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Developing leader's personality

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This material is design after the second training of the project Leadership for mid-level managers which took place in Poland May 2019. The project LMM is a Strategic Partnership project, founded by Eramsus+, for 16 months.

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Developing leader's personality

  1. 1. Developing leader’s personality How leaders can benefit from understanding different personalities Training by Albert Binda / L.GRANT HR Consulting within the Project „Leadership for Mid-Managers” / Katowice, Poland / 15-16 May 2019
  2. 2. What will we spend today and tomorrow for? • What makes us different in behavior, thinking or style of action? • What is the personality type and how to recognize it in yourself and in others? • How to use individual differences in everyday work and manager’s role?
  3. 3. LET’S LEARN AND ENJOY OUR DIFFERENCES…
  4. 4. Why do we deal with personality differences? • L.GRANT HR Consulting – outplacement / recruitment / assessment / training & development. • 15 years ago we were looking for a method that would allow for the proper orientation of new professional choices in people who are participants in our outplacement programs. • Many of these people were faced with the necessity to choose a new profession and we needed a tool that would support the diagnosis of individual predispositions and help our clients choose the right specialization and the path of education and development. • That’s how I found MBTI instrument and started working with that.
  5. 5. Why should managers understand personality issues? • What leadership is about? – Setting direction for the organisation (vision, strategy, goals, decisions, priorities…) – Inspiring others to work towards that direction (communication, motivation, influence, building trust…) – Mobilizing the effective accomplishment of goals (focus efforts, remove barriers, manage performance, establish procedures, manage change…) – ???
  6. 6. Why should managers understand personality issues? • What is my leadership style? • How my personality affects it? • What are my strenghts and potential blind spots? • How others may perceive me as a leader? • What are others’ strengths and potential blind spots? • How should I influence others? • Who do I need to my team? • How to use our strengths best?
  7. 7. Let’s find out what our personalities are  http://www.4freephotos.com/Puzzle_chain-image-e03754a38877a20558bb0ae33dfaf118.html#.USyeRKyW9_Z
  8. 8. MBTI® Certification Program Copyright 2008, 2009, 2011 by CPP, Inc. All rights reserved. Permission is hereby granted to reproduce this slide for workshop use. Duplication for any other use, including resale, is a violation of copyright law. Myers-Briggs Type Indicator, MBTI, Introduction to Type, and the MBTI logo are trademarks or registered trademarks of the MBTI Trust, Inc., in the United States and other countries. The CPP logo is a trademark or a registered trademark of CPP, Inc., in the United States and other countries. PRESENTED BY Albert Binda / Certified Practitioner DEVELOPED BY David Freeman Linda Kirby Nancy Barger
  9. 9. MBTI® Certification Program Copyright 2008, 2009, 2011 by CPP, Inc. All rights reserved. Permission is hereby granted to reproduce this slide for workshop use. Duplication for any other use, including resale, is a violation of copyright law. Myers-Briggs Type Indicator, MBTI, Introduction to Type, and the MBTI logo are trademarks or registered trademarks of the MBTI Trust, Inc., in the United States and other countries. The CPP logo is a trademark or a registered trademark of CPP, Inc., in the United States and other countries. About the MBTI® Instrument  An indicator—not a test  Looks only at normal behavior  Forced-choice questions  No right or wrong answers—no better or worse types. • All types have potential strengths and possible pitfalls or blind spots  Your results are confidential 9
  10. 10. MBTI® Certification Program Copyright 2008, 2009, 2011 by CPP, Inc. All rights reserved. Permission is hereby granted to reproduce this slide for workshop use. Duplication for any other use, including resale, is a violation of copyright law. Myers-Briggs Type Indicator, MBTI, Introduction to Type, and the MBTI logo are trademarks or registered trademarks of the MBTI Trust, Inc., in the United States and other countries. The CPP logo is a trademark or a registered trademark of CPP, Inc., in the United States and other countries. How can I take a questionaire?  https://eu.themyersbriggs.com  https://www.16personalities.com  https://www.metarasa.com/
  11. 11. MBTI® Certification Program Copyright 2008, 2009, 2011 by CPP, Inc. All rights reserved. Permission is hereby granted to reproduce this slide for workshop use. Duplication for any other use, including resale, is a violation of copyright law. Myers-Briggs Type Indicator, MBTI, Introduction to Type, and the MBTI logo are trademarks or registered trademarks of the MBTI Trust, Inc., in the United States and other countries. The CPP logo is a trademark or a registered trademark of CPP, Inc., in the United States and other countries. Users of the MBTI® Instrument  Most Fortune 100 companies use it  The most widely used personality assessment in the world—more than 2 million people worldwide each year  Translated into two dozen+ languages  Used in 70+ different countries 11
  12. 12. MBTI® Certification Program Copyright 2008, 2009, 2011 by CPP, Inc. All rights reserved. Permission is hereby granted to reproduce this slide for workshop use. Duplication for any other use, including resale, is a violation of copyright law. Myers-Briggs Type Indicator, MBTI, Introduction to Type, and the MBTI logo are trademarks or registered trademarks of the MBTI Trust, Inc., in the United States and other countries. The CPP logo is a trademark or a registered trademark of CPP, Inc., in the United States and other countries. Where the MBTI® Tool Is Used • USA • Canada • Mexico • South America • UK • Europe • Australia • New Zealand • China • India • Japan • Korea • Malaysia • Singapore • Middle East • Dubai • South Africa • Kenya • And more! 12
  13. 13. MBTI® Certification Program Copyright 2008, 2009, 2011 by CPP, Inc. All rights reserved. Permission is hereby granted to reproduce this slide for workshop use. Duplication for any other use, including resale, is a violation of copyright law. Myers-Briggs Type Indicator, MBTI, Introduction to Type, and the MBTI logo are trademarks or registered trademarks of the MBTI Trust, Inc., in the United States and other countries. The CPP logo is a trademark or a registered trademark of CPP, Inc., in the United States and other countries. Carl Gustav Jung (1875–1961), a Swiss psychiatrist, developed a theory of personality: Differences between people are not random. Instead they form patterns—types. Psychological Types (published 1921, translated into English 1923) Carl G. Jung 13
