Chinese fine art


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Chinese fine art

  1. 1. Chinese Fine Arts<br />Theo Tran<br />Shirlyn Hong<br />Taylor Bodnar<br />Teal Mingledorff<br />
  2. 2. Dragon Dance<br />Originated during the Han dynasty<br />Started by the Chinese who showed great belief and respect towards the dragon<br />Began as a farming and harvest culture<br />
  3. 3. The Dragon<br />Long, serpent shaped body on poles<br />Hoops that distinguish each section of the body<br />Traditionally, constructed from wood, and bamboo hoops<br />Modern era, constructed from aluminum and plastics<br />Usually 25-35m in length; 50-70m for larger ceremonies<br />
  4. 4. Movement<br />Coordinated wave-like movements<br />The dragon’s movement shows power and dignity<br />The pearl represents the sun and wisdom<br />Dragon chases for the pearl<br />
  5. 5. Use of Color <br />Green: Great harvest<br />Yellow: Solemn empire<br />Silver: Prosperity<br />Red: Excitement<br />The scales and the tail are usually silver and glittering<br />
  6. 6. Different Forms<br />Cloth Dragon<br /><ul><li> Fire Dragon
  7. 7. Grass Dragon</li></li></ul><li>Beijing (Peking) Opera<br />Originated in the late 18th century<br />Has a history of over 200 years<br />Became fully developed and recognized by the mid-19th century<br />Main melodies originated from Anhui and Hubei<br />A combination of music, dance, art and acrobatics<br />Most influential and representative form of all styles of opera in China<br />
  8. 8. Beijing (Peking) Opera<br />Often performed on open-air stages<br />Ex. markets, streets, teahouses, temple courtyards<br />Shrill, piercing-style of singing developed to be heard over the crowds<br />Orchestra had to play loudly<br />Facial painting  pattern<br />Over 1,000 facial patterns are used<br />Unique makeup allows characters to reveal themselves voicelessly<br />Symbolism<br />
  9. 9. 4 Types of Performers<br />Sheng (生)<br />Main role<br />Male role<br />Dan (旦)<br />Any female role in the <br /> Beijing Opera<br />Jing (淨)<br />Painted face male role<br />Usually plays the secondary role<br />Chou (丑)<br />Considered a minor role<br />Kind of like a clown<br />
  10. 10. Use of Color in the Beijing Opera<br />One of the most unique aspects of the Beijing Opera<br />Reflects a character’s personality or a quality they possess<br />Nobility vs. Common folk<br />Good vs. Evil<br />Loyalty vs. Treachery<br />Colors: <br />Red Loyalty, uprightness, bravery<br />White Treachery, suspicious, trickery<br />Green Stubbornness, lack of self-restraint<br />Black Serious/taciturn disposition, strength, roughness<br />Purple Solemnity, serenity, sense of justice<br />Yellow Intelligence, calculation/bravery (warrior) <br />Blue Uprightness, stubbornness<br />Gold/Silver Used on faces of immortals, demons, monsters<br />
  11. 11. Use of Color in the Beijing Opera<br />Costumes - very elaborate embroidery, brightly colored<br />Colors can indicate social status<br />Yellow Imperial family<br />Red High nobility<br />Red/Blue  Upright men<br />White Old officials<br />Blue Students<br />Accessories<br />Padded armor  General<br />Dragon robe  Emperor<br />Jewelry girdles/hair ornaments <br />
  12. 12. Chinese Woodblock Printing: History<br /><ul><li>Wood block roots in stone rubbing and wooden stamps
  13. 13. Technological advancement with paper in 105 AD
  14. 14. Oldest print from Han Dynasty (220 AD) – 3 color print on silk
  15. 15. Grew into common use in Tang Dynasty for Buddhist texts and images and calendars and playing cards
  16. 16. Five Dynasties period (907-960 AD) – imperial court ordered mass production of Confucian classics for imperial exams
  17. 17. Song Dynasty (960-1279 AD) – more specialized craftsmen, high print quality, court ordered Chinese classics, book binding
  18. 18. Ming Dynasty (1368-1644 AD) – multiple color printing
  19. 19. 20th century – western influence, artists, propaganda</li></li></ul><li>Chinese Woodblock Printing: History<br /><ul><li>Diamond Sutra of 868 AD – printed in black and red in 1341
  20. 20. Buddhist canon, Tripitaka, 130000 pages in 972-983 AD</li></li></ul><li>Chinese Woodblock Printing: Technique<br /><ul><li>Woodblock printing is based on engraving and stamping
  21. 21. Engraving in China:
  22. 22. Painted pottery culture (5000 BC to 1000 BC)
  23. 23. Inscriptions on bones, tortoise shells, bronze or stone (1600 BC to Han Dynasty)
  24. 24. Common method for printing:
  25. 25. Areas intended to be blank on print are cut away from block
  26. 26. Remaining raised areas receive ink and </li></ul> create image to be printed<br /><ul><li>Paper or silk is laid on top of wood block
  27. 27. Multiple blocks with different engravings are </li></ul> used to create prints with multiple colors<br /><ul><li>Printing technique proved to be more</li></ul> suitable for Chinese characters than <br /> European moveable type printing method<br />
  28. 28. Chinese Woodblock Printing: Application<br /><ul><li>Artistic prints from the Ten Bamboo Studio Collection from 1622-1627 by Hu Cheng Yen for the imperial court –invented color gradation</li></li></ul><li>Chinese Woodblock Printing: Application<br /><ul><li>Propaganda inspired by Lu Xun’s Woodcut Movement in 1930s
  29. 29. Li Hua’sRoar! China (1936) and Mao Leading Us Going Forward (1960s) by a revolution committee</li></li></ul><li>Fifth Generation Chinese Cinema<br />Who are China’s “Fifth Generation” directors?<br />Filmmakers who graduated from Beijing Film Academyin 1982<br />Image-based narratives with limited dialogue<br />Symbolic use of color and empty space <br />Unified image and ideology <br />Modern Chinese Adoption of Technicolor<br />Three-strip color process<br />Dye transfer technique<br />Equipment from old Hollywood Technicolor factory sold to China<br />Extremely saturated hues <br />Beijing Film and Video Lab discontinued use in 1993<br />
  30. 30. Red Sorghum (1988) By: Yimou Zhang<br />Xi’an Studio equivalent of “Gone With the Wind” <br />
  31. 31. Ju Dou (1990) By: Fengliang Yang & Yimou Zhang<br />Saturated red hues & pale skin tones  similar to “Wizard of Oz”<br />
  32. 32. Colors as Cultural Symbols<br />Red  happiness, joy<br />Yellow high status, freedom from worldly cares<br />Green vitality, harmony<br />White purity, mourning<br />Black times of the unknown<br />
  33. 33.
  34. 34. Alternative Uses of Space & Color<br />Empty space<br />Silhouette<br />Shadow-play<br />
  35. 35. Q & A<br />