Online Banking and Investing
16.1 Introduction <ul><li>Topics of discussion  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Online banking services provided by Internet-only ba...
16.2 Online Banking Services <ul><li>Brick-and-mortar banks have become click-and-mortar </li></ul><ul><li>Internet-only b...
16.2 Online Banking Services <ul><li>Internet delivers payments faster than mail  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Frees up cash and ...
16.2.1 Hybrid Banks <ul><li>Hybrid bank model   </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Brick-and-mortar banks offering online services </li...
16.2.1 Wells Fargo Feature <ul><li>Wells Fargo  is a hybrid bank  </li></ul><ul><li>Services are broken into three main se...
16.2.2 Internet-Only Banks <ul><li>Internet-only banks   </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Offer convenience and often lower fees and ...
16.2.2 NetBank Feature <ul><li>NetBank  is the largest Internet-only bank  </li></ul><ul><li>Customer Online Services </li...
16.2.2 Internet-Only Banks
16.2.2 Internet-Only Banks
16.3 Online Loans <ul><li>Traditionally </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Companies and individuals would deal with a few different le...
16.3 Online Loans <ul><ul><ul><li>E-LOAN’s E-TRACK demo. (Courtesy of E-LOAN, Inc.) </li></ul></ul></ul>
16.3 Online Loans <ul><li>Online mortgage services </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Decrease the time it takes to find a mortgage </l...
16.4 How the Web Is Changing the Investment Community <ul><li>In this section, we discuss </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Techniques...
16.4.1 Electronic Communication Networks (ECNs) <ul><li>Electronic communication networks  (ECNs) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>El...
16.4.1 Electronic Communication Networks (ECNs) <ul><li>ECNs will benefit from  decimalization —the change of stock prices...
16.4.1 Archipelago Feature <ul><li>Archipelago  is an ECN  </li></ul><ul><li>Provides anonymity to it clients </li></ul><u...
16.4.1 Archipelago Feature <ul><li>Archipelago has partnered with Pacific Exchange (PCX) to create first U.S. electronic s...
16.4.1 Archipelago Feature <ul><ul><ul><li>Archipelago order routing and execution example. (Courtesy of Archipelago Holdi...
16.4.2 Online Trading <ul><li>Full-service brokers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Offer the speed and convenience of online trading...
16.4.2 Online Trading <ul><li>Online companies usually charge a fee for every purchase or sale of securities made  </li></...
16.4.2 E*TRADE Feature <ul><li>E*TRADE  allows individual investors to manage their own investments without need for broke...
16.4.2 E*TRADE Feature <ul><ul><ul><li>E*TRADE offers investing and financial services. (Courtesy of E*TRADE Securities, I...
16.4.2 ShareBuilder Feature <ul><li>ShareBuilder  offers  dollar-based investing  (investors can purchase stock based on a...
16.4.2 ShareBuilder Feature <ul><ul><ul><li>Dollar-based investing through ShareBuilder. (Courtesy of Netstock Corporation...
16.4.2 ShareBuilder Feature <ul><ul><ul><li>ShareBuilder example of sample investments. (Courtesy of Netstock Corporation....
16.4.2 Online Trading
16.4.2 Online Trading <ul><li>Trading on margin </li></ul><ul><ul><li>When an investor buys stock and borrows money from t...
16.4.2 Online Trading <ul><li>Day trading </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Making short-term trades in an attempt to profit off of  m...
16.4.2 Online Trading <ul><li>Federal Trade Commission , the  Commodity Futures Trading Commission  and the  Securities an...
16.4.3 Online Bond Trading <ul><li>Bond </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A written promise that an entity will repay a debt that is s...
16.4.3 Online Bond Trading <ul><ul><ul><li>Tradebonds.com ’s zero coupon bond query. (Courtesy of  Tradebonds.com .) </li>...
16.5 Merging Financial Services <ul><li>Glass–Steagle Act </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Prohibited financial institutions from eng...
16.6 Financial Aggregation Services <ul><li>Online  aggregation services  give users the option of keeping all their finan...
16.6 Financial Aggregation Services <ul><li>Financial Services Technology Consortium (FSTC)   </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Trying...
16.6 Yodlee Feature <ul><li>Yodlee  is a financial aggregator </li></ul><ul><li>Allows transactions through partnerships w...