  14. 14. MBTI® Certification Program Copyright 2008, 2009, 2011 by CPP, Inc. All rights reserved. Permission is hereby granted to reproduce this slide for workshop use. Duplication for any other use, including resale, is a violation of copyright law. Myers-Briggs Type Indicator, MBTI, Introduction to Type, and the MBTI logo are trademarks or registered trademarks of the MBTI Trust, Inc., in the United States and other countries. The CPP logo is a trademark or a registered trademark of CPP, Inc., in the United States and other countries. Katharine C. Briggs (1875–1968), an American, read Jung’s Psychological Types in 1923. She spent the next 20 years studying, developing, and applying Jung’s theory. Katharine C. Briggs 14
  15. 15. MBTI® Certification Program Copyright 2008, 2009, 2011 by CPP, Inc. All rights reserved. Permission is hereby granted to reproduce this slide for workshop use. Duplication for any other use, including resale, is a violation of copyright law. Myers-Briggs Type Indicator, MBTI, Introduction to Type, and the MBTI logo are trademarks or registered trademarks of the MBTI Trust, Inc., in the United States and other countries. The CPP logo is a trademark or a registered trademark of CPP, Inc., in the United States and other countries. Isabel Briggs Myers (1897–1980) developed Jung’s theory in partnership with Briggs. Beginning in 1943, she developed questions that became the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator® instrument. Isabel Briggs Myers 15
  16. 16. MBTI® Certification Program Copyright 2008, 2009, 2011 by CPP, Inc. All rights reserved. Permission is hereby granted to reproduce this slide for workshop use. Duplication for any other use, including resale, is a violation of copyright law. Myers-Briggs Type Indicator, MBTI, Introduction to Type, and the MBTI logo are trademarks or registered trademarks of the MBTI Trust, Inc., in the United States and other countries. The CPP logo is a trademark or a registered trademark of CPP, Inc., in the United States and other countries. Jung’s Personality Theory  Every person carries out two kinds of mental processes: • We take in information • Then we make decisions about the information  Everyone has preferred ways of using these mental processes 16
  17. 17. MBTI® Certification Program Copyright 2008, 2009, 2011 by CPP, Inc. All rights reserved. Permission is hereby granted to reproduce this slide for workshop use. Duplication for any other use, including resale, is a violation of copyright law. Myers-Briggs Type Indicator, MBTI, Introduction to Type, and the MBTI logo are trademarks or registered trademarks of the MBTI Trust, Inc., in the United States and other countries. The CPP logo is a trademark or a registered trademark of CPP, Inc., in the United States and other countries. Jung’s Personality Theory (cont.)  Jung observed that we all live in two worlds: • The outer world of things, people, and events and • The inner world of our own thoughts, feelings, and reflections  Each person has a preference for either the outer world or the inner world 17
  18. 18. MBTI® Certification Program Copyright 2008, 2009, 2011 by CPP, Inc. All rights reserved. Permission is hereby granted to reproduce this slide for workshop use. Duplication for any other use, including resale, is a violation of copyright law. Myers-Briggs Type Indicator, MBTI, Introduction to Type, and the MBTI logo are trademarks or registered trademarks of the MBTI Trust, Inc., in the United States and other countries. The CPP logo is a trademark or a registered trademark of CPP, Inc., in the United States and other countries. Jung’s Personality Theory (cont.)  Jung believed that preferences are innate—“inborn predispositions”  He also recognized that they are shaped by environmental influences, such as family, culture, and education 18 Nature MBTI® instrument Nurture Environment vs.
  19. 19. MBTI® Certification Program Copyright 2008, 2009, 2011 by CPP, Inc. All rights reserved. Permission is hereby granted to reproduce this slide for workshop use. Duplication for any other use, including resale, is a violation of copyright law. Myers-Briggs Type Indicator, MBTI, Introduction to Type, and the MBTI logo are trademarks or registered trademarks of the MBTI Trust, Inc., in the United States and other countries. The CPP logo is a trademark or a registered trademark of CPP, Inc., in the United States and other countries. “Handedness” Activity To illustrate this—let’s do an activity.  Sign your name at a page as you normally do.  Now sign your name again using the other hand  Call out some words that describe the experience of writing the first signature  Now, some words to describe writing the second signature 19
  20. 20. MBTI® Certification Program Copyright 2008, 2009, 2011 by CPP, Inc. All rights reserved. Permission is hereby granted to reproduce this slide for workshop use. Duplication for any other use, including resale, is a violation of copyright law. Myers-Briggs Type Indicator, MBTI, Introduction to Type, and the MBTI logo are trademarks or registered trademarks of the MBTI Trust, Inc., in the United States and other countries. The CPP logo is a trademark or a registered trademark of CPP, Inc., in the United States and other countries. “Handedness” Activity (cont.)  Where do we get our preference for using one hand over the other?  How does the environment influence our preference for using one hand over the other? Note: We all can and do use both hands; for writing, one is natural, comfortable, automatic 20
  21. 21. MBTI® Certification Program Copyright 2008, 2009, 2011 by CPP, Inc. All rights reserved. Permission is hereby granted to reproduce this slide for workshop use. Duplication for any other use, including resale, is a violation of copyright law. Myers-Briggs Type Indicator, MBTI, Introduction to Type, and the MBTI logo are trademarks or registered trademarks of the MBTI Trust, Inc., in the United States and other countries. The CPP logo is a trademark or a registered trademark of CPP, Inc., in the United States and other countries. The MBTI® instrument indicates preferences on four pairs of opposites, called dichotomies: The MBTI® Dichotomies 21 Extraversion E or I Introversion Sensing S or N Intuition Thinking T or F Feeling Judging J or P Perceiving
  22. 22. MBTI® Certification Program Copyright 2008, 2009, 2011 by CPP, Inc. All rights reserved. Permission is hereby granted to reproduce this slide for workshop use. Duplication for any other use, including resale, is a violation of copyright law. Myers-Briggs Type Indicator, MBTI, Introduction to Type, and the MBTI logo are trademarks or registered trademarks of the MBTI Trust, Inc., in the United States and other countries. The CPP logo is a trademark or a registered trademark of CPP, Inc., in the United States and other countries. MBTI® Theory 22  Four pairs of opposites—like our right and left hands. We all use both sides of each pair, but one is our natural preference.  The MBTI® instrument is designed to indicate those inborn preferences.  The MBTI instrument is not designed to measure skills or effects of environment.
