E-ISBNThere are only ISBNs asigned to ebooks (OK?)
  24. 24. Industry recommendations released in 2011 ------ International ISBN AgencyGuidelines for the assignment of ISBNs to e-books &Book Industry Study Group (BISG)POL-1101: Best Practices for Identifying Digital Products
  25. 25. Simply put: Each file a publisherproduces for external distribution gets an ISBN
  26. 26. Thank you! Todd Carpenter, Executive Director tcarpenter@niso.orgNational Information Standards Organization (NISO) One North Charles Street, Suite 1905 Baltimore, MD 21201 USA +1 (301) 654-2512 www.niso.org

×