16.6 Yodlee Feature <ul><ul><ul><li>Example of Yodlee’s service through Citibank’s myciti. (Courtesy of Yodlee, Inc.) </li...
16.6 Yodlee Feature <ul><li>The company’s personalized aggregation solution can be delivered over the Web, personal digita...
16.6 Yodlee Feature <ul><ul><ul><li>Example of Yodlee’s charting capability. (Courtesy of Yodlee, Inc.) </li></ul></ul></ul>
16.7 Wireless Banking and Trading <ul><li>Companies can use wireless technology to offer their customers a value-added ser...
16.7 Wireless Banking and Trading <ul><li>While the market may be adopting wireless banking slowly, wireless securities tr...
16.8 Financial Planning Online <ul><li>The Internet has made  financial planning  easier for service providers and custome...
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Online banking and investing ppt @ bec doms

  1. 1. Online Banking and Investing
  2. 2. 16.1 Introduction <ul><li>Topics of discussion </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Online banking services provided by Internet-only banks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Click-and-mortar banks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The impact of the Internet on Wall Street </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Online stock and bond trading </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Electronic communication networks (ECNs) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Financial aggregators </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Online lending and mortgage services </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Financial planning </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. 16.2 Online Banking Services <ul><li>Brick-and-mortar banks have become click-and-mortar </li></ul><ul><li>Internet-only banks lack the brand awareness and recognition of the click-and-mortar banks </li></ul><ul><li>Internet banking services can reduce expenses </li></ul><ul><li>Online payment decreases the float </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The time it takes for checks to clear after they have been sent for payment or deposited </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. 16.2 Online Banking Services <ul><li>Internet delivers payments faster than mail </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Frees up cash and decreases accounts receivable </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The expected amount of payments owed to a company for products and services sold to customers </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Benefits to customers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Can avoid buying stamps </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Do not have to send bills out early </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Account information available 24-by-7 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Can view detailed account history at one time online instead of listening to individual transactions over the phone </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Risks </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Security breaches </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Office of the Currency (OCC) has warned people that sites mimicking bank sites can scam them for account information </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. 16.2.1 Hybrid Banks <ul><li>Hybrid bank model </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Brick-and-mortar banks offering online services </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Prominence of brick-and-mortar brand names increase customers’ comfort levels when banking online </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Customers can visit a physical branch </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Physical presence includes the large network of ATMs </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Some charge monthly fees to use online bill-paying services </li></ul><ul><li>Important to the survival and growth of small local banks </li></ul><ul><ul><li>By going online, small banks can offer competitive services and attract national customers </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. 16.2.1 Wells Fargo Feature <ul><li>Wells Fargo is a hybrid bank </li></ul><ul><li>Services are broken into three main sectors </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Personal finance, small business and commercial banking </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Offers free bill-paying, checking-account comparisons and specialized resource centers </li></ul><ul><li>Plans to offer a portal site providing financial services, such as stock trading, news, weather and financial aggregation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Allowing people to view information from all of their financial accounts in one place on the Internet </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. 16.2.2 Internet-Only Banks <ul><li>Internet-only banks </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Offer convenience and often lower fees and higher interest rates to their customers as compared to traditional banks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Can lower costs of buildings and equipment and can decrease payroll as traditional employee roles are eliminated </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Must accept deposits by mail because lack of physical branches </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Little brand recognition compared to brick-and-click banks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Insured by the FDIC </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Some Internet-only banks are attempting to establish a physical presence </li></ul>
  8. 8. 16.2.2 NetBank Feature <ul><li>NetBank is the largest Internet-only bank </li></ul><ul><li>Customer Online Services </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Checking, savings and credit accounts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Plan for retirement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Conduct online trading </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Obtain mortgage, car and business loans </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Obtain a line of credit, free online bill payment and presentment, ATM card and Visa credit card </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Rates and calculators are available </li></ul>