  23. 23. MBTI® Certification Program Copyright 2008, 2009, 2011 by CPP, Inc. All rights reserved. Permission is hereby granted to reproduce this slide for workshop use. Duplication for any other use, including resale, is a violation of copyright law. Myers-Briggs Type Indicator, MBTI, Introduction to Type, and the MBTI logo are trademarks or registered trademarks of the MBTI Trust, Inc., in the United States and other countries. The CPP logo is a trademark or a registered trademark of CPP, Inc., in the United States and other countries. Extraversion (E) or Introversion (I) Where we focus our attention and get energy Source: Introduction to Type® (6th ed.), I. B. Myers, p. 9. 23
  24. 24. MBTI® Certification Program Copyright 2008, 2009, 2011 by CPP, Inc. All rights reserved. Permission is hereby granted to reproduce this slide for workshop use. Duplication for any other use, including resale, is a violation of copyright law. Myers-Briggs Type Indicator, MBTI, Introduction to Type, and the MBTI logo are trademarks or registered trademarks of the MBTI Trust, Inc., in the United States and other countries. The CPP logo is a trademark or a registered trademark of CPP, Inc., in the United States and other countries. E–I Differences People who prefer Extraversion:  Direct their energy and attention outward  Focus on the outer world of people and activity People who prefer Introversion:  Direct their energy and attention inward  Focus on their inner world of ideas and experiences We all use both preferences, but usually not with equal comfort. 24 Source: Introduction to Type® (6th ed.), I. B. Myers, p. 9.
  25. 25. MBTI® Certification Program Copyright 2008, 2009, 2011 by CPP, Inc. All rights reserved. Permission is hereby granted to reproduce this slide for workshop use. Duplication for any other use, including resale, is a violation of copyright law. Myers-Briggs Type Indicator, MBTI, Introduction to Type, and the MBTI logo are trademarks or registered trademarks of the MBTI Trust, Inc., in the United States and other countries. The CPP logo is a trademark or a registered trademark of CPP, Inc., in the United States and other countries. E–I Illustration Source: Introduction to Type® and Change, N. J. Barger & L. K. Kirby, p. 4. 25
  26. 26. MBTI® Certification Program Copyright 2008, 2009, 2011 by CPP, Inc. All rights reserved. Permission is hereby granted to reproduce this slide for workshop use. Duplication for any other use, including resale, is a violation of copyright law. Myers-Briggs Type Indicator, MBTI, Introduction to Type, and the MBTI logo are trademarks or registered trademarks of the MBTI Trust, Inc., in the United States and other countries. The CPP logo is a trademark or a registered trademark of CPP, Inc., in the United States and other countries. Where People Focus Their Attention People who prefer Extraversion (E)  Are energized by interacting with others  Are sociable and expressive  Prefer to communicate face-to-face  Work out ideas by talking them through People who prefer Introversion (I)  Are energized by opportunity to reflect  Are private and contained  Prefer to communicate by writing  Work out ideas by thinking them through 26 Source: Introduction to Type® (6th ed.), I. B. Myers, p. 9.
  27. 27. MBTI® Certification Program Copyright 2008, 2009, 2011 by CPP, Inc. All rights reserved. Permission is hereby granted to reproduce this slide for workshop use. Duplication for any other use, including resale, is a violation of copyright law. Myers-Briggs Type Indicator, MBTI, Introduction to Type, and the MBTI logo are trademarks or registered trademarks of the MBTI Trust, Inc., in the United States and other countries. The CPP logo is a trademark or a registered trademark of CPP, Inc., in the United States and other countries. Where People Focus Their Attention (cont.) People who prefer Extraversion (E)  Have broad interests in many things  Learn best through doing or discussing  Readily take initiative in work and relationships People who prefer Introversion (I)  Focus in depth on their interests  Learn best by reflection, mental “practice”  Take initiative when the situation or issue is very important to them 27 Source: Introduction to Type® (6th ed.), I. B. Myers, p. 9.
  28. 28. MBTI® Certification Program Copyright 2008, 2009, 2011 by CPP, Inc. All rights reserved. Permission is hereby granted to reproduce this slide for workshop use. Duplication for any other use, including resale, is a violation of copyright law. Myers-Briggs Type Indicator, MBTI, Introduction to Type, and the MBTI logo are trademarks or registered trademarks of the MBTI Trust, Inc., in the United States and other countries. The CPP logo is a trademark or a registered trademark of CPP, Inc., in the United States and other countries. If you do not know what an extrovert thinks ... it means you have not listened… If you do not know what an introvert thinks, you did not ask, or you did not wait long enough for an answer
  29. 29. MBTI® Certification Program Copyright 2008, 2009, 2011 by CPP, Inc. All rights reserved. Permission is hereby granted to reproduce this slide for workshop use. Duplication for any other use, including resale, is a violation of copyright law. Myers-Briggs Type Indicator, MBTI, Introduction to Type, and the MBTI logo are trademarks or registered trademarks of the MBTI Trust, Inc., in the United States and other countries. The CPP logo is a trademark or a registered trademark of CPP, Inc., in the United States and other countries. extravert E introvert I Hi, how are you??? I’d like to talk about…. Hmm ... How am I? Well? Not really ... I really had a hard day, but it can not be described in a few words ... OK…
  30. 30. MBTI® Certification Program Copyright 2008, 2009, 2011 by CPP, Inc. All rights reserved. Permission is hereby granted to reproduce this slide for workshop use. Duplication for any other use, including resale, is a violation of copyright law. Myers-Briggs Type Indicator, MBTI, Introduction to Type, and the MBTI logo are trademarks or registered trademarks of the MBTI Trust, Inc., in the United States and other countries. The CPP logo is a trademark or a registered trademark of CPP, Inc., in the United States and other countries. Comunication between an introvert and an extrovert…  Conversation between an introvert and an extrovert can be associated with a series of misunderstandings. The introvert has difficulty tracking many of the conversation threads and segregating them - he remains silent and looks as if he only listened. Extrovert receives it as an invitation to continue speaking. The introvert suffers from the constant flow of content and after some time begins to cut off from the extrovert's words, nods only or smiling, sometimes even trying to end the meeting.
