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Dark Side of Social Media: Social Media’s Impact on Mental Health

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In the last decade, social media has quickly become synonymous with the internet. Studies show that the average person spends almost two hours per day on social networking sites. While social media is enabling connections, collaboration and opportunities at an unprecedented scale, there’s also dark side to this networked world. How is our use of social media affecting us on a personal level? How is it affecting our mental health or our students and their mental health? Through research and experience, “The Dark Side of Social Media” will examine the current social media landscape, explain the undesired effects it has on us every day and provide next steps for how to improve this situation.

By the end of this presentation, attendees will be able to:
1. Identify the ways in which cyberbullying and online harassment presents itself online, and how often.
2. Identify the impact of cyberbullying and online harassment on our mental health and personal, professional and academic lives.
3. Understand how we can help our students overcome the troubles that come with cyberbullying and online harassment.

Published in: Social Media
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Dark Side of Social Media: Social Media’s Impact on Mental Health

  1. 1. THE DARK SIDE OF SOCIAL MEDIA OISE Alumni & Friends + SkillsCamp
  2. 2. @BaileyParnell
  3. 3. What platforms are youth on?
  4. 4. How Much Time Are YOU Really Spending on Social Media?
  5. 5. Does It Consume Your Life?
  6. 6. How Much Time Are YOUTH Really Spending on Social Media? The majority (81%) of students in grades 7-12 visit social media sites daily. About 1 in 10 students spend five hours or more hours on these sites daily. 32% of students in grades 4-6 have a facebook account and 16% have a Twitter account. *CAMH, 10,000+ Canadian students, grade 7-12, 2013 *Media Smarts, 5400+ Canadian students, grades 4-11, 2014
  7. 7. Social Media is Neither Good Nor Bad
  8. 8. Factors Affecting Mental Health
  9. 9. What’s happening out there? F.O.M.O. Fear Of Missing Out Highlight Reels Posting only the good things Social Currency Social like, comments, shares and favourites, etc. as forms of currency to value self worth Harassment Unwanted behaviour that offends or humiliates you.
  10. 10. Social anxiety: fear that you are missing a potential connection, event, or opportunity Fear Of Missing Out (F.O.M.O) 7/10 students would get rid of their social networking accounts were it not for fear of being left "out of the loop" *Algonquin, UofOttawa & Carelton study, 2013
  11. 11. “ We struggle with insecurity because we compare our behind-the-scenes with everyone else’s highlight reel. – Steven Furtick Highlight Reel
  12. 12. Highlight Reel
  13. 13. “Social currency is a common term that can be understood as the entirety of actual and potential resources which arise from the presence in social networks and communities, may they be digital or offline.” - Wikipedia Social Currency
  14. 14. “ Harassment is a form of discrimination. It involves any unwanted physical or verbal behaviour that offends or humiliates you. Generally, harassment is a behaviour that persists over time. Serious one-time incidents can also sometimes be considered harassment. Harassment occurs when someone: ● Makes unwelcome remarks or jokes about your race, religion, sex, age, disability or any other of the 11 grounds of discrimination. ● Threatens or intimidates you. ● Makes unwelcome physical contact with you, such as touching, patting, pinching or punching, which can also be considered assault. (Online) Harassment
  15. 15. (Online) Harassment
  16. 16. ● Only 38% of youth think about the effect cyberbullying might have on the reputations of others ● 51% of youth don’t think that posting photos, videos or information about themselves online can be harmful. ● 35% of youth have been threatened online. Nearly 1 in 5 have had it happen more than once. ● 58% of youth admit that someone has said mean or hurtful things to them online. More than 4 out of 10 say it has happened more than once. (Online) Harassment