  9. 9. 16.2.2 Internet-Only Banks
  10. 10. 16.2.2 Internet-Only Banks
  11. 11. 16.3 Online Loans <ul><li>Traditionally </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Companies and individuals would deal with a few different lenders </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Filling out documents and comparing options was a time-consuming process </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Online </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Process can be more efficient, sometimes returning loan approvals within minutes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gives people access to many lending institutions, enabling those seeking loans to shop for the best deals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>E-LOAN ,   PrimeStreet , LiveCapital , companyfinance.com </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The Small Business Administration Office of Advocacy </li></ul>
  12. 12. 16.3 Online Loans <ul><ul><ul><li>E-LOAN’s E-TRACK demo. (Courtesy of E-LOAN, Inc.) </li></ul></ul></ul>
  13. 13. 16.3 Online Loans <ul><li>Online mortgage services </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Decrease the time it takes to find a mortgage </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Many online companies still need standard paperwork that cannot be completed over the Internet </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Digital signatures may allow companies to accept documents legally over the Web </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ditech.com , MortgageRamp.com and LoopNet </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Some sites provide mortgages directly from the lenders </li></ul><ul><li>Some sites act as brokers and allow customers to search for the best mortgage </li></ul><ul><li>May reduce number of broker jobs </li></ul><ul><li>Stability of the lender </li></ul>
  14. 14. 16.4 How the Web Is Changing the Investment Community <ul><li>In this section, we discuss </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Techniques of online trading </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Advantages and disadvantages of trading on the Internet </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The ways in which online trading has affected stock exchanges </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. 16.4.1 Electronic Communication Networks (ECNs) <ul><li>Electronic communication networks (ECNs) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Electronic networks that facilitate electronic trading by listing securities order sizes and prices, connecting buyers and sellers and processing digital orders </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Transactions completed faster because buyers and sellers communicate directly </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Faster trading helps to lock in a buy or sell price </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Offer before and after-hours trading and increase price transparency by listing prices from more than one exchange </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>May mean the loss of the middlemen and the trading floors </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Instinet Island , REDIBook and Archipelago </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. 16.4.1 Electronic Communication Networks (ECNs) <ul><li>ECNs will benefit from decimalization —the change of stock prices from fractions to decimals </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Decimalization saves investors money </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Nasdaq and the NYSE do not currently use ECNs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The NYSE is attempting to address ECN competition by offering many of the ECN advantages </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Securities </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Can represent ownership, such as stocks, or debt, such as bonds    </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. 16.4.1 Archipelago Feature <ul><li>Archipelago is an ECN </li></ul><ul><li>Provides anonymity to it clients </li></ul><ul><li>SmartBook software executes orders by searching internally (within Archipelago) and externally (outside of Archipelago’s system, including other ECNs) for best price </li></ul><ul><li>Once match is made, order is executed in real time </li></ul><ul><li>Archipelago has trading hours from 8 a.m. to 8 p.m. Eastern Time </li></ul><ul><li>Clients can trade, buy and sell listed, Nasdaq National Market and Nasdaq SmallCap stocks </li></ul>
  18. 18. 16.4.1 Archipelago Feature <ul><li>Archipelago has partnered with Pacific Exchange (PCX) to create first U.S. electronic stock exchange </li></ul><ul><ul><li>If SEC approves, the Archipelago Exchange will permit the trading of stocks from the American Stock Exchange (AMEX) , New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) and Nasdaq </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Will be in direct competition with current exchanges (AMEX, NYSE and Nasdaq) </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. 16.4.1 Archipelago Feature <ul><ul><ul><li>Archipelago order routing and execution example. (Courtesy of Archipelago Holdings, L.L.C.). </li></ul></ul></ul>
  20. 20. 16.4.2 Online Trading <ul><li>Full-service brokers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Offer the speed and convenience of online trading together with the advice of a broker </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Discount-brokerage service </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Requires self-sufficiency, leaving the investor responsible for making and executing investment decisions </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Internet-only brokerages and hybrid brokerages </li></ul><ul><li>Factors to consider when choosing to invest online </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Type of investments you wish to make </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Quality of site navigation tools and customer service </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cost of transactional fees versus the number of trades per year </li></ul></ul>