  31. 31. MBTI® Certification Program Copyright 2008, 2009, 2011 by CPP, Inc. All rights reserved. Permission is hereby granted to reproduce this slide for workshop use. Duplication for any other use, including resale, is a violation of copyright law. Myers-Briggs Type Indicator, MBTI, Introduction to Type, and the MBTI logo are trademarks or registered trademarks of the MBTI Trust, Inc., in the United States and other countries. The CPP logo is a trademark or a registered trademark of CPP, Inc., in the United States and other countries. What might be stressful for introvert?  working in large groups  intensity of telephone calls  frequent interactions  pressure of rapid action without prior reflection  too many tasks and requirements at the same time  receiving frequent, direct feedback  noise, anything that make concentration difficult introvert I
  32. 32. MBTI® Certification Program Copyright 2008, 2009, 2011 by CPP, Inc. All rights reserved. Permission is hereby granted to reproduce this slide for workshop use. Duplication for any other use, including resale, is a violation of copyright law. Myers-Briggs Type Indicator, MBTI, Introduction to Type, and the MBTI logo are trademarks or registered trademarks of the MBTI Trust, Inc., in the United States and other countries. The CPP logo is a trademark or a registered trademark of CPP, Inc., in the United States and other countries. What might be stressful for extrovert?  working alone,  the need to communicate mainly via e-mails  long working time without breaks  expectation of reflection instead of action  the need for deep concentration on one thing (issue, etc.)  receiving feedback mainly in writingekstrawertyk E
  33. 33. MBTI® Certification Program Copyright 2008, 2009, 2011 by CPP, Inc. All rights reserved. Permission is hereby granted to reproduce this slide for workshop use. Duplication for any other use, including resale, is a violation of copyright law. Myers-Briggs Type Indicator, MBTI, Introduction to Type, and the MBTI logo are trademarks or registered trademarks of the MBTI Trust, Inc., in the United States and other countries. The CPP logo is a trademark or a registered trademark of CPP, Inc., in the United States and other countries. Key Words Associated with E–I Extraversion Action Outward People Interaction Many Expressive Do-Think-Do Introversion Reflection Inward Privacy Concentration Few Quiet Think-Do-Think 33
  34. 34. MBTI® Certification Program Copyright 2008, 2009, 2011 by CPP, Inc. All rights reserved. Permission is hereby granted to reproduce this slide for workshop use. Duplication for any other use, including resale, is a violation of copyright law. Myers-Briggs Type Indicator, MBTI, Introduction to Type, and the MBTI logo are trademarks or registered trademarks of the MBTI Trust, Inc., in the United States and other countries. The CPP logo is a trademark or a registered trademark of CPP, Inc., in the United States and other countries. We Have a Preference We all do Extraverted and Introverted things. But we usually do not do them with equal comfort. Most of us have a preference for one or the other. 34
  35. 35. MBTI® Certification Program Copyright 2008, 2009, 2011 by CPP, Inc. All rights reserved. Permission is hereby granted to reproduce this slide for workshop use. Duplication for any other use, including resale, is a violation of copyright law. Myers-Briggs Type Indicator, MBTI, Introduction to Type, and the MBTI logo are trademarks or registered trademarks of the MBTI Trust, Inc., in the United States and other countries. The CPP logo is a trademark or a registered trademark of CPP, Inc., in the United States and other countries. E–I Self-Assessment Given the choice, which do you prefer: Extraversion or Introversion?  your self-assessment 35
  36. 36. Dogs playing cards by C. M. Coolidge http://musicsavvymom.com/wp-content/uploads/2009/12/dogs-playing-poker.jpg
  37. 37. MBTI® Certification Program Copyright 2008, 2009, 2011 by CPP, Inc. All rights reserved. Permission is hereby granted to reproduce this slide for workshop use. Duplication for any other use, including resale, is a violation of copyright law. Myers-Briggs Type Indicator, MBTI, Introduction to Type, and the MBTI logo are trademarks or registered trademarks of the MBTI Trust, Inc., in the United States and other countries. The CPP logo is a trademark or a registered trademark of CPP, Inc., in the United States and other countries. Sensing (S) or Intuition (N) The way we take in information and the kind of information we like and trust Source: Introduction to Type® (6th ed.), I. B. Myers, p. 9. 38
  38. 38. MBTI® Certification Program Copyright 2008, 2009, 2011 by CPP, Inc. All rights reserved. Permission is hereby granted to reproduce this slide for workshop use. Duplication for any other use, including resale, is a violation of copyright law. Myers-Briggs Type Indicator, MBTI, Introduction to Type, and the MBTI logo are trademarks or registered trademarks of the MBTI Trust, Inc., in the United States and other countries. The CPP logo is a trademark or a registered trademark of CPP, Inc., in the United States and other countries. S–N Differences People who prefer Sensing:  Focus on present realities, verifiable facts, and experience People who prefer Intuition:  Focus on future possibilities, the big picture, and insights We all use both ways of perceiving, but we typically prefer and trust one of them more. 39 Source: Introduction to Type® (6th ed.), I. B. Myers, p. 9.
  39. 39. MBTI® Certification Program Copyright 2008, 2009, 2011 by CPP, Inc. All rights reserved. Permission is hereby granted to reproduce this slide for workshop use. Duplication for any other use, including resale, is a violation of copyright law. Myers-Briggs Type Indicator, MBTI, Introduction to Type, and the MBTI logo are trademarks or registered trademarks of the MBTI Trust, Inc., in the United States and other countries. The CPP logo is a trademark or a registered trademark of CPP, Inc., in the United States and other countries. S–N Illustration 40 Source: Introduction to Type® and Change, N. J. Barger & L. K. Kirby, p. 4.
  40. 40. Sensing (S) vs. Intuition (N) Image courtesy of foto76/ FreeDigitalPhotos.net
  41. 41. MBTI® Certification Program Copyright 2008, 2009, 2011 by CPP, Inc. All rights reserved. Permission is hereby granted to reproduce this slide for workshop use. Duplication for any other use, including resale, is a violation of copyright law. Myers-Briggs Type Indicator, MBTI, Introduction to Type, and the MBTI logo are trademarks or registered trademarks of the MBTI Trust, Inc., in the United States and other countries. The CPP logo is a trademark or a registered trademark of CPP, Inc., in the United States and other countries. How People Take In Information People who prefer Sensing (S)  Focus on what is real and actual  Observe and remember specifics  Are factual, concrete, and sequential People who prefer Intuition (N)  Focus on patterns and meanings  Remember specifics when they relate to a pattern  Are abstract and imaginative 42 Source: Introduction to Type® (6th ed.), I. B. Myers, p. 9.
  42. 42. MBTI® Certification Program Copyright 2008, 2009, 2011 by CPP, Inc. All rights reserved. Permission is hereby granted to reproduce this slide for workshop use. Duplication for any other use, including resale, is a violation of copyright law. Myers-Briggs Type Indicator, MBTI, Introduction to Type, and the MBTI logo are trademarks or registered trademarks of the MBTI Trust, Inc., in the United States and other countries. The CPP logo is a trademark or a registered trademark of CPP, Inc., in the United States and other countries. How People Take In Information (cont.) People who prefer Sensing (S)  Build carefully and thoroughly toward conclusions  Understand ideas and theories through practical applications  Are specific and literal  Trust experience People who prefer Intuition (N)  Move quickly to conclusions, follow hunches  Generate ideas and theories; application is secondary  Use metaphors and analogies  Trust insight 43 Source: Introduction to Type® (6th ed.), I. B. Myers, p. 9.
