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Adult l earning trainingtechniques

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Adult l earning trainingtechniques

  1. 1. Training Adult Learners 1 Training Techniques
  2. 2. Contents 2 • Training is a System • Strive to Improve • Characteristics of Adult Learners • The Trainer’s Role • Teaching Adults • Learning Styles • Instructional Strategies • Instructional Media
  3. 3. Contents 3 • Do’s • Planning and Preparation • Preparation Skills • Delivery Skills • Facilitator Responsibilities • Fatal Mistakes • Dont’s • Answering Questions • Difficult Questions and Learners
  4. 4. Training is a System Instructors Adult Learners 4 Learning Environment Instructional Materials
  5. 5. Why the Systems Approach? • Focused – what the worker needs to know – what the worker needs to be able to do • Linked – instruction and outcomes • Reusable 5
  6. 6. Systems View 6 • Preparation • Implementation • Evaluation • Revision Learners Materials Instructors Environment
  7. 7. Strive to Improve 7 • Use the input from student evaluations to improve your future performance • Update your materials to keep them current • Continue to improve your knowledge of the subject matter
  8. 8. Characteristics of Adult Learners • Adults are capable of lifelong learning • Adults want to know why it’s important (purpose) and how they can use it • Adults like to participate in decision making regarding learning/training – Choices 8
  9. 9. Characteristics of Adult Learners 9 • Learn in their own ways • Are not children • Need organization • Preconceptions and abilities • New vs. Old learning
  10. 10. The Trainer’s Role 10 • Facilitator • Presenter • Coach
  11. 11. Facilitator Responsibilities 11 • Optimal lighting for viewing and changes in lighting as necessary • Ensuring the room temperature is comfortable for the students
  12. 12. Facilitator Responsibilities • Setting the initial mood of the group • Creating an effective climate for learning • Motivate students to participate in the learning process • Be accepting of comments, avoid getting defensive 12
  13. 13. Facilitator Responsibilities • Control disruptive students • Offer yourself as a resource • Allow for limited debate and/or challenges of the ideas presented • Discuss how the learning can be applied in real world applications 13
  14. 14. Facilitator Responsibilities • Make yourself available at the beginning of breaks and after class to field individual student questions • Always treat the learners with respect • Avoid stereotypes 14
  15. 15. Teaching Adults • More effective retention given more than one training method • Reading • Hearing • Seeing • Seeing & Hearing • Talking & Writing • + Doing 15 10% 20% 30% 50% 70% 90%
  16. 16. Teaching Adults • Explain what you plan to tell or do • Tell them and/or do • Tell them what you told them or did • Learner explains and does 16
  17. 17. Learning Styles 17 • Active – Participate – Field tips – Hands-on – Presentations • Passive – Read – Listen – Observe
  18. 18. Instructional Strategy 18 • Characteristics of workers • Presentation • Practice • Feedback • Testing
  19. 19. Instructional Strategy 19 • Talking Head • Demonstrations • Discussions • One-on-one
  20. 20. Instructional Media 20 • Power Point • Slides • Overheads • Videos • DVDs • Flip charts • Etc.
  21. 21. 21 Do’s • Positive mental attitude • Dress appropriately • Be enthusiastic • Be energetic • Avoid excessive slang and vernacular A+
  22. 22. A+ Do’s 22 • Speak up • Be yourself • Practice what you preach • Watch your body language • Be the best ‘you’ that you can be
  23. 23. 23 • Be prepared • Be sensitive • Acknowledge learners • Use your sense of humor • Be respectful Do’s A+
  24. 24. 24 Do’s • Be accessible and approachable • Be responsive • Allow learners to lead • Be flexible • Maintain your schedule A+
  25. 25. Facilities –Location –Accommodations –Speakers –Food and beverage for breaks Set-up and test all equipment before the start of the session –Arrange student seating if necessary 25   Planning and Preparation
  26. 26.  Planning and Preparation Learning Environment – Room - suitable classroom space for 26 training • Size • Setup – tables and chairs for all attendees – plus two extra tables at the rear reserved for the trainers) – Temperature