  21. 21. 16.4.2 Online Trading <ul><li>Online companies usually charge a fee for every purchase or sale of securities made  </li></ul><ul><li>The Internet serves as a valuable learning tool for new and seasoned investors </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Motley Fool , MoneyCentral and Money.com </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Companies offering online services </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Have made investing in stocks and options accessible to a larger audience </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Provide real-time market information </li></ul></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>
  22. 22. 16.4.2 E*TRADE Feature <ul><li>E*TRADE allows individual investors to manage their own investments without need for brokers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Community section in which users can chat with others and view Live Events over the Web </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Extended hours for trading </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Financial services include banking, insurance, taxes, retirement and real estate </li></ul><ul><ul><li>E*TRADE BANK is FDIC insured and offers ATMs, checking, savings, money markets and bill payment </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Offers two games in which you use “game money” to carry out stock and options trades  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ameritrade also offers an online stock game </li></ul></ul>
  23. 23. 16.4.2 E*TRADE Feature <ul><ul><ul><li>E*TRADE offers investing and financial services. (Courtesy of E*TRADE Securities, Inc.) </li></ul></ul></ul>
  24. 24. 16.4.2 ShareBuilder Feature <ul><li>ShareBuilder offers dollar-based investing (investors can purchase stock based on a dollar amount) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>ShareBuilder Securities Corp. collects the money and purchases stocks once a week in a lump sum at the market price of the stock </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Investors can purchase stock in real time by paying a higher fee </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To sell stock, investors pay the real-time fee per transaction </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Investors can choose to periodically invest a designated amount of money or make a one-time investment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Payment can be made by automatic payroll deductions, check, wired money or transfers from bank accounts </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The investor can select from more than 3,500 stocks and 68 Index shares (shares of a portfolio of stocks) </li></ul></ul>
  25. 25. 16.4.2 ShareBuilder Feature <ul><ul><ul><li>Dollar-based investing through ShareBuilder. (Courtesy of Netstock Corporation.) </li></ul></ul></ul>
  26. 26. 16.4.2 ShareBuilder Feature <ul><ul><ul><li>ShareBuilder example of sample investments. (Courtesy of Netstock Corporation.) </li></ul></ul></ul>
  27. 27. 16.4.2 Online Trading
  28. 28. 16.4.2 Online Trading <ul><li>Trading on margin </li></ul><ul><ul><li>When an investor buys stock and borrows money from the broker to invest in the stock </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Opening a margin account online requires a relatively low minimum balance, answering a questionnaire (which sometimes replaces a credit check) and being qualified electronically, with no assessment made by a human broker </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Potentially, a stock’s value could fall to a price that, when sold at the market price, will not cover the loan </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The broker can issue a margin call —the broker requires the investor to invest more cash or securities or sell the stock to pay back the loan </li></ul></ul>
  29. 29. 16.4.2 Online Trading <ul><li>Day trading </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Making short-term trades in an attempt to profit off of market inefficiencies (e.g. news affecting the market, disproportionate risk to price value of a stock or arbitrage , wherein someone profits by converting money from one currency to another) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Easier on Internet </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Transactions limited by modem speed and server-side transaction speed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fees can be expensive </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Day traders still bear the same risks as other traders </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>CareerDayTrader.com , DayTradingOnline.com and OnlineTradingAcademy.com </li></ul></ul>
  30. 30. 16.4.2 Online Trading <ul><li>Federal Trade Commission , the Commodity Futures Trading Commission and the Securities and Exchange Commission warn traders about the exaggerations and counter factual claims made by some online trading firms </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Online trading does not reduce stock market risk </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Foreign-exchange banks have begun to move their services to the Internet to remain competitive </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Foreign exchange systems allow traders to find the best deals on foreign currency </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The Internet facilitates trading commodities globally </li></ul><ul><ul><li>EnronOnline </li></ul></ul>
  31. 31. 16.4.3 Online Bond Trading <ul><li>Bond </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A written promise that an entity will repay a debt that is sold to an investor (investor receives original investments and a dividend for a certain period of time) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Traditionally, someone would check the newspapers and call different institutions to buy or sell a bond </li></ul><ul><li>Online companies offer bond trading with the claim that the process is easier and cheaper </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tradebonds.com , bondsonline and MuniDirect </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The Internet can cut the cost of issuing bonds </li></ul><ul><li>Need for a standardized system for the bond sales process </li></ul>
