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Draping ppt

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Art of fashion draping is useful to the students of fashion technology

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Draping ppt

  1. 1.  Fashion draping is the oldest method used since the 18th century. Currently, it is considered to be an important part in fashion designing.  Fashion Draping is the process of positioning and pinning fabric on a standard size dress form to develop the structure of a garment design.  Many types and sizes of dress forms for women, men and children are made to fulfil the requirement.
  2. 2.  A dress can be draped using a design sketch as a basis, or a fashion designer can play with the way fabric falls to create new designs at the start of the dress design process.  After draping, the toile fabric is removed from the dress form which was used to create the sewing draped pattern for making fashionable dress to suit an individual.  In U.S.A. designers use very light weight fabrics, which is called as 'toile', and U.K. designers call it as 'muslin' cloth.
  3. 3.  The techniques for draping fabric require the knowledge of the fabric's characteristics.  Designers/drapers must have the knowledge to distinguish among different fabrics which will enable them to select the most appropriate fabric for flow and line of each design.  Designers must devote time to collect swatches while shopping and catalogue them by width content.  In this way a personal reference library can also be created and developed. 
  4. 4.  Fabrics and clothes must relate to our lifestyles and our active lifestyles are made of many different fabrics.  such as stretchy knitted fabrics,  chiffon,  georgette,  organza,  sheer cottons,  voile, and light weight silk fabrics  are most suitable for fashion draping purpose.   Drape ability plays an important role in making sophisticated draped garments.  Mostly, very light weight to medium weight fabric is suitable for draped garments.
  5. 5.  Garments made of woven goods are usually draped in muslin or an inexpensive fabric where the grain and cross grain are quite visible.  .The quality and hand of the muslin should represent the texture and characteristics of the actual fabric used for the garment design.  Soft muslin will simulate the draping quality of natural or synthetic silk, and knitted cloth. 
  6. 6.  Medium-weight muslin will simulate the draping quality of wool and medium-weight cottons.  Coarse muslin will simulate the draping quality of heavy weight wool and cottons.  Also, canvas muslin will simulate the draping qualities of heavy weight fabrics such as denim or imitation fur. 
  7. 7.  Consider the large collection of fabrics available before beginning any draping steps.  The fabric selected for a garment drape greatly influences the finished look.  Analyse and understand the structure and characteristics of the fabric to create the proper ease, hand feel and balance of the garment or pattern drape.  Approach each design with a positive attitude and a clear fashion sense.
  8. 8.  Garments made of knitted fabrics should be draped in less expensive knit fabric.  However, the sample knit should have the same stretch value as in the fabric selected for the finished garment.  The right side of the front dress form is used to drape the front basic pattern or garment.  This procedure may vary, however, this is the standard rule when fitting and draping any type of garment.  In simple words, draping technique means the way a fabric hangs in a dress form as well as on the human body.
  9. 9.  Dress form with sizes like US8, US10, US12 can be chosen according to the requirement.  Draped-cloth,  scissors,  arm hole curve,  graduated-square,  pins,  marking-chalk,  pencils,  sharpeners,  notches,  French-curves,  foot-ruler, grade-ruler,  dark coloured twill tape, measuring tape, hip curve, sleeve curve are the tools required. 
  10. 10.  The method of fashion draping includes stitching the garment by the use of loosely hanging material to create of flowing effect.  Sometimes, basic sloper patterns (master- patterns) are also used to create draped and stylized garments.  Even sleeves are constructed with the help of the sloper.
  11. 11.  Draped pattern making, is the link between design and production of a specified dress.  Designers sketch that turns into a three- dimensional functional garment.  Draping process is a way of interpreting the design regardless of the style, size and shape  The fabric is manipulated, moulded, and shaped through the skilful use of the draper/designer's hand, until the design is replicated in three-dimensional form.
  12. 12.  Draping does not rely on the aid of a pattern to create designs, although a draper may choose to incorporate parts of an existing pattern in the preparation of the muslin to assist in the drape.  It is true that those using the flat pattern making method may incorporate some aspects of draping in creating specific designs.  This does not minimize the value of either pattern making method, but it does enhance the pattern marker's ability to create design patterns accurately and within time constraints.  The basic sleeve is not draped, although it could be, but the results would be dubious.
  13. 13.  The important points that should be taken care of when draping the fabrics on dress forms are:  1. GSM of the Fabric (Weight)  2. The bias, selvage of the fabric  3. Pattern, texture and muslin mock-ups  4. Darts, seam location, finishing
  14. 14.  Dress form is an excellent tool to have in a designer's studio.  It is mainly used to drape the fabric to make new and innovative designed garments.  It always help in checking the proper fitting of the garment.  In present day, draping techniques are taught in fashion design schools, academics and colleges.  Thus, students can easily understand the art of draping and will be able to create more fashionable garments. 
  15. 15.  In modern days women prefer to wear draped style garments.   Fashion draping is mostly used in theatrical costumes.  Evening wear, stage wear, and party wear garments are made with the fashion technocrats.  Draping normally requires little bit of extra time but, with continuous practice this will become easier and more customers can be satisfied with accurate draped dresses in less time. 
  16. 16. THANK YOU

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