Fashion draping is the oldest method used since
the 18th century. Currently, it is considered to be an
important part in fashion designing.
Fashion Draping is the process of positioning
and pinning fabric on a standard size dress form to
develop the structure of a garment design.
Many types and sizes of dress forms for women,
men and children are made to fulfil the
A dress can be draped using a design sketch as a
basis, or a fashion designer can play with the way
fabric falls to create new designs at the start of the
dress design process.
After draping, the toile fabric is removed from the
dress form which was used to create the sewing
draped pattern for making fashionable dress to suit
In U.S.A. designers use very light weight fabrics,
which is called as 'toile', and U.K. designers call it
as 'muslin' cloth.
The techniques for draping fabric require the
knowledge of the fabric's characteristics.
Designers/drapers must have the knowledge to
distinguish among different fabrics which will enable
them to select the most appropriate fabric for flow and
line of each design.
Designers must devote time to collect swatches while
shopping and catalogue them by width content.
In this way a personal reference library can also be
created and developed.
Fabrics and clothes must relate to our lifestyles and our
active lifestyles are made of many different fabrics.
such as stretchy knitted fabrics,
voile, and light weight silk fabrics
are most suitable for fashion draping purpose.
Drape ability plays an important role in making
sophisticated draped garments.
Mostly, very light weight to medium weight fabric is
suitable for draped garments.
Garments made of woven goods are usually draped
in muslin or an inexpensive fabric where the grain and
cross grain are quite visible.
.The quality and hand of the muslin should
represent the texture and characteristics of the actual
fabric used for the garment design.
Soft muslin will simulate the draping quality of
natural or synthetic silk, and knitted cloth.
Medium-weight muslin will simulate the draping
quality of wool and medium-weight cottons.
Coarse muslin will simulate the draping quality of
heavy weight wool and cottons.
Also, canvas muslin will simulate the draping
qualities of heavy weight fabrics such as denim or
Consider the large collection of fabrics available
before beginning any draping steps.
The fabric selected for a garment drape greatly
influences the finished look.
Analyse and understand the structure and
characteristics of the fabric to create the proper
ease, hand feel and balance of the garment or
Approach each design with a positive attitude and
a clear fashion sense.
Garments made of knitted fabrics should be draped in less
expensive knit fabric.
However, the sample knit should have the same stretch
value as in the fabric selected for the finished garment.
The right side of the front dress form is used to drape the
front basic pattern or garment.
This procedure may vary, however, this is the standard rule
when fitting and draping any type of garment.
In simple words, draping technique means the way a fabric
hangs in a dress form as well as on the human body.
Dress form with sizes like US8, US10, US12 can be
chosen according to the requirement.
arm hole curve,
dark coloured twill tape, measuring tape, hip curve,
sleeve curve are the tools required.
The method of fashion draping includes
stitching the garment by the use of loosely hanging
material to create of flowing effect.
Sometimes, basic sloper patterns (master-
patterns) are also used to create draped and
Even sleeves are constructed with the help of
Draped pattern making, is the link between
design and production of a specified dress.
Designers sketch that turns into a three-
dimensional functional garment.
Draping process is a way of interpreting the
design regardless of the style, size and shape
The fabric is manipulated, moulded, and
shaped through the skilful use of the
draper/designer's hand, until the design is
replicated in three-dimensional form.
Draping does not rely on the aid of a pattern to create designs,
although a draper may choose to incorporate parts of an existing
pattern in the preparation of the muslin to assist in the drape.
It is true that those using the flat pattern making method may
incorporate some aspects of draping in creating specific designs.
This does not minimize the value of either pattern making method,
but it does enhance the pattern marker's ability to create design
patterns accurately and within time constraints.
The basic sleeve is not draped, although it could be, but the results
would be dubious.
The important points that should be taken care
of when draping the fabrics on dress forms are:
1. GSM of the Fabric (Weight)
2. The bias, selvage of the fabric
3. Pattern, texture and muslin mock-ups
4. Darts, seam location, finishing
Dress form is an excellent tool to have in a designer's studio.
It is mainly used to drape the fabric to make new and
innovative designed garments.
It always help in checking the proper fitting of the garment.
In present day, draping techniques are taught in fashion
design schools, academics and colleges.
Thus, students can easily understand the art of draping and
will be able to create more fashionable garments.
In modern days women prefer to wear draped style
Fashion draping is mostly used in theatrical costumes.
Evening wear, stage wear, and party wear garments are
made with the fashion technocrats.
Draping normally requires little bit of extra time but,
with continuous practice this will become easier and more
customers can be satisfied with accurate draped dresses in