  32. 32. 16.4.3 Online Bond Trading <ul><ul><ul><li>Tradebonds.com ’s zero coupon bond query. (Courtesy of Tradebonds.com .) </li></ul></ul></ul>
  33. 33. 16.5 Merging Financial Services <ul><li>Glass–Steagle Act </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Prohibited financial institutions from engaging in multiple financial operations (i.e.,one institution offering banking services and trading services) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Since repeal, banks, brokerages and insurance companies are permitted to offer a wide range of financial services </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Most online financial services offer electronic bill presentment and payment ( EBPP ) </li></ul><ul><li>It is crucial for financial institutions to offer a wide variety of services to remain competitive </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Prudential </li></ul></ul>
  34. 34. 16.6 Financial Aggregation Services <ul><li>Online aggregation services give users the option of keeping all their financial information in one location on the Internet </li></ul><ul><li>Aggregation services use screen scraping </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A process whereby the aggregator visits the sites that have your financial information and services and uses your usernames and passwords to log in, download the information and store it in one place, where the user can access it </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Many banks do not authorize screen scraping, although the aggregators are not required to have authorization </li></ul></ul><ul><li>VerticalOne , ebalance , 1View Network , ezlogin and GainsKeeper </li></ul>
  35. 35. 16.6 Financial Aggregation Services <ul><li>Financial Services Technology Consortium (FSTC) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Trying to stop the screen-scraping process and implement another form of gathering information to create a standard </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Privacy and security concerns </li></ul><ul><li>Not regulated by the federal government </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Aggregators are not required to compensate users if security is compromised by a hacker </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Pose a threat to traffic at online banking and investing sites </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Banks have reacted by implementing these services on their sites </li></ul></ul>
  36. 36. 16.6 Yodlee Feature <ul><li>Yodlee is a financial aggregator </li></ul><ul><li>Allows transactions through partnerships with financial institutions and providers </li></ul><ul><li>Offers aggregation of non-financial content such as travel reservations, e-mail, news, shopping accounts, frequent-flyer and reward programs, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Access Yodlee’s services from one of Yodlee’s partners, including AltaVista , AOL , Citibank , Chase Manhattan Bank and Morgan Stanley Dean Witter </li></ul>
  37. 37. 16.6 Yodlee Feature <ul><ul><ul><li>Example of Yodlee’s service through Citibank’s myciti. (Courtesy of Yodlee, Inc.) </li></ul></ul></ul>
  38. 38. 16.6 Yodlee Feature <ul><li>The company’s personalized aggregation solution can be delivered over the Web, personal digital assistants (PDAs) and Web-enabled wireless phones </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Yodlee2Go allows users to access real-time personal account information, including investments, banking and e-mail, on their wireless phones and PDAs </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Provides customers with personalized alerts </li></ul><ul><li>Can track and chart account activity </li></ul>
  39. 39. 16.6 Yodlee Feature <ul><ul><ul><li>Example of Yodlee’s charting capability. (Courtesy of Yodlee, Inc.) </li></ul></ul></ul>
  40. 40. 16.7 Wireless Banking and Trading <ul><li>Companies can use wireless technology to offer their customers a value-added service </li></ul><ul><li>Wireless banking </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Allows users to pay bills from anywhere </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Transfer funds between accounts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Check account activity </li></ul></ul><ul><li>TD Bank Financial Group and Netbank </li></ul>
  41. 41. 16.7 Wireless Banking and Trading <ul><li>While the market may be adopting wireless banking slowly, wireless securities trading is growing rapidly </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Traders can receive important information and news about the market or their investments and make trades immediately </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Companies offering wireless trading services </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ameritrade , DLJ Direct , SureTrade. com , Morgan Stanley Dean Witter Online , Fidelity Investments and Trade.com </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Wireless access to financial information may grow more slowly in the United States than in Europe and Asia, because the United States has more technical standards and wireless devices in use </li></ul>
  42. 42. 16.8 Financial Planning Online <ul><li>The Internet has made financial planning easier for service providers and customers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>People can educate themselves about financial-planning options </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Companies can offer online applications, account histories, new-product offerings, investment tracking and other services </li></ul><ul><ul><li>401kafe offers information regarding 401(k) plans —investing vehicles for employee retirement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>mPower offers retirement-planning advice to employees of member companies that sign up for the subscription-based service </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ihatefinancialplanning.com provides information on all financial-planning topics </li></ul></ul>

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