  17. 17. ● Harassment: Sending or posting nasty, mean and insulting texts or comments. ● Denigration: Starting rumours about a person to damage her reputation. ● Outing: Sharing someone’s secrets or embarrassing photos online. ● Trickery: Convincing someone to reveal private information or photos, then sharing it online. ● Exclusion: Excluding someone from an online group to hurt their feelings. ● Cyberstalking: Repeated, intense harassment and denigration that includes threats of creates fear. ● Flaming: An intense, angry argument carried out over instant messaging, social networks, or chat rooms. ● Anonymity: Any form of harassment or threats issued by an anonymous bully. The harasser may use an online alias, a blocked phone number, or a borrowed cell phone to bully, making it difficult to determine their identity. ● Masquerading: Masquerading occurs when a cyber bully goes to great lengths to make themselves appear to be someone they are not. For example, a cyber bully may set up a Facebook profile under another student's’ name and use it to harass people. ● Sextortion: Predators taking advantage of webcams and emotional vulnerability to elicit sexual favours. (Online) Harassment
  18. 18. How Common Is This?
  19. 19. 1/5 students reported being bullied over the Internet in the past year. Females are more likely than males to report being a victim of cyberbullying (23% vs. 16%). *CAMH, 10,000+ Canadian students, grade 7-12, 2013
  20. 20. We’re all on social media Stats for youth and adults indicate the majority of us are Why does it matter for YOU and YOUTH? It reflects broader societal behaviours and thoughts Social media can be an indicator to what is being felt by youth and adults in real life It creates and reproduces unsafe spaces Adults are likely to replicate the spaces they encounter online in real life; youth are more likely You can be the change Knowing what’s happening, you can be the one that reframes how youth and others around you look at social media and themselves
  21. 21. Effects on Mental Health
  22. 22. Sleeping Patterns What gets affected? Depression & Anxiety Addiction Productivity
  23. 23. Interrupts REM Subconscious thoughts Sleeping Patterns
  24. 24. We are experiencing impairments similar to substance dependencies Addiction
  25. 25. “Mashable reports that a social media interruption occurs every 10.5 minutes on average, and people waste 41% of that time on Facebook.” - Jennifer Shore Productivity
  26. 26. Students who spent over 2h/day on social media reported higher depression, anxiety & suicidal thoughts. *Not causal, but related. Ottawa Public Health, 750+ grade 7-12 students Anxiety & Depression
  27. 27. Where do we go from here?
  28. 28. Thanks! WANT MORE? Bailey Parnell | bailey@skillscamp.co OISE Alumni & Friends + SkillsCamp
  29. 29. QUESTIONS? COMMENTS?
  30. 30. Resources “The Unsafety Net: How Social Media Turned Against Women” by Catherine Buni and Soraya Chemaly http://www. theatlantic.com/technology/archive/2014/10/the-unsafety-net-how-social-media-turned-against-women/381261/ Cyber Bullying by Christopher Palmeri http://www.bloombergview.com/quicktake/cyberbullying “After arrest, let’s not forget lessons of Jian Ghomeshi affair” by Emma Healey http://www.thestar. com/opinion/commentary/2014/11/26/after_arrest_lets_not_forget_lessons_of_jian_ghomeshi_affair.html “Sexual Cyberbullying: The Modern Day Letter A” by Temitayo Fagbenle http://www.wnyc.org/story/259398-sexual- cyberbullying-modern-day-letter/ PEW Research Centre “Online Harassment” report http://www.pewinternet. org/files/2014/10/PI_OnlineHarassment_102214_1.pdf Productivity Effects http://mashable.com/2012/11/02/social-media-work-productivity/ CAMH Youth Mental Health Study http://www.camh.ca/en/research/news_and_publications/ontario-student-drug- use-and-health-survey/Documents/2013%20OSDUHS%20Docs/2013OSDUHS_Detailed_MentalHealthReport.pdf Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking http://online.liebertpub.com/doi/pdf/10.1089/cyber.2015.0055 https://www.inverse.com/article/4892-teens-can-t-deal-with-the-psychological-effects-of-social-media Young Canadians in a Wired World, Phase III: Online Privacy, Online Publicity http://mediasmarts.ca/ycww/online-privacy-online-publicity 11 Facts About Cyberbullying https://www.dosomething.org/facts/11-facts-about-cyber-bullying Social Media Makes You Socially Awkward http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2014/06/19/social-media-makes-you-socially- awkward_n_5512749.html

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