  43. 43. Sensing (S) • pragmatist, firmly on the ground, • concentration on "here and now", • believes in facts and remembers them • steps back if details are omitted • has no problems with routine and repeatability • prefers clear, specific tips • long-term perspective less important • appreciates the value of personal experience impatient with abstract theories • new ideas? - if they are practical… • direct and concrete, understandable way of speaking • precision and accurate information • preffers clear procedures (e.g. instructions) • sequential, step by step • accepts and works with what is available • uses the acquired skills • when he reads - almost every word • in ambiguous situations he feels uncomfortable
  44. 44. Intuition (N) • he uses intuition and imagination, associations, unconscious feelings and sensations to acquire and interpret information • idealist and visionary • he looks "where the sight does not reach", he notices hidden relations, patterns and meanings • concentration on the future • the most important are ideas and possibilities • concentration on a large image • details are memorized when they match a certain pattern / image • wide perspective of seeing; doesn’t have ready operating schemes • notes everything new, different, unique
  45. 45. Intuition (N) • simultaneous implementation of many new tasks? - why not!? • concentration on possibilities (what could be) • may omit important facts • looks for general patterns • inspirations and hunches more important than experience • a complex way of speaking, uses methaphors • in conversations often hopping from thought to thought, • reads what allows him to get a summary, • in an ambiguous situation - excited • focused on learning new skills
  46. 46. Quite a lot I’m asking how much? ??? How much money do we have on the account? Communication between sensing and intuitive I Relax, we have enough 1 2 3 4 Enough to survive all summer ... What's that supposed to mean?! Do you hide something from me? Can you kindly tell me how much we have on the account ?! na podstawie: M. Cakrt, Kto jest kim. Typy osobowości dla menedżerów, Helion, Gliwice 2006, s. 74-75
  47. 47. ??? Communication between sensing and intuitive II 1 2 Account balance today - PLN 4,500 and PLN 0,50 We pay 1000 monthly for the rent, and we have to pay 2 x 250 for leasing, within three weeks an invoice for 520 from company X should come, but we have to pay for this new oven, and ... So, how much we have on the account? Forgive me but I do not have a calculator in my head. I just want to know if we can survive the summer or we have to look for something else ... After all, I say that we have enough money ... ??? ??? 3 na podstawie: M. Cakrt, Kto jest kim. Typy osobowości dla menedżerów, Helion, Gliwice 2006, s. 74-75
  48. 48. Communication with sensing and intuitive With intuitive • present a general point of view, do not go into details unnecessarily • refer to general formulas and theories, use metaphors, analogies, abstract examples • present the vision • appeal to the imagination • use brainstorming and refrain from evaluation • show further (future) possibilities of a solution • encourage search • let ideas develop… With sensing • "Hold on to the earth, not clouds" - pragma and what is already known • be organized, provide information "step by step" • use words that refer to the 5 senses • be specific and stick to the topic • stick to certain facts, details and examples • refer to experiences, to what has been proven, • show the operational plan of action
  49. 49. What might be stressful for sensing? • the need to carry out known tasks in a new way • the need to present only the overall picture, without reference to details • searching for meaning of facts or reading between the lines • focusing on opportunities • too much complexity, • lack of continuity, • giving only general commands sensing S
  50. 50. What might be stressful for intuitive? • carrying out tasks in a strictly defined way • focus on details • verifying the accuracy of the data • no reference to the general goal or long-term perspective • reference only to past experiences • lack of sense intuitive N
  51. 51. MBTI® Certification Program Copyright 2008, 2009, 2011 by CPP, Inc. All rights reserved. Permission is hereby granted to reproduce this slide for workshop use. Duplication for any other use, including resale, is a violation of copyright law. Myers-Briggs Type Indicator, MBTI, Introduction to Type, and the MBTI logo are trademarks or registered trademarks of the MBTI Trust, Inc., in the United States and other countries. The CPP logo is a trademark or a registered trademark of CPP, Inc., in the United States and other countries. Key Words Associated with S–N Sensing Facts Realistic Specific Present Keep Practical What is Intuition Ideas Imaginative General Future Change Theoretical What could be 52
  52. 52. MBTI® Certification Program Copyright 2008, 2009, 2011 by CPP, Inc. All rights reserved. Permission is hereby granted to reproduce this slide for workshop use. Duplication for any other use, including resale, is a violation of copyright law. Myers-Briggs Type Indicator, MBTI, Introduction to Type, and the MBTI logo are trademarks or registered trademarks of the MBTI Trust, Inc., in the United States and other countries. The CPP logo is a trademark or a registered trademark of CPP, Inc., in the United States and other countries. We Have a Preference We all use Sensing and Intuition when making our observations about the world. But we usually do not use them with equal trust. Most of us have a preference for one or the other. 53
  53. 53. MBTI® Certification Program Copyright 2008, 2009, 2011 by CPP, Inc. All rights reserved. Permission is hereby granted to reproduce this slide for workshop use. Duplication for any other use, including resale, is a violation of copyright law. Myers-Briggs Type Indicator, MBTI, Introduction to Type, and the MBTI logo are trademarks or registered trademarks of the MBTI Trust, Inc., in the United States and other countries. The CPP logo is a trademark or a registered trademark of CPP, Inc., in the United States and other countries. S–N Self-Assessment Given the choice, which do you prefer: Sensing or Intuition?  your self-assessment 54
  54. 54. Who is right? • I have a student who has a child with leukemia and has had a very difficult period this semester. She approached the tests several times and tried hard but did not manage to pass. Anyway, I'll give her a pass, because despite these problems, she tried very hard. It seems that she can discuss the main issues, although she has a problem when it has to be transferred to paper. • There is a student whom we have given the chance to approach the final tests several times, but she still has not passed. In this situation, I see no way we can make an exception for her. It would be unfair to other students to pass her on now. I understand that she is going through difficult period and it is not easy for her, but we can not make exceptions.