  27. 27. Planning and Preparation  Arrive at the training location early •Become familiar with the facility: 27 –Security –Exits –Restrooms –Emergency procedures –Contact person –Rules
  28. 28. Planning and Preparation 28 Administrative – Related paper work • Sign in forms/registration forms • Schedule • Evaluations • Etc. 
  29. 29. Planning and Preparation 29  Equipment and Supplies – Audiovisual equipment • Hotel • Rented • Personal  Extra batteries and lamps Power strip(s) Extension cord(s)
  30. 30. Audiovisual and equipment that includes – Computer – LCD projector – VCR/TV – Microphone (if needed for the size room secured) – Overhead transparency projector – Whiteboard & markers – Flipcharts & markers – 35mm slide projector – Projection screen 30  Planning and Preparation
  31. 31. Planning and Preparation 31  Equipment and supplies – Transparencies – Markers – Flip charts – Paper – Pens and pencils – Handouts
  32. 32. Preparation Skills • Know your audience • Communicate the session objectives at the outset of your presentation • Be familiar enough with your materials so as to avoid reading directly from slides 32
  33. 33. Preparation Skills • Supplement the information that will be on the slides with real world examples, court decisions, news articles, drawings etc.. • Expect to be nervous • Do an extensive review of your material so you are thoroughly familiar with the topic you are going to present 33
  34. 34. Preparation Skills 34 • The better you know your subject the more confidence you will have • The more you practice the better you will be • Try your presentation out on family or co-workers
  35. 35. Delivery Skills 35 • Make sure you speak so that students in the back have no trouble hearing you • Enunciate your words clearly • Avoid saying uhm….. • Avoid distracting mannerisms such as jingling change or playing with your hair
  36. 36. Delivery Skills 36 • Involve the participants by encouraging and asking questions • Start on time; make sure that established breaks, lunch and ending times are adhered to
  37. 37. Delivery Skills 37 • Pace your delivery according to the allotted time and the material to be covered • If working from a syllabus, make sure you cover everything that is on it, or explain changes
  38. 38. Delivery Skills 38 • Keep close tabs on the climate of the class • Recognize your strengths and weaknesses • Work to maximize your strengths and minimize your weakness
  39. 39. Delivery Skills 39 • Don’t pretend to know all the answers • If you don’t know something: – Discuss the question with the class – Let the student know you will get the answer, but be sure to remember to follow up
  40. 40. Fatal Mistakes 40 • Poor first impression • No objectives • Dull, dry and boring • Frozen in one spot • Weak eye contact • Poor visual aids
  41. 41. Fatal Mistakes 41 • Weak close • No humor • Poor preparation • No audience involvement • No enthusiasm or conviction • Poor facial expression
  42. 42. Don’ts 42 • Don’t be too formal • Don’t be a know it all • Don’t be unprepared • Do not talk down to learners • Do not use profanity • Don’t be distracting
  43. 43. Don’ts 43 • Don’t loose control • Don’t catch people unprepared • Don’t be afraid to say you do not know • Don’t avoid eye contact
  44. 44. Answering Questions 44 • Repeat the question – Answer now/later – Redirect – Discussion • Don’t bluff – You know – You don’t know
  45. 45. 45 Difficult Questions and Learners • Argumentative individual • Loaded questions • Long-winded • No good answer
  46. 46. Summary 46 • Training is a System • Strive to Improve • Characteristics of Adult Learners • The Trainer’s Role • Teaching Adults • Learning Styles • Instructional Strategies • Instructional Media
  47. 47. Summary 47 • Do’s • Planning and Preparation • Preparation Skills • Delivery Skills • Facilitator Responsibilities • Fatal Mistakes • Dont’s • Answering Questions • Difficult Questions and Learners
  48. 48. Summary • The instructor does not know everything. • Remember – you are leading a group. 48
  49. 49. 49 Questions

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