  55. 55. MBTI® Certification Program Copyright 2008, 2009, 2011 by CPP, Inc. All rights reserved. Permission is hereby granted to reproduce this slide for workshop use. Duplication for any other use, including resale, is a violation of copyright law. Myers-Briggs Type Indicator, MBTI, Introduction to Type, and the MBTI logo are trademarks or registered trademarks of the MBTI Trust, Inc., in the United States and other countries. The CPP logo is a trademark or a registered trademark of CPP, Inc., in the United States and other countries. Thinking (T) or Feeling (F) The way we make decisions Source: Introduction to Type® (6th ed.), I. B. Myers, p. 10. 56
  56. 56. MBTI® Certification Program Copyright 2008, 2009, 2011 by CPP, Inc. All rights reserved. Permission is hereby granted to reproduce this slide for workshop use. Duplication for any other use, including resale, is a violation of copyright law. Myers-Briggs Type Indicator, MBTI, Introduction to Type, and the MBTI logo are trademarks or registered trademarks of the MBTI Trust, Inc., in the United States and other countries. The CPP logo is a trademark or a registered trademark of CPP, Inc., in the United States and other countries. T–F Differences People who prefer Thinking:  Make their decisions based on impersonal, objective logic People who prefer Feeling:  Make their decisions based on personal priorities and relationships Both processes are rational and we use both, but usually not with equal ease. 57 Source: Introduction to Type® (6th ed.), I. B. Myers, p. 10.
  57. 57. MBTI® Certification Program Copyright 2008, 2009, 2011 by CPP, Inc. All rights reserved. Permission is hereby granted to reproduce this slide for workshop use. Duplication for any other use, including resale, is a violation of copyright law. Myers-Briggs Type Indicator, MBTI, Introduction to Type, and the MBTI logo are trademarks or registered trademarks of the MBTI Trust, Inc., in the United States and other countries. The CPP logo is a trademark or a registered trademark of CPP, Inc., in the United States and other countries. T–F Illustration 58 Source: Introduction to Type® and Change, N. J. Barger & L. K. Kirby, p. 5.
  58. 58. MBTI® Certification Program Copyright 2008, 2009, 2011 by CPP, Inc. All rights reserved. Permission is hereby granted to reproduce this slide for workshop use. Duplication for any other use, including resale, is a violation of copyright law. Myers-Briggs Type Indicator, MBTI, Introduction to Type, and the MBTI logo are trademarks or registered trademarks of the MBTI Trust, Inc., in the United States and other countries. The CPP logo is a trademark or a registered trademark of CPP, Inc., in the United States and other countries. How People Make Decisions People who prefer Thinking (T)  Step back to get an objective view  Analyze  Use cause-and-effect reasoning  Solve problems with logic People who prefer Feeling (F)  Step in to identify with those involved  Empathize  Are guided by personal and group values  Assess impacts of decisions on people 59 Source: Introduction to Type® (6th ed.), I. B. Myers, p. 10.
  59. 59. MBTI® Certification Program Copyright 2008, 2009, 2011 by CPP, Inc. All rights reserved. Permission is hereby granted to reproduce this slide for workshop use. Duplication for any other use, including resale, is a violation of copyright law. Myers-Briggs Type Indicator, MBTI, Introduction to Type, and the MBTI logo are trademarks or registered trademarks of the MBTI Trust, Inc., in the United States and other countries. The CPP logo is a trademark or a registered trademark of CPP, Inc., in the United States and other countries. How People Make Decisions (cont.) People who prefer Thinking (T)  Strive for an objective standard of truth  Are “reasonable”  Can be “tough-minded”  Are fair—want everyone to be treated equally People who prefer Feeling (F)  Strive for harmony and positive interactions  Are compassionate  May appear “tenderhearted”  Are fair—want everyone to be treated as an individual 60 Source: Introduction to Type® (6th ed.), I. B. Myers, p. 10.
  60. 60. Thinking (T) • impersonal, objective way of making decisions, he makes his decisions with his mind not his heart • logic and rational analysis of available, objective, confirmed facts • steps back from the situation to analyze it objectively • emotions controled (and expects it from others) • objectivity more important than sensitivity • focus on the task and results • what will be the consequences of my decisions in the context of objectives and indicators? • solving problems based on patterns, diagrams, procedures • concise, factual, concrete • has rules and works according to themImage courtesy of digitalart/ FreeDigitalPhotos.net; Stock photo - image ID: 10049188
  61. 61. Thinking (T) • wants specific, direct feedback • can be cool, restrained, rough • convinced by rational, non-personal arguments • honesty, directness, justice more important than tact • justice = equality and consistency, treats everyone equally • seeks objective standards and demands evidence • motivated by achievements • might have problems in showing appreciation, • easily points out weak points, mistakes and criticisms • arguments and disputes for fun
  62. 62. Feeling (F) • personal, subjective way of making decisions, • decides with the heart, less head • concentration on the process and people, engages in a given situation to consider human values and motives • - internal radar - sensing the feelings of others • how will my decisions affect the well- being of others? • no problems with showing affection • naturally friendly, warm, interested in others • do not ask me to tell other unpleasant things • avoids arguments, conflicts and confrontations
  63. 63. Feeling (F) • sensitive to norms functioning in groups, adapting to them; • has values and is guided by values • performs tasks to satisfy and meet the needs of others • easily expresses appreciation, praise, reluctantly - criticism • looking for a common view • appreciates harmony and compassion • sensitive to criticism, which he receives personally • less organized in presenting information • diplomatic, tactful, subtle • motivated by recognition, appreciation of his person and work
  64. 64. Communicating with thinking and feeling With thinking • expect questions and criticism • refer to logic, principles • set the pros and cons arguments • be calm • speak briefly • present information for analysis • provide honest and direct feedback and accept criticism • appreciate competence and skills, proficiency in the subject With feeling • be friendly and show that you treat him exceptionally, show interest and understanding • encourage sharing feelings and share yours, share personal examples • give time to build trust in you • give recognition, dose criticism • learn and refer to beliefs and values, do not judge them • refer to what is important from a human point of view to the win- win strategy
  65. 65. Image courtesy of digitalart/ FreeDigitalPhotos.net; Stock photo - image ID: 10049188 What might be stressful for thinkers? • using personal experience to assess the situation • taking into account individual differences and needs • noticing and appreciating the positive • being told that questioning is causing divisions among people • be guided by empathy and personal values when making decisions • focusing on processes and people thinking T
  66. 66. What might be stressful for feelers? • objective analysis of the situation • establishing criteria and standards • criticizing and focusing on catching defects and weak points • focusing only on tasks • asking questions that might lead to conflicts • be guided only by logic in the decision-making process feeling F
  67. 67. MBTI® Certification Program Copyright 2008, 2009, 2011 by CPP, Inc. All rights reserved. Permission is hereby granted to reproduce this slide for workshop use. Duplication for any other use, including resale, is a violation of copyright law. Myers-Briggs Type Indicator, MBTI, Introduction to Type, and the MBTI logo are trademarks or registered trademarks of the MBTI Trust, Inc., in the United States and other countries. The CPP logo is a trademark or a registered trademark of CPP, Inc., in the United States and other countries. Key Words Associated with T–F Thinking Head Detached Things Objective Critique Analyze Firm but fair Feeling Heart Personal People Subjective Praise Understand Merciful 68
  68. 68. MBTI® Certification Program Copyright 2008, 2009, 2011 by CPP, Inc. All rights reserved. Permission is hereby granted to reproduce this slide for workshop use. Duplication for any other use, including resale, is a violation of copyright law. Myers-Briggs Type Indicator, MBTI, Introduction to Type, and the MBTI logo are trademarks or registered trademarks of the MBTI Trust, Inc., in the United States and other countries. The CPP logo is a trademark or a registered trademark of CPP, Inc., in the United States and other countries. We Have a Preference We all use both Thinking and Feeling when making decisions. But we usually do not use them with equal ease. Most of us have a preference for one or the other. 69
  69. 69. MBTI® Certification Program Copyright 2008, 2009, 2011 by CPP, Inc. All rights reserved. Permission is hereby granted to reproduce this slide for workshop use. Duplication for any other use, including resale, is a violation of copyright law. Myers-Briggs Type Indicator, MBTI, Introduction to Type, and the MBTI logo are trademarks or registered trademarks of the MBTI Trust, Inc., in the United States and other countries. The CPP logo is a trademark or a registered trademark of CPP, Inc., in the United States and other countries. T–F Self-Assessment Given the choice, which do you prefer: Thinking or Feeling?  your self-assessment 70
  70. 70. MBTI® Certification Program Copyright 2008, 2009, 2011 by CPP, Inc. All rights reserved. Permission is hereby granted to reproduce this slide for workshop use. Duplication for any other use, including resale, is a violation of copyright law. Myers-Briggs Type Indicator, MBTI, Introduction to Type, and the MBTI logo are trademarks or registered trademarks of the MBTI Trust, Inc., in the United States and other countries. The CPP logo is a trademark or a registered trademark of CPP, Inc., in the United States and other countries. Judging (J) or Perceiving (P) Our attitude toward the external world and how we orient ourselves to it Source: Introduction to Type® (6th ed.), I. B. Myers, p. 10. 71
  71. 71. MBTI® Certification Program Copyright 2008, 2009, 2011 by CPP, Inc. All rights reserved. Permission is hereby granted to reproduce this slide for workshop use. Duplication for any other use, including resale, is a violation of copyright law. Myers-Briggs Type Indicator, MBTI, Introduction to Type, and the MBTI logo are trademarks or registered trademarks of the MBTI Trust, Inc., in the United States and other countries. The CPP logo is a trademark or a registered trademark of CPP, Inc., in the United States and other countries. J–P Differences People who prefer Judging:  Want the external world to be organized and orderly  Look at the world and see decisions that need to be made People who prefer Perceiving:  Seek to experience the world, not organize it  Look at the world and see options that need to be explored We all use both attitudes, but usually not with equal comfort. 72 Source: Introduction to Type® (6th ed.), I. B. Myers, p. 10.
  72. 72. MBTI® Certification Program Copyright 2008, 2009, 2011 by CPP, Inc. All rights reserved. Permission is hereby granted to reproduce this slide for workshop use. Duplication for any other use, including resale, is a violation of copyright law. Myers-Briggs Type Indicator, MBTI, Introduction to Type, and the MBTI logo are trademarks or registered trademarks of the MBTI Trust, Inc., in the United States and other countries. The CPP logo is a trademark or a registered trademark of CPP, Inc., in the United States and other countries. J–P Illustration 73 Source: Introduction to Type® and Change, N. J. Barger & L. K. Kirby, p. 5.
  73. 73. MBTI® Certification Program Copyright 2008, 2009, 2011 by CPP, Inc. All rights reserved. Permission is hereby granted to reproduce this slide for workshop use. Duplication for any other use, including resale, is a violation of copyright law. Myers-Briggs Type Indicator, MBTI, Introduction to Type, and the MBTI logo are trademarks or registered trademarks of the MBTI Trust, Inc., in the United States and other countries. The CPP logo is a trademark or a registered trademark of CPP, Inc., in the United States and other countries. How People Approach Life People who prefer Judging (J)  Organized  Systematic  Methodical  Make short- and long-term plans, and then follow them People who prefer Perceiving (P)  Adaptable and curious  Casual  Open-ended  Adjust flexibly to new information and changes 74 Source: Introduction to Type® (6th ed.), I. B. Myers, p. 10.
  74. 74. MBTI® Certification Program Copyright 2008, 2009, 2011 by CPP, Inc. All rights reserved. Permission is hereby granted to reproduce this slide for workshop use. Duplication for any other use, including resale, is a violation of copyright law. Myers-Briggs Type Indicator, MBTI, Introduction to Type, and the MBTI logo are trademarks or registered trademarks of the MBTI Trust, Inc., in the United States and other countries. The CPP logo is a trademark or a registered trademark of CPP, Inc., in the United States and other countries. How People Approach Life (cont.) People who prefer Judging (J)  Like to have things decided  Resist reopening decisions  Try to avoid last-minute stresses People who prefer Perceiving (P)  Like to explore options  Resist cutting off options, making decisions too soon  Feel energized by last- minute pressures 75 Source: Introduction to Type® (6th ed.), I. B. Myers, p. 10.
  75. 75. Image courtesy of digitalart/ FreeDigitalPhotos.net; Stock photo - image ID: 10052614 Judging (J) • organized, orderly and focused on deadlines • punctuality = unforgivable; • I want to regulate, organize and control my life • short and long-term plans = a compass in life • task lists, systematic, avoiding frantic work and stress at the last minute • methodical • striving for quick decision-making to terminate matters • restless until it makes a decision
  76. 76. Image courtesy of digitalart/ FreeDigitalPhotos.net; Stock photo - image ID: 10052614 Judging (J) • work in the first place - first duties, then pleasures, fun and rest • sees the need for rules • clear hierarchy of values • he writes and reads about time management then he implements the principles in life • sets and achieves goals • serious and traditional, conventional • relative ease of decision • careful about new options and experiences • might be frustrated with surprises
  77. 77. Perceiving (P) • what dates, what deadlines? • less aware of time • many pending cases, unfinished, • waiting with decisions for later, continuous "searching" to have new data available - it is better to leave an open gate • energized by the last-minute action • no plan or too many tasks on the list • restless after making a decision
  78. 78. Perceiving (P) • flexible, open to changes, easy to adapt • curiosity, new experiences and checking new options • playful, willing to play, unconventional • freedom, spontaneity • questioning rules and structure • can life be controlled at all? • the relative difficulty of the decision • he buys books on time management and decides to implement the rules (but rarely implements) • surprises - exciting
  79. 79. Decision making of J and P
  80. 80. Comunication with judging and perceiving With judging • take his preferred order and plan seriously • be prepared and considerate • respect his time, take seriously his efforts to comply with the agreed deadlines • finalize, finalize! wherever and whenever it's possible With perceiving • be open to various options and changes • present the diversity of approach • let him set an appointment himself • use his ingenuity and resourcefulness • encourage thinking about possibilities
  81. 81. Image courtesy of digitalart/ FreeDigitalPhotos.net; Stock photo - image ID: 10052614 What might be stressful for judging? • waiting for the structure of the process to emerge • too much flexibility regarding the timeframe and deadlines set • surprises and schedule changes • burst of activity for the last moment • being open to the reassessment of tasks • dragging decisions osądzający J
  82. 82. What might be stressful for perceiving? • organizing their activities and planning the work of others • planning in advance • creating emergency plans • distrust of others in the "energy burst" at the last moment • adapting their activities to the timeframes and deadlines • the need to close matters and go further obserwujący P
  83. 83. MBTI® Certification Program Copyright 2008, 2009, 2011 by CPP, Inc. All rights reserved. Permission is hereby granted to reproduce this slide for workshop use. Duplication for any other use, including resale, is a violation of copyright law. Myers-Briggs Type Indicator, MBTI, Introduction to Type, and the MBTI logo are trademarks or registered trademarks of the MBTI Trust, Inc., in the United States and other countries. The CPP logo is a trademark or a registered trademark of CPP, Inc., in the United States and other countries. Key Words Associated with J–P Judging Organized Decision Control Now Closure Deliberate Plan Perceiving Flexible Information Experience Later Options Spontaneous Wait 84
  84. 84. MBTI® Certification Program Copyright 2008, 2009, 2011 by CPP, Inc. All rights reserved. Permission is hereby granted to reproduce this slide for workshop use. Duplication for any other use, including resale, is a violation of copyright law. Myers-Briggs Type Indicator, MBTI, Introduction to Type, and the MBTI logo are trademarks or registered trademarks of the MBTI Trust, Inc., in the United States and other countries. The CPP logo is a trademark or a registered trademark of CPP, Inc., in the United States and other countries. We Have a Preference We all use Judging and Perceiving as part of our lifestyle. But we usually do not use them with equal comfort. Most of us have a preference for one or the other. 85
  85. 85. MBTI® Certification Program Copyright 2008, 2009, 2011 by CPP, Inc. All rights reserved. Permission is hereby granted to reproduce this slide for workshop use. Duplication for any other use, including resale, is a violation of copyright law. Myers-Briggs Type Indicator, MBTI, Introduction to Type, and the MBTI logo are trademarks or registered trademarks of the MBTI Trust, Inc., in the United States and other countries. The CPP logo is a trademark or a registered trademark of CPP, Inc., in the United States and other countries. J–P Self-Assessment Given the choice, which do you prefer: Judging or Perceiving?  your self-assessment 86
  86. 86. MBTI® Certification Program Copyright 2008, 2009, 2011 by CPP, Inc. All rights reserved. Permission is hereby granted to reproduce this slide for workshop use. Duplication for any other use, including resale, is a violation of copyright law. Myers-Briggs Type Indicator, MBTI, Introduction to Type, and the MBTI logo are trademarks or registered trademarks of the MBTI Trust, Inc., in the United States and other countries. The CPP logo is a trademark or a registered trademark of CPP, Inc., in the United States and other countries. Personality Type When combined, your preferences indicate your personality type. 87
  87. 87. Image courtesy of imagerymajestic/ FreeDigitalPhotos.net capitan dominantpilot auxiliary passenger 1 third passenger 2 fourth Hierarchy of functions
  88. 88. Who rules here - the dominant function and its orientation dominant auxiliary extrovert auxiliary dominant introvert
  89. 89. S ESTP 1 2 3 4 T F N
  90. 90. MBTI® Certification Program Copyright 2008, 2009, 2011 by CPP, Inc. All rights reserved. Permission is hereby granted to reproduce this slide for workshop use. Duplication for any other use, including resale, is a violation of copyright law. Myers-Briggs Type Indicator, MBTI, Introduction to Type, and the MBTI logo are trademarks or registered trademarks of the MBTI Trust, Inc., in the United States and other countries. The CPP logo is a trademark or a registered trademark of CPP, Inc., in the United States and other countries. 16 Personality Types 91
  91. 91. MBTI® Certification Program Copyright 2008, 2009, 2011 by CPP, Inc. All rights reserved. Permission is hereby granted to reproduce this slide for workshop use. Duplication for any other use, including resale, is a violation of copyright law. Myers-Briggs Type Indicator, MBTI, Introduction to Type, and the MBTI logo are trademarks or registered trademarks of the MBTI Trust, Inc., in the United States and other countries. The CPP logo is a trademark or a registered trademark of CPP, Inc., in the United States and other countries. Self-Estimate  As a result of learning about the eight preferences and deciding which four you prefer, you have completed a self-estimate of your type.  If you’ll take a questionaire, you will see what your reported type is (based on how you responded to the items). 92
  92. 92. MBTI® Certification Program Copyright 2008, 2009, 2011 by CPP, Inc. All rights reserved. Permission is hereby granted to reproduce this slide for workshop use. Duplication for any other use, including resale, is a violation of copyright law. Myers-Briggs Type Indicator, MBTI, Introduction to Type, and the MBTI logo are trademarks or registered trademarks of the MBTI Trust, Inc., in the United States and other countries. The CPP logo is a trademark or a registered trademark of CPP, Inc., in the United States and other countries. “Has My Type Changed?” Why might you get different results?  You answered the items differently! • Different mind-set • Familiarity with MBTI® questions and definitions may skew responses Remember: MBTI results report how you responded to the items—you decide your “best-fit” type 93
  93. 93. MBTI® Certification Program Copyright 2008, 2009, 2011 by CPP, Inc. All rights reserved. Permission is hereby granted to reproduce this slide for workshop use. Duplication for any other use, including resale, is a violation of copyright law. Myers-Briggs Type Indicator, MBTI, Introduction to Type, and the MBTI logo are trademarks or registered trademarks of the MBTI Trust, Inc., in the United States and other countries. The CPP logo is a trademark or a registered trademark of CPP, Inc., in the United States and other countries. Questions?

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